Knowledge Identifier: $Oklahoma
French colonists claimed the region until 1803, when all the French territory west of the Mississippi River was purchased by the United States in the Louisiana Purchase
David L. Payne - During another trip in July 1884, the army seized his "Oklahoma War Chief" press, burned his buildings, and took Payne and his group through the Cherokee Nation after their arrest
Increased presence of white settlers in Indian Territory prompted the United States Government to establish the Dawes Act in 1887, which divided the lands of individual tribes into allotments for individual families, encouraging farming and private land ownership among Native Americans but expropriating land to the federal government
It is known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory
Geronimo - In 1894, they were moved to Fort Sill, Oklahoma.
William H. Murray - He acquired his nickname "Alfalfa" around 1902 while working as a political operative for Palmer S. Moseley, gubernatorial candidate for the Oklahoma Territory
Geronimo - Geronimo in a 1905 Locomobile Model C, taken at the Miller brothers' 101 Ranch located southwest of Ponca City, Oklahoma, June 11, 1905.
Alice Brown Davis - The 1906 Five Civilized Tribes Act finalized US federal government's dismemberment of tribal governments to make way for Oklahoma statehood in 1907
William H. Murray - The US Congress admitted Oklahoma to the Union as the 46th state on November 16, 1907
Quanah Parker - In 1911, Quanah was interred at Post Oak Mission Cemetery near Cache, Oklahoma
Woody Guthrie - Nora Guthrie was eventually committed to the Oklahoma Hospital for the Insane, where she died in 1930 from Huntington's disease
William H. Murray - When the Oklahoma producers did not comply, on August 4, 1931, Murray called out the Guard, declared martial law, and ordered that some 3,000 oil wells be shut down
Richard Evans Schultes - A Harvard student himself from 1934 to 1941, Schultes studied with Oakes Ames, orchidologist and Director of the Harvard Botanical Museum, who influenced his student research with the ritual use of peyote cactus among the Kiowa of Oklahoma, as well as his discovery of the lost identity of the Mexican hallucinogenic plants teonanácatl and ololiuqui in Oaxaca, Mexico
Alice Brown Davis - Alice Brown Davis served as chief until her death on June 21, 1935 in Wewoka, Oklahoma
Carl Albert - Albert represented the southeastern portion of Oklahoma as a Democrat for 30 years, starting in 1947
Les Paul - In January 1948, Paul shattered his right arm and elbow in a near-fatal automobile accident on an icy Route 66 just west of Davenport, Oklahoma
Broadcast television in Oklahoma began in 1949 when KFOR-TV in Oklahoma City and KOTV-TV in Tulsa began broadcasting a few months apart
William H. Murray - On January 9, 1951, Murray administered the oath of office to his son as the fourteenth Governor of Oklahoma
Carl Albert - Albert was inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame in 1957
Quanah Parker - In 1957, he was moved to Fort Sill Post Cemetery at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, along with his mother Cynthia Ann Parker and sister Topsannah
The University program was founded in 1962 and was the first fully accredited program of its kind in the United States
J. C. Watts - He graduated in 1976 and attended the University of Oklahoma on a football scholarship
J. C. Watts - Watts began his college football career as the seventh-string quarterback and left college twice, but his father convinced him to return and Watts became starting quarterback of the Oklahoma Sooners in 1979 and led them to consecutive Orange Bowl victories
TBN, a Christian religious television network, has a studio in Tulsa, and built its first entirely TBN-owned affiliate in Oklahoma City in 1980
J. C. Watts - Watts argued he had been exonerated from any criminal conduct and that his financial problems were a result of losses for Oklahoma oil and gas businesses during the 1980s
Tom Coburn - After recovering from an occurrence of malignant melanoma, Coburn pursued a medical degree and graduated from the University of Oklahoma Medical School with honors in 1983
Norman Borlaug - Also in 1984, he received the Henry G. Bennet Distinguished Service Award at commencement ceremonies at Oklahoma State University
Frank Lucas (Oklahoma) - He first ran for the Oklahoma House of Representatives in 1984, narrowly losing.
Jimmy Johnson (American football coach) - In the ensuing 1987 season, however, the Hurricanes went undefeated in the regular season yet again, and won the school's second National Title by defeating Oklahoma for the third season in a row
Tom Cole - Along with partners Sharon Hargrave Caldwell and Deby Snodgrass, his firm played a large part in the reconstruction of Oklahoma's political landscape, and backed a number of candidates that took office during the Republican Revolution of 1994.
Brad Henry - The veto was overridden and was the first override in Oklahoma since 1994, when Gov. David Walters was in office.
In 1995, Oklahoma City was the site of one of the most destructive acts of domestic terrorism in American history
Tom Cole - From 1995 to 1999, he was Oklahoma's Secretary of State under Governor Frank Keating, and assisted with the recovery efforts following the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing.
John Sullivan (Oklahoma) - Sullivan was a Republican member of the Oklahoma House of Representatives from 1995 to 2002, where he served as the Minority Whip.
R. A. Lafferty - The Oklahoma Department of Libraries granted him the Arrell Gibson Lifetime Achievement Award in 1995
Woody Guthrie - Guthrie was inducted into the Oklahoma Music Hall of Fame in 1997
Al Gore in 2000, though, was the last Democrat to even win any counties in the state
J. C. Watts - By then, Watts had become involved in a contest with other members of the Republican House leadership, including Tom DeLay, over control of the party's message and nearly announced retirement in early February 2000, due to strains on his family, who remained in Oklahoma during his tenure in Washington, but changed his mind after consultations with constituents, Hastert, and his family
Dan Boren - Boren served in the Oklahoma House of Representatives from 2002 to 2004, representing the 28th House District.
Roger Miller - In Erick, Oklahoma where he grew up, a thoroughfare was renamed "Roger Miller Boulevard" and a museum dedicated to Miller was built on the road in 2004
Wesley Clark - Clark joined the 2004 race for the Democratic Party presidential nomination as a candidate on September 17, 2003, but withdrew from the primary race on February 11, 2004, after winning the Oklahoma state primary, endorsing and campaigning for the eventual Democratic nominee, John Kerry
Kristin Chenoweth - In the 2005 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, Chenoweth performed the song "Oklahoma" while riding aboard the "Oklahoma Rising" float
Garth Brooks - They did begin dating after Brooks's divorce, and married on December 10, 2005, at their home in Oklahoma, marking the second marriage for Brooks and the third for Yearwood
Kristin Chenoweth - The float was making the first of three annual appearances commemorating the state of Oklahoma's statehood centennial in 2007
In 2008, Interstate 44 in Oklahoma City was Oklahoma's busiest highway, with a daily traffic volume of 123,300 cars
Dan Boren - In January 2009, along with all other members of the Oklahoma congressional delegation, Boren said he opposed President Obama's decision to close the Guantanamo Bay detention camp.
Quanah Parker - Author S.C. Gwynne supports the Oklahoma claim in his 2010 book, "Empire of the Summer Moon: Quanah Parker and the Rise and Fall of the Comanches, the Most Powerful Indian Tribe in American History"
Dana Plato - Almost 11 years to the day of Dana Plato's death, on May 6, 2010, Plato's son Tyler Lambert died at age 25 of a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head in Tulsa, Oklahoma
Jim Thorpe - In June 2010, Jack Thorpe filed a federal lawsuit against the borough of Jim Thorpe, seeking to have his father's remains returned to his homeland and re-interred near other family members in Oklahoma
Frank Lucas (Oklahoma) - Oklahoma Congressman Frank Lucas speaks at a town hall meeting held in the Pioneer Technology Center in Ponca City, Oklahoma on September 26, 2011.
Brad Henry - His second term ended on January 10, 2011 as Oklahoma governors and other statewide elected officeholders are sworn-in on the second Monday every four years
Garth Brooks - He later completed his MBA from Oklahoma State and participated in the commencement ceremony on May 6, 2011
In the last-named sport, the state's most notable team was the Tulsa Talons, which played in the Arena Football League until 2012, when the team was moved to San Antonio
Dan Boren - Dan Boren, the only Democrat in Oklahoma's seven-person congressional delegation, will not seek re-election in 2012, setting up what could be an intense partisan battle for a seat that spans much of eastern Oklahoma.
Jim Thorpe - In April 2013, U.S. District Judge Richard Caputo ruled that Jim Thorpe borough in northeastern Pennsylvania amounts to a museum under the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. A lawyer for Bill and Richard Thorpe says the men will pursue the legal process to have their father returned to Sac and Fox land in central Oklahoma
Alan Berg - His murder is mentioned in the 2017 Netflix documentary 'Oklahoma City
Dan Boren - Boren considered a run for Governor of Oklahoma in 2018 before deciding to stay in his position with the Chickasaw Nation