Knowledge Identifier: $Oscar



Set of awards given annually for excellence of cinematic achievements. add

Category: Movies & TV (100)

Launched in 1950.

Countries: United States (66%), United Kingdom (10%), (6%)

Main connections: Actor, Academy Award for Best Actress, Gary Cooper

Linked to: Los Angeles Times, Dolby Laboratories, Eastman Kodak, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer




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From 1950 to 1960, the awards were presented at Hollywood's Pantages Theatre add something


Louis B. Mayer - By 1951, MGM had gone three years without a major Academy Award, which provoked further conflict between Mayer and Schenck


The awards show was first televised in 1953, on NBC, which continued to broadcast the event until 1960 when the ABC Network took over, televising the festivities through 1970, after which NBC resumed the broadcasts add something


Doris Day - In 1953 Day appeared as Calamity Jane, giving an extraordinary singing and acting performance, and winning the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Secret Love".


Gary Cooper - In 1953, Cooper won his second Best Actor Academy Award for his performance as Marshal Will Kane in High Noon, arguably considered his finest role.


Donna Reed - The role earned Reed an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for 1953.


Gary Cooper - Ill with an ulcer, he wasn't present to receive his Academy Award in February 1953.


Tom Tully - He received an Academy Award nomination for the role of the first commander of the "Caine" in 1954's "The Caine Mutiny", with Humphrey Bogart


Peter Marshall (preacher) - He is remembered popularly from the success of "A Man Called Peter", a biography of him written by his widow, Catherine Marshall, and the 1955 film adapted from it, which was nominated for an Academy Award


Leo Katcher - He wrote several screenplays, and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Story in 1956 for "The Eddy Duchin Story" but did not win


Leo Katcher - In 1956, he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Story for "The Eddy Duchin Story", but he did not win


William Goetz - After leaving Universal, Goetz became an independent producer, making films such as 1957's "Sayonara", which was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Picture


Jerome Hill - The film won an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature of 1957


Charles Shaw (writer) - The film won an Academy Award for Best Writing, Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium in 1957


At the 29th ceremony, held on March 27, 1957, the Best Foreign Language Film category was introduced add something


Buddy Baker (composer) - His work appears in many Disney cartoons and featurettes, including "Donald in Mathmagic Land", which was nominated for a 1959 Academy Award


Brian Brake - "Snows of Aorangi", one of three NFU films Brake directed, was the first New Zealand film nominated for an Academy Award, in the Best Short Subject category in 1959


Charlie Chaplin - Chaplin's robust health began to slowly fail in the late 1960s, after the completion of his final film A Countess from Hong Kong, and more rapidly after he received his Academy Award in 1972.


Burt Lancaster - Lancaster won the 1960 Academy Award for Best Actor, a Golden Globe Award, and the New York Film Critics Award for his performance in Elmer Gantry.


The Oscars moved to the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium in Santa Monica, California in 1961 add something


Abby Mann - Stanley Kramer directed the 1961 film adaptation, for which Mann received the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay


Andrea Arnold - "'Andrea Arnold"', OBE is an Academy award winning filmmaker and former actress from England, who made her feature film directorial debut in 2006 with "Red Road"


Wolfgang Reinhardt (producer) - He was nominated for an Academy Award for Original Screenplay in 1962 for the film "Freud"


John Waters (1934 Academy Award winner) - John Waters (1934 Academy Award winner) died in 1965


Steve McQueen - McQueen earned his only Academy Award nomination in 1966 for his role as an engine room sailor in The Sand Pebbles, in which he starred opposite Richard Attenborough and Candice Bergen.


Hal Ashby - His big break occurred in 1967 when he won the Academy Award for Film Editing for "In the Heat of the Night"


Marianne Jean-Baptiste - "'Marianne Raigipcien Jean-Baptiste"' is an Academy Award-nominated British actress, best known for her role as Hortense Cumberbatch in the 1996 drama "Secrets & Lies", which earned her a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, becoming the first black Briton to receive an Academy Award nomination, and in the US as Vivian Johnson in the American television series "Without a Trace"


Goldie Hawn - Hawn had made her feature film debut in a bit role as a giggling dancer in the 1968 film The One and Only, Genuine, Original Family Band, in which she was billed as "Goldie Jeanne", but in her first major film role, in Cactus Flower, she won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress as Walter Matthau's suicidal fiancee.


George Coe - He was himself nominated for an Academy Award for the 1968 comedy short film "The Dove", a parody of Ingmar Bergman's films, which he co-directed as well as starred in


By 1969, the Academy decided to move the ceremonies back to Los Angeles, this time to the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion at the Los Angeles County Music Center add something


George Lucas - In 1969, Lucas married film editor Marcia Lou Griffin, who went on to win an Academy Award for her editing work on the original Star Wars film.


George S. Patton - Patton was the focus of the epic 1970 Academy Award-winning film "Patton", with the title role played by George C. Scott in an iconic, Academy Award winning performance


Gene Hackman - In 1971, he was nominated for the Best Supporting Actor Academy Award again, this time for 1970's I Never Sang for My Father, working alongside Melvyn Douglas and Estelle Parsons.


Walon Green - Born in Baltimore, Maryland, he produced and directed documentaries for National Geographic and David Wolper, including "The Hellstrom Chronicle", for which he was accorded the Academy Award and the BAFTA in 1972, and "The Secret Life of Plants" in 1979


Raymond Rasch - He won a posthumous Academy Award in 1972 for "Best Original Music Score" for Chaplin's 1952 film "Limelight"


Eileen Heckart - Heckart won the Oscar for Best Supporting Actress for her work in the 1972 movie adaptation of "Butterflies Are Free" and was nominated in 1956 for her performance as the bereaved, besotted Mrs. Daigle in "The Bad Seed"


Peter Schamoni - In 1972, his film "Hundertwasser's Rainy Day" was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Documentary Short


Jack Nicholson - Those ceremonies represented the seventh time he has presented the Academy Award for Best Picture.


Diana Ross - In 1973, Ross was nominated for both a Golden Globe Award and an Academy Award for "Best Actress".


Lonne Elder III - In 1973, he and Suzanne de Passe became the first African Americans to be nominated for the Academy Award for writing


Edward G. Robinson - Robinson was never nominated for an Academy Award, but in 1973 he was awarded an honorary Oscar in recognition that he had "achieved greatness as a player, a patron of the arts, and a dedicated citizen .


Ronee Blakley - Her most famous role was as the fictional country superstar Barbara Jean in Robert Altman's 1975 film "Nashville", for which she won a National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress and was nominated for an Academy Award


ABC once again took over broadcast duties in 1976 and it is under contract to do so through the year 2020 add something


Charles H. Joffe - Joffe won the 1977 Academy Award for Best Picture as producer of Allen's "Annie Hall"


Robert Gottschalk - He received an Academy Award of Merit in 1978 for developing the Panaflex camera


Paul Jenkins (painter) - Jenkins gained a level of notoriety when his paintings appeared in the Academy Award nominated 1978 movie "An Unmarried Woman" directed by Paul Mazursky


Franco Brusati - He was an Academy Award nominee as Best Foreign Film for his 1979 film To Forget Venice, film which won David di Donatello for Best Film


Pierre Guffroy - He won an Academy Award for "Tess" in 1979 and had been previously nominated for one in another category Best Art Direction for "Is Paris Burning-" in 1966


Bette Midler - In 1979, she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for The Rose, a role for which she won the Golden Globe for Best Actress.


Penelope Milford - She has been nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, in 1979 for performance on the movie "Coming Home"


Especially since the 1980s, moneymaking "formula-made" blockbusters with glossy production values have often been crowd-pleasing titans , but they haven't necessarily been great films with depth or critical acclaim by any measure add something


Jean Gruault - He was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Screenplay for the 1980 film "Mon oncle d'Amérique"


On March 30, 1981, the awards ceremony was postponed for one day after the shooting of President Ronald Reagan and others in Washington, D.C. add something


John Zaritsky - He was the recipient of an Academy Award in 1982 for his documentary "Just Another Missing Kid"


Kabir Bedi - Since 1982 Kabir has been a voting member of the prestigious Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, who are responsible for presenting the Oscar awards


However, due to continuous insufficient eligibility each year, it has not been awarded since 1984 add something


John Malkovich - He made his feature film debut in 1984, as Sally Field's blind boarder Mr. Will in Places in the Heart; for his portrayal of Mr. Will, Malkovich received his first Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor.


William Hurt - He received the Best Male Performance Prize at the Cannes Film Festival and the Academy Award for Best Actor for Kiss of the Spider Woman for 1985.


Paul Newman - In addition to the awards Newman won for specific roles, he received an honorary Academy Award in 1986 for his "many and memorable and compelling screen performances" and the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award for his charity work in 1994.


Randa Haines - She is perhaps most famous for directing the critically acclaimed feature film "Children of a Lesser God" , which starred William Hurt and Marlee Matlin, for which Matlin won the 1987 Academy Award as best actress


George S. Patton - George C. Scott reprised the role 16 years after his Academy Award winning performance in a made-for-television titled "The Last Days of Patton", which was first broadcast on September 14, 1986, on CBS


Bille August - His film "Pelle the Conqueror" from 1987 won the Palme D'or, Academy Award and Golden Globe


Michael Todd's grandson tried to sell Todd's Oscar statuette to a movie prop collector in 1989, but the Academy won the legal battle by getting a permanent injunction add something


Daniel Day-Lewis - Day-Lewis threw his personal version of "method acting" into full throttle in 1989 with his performance as Christy Brown in Jim Sheridan's My Left Foot which garnered him numerous awards, including the Academy Award for Best Actor.


Glenda Jackson - In 1989, she appeared in Ken Russell's The Rainbow, playing Anna Brangwen, mother of Gudrun, the part which had won her her first Academy Award.


Spike Lee - Lee's film Do the Right Thing was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay in 1989.


Tim Burton - When the film opened in June 1989, it was backed by the biggest marketing and merchandising campaign in film history at the time, and became one of the biggest box office hits of all time, grossing well over US$250 million in the US alone and $400 million worldwide and earning critical acclaim for the performances of both Keaton and Nicholson, as well as the film's production aspects, which won the Academy Award for Best Art Direction.


Kenneth Branagh - Branagh's two other Academy Award nominations were for the 1992 film short subject Swan Song and for his work on the screenplay of Hamlet in 1996.


Tom Hanks - Hanks won the 1993 Academy Award for Best Actor for his role in Philadelphia.


Nancy Taylor Rosenberg - Her first novel, "Mitigating Circumstances", was published in 1993, and the film rights were obtained by Academy Award winning director, Jonathan Demme


Peter Jepson-Young - In 1993, The Broadcast Tapes of Dr. Peter were nominated for and Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature


Margaret Lazarus - She and her partner, Renner Wunderlich, received an Academy Award in 1993 for their documentary "Defending Our Lives", about battered women who were in prison for killing their abusers


Jonathan Penner - He was nominated for the Best Live Action Short Film Academy Award in 1994 for "Down on the Waterfront", which he co-produced, co-wrote, and starred in along with Jason Alexander and Edward Asner


Michelangelo Antonioni - In 1994 he was given the Honorary Academy Award "in recognition of his place as one of the cinema's master visual stylists.


Ralph Fiennes - In 1996 he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for the World War II epic romance The English Patient in which he starred with Kristin Scott-Thomas.


Spike Lee - His documentary 4 Little Girls was nominated for the Best Feature Documentary Academy Award in 1997.


Lauren Bacall - In 1997, Bacall was nominated for a Best Supporting Actress Academy Award for her role in The Mirror Has Two Faces, her first nomination after a career span of more than fifty years.


Dustin Hoffman - In 1997, Hoffman starred opposite John Travolta in the Costa Gavras film Mad City and gained his seventh Academy Award nomination for his performance in Wag The Dog, in a role that allowed Hoffman the chance to work with both Robert De Niro and Denis Leary.


Billy Wilder - Wilder's 12 Academy Award nominations for screenwriting were a record until 1997 when Woody Allen received a 13th nomination for Deconstructing Harry.


Hilary Henkin - "'Hilary Henkin"' is an American screenwriter and producer, nominated for both a Golden Globe and an Academy Award for her work on the screenplay of "Wag the Dog" in 1997


Michael Berenbaum - He was the chief historical consultant for "Last Days", which won an Academy Award in 1998


Betsey Wright - In the 1998 film adaption, Holden's character was portrayed by Kathy Bates, a role which earned Bates an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress


Woody Allen - Match Point earned Allen his first Academy Award nomination since 1998, for Best Writing – Original Screenplay and earned directing and writing nominations at the Golden Globes, his first Globe nominations since 1987.


Anna Quindlen - "One True Thing" was made into a feature film in 1998 for which Meryl Streep received an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress


Jon Moritsugu - Fame Whore was considered for an Academy Award in 1999, but was rejected because it was screened in 16mm and all Academy Award films must be 35mm


Halle Berry - In the 1999 HBO biopic Introducing Dorothy Dandridge, she portrayed the first black woman to be nominated for a Best Actress Academy Award, and it was to Berry a heart-felt project that she introduced, co-produced and fought intensely for it to come through.


Geoffrey Rush - In 2000, he received his third Academy Award nomination, for Quills, in which he played the Marquis de Sade.


Kate Winslet - Winslet was 26 when she received her third Academy Award nomination, for Iris, just missing the mark of Natalie Wood, who received her third nomination at age 25.


Daniela Amavia - In 2001, her career took off when she won the Best Actress award at the New York International Independent Film Festival for the film "The Woman Every Man Wants", as well as the Deutscher Filmpreis, the German equivalent of the Academy Award


In 2002, the Kodak Theatre became the permanent home of the award ceremonies add something


Peter Hedges - In 2002, he received an Academy Award nomination for Best Adapted Screenplay for "About a Boy"


After more than 60 years of being held in late March or early April, the ceremonies were moved up to late February or early March starting in 2004 to help disrupt and shorten the intense lobbying and ad campaigns associated with Oscar season in the film industry add something


Since 2004, Academy award nomination results have been announced to the public in late January add something


Adam Elliot - In 2004 the film won an Academy Award for Best Short Animation


Johnny Depp - In 2004, he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor, for playing Scottish author J. M. Barrie in the film Finding Neverland.


Charlize Theron - For this role, Theron won the Academy Award for Best Actress at the 76th Academy Awards in February 2004, as well as the SAG Award and the Golden Globe Award.


Sidney Lumet - In 2005, Lumet received an Academy Award for Lifetime Achievement for his "brilliant services to screenwriters, performers, and the art of the motion picture.


Cate Blanchett - In 2005, she won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for playing Katharine Hepburn in Martin Scorsese's The Aviator.


Byambasuren Davaa - She was a 2005 Academy Award nominee for her film "The Story of the Weeping Camel"


Leonardo DiCaprio - Caprio earned his third Academy Award nomination for Blood Diamond.


Margherita Buy - In October 2006, she starred in the new release, "La sconosciuta", by Academy Award winner Giuseppe Tornatore and in December she starred in Alessandro D'alatri's "Commediasexy"


The 2007 ceremony was watched by more than 40 million Americans add something


The 2007 release stated that it has just under 6,000 voting members add something


The Academy does not publicly disclose its membership, although as recently as 2007 press releases have announced the names of those who have been invited to join add something


Gust Avrakotos - Charlie Wilson's War - Avrakotos was portrayed in the 2007 film "Charlie Wilson's War" by Academy Award winner Philip Seymour Hoffman


Laurel Hester - Her battle was documented in the 2007 film, "Freeheld", winner of the 2008 Academy Award for Best Short Documentary


Nancy Oliver - Best known for her work on the successful TV series "Six Feet Under", Oliver was nominated for an Academy Award for Writing Original Screenplay in 2008 for her debut screenplay, "Lars and the Real Girl"


Raphael Smith - In 2008 Smith wrote the film "Sidney Turtlebaum" starring Derek Jacobi, which was nominated for best short film at the 2009 British Independent Film Awards and shortlisted for a 2010 Academy Award for the category best short film


Kate Winslet - Winslet won an Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in The Reader.


For example, the 2009 Best Picture winner, "The Hurt Locker", was actually first released in 2008, but did not qualify for the 2008 awards as it did not play its Oscar-qualifying run in Los Angeles until mid-2009, thus qualifying for the 2009 awards add something


William Friedkin, an Academy award-winning film director and former producer of the ceremony, expressed this sentiment at a conference in New York in 2009, describing it as "the greatest promotion scheme that any industry ever devised for itself" add something


In 2010, the organizers of the Academy awards announced that winners' acceptance speeches must not run past 45 seconds add something


Cate Blanchett - As of 2010, Blanchett has been featured in seven films that were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture: Elizabeth, The Lord of the Rings trilogy, The Aviator, Babel, and The Curious Case of Benjamin Button.


Tomm Moore - His first feature film, "The Secret of Kells", was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Animated Feature Film on February 2, 2010


Tomm Moore - On February 2, 2010, it was announced that the film had been nominated for an Academy Award for Best Animated Feature Film


Lee Unkrich - After co-directing "Monsters, Inc.", and "Finding Nemo", Unkrich made his solo directorial debut with "Toy Story 3", for which he won the Academy Award for Best Animated Film in 2011


In May 2011, the Academy sent a letter advising its 6,000 or so voting members that an online system for Oscar voting will be implemented in 2013 add something


In December 2011, Orson Welles' 1941 Oscar for "Citizen Kane" was put up for auction, after his heirs won a 2004 court decision contending that Welles did not sign any agreement to return the statue to the Academy add something


However, due to Eastman Kodak's bankruptcy issues, this theatre was renamed the Hollywood and Highland Center in the days preceding the February 26, 2012, awards ceremony add something


The 85th Academy awards were held on Sunday, February 24, 2013, at the Dolby Theatre in Los Angeles, California add something