Otto Preminger

Knowledge Identifier: +Otto_Preminger

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Otto Preminger

Austro-Hungarian-American theatre and film director add

Category: Movies & TV

Born in 1905.

Countries: United States (63%), United Kingdom (9%), Austria (8%)

Main connections: Ernst Lubitsch, Hurry Sundown (film), Anatomy of a Murder

Linked to: Academy Award for Best Director, Democratic Party, Jews, Motion Picture Association of America

 

Timeline


 

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Otto Preminger was born in 1905 add something


1914

After the assassination in 1914 of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the throne, which led to the Great War, Russia entered the war on the Serbian side, and tsarist armies began to invade Eastern Europe add something


1915

In 1915, Markus relocated his family to Vienna , the city that Otto later claimed to have been born in add something


1916

Markus moved his family to a more fashionable district in 1916 add something


1923

In 1923, when Preminger was seventeen, his soon-to-be mentor, Max Reinhardt, the renowned Viennese-born director who had established his base of operation in Berlin , announced plans to establish a theatrical company in Vienna in a rundown 135-year old theater add something


1924

Preminger expected acclaim for "Laura" would promote him to work on better pictures, but his professional fate was in the hands of Zanuck, who had Preminger take over for the ailing Ernst Lubitsch on "A Royal Scandal", a remake of Lubitsch's own 1924 silent "Forbidden Paradise", starring Pola Negri as Catherine the Great add something

 

When the theater opened, on April 1, 1924, Preminger appeared as a furniture mover in Reinhardt's comedia staging of Carlo Goldoni's "The Servant of Two Masters" add something


1930

In 1930, a wealthy industrialist from Graz approached the rising young theater director with an offer to direct a film called "Die große Liebe" add something

 

Zanuck gave Preminger the task of convincing Alice Faye, the studio's top musical star of the late 1930s and early 1940s, to play the role of the spinster add something


1931

From 1931-1935, Preminger directed twenty-six shows add something

 

It was not until the spring of 1931 that Preminger's carefree bachelor lifestyle was threatened when he met a Hungarian woman named Marion Mill add something

 

The film premiered at the Emperor Theater in Vienna on 21 December 1931, to strong reviews and business add something

 

Artur Berger - In 1931 he and Siegfried Bernfeld collaborated on the screenplay for "Die große Liebe", the first film directed by Otto Preminger


1932

The couple married soon afterwards in the summer of 1932 in a plain ceremony on the bride's birthday, August 3, only thirty minutes after her divorce from her first husband had been finalized add something


1935

In April 1935, as Preminger was rehearsing a boulevard farce, "The King with an Umbrella", he received a summons from American film producer Joseph Schenck to a five o'clock meeting at the Imperial Hotel add something

 

"Normandie" arrived in New York on October 21, 1935 add something


 

Among the performers he hired were Lili Darvas, Lilia Skala, Harry Horner, Oskar Karlweis, Albert Bassermann, and Luise Rainer, who was to win back-to-back Academy awards in 1936 and 1937 add something

 

The film opened to tepid notices in November 1936 add something


1937

Reviews of the disposable farce, released in September 1937, were surprisingly pleasant add something

 

In November 1937, Zanuck's perennial emissary Gregory Ratoff brought Preminger news Zanuck had chosen him to direct "Kidnapped", the most expensive feature to date for the studio add something


1940

Judith Anderson - This role led to several film appearances during the 1940s in such films as "Lady Scarface" , "Kings Row" , "All Through the Night" , Otto Preminger's "Laura" with Gene Tierney, Ben Hecht's "Specter of the Rose" , Jean Renoir's "The Diary of a Chambermaid" , and a particularly memorable turn as Emily Brent in René Clair's "And Then There Were None"


1942

Preminger completed production on schedule with a slightly increased budget in November 1942 add something


1944

Hoping to duplicate the success of MGM's 1944 musical "Meet Me in St. Louis", Zanuck enlisted both Preminger and composer Jerome Kern add something

 

"Forever Amber", based on Kathleen Winsor's internationally popular novel published in 1944, was Zanuck's next investment in adaptation add something


1946

Although Preminger and Marion had been estranged for years, he was surprised when in May 1946 she asked for a divorce add something


1947

"Forever Amber" opened to big business in October 1947, and garnered decent reviews add something

 

Betty Grable was cast opposite Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. The film had previously been another Lubitsch project, but after his sudden death in November 1947, Preminger took over add something


1948

Over the spring and early summer of 1948 Otto renovated Wilde's play into "The Fan", which starred Madeleine Carroll add something

 

Ernst Lubitsch - His last film, "That Lady in Ermine" with Betty Grable, was completed by Otto Preminger and released posthumously in 1948


1950

In the 1950s and 1960s, he directed a number of high-profile adaptations of popular novels and stage works add something

 

Starting in the 1950s, Preminger's reputation rose to the point that he was commissioned to direct a number of prestigious projects with A-list casts and based on successful novels or stage works add something


1951

Barbara Bel Geddes - From 1951 to 1953, Bel Geddes played 924 performances of the Otto Preminger hit comedy "The Moon Is Blue"


1953

The League condemned the 1953 comedy "The Moon Is Blue", based on a Broadway play which did not inspire mass protests, for its use of the words "virgin" and "pregnant", and the film was notably released without the Production Code Seal of Approval add something

 

At the New York City Opera, in October 1953, Preminger directed the American premiere of Gottfried von Einem's opera "Der Prozeß", based on Franz Kafka's novel "The Trial" add something

 

Carl Zuckmayer - He wrote the screenplay for "Die Jungfrau auf dem Dach", the German language version of Otto Preminger's 1953 film "The Moon is Blue"

 

Maggie McNamara - In 1953, she went to Hollywood to reprise her role in Otto Preminger's film version of "The Moon Is Blue


1954

Harry Belafonte - He has starred in several films, most notably in Otto Preminger's hit musical "Carmen Jones" , 1957's "Island in the Sun", and Robert Wise's "Odds Against Tomorrow"

 

Madame Sul-Te-Wan - In 1954, Sul-Te-Wan appeared in the Otto Preminger directed and nearly entirely African-American cast musical drama "Carmen Jones" opposite Dorothy Dandridge, Harry Belafonte, Diahann Carroll and Pearl Bailey as Dandridge's grandmother

 

Carmen Jones (film) - "'Carmen Jones"' is a 1954 American musical film produced and directed by Otto Preminger

 

River of No Return - "'River of No Return"' is a 1954 American Western film directed by Otto Preminger and starring Robert Mitchum and Marilyn Monroe


1956

During that period, Preminger advised her on career matters, including an offer made to Dandridge for the featured role of Tuptim in the 1956 film of "The King and I" add something


1958

Jean-Luc Godard - Most of all, the choice of Jean Seberg as the lead actress was an overarching reference to Otto Preminger, who had discovered her for his "Saint Joan," and cast her in his acidulous 1958 adaptation of "Bonjour Tristesse"


1959

Duke Ellington - Detroit Free Press music critic Mark Stryker concludes that the work of Billy Strayhorn and Ellington in Anatomy of a Murder, the trial court drama film directed by Otto Preminger in 1959, is "indispensable, .

 

Porgy and Bess (film) - "'Porgy and Bess"' is a 1959 American musical film directed by Otto Preminger

 

Anatomy of a Murder - It was directed by Otto Preminger and adapted by Wendell May 1959 es from the best-selling novel of the same name written by Michigan Supreme Court Justice John D. Voelker under the pen name Robert Traver


1960

Dalton Trumbo - Exodus - With the support of Otto Preminger, Trumbo was credited for his screenplay for the 1960 film "Exodus", adapted from the novel by Leon Uris

 

Otto Plaschkes - By 1960, he was assistant director to Otto Preminger on "Exodus" and in 1962 worked as a production assistant on "Lawrence of Arabia"

 

Groucho Marx - He did paint the old character mustache over his real one on a few rare performing occasions, including a TV sketch with Jackie Gleason on the latter's variety show in the 1960s and the 1968 Otto Preminger film "Skidoo"

 

David Opatoshu - He returned to his heritage as the Irgun terrorist leader in Otto Preminger's 1960 film "Exodus"

 

James Stewart - In 1960, James Stewart was awarded the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor and received his fifth and final Academy Award for Best Actor nomination, for his role in the 1959 Otto Preminger film Anatomy of a Murder.

 

Elfi von Dassanowsky - In Hollywood in the 1960s, she resisted becoming a trendy Euro-starlet and preferred to remain behind the camera as a vocal coach for director/producer Otto Preminger


1962

James Bassett (author) - Bassett drew on his World War II experiences for his novel "Harm's Way", which became a bestseller after its publication in 1962 and was made into a motion picture starring John Wayne, Kirk Douglas, and Henry Fonda and directed by Otto Preminger

 

Jerry Fielding - In 1962, Otto Preminger selected him for the score of "Advise and Consent", his first major film composition

 

Franchot Tone - On film, he received acclaim as the charismatic, dying president in Otto Preminger's 1962 film version of "Advise & Consent"


1963

John Huston - In 1963, director Otto Preminger asked if he would portray a Boston prelate in The Cardinal, and, writes author Philip Kemp, he "virtually stole the picture.

 

Henry Morton Robinson - The novel was adapted to an Academy *award nominated film in 1963, directed by Otto Preminger and starring Tom Tryon

 

The Cardinal - "'The Cardinal"' is a 1963 American drama film which was produced independently and directed by Otto Preminger, and distributed by Columbia Pictures


1965

Beginning in 1965, Preminger made a string of films in which he attempted to make stories that were fresh and distinctive, but the films he made, including "In Harm's Way" and "Tell Me That You Love Me, Junie Moon" , became both critical and financial bombs add something

 

John Mortimer - In 1965, he and his wife wrote the screen play for the Otto Preminger film "Bunny Lake is Missing"


1966

It was not until 1966, when Preminger was 60 years old and Erik was 22 years old, that they were to meet finally as father and son add something


1967

In 1967, Preminger released "Hurry Sundown", a lengthy drama set in the U.S. South and partially intended to break cinematic racial and sexual taboos add something

 

Luke Askew - He made his film debut in Otto Preminger's "Hurry Sundown" , but was first noticed as an actor for his role in the 1967 film "Cool Hand Luke"

 

Faye Dunaway - In 1967, she was in "Hurry Sundown", a drama directed by Otto Preminger

 

Hurry Sundown (film) - "'Hurry Sundown"' is a 1967 American drama film produced and directed by Otto Preminger


1968

Roman Gabriel - Gabriel had a brief career in movies, playing a prison guard in Otto Preminger's 1968 spoof "Skidoo" and an American Indian named "Blue Boy" in the 1969 John Wayne film "The Undefeated

 

Alexandra Hay - She co-starred in Otto Preminger's 1968 film "Skidoo", as a young girl who discovers her car-dealer father is actually a onetime Mafia assassin


1969

Kay Thompson - Immediately following the death of Judy Garland in 1969, Thompson appeared with her goddaughter Liza Minnelli in Otto Preminger's "Tell Me That You Love Me, Junie Moon"


1970

Peter Weller - Weller's stage career began in the 1970s with appearances on Broadway in "Full Circle", directed by Otto Preminger, and "Summer Brave", William Inge's rewrite of his play "Picnic"


1979

Joop Doderer - In 1979, he played a South African agent, in "The Human Factor", by Otto Preminger, together with Richard Attenborough, Derek Jacobi and John Gielgud


1986

Otto Preminger died in New York City in 1986, aged 80, from lung cancer after suffering from Alzheimer's disease add something


Otto Preminger died in 1986 add something


1997

Mr. Freeze - Freeze was played by George Sanders, Otto Preminger and Eli Wallach in the original "Batman" television series, and by Arnold Schwarzenegger in the 1997 film "Batman & Robin"