Knowledge Identifier: +Orson_Welles
Category: Movies & TV
Born in 1915.
Countries: United States (47%), United Kingdom (15%), France (7%)
Linked to: Associated Press, Todd School for Boys, Los Angeles Times, British Film Institute
In 1919, his parents separated and moved to Chicago.
Geraldine Fitzgerald - Her son's resemblance to Orson Welles, with whom she had worked and been linked with romantically in the late 1930s, led to rumors Welles was the boy's father
Edgar Barrier - In the 1930s he was a member of Orson Welles' Mercury Theatre and played Simon Templar on "The Saint" radio show
Mary Wickes - She began acting in films in the late 1930s, and was a member of the Orson Welles troupe on his radio drama "The Mercury Theatre on the Air"
Since 1932, Welles had fallen in love with the older Mexican actress, Dolores del Río.
In 1933, he toured in three off-Broadway productions with Katharine Cornell's company, including two roles in Romeo and Juliet.
In 1934, Welles eloped with Chicago-born actress and socialite Virginia Nicolson.
Ralph Richardson - Richardson was engaged to play the role of Mercutio, replacing Orson Welles, in the 1934 Broadway production of Romeo and Juliet.
By 1935 Welles was supplementing his earnings in the theater as a radio actor in Manhattan, working with many of the actors who would later form the core of his Mercury Theatre.
In 1936, the Federal Theatre Project (part of Roosevelt's Works Progress Administration) put unemployed theater performers and employees to work.
That September, Mutual chose Welles to play Lamont Cranston, aka The Shadow, anonymously and in the summer of 1938 CBS gave him a weekly hour-long show to broadcast radio plays based on classic literary works.
Clyde L. Herring - Herring's reaction to Orson Welles' 1938 "War of the Worlds" broadcast received national attention
Jack Paar - In his book "P.S. Jack Paar", he recalled doing utility duty at WGAR in 1938 when Orson Welles broadcast his famous simulated alien invasion, "The War of the Worlds" over the CBS network
Bing Crosby - The Mutual network, on the other hand, had pre-recorded some of its programs as early as the 1938 run of "The Shadow" with Orson Welles
Morgan Farley - He recreated the role of Joe Bullitt in Orson Welles's "Mercury Theatre on the Air" adaptation of the story that aired October 16, 1938
Edgar Bergen - Bergen and McCarthy are sometimes credited with "saving the world" because, on the night of October 30, 1938, when Orson Welles performed his "War of the Worlds" radio play hoax that panicked many listeners, most of the American public had instead tuned in to Bergen and McCarthy on another station and never heard Welles' play
Welles produced the show in New York in 1939 but the opening night, where part 1 was acted, was a disaster and part 2 was never put on.
Tim Holt - After playing young Lieutenant Blanchard in the 1939 classic "Stagecoach", Holt had one of the leading roles in Orson Welles's "The Magnificent Ambersons"
Hans Conried - Conried worked in radio before breaking into movies in 1939, and was a member of Orson Welles' Mercury Theatre Company
Cornelia Otis Skinner - She appeared with Orson Welles on "The Campbell Playhouse" radio play of "The Things We Have" on May 26, 1939
Citizen Kane - According to film historian Clinton Heylin, "the idea of "Citizen Kane" was the original conception of Orson Welles, who in early 1940 first discussed the idea with John Houseman, who suggested that both he and Welles leave for Los Angeles and discuss the idea with scriptwriter Herman Mankiewicz
Ted de Corsia - He made his movie debut in Orson Welles' "The Lady from Shanghai" and went on to make a career playing villains and gangsters in 1940s and 1950s films including "The Naked City" ,"The Big Combo" , "The Killing" , "Baby Face Nelson", and "Slightly Scarlet"
Ruth Warrick - Warrick began her career in the 1940s as a radio singer where she met her first husband Eric Rolf, but her first big break was being hired by a young Orson Welles for "Citizen Kane", where she played Emily Monroe Norton
After the success of his 1941 film Citizen Kane, Welles announced that his next film would be about the life of Jesus, and that he would play the lead role.
Philip Van Zandt - In 1941, he played a small but important part as magazine editor Rawlston in Orson Welles' classic film "Citizen Kane"
William Randolph Hearst - One of the most influential films of all time was Orson Welles' 1941 film "Citizen Kane", which was loosely based on parts of Hearst's life
Helen Martin - She was chiefly a Broadway character actress for many decades, debuting in Orson Welles' production of "Native Son" in 1941
Everett Sloane - Sloane eventually joined Orson Welles's Mercury Theatre, and acted in Welles's films in roles such as "Citizen Kane" 's Bernstein in 1941 and "The Lady from Shanghai"'s Arthur Bannister in 1948
Citizen Kane - "'Citizen Kane"' is a 1941 American drama film directed, co-written, produced by, and starring Orson Welles
Richard Wright (author) - "Native Son" opened on Broadway, with Orson Welles as director, to generally favorable reviews in March 1941
It's All True: Welles did not originally want to direct this 1942 documentary on South America, but after its abandonment by RKO, he spent much of the 1940s attempting to buy the negative of his material from RKO, so that he could edit and release it in some form.
Frank Furness - Mark-Lee Kirk's set designs for the 1942 Orson Welles film "The Magnificent Ambersons" seem to be based on Furness's ornate Neo-Grec interiors of the 1870s
Booth Tarkington - Today, he is best known for his novel "The Magnificent Ambersons", which Orson Welles filmed in 1942
Hans Conried - He was a member of the regular cast of Orson Welles's "Ceiling Unlimited", for which he wrote the December 14, 1942, episode, "War Workers"
In 1943, Welles married Rita Hayworth.
In 1944, Welles was offered a new radio show, broadcast only in California, Orson Welles' Almanac.
At the same time in 1946 he began two new radio series, The Mercury Summer Theatre for CBS and Orson Welles Commentaries for ABC. While Summer Theatre featured half-hour adaptations of some of the classic Mercury radio shows from the 1930s, the first episode was a condensation of his Around the World stage play, and remains the only record of Cole Porter's music for the project.
Don Hollenbeck - Hollenbeck worked for the Office of War Information , NBC and ABC, once subbing on short notice for Orson Welles over Welles' scheduled Sunday night ABC news commentary program, before joining CBS in 1946
Isaac Woodard - On the July 28, 1946, broadcast of his ABC radio series " Orson Welles Commentaries", Orson Welles read an affidavit sent to him by the NAACP, signed by Woodard
Robert Coote - He played Bob Trubshawe in Powell and Pressburger's "A Matter of Life and Death" , chosen for the first-ever Royal Film Performance on 1 November 1946, before he returned to Hollywood, where his films included "The Ghost and Mrs. Muir" , "Forever Amber" , "The Three Musketeers" and Orson Welles' "Othello"
In 1948, Welles convinced Republic Pictures to let him direct a low-budget version of Macbeth, which featured extremely stylized sets and costumes, and a cast of actors lip-syncing to a pre-recorded soundtrack, one of many innovative cost-cutting techniques Welles deployed in an attempt to make an epic film from B-movie resources.
Hans Nielsen (actor) - In addition to his own film roles, in 1948, Nielsen began working as a voice actor, dubbing films into German, including Fred Astaire ; Gary Cooper ; Errol Flynn ; Cary Grant ; Rex Harrison ; Phil Silvers ; David Niven , Tyrone Power ; James Stewart ; Robert Taylor ", Spencer Tracy ; Orson Welles and Trevor Howard
Queen Grimhilde - Lady Macbeth in Orson Welles' 1948 "Macbeth" resembles the Queen in her costume, make-up, and especially the manner of her death
Jeanette Nolan - She made her film debut as Lady Macbeth in Orson Welles's 1948 film "Macbeth", based on Shakespeare's play of the same name
He began scouting for locations in Europe whilst filming Black Magic, but Korda was short of money, so sold the rights to Columbia pictures, who eventually dismissed Welles from the project, and sold the rights on to United Artists, who in turn made a film version in 1950, which was not based on Welles's script.
Doris Dowling - She appeared in Orson Welles's European production of "Othello" in 1952, playing Bianca
In 1953, the BBC hired Welles to read an hour of selections from Walt Whitman's epic poem Song of Myself.
Isaac Woodard - Welles gave an account of the Woodard case on the May 7, 1955, broadcast of his BBC TV series " Orson Welles' Sketch Book"
Welles's next feature film role was in Man in the Shadow for Universal Pictures in 1957, starring Jeff Chandler.
Rick Jason - In 1958, Jason played the lead in "The Fountain of Youth", an innovative half-hour unsold pilot written and directed by Orson Welles which won the Peabody *award
In Italy in 1959, Welles directed his own scenes as King Saul in Richard Pottier's film David and Goliath.
Citizen Kane - In an interview with Huw Weldon on March 13, 1960, Orson Welles said: "Mr. Hearst was quite a bit like Kane, although Kane isn't really founded on Hearst in particular, many people sat for it so to speak"
In 1967 Welles began directing The Deep, based on the novel Dead Calm by Charles Williams and filmed off the shore of Yugoslavia.
Michael Aldridge - His screen work included playing Pistol in Orson Welles' movie "Chimes at Midnight" in 1967
Histoires extraordinaires: The producers of this 1968 anthology film, based on short stories by Edgar Allan Poe, announced in June 1967 that Welles would direct one segment based on both "Masque of the Red Death" and "The Cask of Amontillado" for the omnibus film.
Norman Eshley - His first screen role was in the 1968 film "The Immortal Story", directed by Orson Welles
Also in 1969 he played a supporting role in John Huston's The Kremlin Letter.
Citizen Kane - Welles himself had ideas that meshed with that concept, as he described in a 1969 interview in the book, "This is Orson Welles":
Big Jack Armstrong - He participated in WKBWs 1971 War of the Worlds broadcast, a modernized version of the original done by Orson Welles in 1938
Citizen Kane - In his foreword to Davies's autobiography, published posthumously in 1975, Orson Welles draws a sharp distinction between the real-life actress and his fictional creation:
Carlsberg Group - The voice over for the original ad in 1975 was voiced by actor Orson Welles, his voice has been used repeatedly over the years
He won three Grammy Awards, each win in the category of Best Spoken Word Recording: in 1976, for "Great American Documents" (shared with Helen Hayes, Henry Fonda and James Earl Jones; in 1978, for the original motion picture soundtrack to Citizen Kane; and in 1981, for a recording of Donovan's Brain.
Filming The Trial: After the success of his 1978 film Filming Othello made for West German television, and mostly consisting of a monologue to the camera, Welles began shooting scenes for this follow-up film, but never completed it.
In 1979 Welles appeared in the biopic The Secret of Nikola Tesla, and a cameo in The Muppet Movie as Lew Lord.
Marion Davies - In the 1979 comedy "The Jerk", the character Marie, the love interest of the tycoon protagonist, is largely modeled after Davies and her fictional counterpart Susan Alexander in Orson Welles' "Citizen Kane"
In 1981, Welles hosted the documentary The Man Who Saw Tomorrow, about Renaissance-era prophet Nostradamus.
Welles was awarded a Fellowship of the British Film Institute in 1983.
His last film appearance was in Henry Jaglom's 1987 independent film "Someone to Love", released after his death but produced before his voice-over in "Transformers: The Movie"
A print of the U.S. version was released on laserdisc in 1995 but soon withdrawn after a legal challenge by Beatrice Welles-Smith
A seventh episode of this series, based on the Gaston Dominici case, was suppressed at the time by the French government, but was reconstructed after Welles's death and released to video in 1999
Marion Davies - The 1999 film "RKO 281", a dramatization of the events during and after production of Orson Welles' "Citizen Kane", depicts Welles being told by screenwriter Herman Mankiewicz that Hearst shot Ince, and refers to this several times as an analogy for Hearst's efforts to bury the film
In that year, legal complications over the ownership of the film forced the negative into a Paris vault where it remained until 2004, when Peter Bogdanovich announced his intention to complete the production
Walter B. Gibson - In addition, Gibson is the protagonist, along with Orson Welles, in a historical mystery by Max Allan Collins, "The War of the Worlds Murder", published by Berkley Books in 2005
Carl Denham - Jack Black, who played Denham's 2005 incarnation, found the character to be comparable to Orson Welles in that he will not compromise on how he sees the end result; he based his performance on Welles, even sporting a haircut based on that of the young filmmaker
In the 2006 book, "Whatever Happened to Orson Welles-", writer Joseph McBride made several controversial claims about Welles
Michael Lindsay-Hogg - In January 2010 came word that Lindsay-Hogg was going to take a DNA test to determine if famed American filmmaker Orson Welles, who was friend of the family, was in fact his father
Maurice LaMarche - He won the Primetime Emmy *award for Outstanding Voice-Over Performance in 2011 for portraying Orson Welles' head and Lrrr in the episode "Lrrreconcilable Ndndifferences"
Oscar - In December 2011, Orson Welles' 1941 Oscar for "Citizen Kane" was put up for auction, after his heirs won a 2004 court decision contending that Welles did not sign any agreement to return the statue to the Academy
Edited transcripts of these sessions appear in Peter Biskind's 2013 book "My Lunches With Orson: Conversations Between Henry Jaglom and Orson Welles"
In March 2017, Netflix acquired distribution rights to the film
Post-production concluded in 2018, and the film premiered at the 75th Venice International Film Festival on August 31, 2018