Parliament of the United Kingdom

Knowledge Identifier: &Parliament_of_the_United_Kingdom

add

Parliament of the United Kingdom

Supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom, British Crown dependencies and British overseas territories add

Category: Politics

Founded in 1910.

Countries: United Kingdom (82%), (5%), Ireland (2%)

Main connections: House of Commons of the United Kingdom, Co-Operative Party, Chartism

Linked to: House of Lords, Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, Government of the United Kingdom

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Parliament of the United Kingdom.


1910

On the basis of the Budget's popularity and the Lords' consequent unpopularity, the Liberal Party narrowly won two general elections in 1910 add something

 

When the Lords refused to pass the bill, Asquith countered with a promise extracted from the King in secret before the second general election of 1910 and requested the creation of several hundred Liberal peers so as to erase the Conservative majority in the House of Lords add something


1911

However, regardless of the Parliament Acts of 1911 and 1949, the House of Lords has always retained the unrestricted power to be able to block and veto any bill outright which attempts to extend the life of a parliament add something

 

However, since the passage of the Parliament Act 1911 the power of the House of Lords to reject bills passed by the House of Commons has been restricted, and further restrictions were placed by the Parliament Act 1949 add something

 

Since the Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949, the powers of the House of Lords have been very much less than those of the House of Commons add something

 

The Parliament Act 1911, as it became, prevented the Lords from blocking a money bill , and allowed them to delay any other bill for a maximum of three sessions , after which it could become law over their objections add something


1912

Irish Republican Army - In 1912 the Liberal government introduced the Third Home Rule Bill into the British Parliament, with the aim of establishing self-government for Ireland within the United Kingdom


1916

John Langford-Holt - "'Sir John Anthony Langford-Holt"' was a British Conservative Member of Parliament for Shrewsbury from 1945 to 1983


1918

James Sexton - A founder member of the Independent Labour Party, he later joined the Labour Party and served as Labour Member of Parliament for St Helens from 1918 to 1931


1919

Princess Helena of the United Kingdom - The RBNA gradually went into decline following the Nurses Registration Act 1919; after six failed attempts between 1904 and 1918, the British parliament passed the bill allowing formal nurse registration


1920

The Government of Ireland Act 1920 created the parliaments of Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland and reduced the representation of both parts at Westminster add something


1921

Acts passed in 1921 and 1925 granted the Church of Scotland complete independence in ecclesiastical matters add something


1922

Clement Attlee - At the 1922 general election, Attlee became the Member of Parliament for the constituency of Limehouse in Stepney


1923

Hugh Rathbone - As an active Liberal, he elected as Member of Parliament for Liverpool Wavertree at the 1923 general election, but was heavily defeated at the 1924 election


1948

Until 1948, it was the body in which peers had to be tried for felonies or high treason; now, they are tried by normal juries add something


1953

Geoff Hoon - "'Geoffrey "Geoff" William Hoon"' is a British politician who served as the Member of Parliament for Ashfield from 1992 to 2010


1958

The Life Peerages Act 1958 authorised the regular creation of life peerage dignities add something


1959

Elizabeth II - Elizabeth's pregnancies with Princes Andrew and Edward in 1959 and 1963, respectively, mark the only times she has not performed the State Opening of the British parliament during her reign.


1960

By the 1960s, the regular creation of hereditary peerage dignities had ceased; thereafter, almost all new peers were life peers only add something


1963

By the Peerage Act 1963, the election of Scottish representative peers ended, and all Scottish peers were granted the right to sit in Parliament add something

 

In the recent past the monarch has had to make a judgment, as in the appointment of Alec Douglas-Home in 1963 when it was thought that the incumbent Prime Minister, Harold Macmillan, had become ill with terminal cancer add something

 

The last Prime Minister to be a member of the House of Lords was Alec Douglas-Home, 14th Earl of Home, who became Prime Minister in 1963 add something


1964

Robert Maxwell - In 1964, representing the Labour Party, he was elected as Member of Parliament for Buckingham


1966

Idi Amin - In 1966, the Ugandan Parliament demanded an investigation


1970

George Mills (RAF officer) - After his retirement from the RAF, Mills served as Black Rod in the Houses of Parliament until 1970


1976

In 1976, Lord Hailsham created a now widely used name for this behaviour, in an academic paper called "elective dictatorship" add something


1977

Great Grimsby (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Great Grimsby"' is a constituency in North East Lincolnshire represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom since 1977 by Austin Mitchell of the Labour Party


1979

Blackburn (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Blackburn"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1979 by Jack Straw of the Labour Party


1983

Rother Valley (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Rother Valley"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1983 by Kevin Barron, a member of the Labour Party


1987

Menzies Campbell - After three failed attempts, he was finally elected as Member of Parliament, for North East Fife at the 1987 general election but has not lived in his constituency during his tenure as MP, although he owns a holiday home there


1989

Richmond (Yorks) (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Richmond "' is a constituency in North Yorkshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1989 by William Hague, a Conservative


1990

Bootle (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Bootle"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1990 by Joe Benton of the Labour Party


1992

For instance, a Confidence Motion of 1992 used the form, "That this House expresses the support for the economic policy of Her Majesty's Government add something

 

John Gingell - In retirement Gingell served as Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod in the Houses of Parliament until 1992

 

Leeds East (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Leeds East"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1992 by George Mudie of the Labour Party

 

Ribble Valley (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Ribble Valley"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1992 by Nigel Evans, a Conservative

 

Wallasey (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Wallasey"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1992 by Angela Eagle, a member of the Labour Party


1993

Such a motion may theoretically be introduced in the House of Lords, but, as the Government need not enjoy the confidence of that House, would not be of the same effect as a similar motion in the House of Commons; the only modern instance of such an occurrence involves the 'No Confidence' motion that was introduced in 1993 and subsequently defeated add something


1994

Bradford South (UK Parliament constituency) - "' Bradford South"' is a constituency of the city of Bradford, West Yorkshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1994 by Gerry Sutcliffe of the Labour Party


1997

For instance, the 52nd, which assembled in 1997, was dissolved after four years add something

 

St Helens North (UK Parliament constituency) - Helens North"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by David Watts, a member of the Labour Party

 

Blackpool South (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Blackpool South"' is a constituency in Lancashire, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Gordon Marsden of the Labour Party

 

Bognor Regis and Littlehampton (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Bognor Regis and Littlehampton"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its creation in 1997 by Nick Gibb of the Conservative Party

 

Chichester (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Chichester"' is a constituency in West Sussex, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Andrew Tyrie of the Conservative Party

 

Chorley (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Chorley"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Lindsay Hoyle of the Labour Party

 

Don Valley (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Don Valley"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Caroline Flint of the Labour Party

 

Doncaster Central (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Doncaster Central"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Rosie Winterton of the Labour Party

 

Haltemprice and Howden (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Haltemprice and Howden"' is a constituency in the East Riding of Yorkshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by David Davis, a Conservative

 

Leeds North East (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Leeds North East"' is a constituency which has been represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Fabian Hamilton of the Labour Party

 

Lewes (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Lewes"' is a constituency in East Sussex represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Norman Baker, a Liberal Democrat

 

Liverpool Riverside (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Liverpool Riverside"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Louise Ellman of the of the Labour Party and the Co-operative Party

 

Mole Valley (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Mole Valley"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Sir Paul Beresford, a Conservative

 

Runnymede and Weybridge (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Runnymede and Weybridge"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 1997 creation by Philip Hammond, a Conservative


1999

More recently, the House of Lords Act 1999 removed the automatic right of hereditary peers to sit in the Upper House add something

 

Under the House of Lords Act 1999, only life peerages automatically entitle their holders to seats in the House of Lords add something

 

While Acts can apply to the whole of the United Kingdom including Scotland, due to the continuing separation of Scots law many Acts do not apply to Scotland and are either matched by equivalent Acts that apply to Scotland alone or, since 1999, by legislation set by the Scottish Parliament relating to devolved matters add something

 

Leeds Central (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Leeds Central"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1999 by Hilary Benn of the Labour Party


2000

Preston (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Preston"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2000 by Mark Hendrick, a member of the Labour Party and of the Co-operative Party


2001

East Yorkshire (UK Parliament constituency) - "'East Yorkshire"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2001 by Greg Knight of the Conservative Party

 

Epsom and Ewell (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Epsom and Ewell"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2001 by Chris Grayling, a Conservative

 

Southport (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Southport"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2001 by John Pugh, a Liberal Democrat


2005

Additionally, the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 led to abolition of the judicial functions of the House of Lords with the creation of the new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom in October 2009 add something

 

Defeats of Government Bills are extremely rare, the last being in 2005 add something

 

However, as part of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005, the position of Speaker of the House of Lords was separated from the office of Lord Chancellor , though the Lords remain largely self-governing add something

 

However, under the Constitutional Reform Act 2005, these judicial functions were transferred to the newly created Supreme Court in 2009, and the Lords of Appeal in Ordinary became the first Justices of the Court add something

 

Leeds North West (UK Parliament constituency) - "' Leeds North West"' is a constituency in the City of Leeds which is represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Greg Mulholland, a Liberal Democrat

 

Beverley and Holderness (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Beverley and Holderness"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Graham Stuart of the Conservative Party

 

Copeland (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Copeland"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Jamie Reed of the Labour Party

 

Doncaster North (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Doncaster North"' is a constituency in South Yorkshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Ed Miliband, leader of the Labour Party

 

Guildford (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Guildford"' is a constituency in Surrey represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Anne Milton, a Conservative

 

Halifax (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Halifax"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Linda Riordan of the Labour Party and Co-operative Party

 

Scarborough and Whitby (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Scarborough and Whitby"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Robert Goodwill, a Conservative

 

Shipley (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Shipley"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Philip Davies, a Conservative

 

Wakefield (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Wakefield"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Mary Creagh, a member of the Labour Party

 

West Lancashire (UK Parliament constituency) - "'West Lancashire"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Rosie Cooper, a member of the Labour Party

 

Westmorland and Lonsdale (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Westmorland and Lonsdale"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Tim Farron, a Liberal Democrat


2006

In 2006, a number of MPs attempted to revive the custom, having signed a motion for the impeachment of Tony Blair, but this was unsuccessful add something

 

David Howarth - His performances in the British parliament were recognised in 2006 when he was shortlisted for The House Magazine's 'Backbencher of the Year award'

 

Menzies Campbell - He is the Member of Parliament for North East Fife, and was the Leader of the Liberal Democrats from 2 March 2006 until 15 October 2007

 

Prior to July 2006, the House of Lords was presided over by a Lord Chancellor , whose influence as Speaker was very limited add something


2009

The highest court in England & Wales and Northern Ireland used to be a committee of the House of Lords, but it became an independent supreme court in 2009 add something

 

Prior to the creation of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom in October 2009, Parliament used to perform several judicial functions add something

 

Prior to the opening of the Supreme Court in October 2009 the House of Lords performed a judicial role through the Law Lords add something


2010

St Helens South and Whiston (UK Parliament constituency) - Helens South and Whiston"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 creation by Shaun Woodward, a member of the Labour Party

 

Penistone and Stocksbridge (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Penistone and Stocksbridge"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 creation by Angela Smith of the Labour Party

 

Barnsley East (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Barnsley East"' is a constituency in South Yorkshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Michael Dugher of the Labour Party

 

Barrow and Furness (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Barrow and Furness"' is a constituency in Cumbria represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by John Woodcock of the Labour Party who is a member of the Co-operative Party

 

Bradford East (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Bradford East"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Independent David Ward

 

Brigg and Goole (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Brigg and Goole"' is a constituency in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Andrew Percy of the Conservative Party

 

Brighton Kemptown (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Brighton, Kemptown"' is a constituency covering the eastern portion of the city of Brighton and Hove including Kemptown and part of the Lewes District represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Simon Kirby of the Conservative Party

 

Burnley (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Burnley"' is a constituency centred on the town of Burnley in Lancashire, which is represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Gordon Birtwistle of the Liberal Democrats

 

Calder Valley (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Calder Valley"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Craig Whittaker of the Conservative Party

 

Carlisle (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Carlisle"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by John Stevenson of the Conservative Party

 

Cleethorpes (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Cleethorpes"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Martin Vickers of the Conservative Party

 

Colne Valley (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Colne Valley"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Jason McCartney of the Conservative Party

 

Crawley (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Crawley"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Henry Smith of the Conservative Party

 

Dewsbury (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Dewsbury"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Simon Reevell of the Conservative Party

 

Eastbourne (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Eastbourne"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Stephen Lloyd, a Liberal Democrat

 

Elmet and Rothwell (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Elmet and Rothwell"' is a constituency in West Yorkshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its creation in 2010 by Alec Shelbrooke, a Conservative

 

Fylde (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Fylde"' is a Lancashire constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Mark Menzies, a Conservative

 

Garston and Halewood (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Garston and Halewood"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Maria Eagle of the Labour Party

 

Hastings and Rye (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Hastings and Rye"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Amber Rudd, a Conservative

 

Hove (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Hove"' is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Mike Weatherley, a Conservative

 

Hyndburn (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Hyndburn"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Graham Jones of the Labour Party

 

Kingston upon Hull East (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Kingston upon Hull East"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Karl Turner of the Labour Party

 

Knowsley (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Knowsley"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 creation by George Howarth of the Labour Party

 

Lancaster and Fleetwood (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Lancaster and Fleetwood"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 creation by Eric Ollerenshaw, a Conservative

 

Liverpool Walton (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Liverpool, Walton"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Steve Rotheram of the Labour Party

 

Liverpool Wavertree (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Liverpool, Wavertree"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Luciana Berger of the Labour Party

 

Liverpool West Derby (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Liverpool, West Derby"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Stephen Twigg of the Labour Party and Co-operative Party

 

Morecambe and Lunesdale (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Morecambe and Lunesdale"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by David Morris, a Conservative

 

Morley and Outwood (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Morley and Outwood"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 creation by the Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer, Ed Balls of the Labour Party and of the Co-operative Party

 

Normanton, Pontefract and Castleford (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Normanton, Pontefract and Castleford"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 creation by Yvette Cooper of the Labour Party

 

Pendle (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Pendle"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Andrew Stephenson, a Conservative

 

Penrith and The Border (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Penrith and The Border"' is a constituency in Cumbria represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Rory Stewart, a Conservative

 

Pudsey (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Pudsey"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Stuart Andrew, a Conservative

 

Rossendale and Darwen (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Rossendale and Darwen"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Jake Berry, a Conservative

 

Scunthorpe (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Scunthorpe"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Nic Dakin, a member of the Labour Party

 

Sefton Central (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Sefton Central"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 creation by Bill Esterson, a member of the Labour Party

 

Selby and Ainsty (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Selby and Ainsty"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 creation by Nigel Adams, a Conservative

 

Skipton and Ripon (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Skipton and Ripon"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Julian Smith, a Conservative

 

South Ribble (UK Parliament constituency) - "'South Ribble"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Lorraine Fullbrook, a Conservative

 

Thirsk and Malton (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Thirsk and Malton"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 recreation by Anne McIntosh, a Conservative

 

Wentworth and Dearne (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Wentworth and Dearne"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 creation by John Healey, a member of the Labour Party

 

Wirral South (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Wirral South"' is a constituency in Merseyside represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Alison McGovern of the Labour Party


2011

Parliament is dissolved by virtue of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 add something

 

Barnsley Central (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Barnsley Central"' is a constituency in South Yorkshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2011 by Dan Jarvis of the Labour Party

 

As of June 2011, Barack Obama was the most recent person to address both Houses add something

 

Rupert Murdoch - In July 2011 Rupert Murdoch along with his son James gave testimony before a British parliamentary committee regarding phone hacking


2012

From 2012 onwards, the ceremony takes place in May or June add something

 

Bradford West (UK Parliament constituency) - "' Bradford West"' is a constituency of the city of Bradford represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2012 by George Galloway of the Respect Party

 

Rotherham (UK Parliament constituency) - "'Rotherham"' is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2012 by Sarah Champion, a member of the Labour Party


2013

Ed Miliband - In August 2013, following the recall of Parliament to discuss an alleged chemical attack in Syria, Miliband announced that Labour would oppose any military intervention on the basis that there was insufficient evidence


2015

The remaining 21 Lords Spiritual are the most senior diocesan bishops, ranked in order of consecration, although the Lords Spiritual Act 2015 makes time-limited provision for vacancies to be filled by women bishops add something


2016

As at 2016, Parliament has a fixed term of 5 years add something

 

In 2016, the House consists of 650 members add something


2017

The general election 2017 is currently in progress, and parliament is dissolved add something

 

On 22 March 2017 an Islamist-related terror attack happened in which a man stabbed a police officer after ploughing into pedestrians on Westminster Bridge add something


2018

In August 2018 there was another attack, treated by prosecutors as terrorism add something