Knowledge Identifier: $Oregon
Another early use of the name, spelled "Ouragon", was in a 1765 petition by Major Robert Rogers to the Kingdom of Great Britain
The Treaty of 1818 established joint British and American occupancy of the region west of the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean
A writer in the Oregon Country book "A Pacific Republic", written in 1839, predicted the territory was to become an independent republic
An autonomous government was formed in the Oregon Country in 1843 before the Oregon Territory was created in 1848
Philip Kearny - He did additional duty on the frontier, accompanying his uncle's unit on an expedition to the South Pass of the Oregon Trail in 1845
Rufus Ingalls - Promoted to the rank of captain, he was assigned to duty in the Oregon Territory in 1849, and to Fort Vancouver in 1852, along with Ulysses Grant
Settlement increased with the Donation Land Claim Act of 1850 and the forced relocation of the native population to Indian reservations in Oregon
Philip Kearny - In 1851, he was a member of a unit that saw action against the Rogue River Native American tribe in Oregon
George Henry Williams - In 1857, at the Oregon Constitutional Convention, Williams urged that slavery be made illegal in Oregon as a requirement for statehood
Edward Dickinson Baker - After statehood was achieved on February 14, 1859, Oregon Republicans asked Baker to come to their state to run for the Senate and counter the Democratic strength there
George Henry Williams - Williams attended the Oregon Union convention of 1862, having opposed slavery, and was the Chairman of the Election Committee
The First Oregon Cavalry served until June 1865
Roswell Lamson - He resigned from the Navy in 1866 and returned to Oregon, where he was appointed to be clerk of U.S. Customs
George Crook - While campaigning in Eastern Oregon during the winter of 1867, Crook's scouts located a Paiute village near the eastern edge of Steens Mountain
One of the court's meeting places is at the Pioneer Courthouse in downtown Portland, a National Historic Landmark built in 1869
George Fox - George Fox University in Oregon, founded as Pacific College in 1891, was renamed for him in 1949
Charles L. McNary - He left Stanford and returned to Oregon in 1897 after his family asked him to come home
Portland in particular experienced a population boom between 1900 and 1930, tripling in size; the arrival of World War II provided the northwest region of the state with an industrial boom, where Liberty ships and aircraft carriers were constructed
In 1902, Oregon introduced direct legislation by the state's citizens through initiatives and referenda, known as the Oregon System
In following years, the primary election to select party candidates was adopted in 1904, and in 1908 the Oregon Constitution was amended to include recall of public officials
Charles L. McNary - In 1904 he managed his brother John's successful campaign to be district attorney for the third judicial district of Oregon
Carl Barks - In 1908, William Barks moved with his family to Midland, Oregon, some miles north of Merrill, to be closer to the new railway lines
Charles L. McNary - In 1913 West appointed McNary to the Oregon Supreme Court to fill a new position created by the legislature's expansion of the court from five justices to seven
According to 1914 data, Australia was the single largest purchaser of the state's lumber
Charles L. McNary - In 1914, the court moved into the new Oregon Supreme Court Building and McNary filed to run for a full-six year term on the bench
Carl Panzram - With the death of the Oregon prison warden, Panzram was involved in at least one murder, as an accessory before the fact, prior to 1920
Gray wolves were extirpated from Oregon around 1930 but have since found their way back; most of them reside in northeast Oregon, but there are now two packs living in the south-central part of the state
Smedley Butler - In May 1931, he took part in a commission established by Oregon Governor Julius L. Meier
L. Ron Hubbard - After Hubbard reported that the "PC-815" had attacked and crippled or sunk two Japanese submarines off Oregon in May 1943, his claim was rejected by the commander of the Northwest Sea Frontier
Mark Tobey - In 1945, Tobey gave a solo exhibition at the Portland Art Museum, Oregon.
Douglas Engelbart - He returned to Oregon State and completed his Bachelor's degree in electrical engineering in 1948
Ted Stevens - By the time he arrived in June 1956, McKay had resigned in order to run for the U.S. Senate from his home state of Oregon and Fred Andrew Seaton had been appointed to replace him
Moose have not always inhabited the state but came to Oregon in the 1960s; the Wallowa Valley herd numbered about 60
Earl Blumenauer - In 1969-70, Blumenauer organized and led Oregon's "Go 19" campaign, an effort to lower the state voting age.
During the 1970s, the Pacific Northwest was particularly affected by the 1973 oil crisis, with Oregon suffering a substantial shortage
Earl Blumenauer - In 1972, he was elected to the Oregon House of Representatives as a Democrat representing District 11 in Multnomah County.
Intel has been a top employer in Oregon since 1974
Earl Blumenauer - Following his time in the Oregon Legislature, he served on the Multnomah County Commission from 1979 to 1987.
Since the 1980 census, Oregon has had five congressional districts
Oregon pioneered the American use of postal voting, beginning with experimentation approved by the Oregon Legislative Assembly in 1981 and culminating with a 1998 ballot measure mandating that all counties conduct elections by mail
Dorothea Puente - She was convicted of three charges of theft on August 18, 1982, and sentenced to five years in jail, where she began corresponding with a 77-year-old retiree living in Oregon, named Everson Gillmouth
Peter DeFazio - Fazio ran for Oregon's 4th congressional district, vacated by retiring incumbent Democrat Jim Weaver.
Greg Walden - He was elected to the Oregon House of Representatives in 1988 and served in the House until 1995, when he was appointed to the Oregon State Senate to fill a vacancy.
During much of the 1990s, a group of conservative Christians formed the Oregon Citizens Alliance, and unsuccessfully tried to pass legislation to prevent "gay sensitivity training" in public schools and legal benefits for homosexual couples
Earl Blumenauer - During his time on the city council Oregon Governor Neil Goldschmidt appointed him to the commission on higher education, serving in 1990 and 1991.
Charles L. McNary - At the time of his death, McNary held the record for longest-serving senator from Oregon, a record he kept until 1993 when Mark O. Hatfield surpassed his mark of 9,726 days in office
In 1994, Oregon adopted the Oregon Health Plan, which made health care available to most of its citizens without private health insurance
Kurt Schrader - Schrader ran for the Oregon House of Representatives in 1994, where he lost to Republican Jerry Grisham in the general election by 38 votes.
Greg Walden - Walden rose to the position of assistant majority leader in the Senate and was considering a bid for Oregon Governor in 1994.
Kurt Schrader - After winning his first election in 1996, Schrader served four terms in the Oregon House of Representatives.
In 2000, Ballot Measure 86 converted the "kicker" law from statute to the Oregon Constitution, and changed some of its provisions
Raymond Carver - In Carver's birth town of Clatskanie, Oregon a memorial park and statue were constructed in the late 2000s spearheaded by the local Friends of the Library, using mostly local donations
After being drafted by the Detroit Lions in 2002, former Oregon Ducks quarterback Joey Harrington distributed "Orygun" stickers to members of the media as a reminder of how to pronounce the name of his home state
Kurt Schrader - In 2002, Schrader ran for the Oregon State Senate seat vacated by the retiring Verne Duncan, representing the 20th district in southwestern Clackamas County, including the cities of Barlow, Canby, Oregon, Gladstone, Oregon, Johnson City, Oregon City and portions of Milwaukie, Oregon.
Greg Walden - In 2002, he defeated Democrat Peter Buckley, who later became a member of the Oregon House of Representatives.
Oregon ranks 33rd in the U.S. by PCPI, compared to 31st in 2003
Kurt Schrader - In the Oregon Senate, Schrader served as co-chair of the Joint Ways and Means Committee in the 2003 and 2005 sessions, as well as chair of the Interim Joint Legislative Audit Committee in the 2005 session.
Conrad Burns - In December 2003, Burns and Senator Ron Wyden, an Oregon Democrat, were pleased that their legislation to combat spam, the CAN-SPAM Act, had been signed into law
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Oregon ranked 41st out of the 50 states in taxes per capita in 2005 with an average amount paid of 1,791,45
Greg Walden - Oregon Congressmen Earl_Blumenauer and Walden, hiking on Mount Hood during a 2005 fact-finding trip.
Kurt Schrader - In May 2008, Schrader won the Democratic nomination for Oregon's 5th congressional district for the seat being vacated by Darlene Hooley.
As of the 2010 Census, the population of Oregon was 3,831,074
Kurt Schrader - It was the closest House race in Oregon in 2010, a year in which Republicans picked up at least 63 House seats, but only one on the West Coast.
Amazon opened a datacenter near Boardman in 2011, and a fulfillment center in Troutdale in 2018
Edward Dickinson Baker - A re-enactment of the Battle of Balls Bluff took place on the afternoon of October 22, 2011 on the very ground where Senator Baker was killed; and on October 23, 2011 a Ball's Bluff on-site memorial service for Senator Baker and lectures were organized by the Edward D. Baker Camp of the Sons of Union Veterans of Oregon with the endorsement of the Oregon Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission
Kurt Schrader - He, along with Oregon Senators Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley, helped *award a grant in September 2012, from the Department of Energy to the Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center
Reed College, a rigorous liberal arts college in Portland, was ranked by "Forbes" as the 52nd best college in the country in 2015