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Connections

NBC
(Movies & TV)
General Electric
(Oil Gas Energy)
David Sarnoff
(Business)
CBS
(Movies & TV)
George Harold Brown
(Sciences)
 

See also

RCA

Knowledge Identifier: &RCA

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RCA

About the former RCA Corporation add

Category: Business (10)

Founded in 1919.

Countries: United States (45%), (10%), Italy (7%)

Main connections: NBC, General Electric, David Sarnoff

Linked to: NBC, Sarnoff Corporation, Sperry Corporation, American Broadcasting Company

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about RCA.


1919

GE used RCA as its retail arm for radio sales from 1919, when GE began production, until 1930 add something

 

"'RCA Corporation"', founded as the "'Radio Corporation of America"', was an American electronics company in existence from 1919 to 1986 add something

 

The ending of the Federal Government's monopoly in radio communications did not prevent the War and Navy Departments from creating a national radio system for the US. On 8 April 1919, naval Admiral W. H. G. Bullard and Captain Stanford C. Hooper met with executives of the General Electric Corporation and asked them to discontinue selling the company's Alexanderson alternators to the British-owned Marconi Company, and to its subsidiary, the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company of America add something


1920

Sergei Rachmaninoff - Rachmaninoff signed a contract with the Victor Talking Machine Company in 1920 and with its successor, RCA Victor.


1922

James Harbord - In 1922, Harbord retired from the Army to become President of the &Radio_Corporation_of_America


1923

Edwin Howard Armstrong - By early 1923, however, Armstrong was a millionaire as a result of licensing his patents to RCA. In 1946 the FCC's decision to use Armstrong's FM system as the standard for NTSC television sound gave Armstrong another chance at royalty payments


1926

By 1926 the market for commercial radio had expanded, and RCA purchased the WEAF and WCAP radio stations and networks from AT&T, merged them with its WJZ New York to WRC Washington chain, and formed the &National_Broadcasting_Company add something

 

British Broadcasting Company - In 1926 RCA created the &National_Broadcasting_Company, the first network in the United States


1928

CBS - In the fall of 1928, he entered into talks with Adolph Zukor of Paramount Pictures who planned to move into radio in response to RCA's forays into motion pictures with the advent of talkies


1929

In 1929, RCA purchased the Victor Talking Machine Company, the world's largest manufacturer of phonographs and phonograph records add something

 

JVC - In 1929 majority ownership was transferred to RCA-Victor


1930

In 1930, RCA agreed to occupy the yet-to-be-constructed landmark building of the Rockefeller Center complex, 30 Rockefeller Plaza, which in 1933 became known as the RCA building, now the GE Building add something

 

In 1930, the U.S. Department of Justice brought antitrust charges against RCA, General Electric and Westinghouse add something

 

RCA began selling the first electronic turntable in 1930 add something

 

NBC - In 1930, General Electric was compelled by antitrust charges to divest itself of RCA, which it had founded

 

Rolf Armstrong - In 1930, RCA hired him to paint pin-ups to advertise their products, and in 1933 the Thomas D. Murphy Calendar Company signed him to produce a series of paintings for their line

 

General Electric - Through its RCA subsidiary, it has been associated with the Center since its construction in the 1930s


1931

EMI - When the Gramophone Company merged with the Columbia Graphophone Company in 1931, the new Anglo-American group was incorporated as Electric & Musical Industries Ltd. At this point RCA had a majority shareholding in the new company, giving RCA chair David Sarnoff a seat on the EMI board


1933

George Harold Brown - In 1933 Brown joined RCA at Camden, New Jersey, New Jersey, where he conducted research into AM broadcasting antennas that became standard throughout the world

 

NBC - RCA moved its corporate headquarters into the new Rockefeller Center in 1933, signing the leases in 1931


1934

Edwin Howard Armstrong - In 1934 Armstrong began working for RCA at the request of the president of RCA, David Sarnoff

 

Edwin Howard Armstrong - From May 1934 until October 1935, Armstrong conducted the first large scale field tests of his FM radio technology from a laboratory constructed by RCA on the 85th floor of the Empire State Building


1935

EMI - RCA sold its stake in EMI in 1935, but due to its earlier takeover of the Victor label in 1929, RCA retained the North and South American rights to the "Nipper" trademark

 

Empire State Building - When Armstrong and RCA fell out in 1935 and his FM equipment was removed, the 85th floor became the home of RCA's New York television operations, first as experimental station W2XBS channel 1, which eventually became commercial station WNBT, channel 1


1936

New York Philharmonic - By the 1936 sessions Victor, now owned by RCA, began to experiment with multiple microphones to achieve more comprehensive reproductions of the orchestra

 

Eddie Albert - In 1936, Albert had become one of the earliest television actors, performing live in RCA's first television broadcast, a promotion for their New York City radio stations

 

United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America - UE was founded in March 1936 by several independent industrial unions which had been organized from the ground up in the early and mid-1930s by workers in major plants of the General Electric Company, Westinghouse Electric, RCA and other leading electrical equipment and radio manufacturers


1938

George Sweigert - He admired Farnsworth for his ability to challenge RCA, founding the Farnsworth Television and Radio Corporation in Fort Wayne, Indiana, Indiana in 1938


1939

NBC - In 1939 the FCC ordered RCA to divest itself of one of the two networks

 

John Logie Baird - In 1939, he showed colour television using a cathode ray tube in front of which revolved a disc fitted with colour filters, a method taken up by CBS and RCA in the United States

 

CBS - To catch up with rival RCA, CBS bought Hytron Laboratories in 1939, and immediately moved into set production and television broadcasting

 

James Lawrence Fly - When Fly was appointed to replace Frank McNinch as FCC chairman in 1939, commercial television had not yet begun in the U.S. In April of that year, RCA attempted to broadcast commercial content in New York City using standards set by the Radio Manufacturers Association , but these broadcasts were unauthorized and experimental


1940

A plant in Lancaster, Pennsylvania which RCA operated from the late 1940s to June 1986, released more than 250,000 pounds of pollutants per year from its exhaust stacks add something

 

James Lawrence Fly - By early 1940 RCA made aggressive moves to dominate the industry, and many of their competitors objected

 

CBS - In the spring of 1940, CBS staff engineer Peter Goldmark devised a system for color television that CBS management hoped would leapfrog the network over NBC and its existing black-and-white RCA system

 

NBC - RCA fought the divestiture order, but in 1940 divided NBC into two companies in case an appeal was lost

 

Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra - The orchestra quickly ascended to national prominence, issuing a series of phonograph recordings on RCA in the 1940s and early 1950s


1941

In 1941, before the attack on Pearl Harbor, the cornerstone was laid for a research and development facility, RCA Laboratories in Princeton, New Jersey, New Jersey add something

 

CBS - CBS-Hytron offered a practical color system in 1941, but it was not compatible with the black-and-white standards set down by RCA. In time, and after considerable dithering, the FCC rejected CBS's technology in favor of that by RCA.

 

James Hillier - In 1941, he went to the United States of America and joined the &Radio_Corporation_of_America in Camden, New Jersey, New Jersey

 

With the introduction of the NTSC standard, the Federal Communications Commission authorized the start of commercial television transmission on 1 July 1941 add something

 

CBS - The FCC began licensing commercial television stations on July 1, 1941; the first license went to RCA and NBC's WNBT ; the second license, issued that same day, was to WCBW,


1942

George Harold Brown - He moved to the new central research laboratories of the RCA at Princeton, New Jersey, New Jersey, in 1942


1944

Lead Belly - " During the first half of the decade he recorded for RCA, the Library of Congress, and for Moe Asch , and in 1944 headed to California, where he recorded strong sessions for Capitol Records


1945

Edwin Howard Armstrong - By June 1945, the RCA had pushed the FCC hard on the allocation of electromagnetic frequencies for the fledgling television industry


1946

It would become the American Broadcasting Company in 1946 add something

 

Mario Capecchi - In 1946 his uncle, Edward Ramberg, an American physicist at RCA, sent his mother money to return to the United States


1947

Decca Records - In 1947, RCA Victor released the original cast album of "Brigadoon"

 

Universal Television - "'NBC Productions "' was an American/television production/distribution company that was founded in 1947 by RCA


1950

Decca Records - Decca quickly became the main rival of RCA Records as the top label for American country music by the early 1950s and remained so for decades

 

George Beverly Shea - During Shea's first four years with RCA his records did not recover the cost of recording and pressing, but by the end of the 1950s he enjoyed major record success

 

John Culshaw - In the late 1950s Decca entered into a commercial partnership with RCA, by which Decca teams recorded classical works in European venues on RCA's behalf

 

Zenith Electronics - In the late 1950s, many electronic manufacturers, such as RCA, &General_Electric and Admiral, were changing from hand-wired metal chassis in their radios and televisions to printed circuit boards

 

Ampex - Starting in the early 1950s, RCA, Bing Crosby and others tried to record analog video on very fast-moving magnetic tape


1951

Fedora Barbieri - Her 1951 performance of the Verdi Requiem, with Herva Nelli, di Stefano and Cesare Siepi, conducted by Arturo Toscanini, was issued by RCA. She can be seen and heard in the role of Madelon on a DVD of the opera "Andrea Chénier", which stars Plácido Domingo, issued by the Bel Canto Society; as Giovanna in "Rigoletto" filmed by Jean Pierre Ponnelle with Luciano Pavarotti and again with Domingo as Mamma Lucia in Franco Zeffirelli's "Cavalleria Rusticana"

 

George Beverly Shea - In 1951 Shea was signed to the RCA record label by Sam Wallace and Elmer Eades, after being "discovered" by Paul Barkmeyer


1952

George Harold Brown - Brown had an illustrious career with RCA, becoming director of the Systems Research Laboratory in 1952, chief engineer, Commercial and Industrial Electronic Products at Camden, New Jersey in 1957, vice-president, Research and Engineering, in 1961, and executive vice-president, Patents and Licensing, in 1968

 

Smart Araneta Coliseum - In 1952, J. Amado Araneta purchased a 35-hectare property in Cubao that is now the Araneta Center from &Radio_Corporation_of_America

 

St. Clair Streett - In October 1952, Streett was named to the Citizens Advisory Commission on Manpower Utilization in the Armed Services, popularly known as the Sarnoff Commission for its chairman Brigadier General David Sarnoff, the long-serving chairman of RCA


1953

In 1953, RCA's all-electronic color TV technology was adopted as the standard for American color TV. It is now known as NTSC add something

 

CBS - Although CBS-TV was the first with a working color television system, they lost out to RCA in 1953, due in part because the CBS color system was incompatible with existing black-and-white sets

 

Joan Ganz Cooney - Eighteen months later, in 1953 and at the age of 23, she moved to New York City and was a publicist for the next ten years, initially for David Sarnoff at RCA, at NBC writing press releases and soap opera synopses, and for the "United States Steel Hour" at CBS

 

Nortel - In 1953, Northern Electric produced its first television sets using tubes made by RCA

 

NBC - While rivals CBS and DuMont offered color broadcasting plans, RCA convinced the FCC to approve its color system in December 1953


1955

Despite the company's indisputable leadership in television technology, David Sarnoff in 1955 commented, " $ Television will never be a medium of entertainment" add something

 

In 1955, RCA sold its Estate large appliance operations to Whirlpool Corporation add something


1958

A site in Burlington, Massachusetts which RCA used from 1958 to 1994 to make and test military electronics equipment, generated hazardous waste add something

 

Ralph Carmichael - Carmichael provided the backing for a number of RCA albums by Gospel singer George Beverly Shea, including "The Love of God" in 1958, and "How Great Thou Art" in 1969


1959

Jack Clement - In 1959, Clement accepted an offer to work as a producer at RCA in Nashville, Tennessee , the most important label in the industry


1960

During the late 1960s and 1970s, "'RCA Corporation"', as it was now formally known, ventured into other markets add something

 

The shallow and deep groundwater aquifers beneath the Intersil Facility in Mountaintop, Pennsylvania, which RCA operated in the 1960s and later sold to Harris Corporation, contain elevated levels of volatile organic compounds add something

 

Archie Campbell - He was a recording artist with several hits on the RCA label in the 1960s

 

Archie Campbell - Shortly after, he signed a contract with RCA Victor and one of his early singles, "Trouble in the Amen Corner" reached the 1960 country music Top 25

 

Fats Waller - The anonymous sleeve notes on the 1960 RCA album "Handful of Keys" state that Waller copyrighted over 400 new songs, many of which co-written with his closest collaborator Andy Razaf

 

Ennio Morricone - Well-versed in a variety of musical idioms from his RCA experience, Morricone began composing film scores in the early 1960s


1961

Ann-Margret - Ann-Margret began recording for RCA in 1961

 

Mary Costa - In 1961, for RCA, she recorded Musetta in "La bohème", opposite Anna Moffo and Richard Tucker, with the Rome Opera House Orchestra and Chorus conducted by Erich Leinsdorf

 

George Harold Brown - He was associated with the RCA for over forty years, becoming an executive vice president for research and engineering in November 1961


1964

Barry Stanton - Signed by RCA in 1964 he released "A Tribute To The King" - a song written for Barry by fellow musician and good friend Johnny Devlin - followed by "My Little Emmy" in 1965


1965

RCA was a major proponent of the eight-track tape cartridge, which it launched in 1965 add something

 

Claudio Baglioni - Between 1965 and 1968 he composed a musical suite to a poem by Edgar Allan Poe entitled "Annabel Lee", made a test recording for RCA, released his first album "Claudio Baglioni"

 

George Harold Brown - He was a member of the RCA board of directors from 1965 until his retirement in 1972

 

Max Merritt - By April 1965, the second Meteor's album was finally released on RCA Records and contained a range of styles, including the single "So Long Babe"

 

Bill Lear - The consumer version of players for these tapes first appeared in September 1965 in 1966 model Ford automobiles with RCA and Lear offering the first pre-recorded Stereo 8 Music Cartridges


1966

Denis Vaughan - By 1966 he had moved to Rome and received wider acclaim by his recordings for RCA Victor

 

Ann-Margret - Her contract with RCA ended in 1966

 

Luigi Tenco - In 1966, suffering through a period of compulsory military service, he released "Un Giorno Dopo L'Altro" for RCA


1967

Sarnoff Corporation - Between 1967 and 2010, the David Sarnoff Research Center housed exhibits and archives in the David Sarnoff Library, which was constructed by & RCA to display longtime RCA leader and labs namesake David Sarnoff's history


1969

Willie Hutch - In 1969, he signed with RCA Records and put out two albums before he was spotted by Motown producer Hal Davis, who wanted lyrics to his musical composition "I'll Be There", a song he penned for The Jackson 5


1970

Harry Beckett - Beginning in 1970, he lead groups of his own, recording for Philips, RCA and Ogun Records amongst other labels


1971

Light-emitting diode - The first blue LEDs using gallium nitride were made in 1971 by Jacques Pankove at RCA Laboratories

 

Stan Endersby - The group issued two singles for RCA in 1971

 

The Shirelles - The remaining three Shirelles recorded songs for several labels, including Bell Records, RCA, and United Artists until 1971

 

On 17 September 1971, the NBC Nightly News read a news bulletin issued by the RCA Board of Directors just minutes before the broadcast, announcing the Board's decision to cease operation of its general-purpose computer systems division add something


1972

Sperry Rand officially took over the RCA base in January 1972 add something


1975

Robert Sarnoff was ousted in a 1975 boardroom coup by Anthony Conrad, who resigned a year later after he admitted failing to file income tax returns for six years add something

 

Their combined power in the marketplace was so strong that they effectively set the selling prices for vacuum tubes in the US. Except for the main cathode ray tube , the company had completely switched from tubes to solid-state television sets by 1975 add something

 

Loris Tjeknavorian - London Symphony Orchestra - In 1975 Tjeknavarian signed an "Exclusive Conducting" contract, with the RCA recording company and made many successful recordings with leading orchestras, such as the London Symphony Orchestra, the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra and the London Philharmonic Orchestra

 

Wings Hauser - In 1975, Hauser released an album for RCA entitled "Your Love Keeps Me Off the Streets"


1976

Ryo Kawasaki - Ryo made his debut U.S. album, Juice, in 1976 for RCA and was one of the first Japanese jazz artists to sign with a major label in the States

 

Cesare Siepi - Siepi's last studio recording was as the old King Archibaldo in RCA's 1976 taping of Italo Montemezzi's "L'amore dei tre re", with Anna Moffo and Plácido Domingo in the cast


1980

In about 1980, RCA corporate strategy reported on moving manufacture of its television sets to Mexico add something

 

Tested by the United States Environmental Protection Agency in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the groundwater at the facility is contaminated by trichloroethylene and 1,2-dichloroethylene add something

 

Marc Jordan - In the 1980s, Jordan was signed to RCA for two records


1981

Rino Gaetano - In 1981, RCA organised a tour, from which the live " album was created

 

Kevin Borich - This line-up collaborated with solo artist Dutch Tilders to record "Blues Had a Baby and They Called It Rock'n'Roll" in 1981 on RCA Records


1983

RCA was still profitable in 1983, when it switched manufacturing of its VHS VCRs from Panasonic to Hitachi add something


1984

In 1984, RCA Broadcast Systems Division moved from Camden, New Jersey, New Jersey, to the site of the RCA antenna engineering facility in Gibbsboro, New Jersey add something

 

Bernard V. Vonderschmitt - After leaving RCA, he worked briefly for Zilog, before co-founding Xilinx together with Ross Freeman in 1984


1985

The SelectaVision videodisc system, not to be confused with the same trademark that RCA applied to its VCRs, never developed the manufacturing volumes to substantially bring down its price, could not compete against cheaper, recordable videotape technology, and was abandoned in 1985 for a write-off of several hundred million dollars add something

 

Meat Loaf - The US release on RCA Records was on April 1985 and features a slightly different track list, as well as alternate mixes for some songs


1986

For information on products bearing the RCA trademark since 1986, see RCA add something

 

For information on the RCA brand after 1986, see RCA add something

 

NBC - Contrary to popular legend, the three musical notes, G-E'-C', did not originally stand for NBC's previous parent corporation, the General Electric Company; although GE's radio station in Schenectady, New York, New York, WGY, was an early NBC affiliate, and GE was an early shareholder in NBC's founding parent RCA. General Electric did not own NBC outright until 1986

 

NBC - GE acquired RCA in 1986, and with it NBC, signaling the beginning of the end of NBC Radio

 

General Electric - In 1986 GE reacquired RCA, primarily for the NBC television network

 

Grant Tinker - Tinker left the network in 1986, shortly after its parent company RCA was bought by General Electric


1988

GE sold the rights to make RCA- and GE-branded televisions and other consumer electronics products in 1988 to the French Thomson Consumer Electronics, in exchange for some of Thomson's medical businesses add something


1990

Ennio Morricone - In 1990 the American singer Amii Stewart, best known for the 1979 disco hit "Knock On Wood", recorded a tribute album entitled "Pearls - Amii Stewart Sings Ennio Morricone" for the RCA label, including a selection of the composer's best known songs


1991

A spokesman for RCA's current owners denied responsibility, saying a study conducted by the Taiwan government showed no correlation between the illnesses and the company's facilities, which shut down in 1991 add something


1992

Howard Stern - In 1992, Stern believed Thornton Bradshaw, chairman of WNBC's owner RCA, heard his "Bestiality Dial-a-Date" segment and ordered his firing


1993

Jeremy Mayfield - In 1993, he joined the ARCA series, and was named Rookie of the Year

 

Michelle Gayle - In 1993, while she was still on the cast of "EastEnders", Gayle signed with RCA Records and launched herself as a solo artist


1996

Milton Babbitt - He was hired by & RCA as consultant composer to work with their RCA Mark II Synthesizer at the Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center , and in 1961 produced his "Composition for Synthesizer"

 

Leah Andreone - Her first album, "Veiled", produced by Rick Neigher, was released by RCA in 1996


1997

Michelle Gayle - She released two Top 40 albums through RCA Records but they parted company in 1997, and although Gayle has recorded other albums, they have not been released


1999

Michelle Gayle - Following her departure from RCA, Gayle quickly signed with EMI, and recorded an album for that label, but due to an artist rostering re-shuffle, she parted company in 1999 before the album was released


2000

RadioShack - Also in 2000, the company-owned Realistic and Optimus brands were discontinued when the company entered into an agreement to carry RCA products, although RadioShack had not made products under the Realistic name since the early 1990s


2003

The historic RCA Victor Building 17, the "Nipper Building", in Camden, New Jersey, New Jersey, was converted to luxury apartments in 2003 add something


2004

RadioShack - When the RCA contract ended in 2004, RadioShack added its own Presidian and Accurian brands, and re-introduced the Optimus brand in 2005 on some low-end products


2005

Bo Bice - Signed to RCA Records, Bice's first single, released June 21, 2005, was his version of "Inside Your Heaven"


2007

Hank Azaria - In late 2007 he starred in Aaron Sorkin's "The Farnsworth Invention", playing RCA head David Sarnoff

 

Bo Bice - He responded that they could start a petition asking Clive Davis for Bo's original southern rock songs on a subsequent CD. A diverse group of fans, the Grassroots Coalition to Hear More Bo, started the online Petition to Hear More Bo, which collected over 5,300 signatures before it was closed February 21, 2007, after word broke that Bice was no longer with RCA. Although the petition had no effect with RCA, it affirmed fan interest in the kind of CD Bice had said he wanted to make, and would eventually release in 2007


2011

In 2011, a controlling interest in the &National_Broadcasting_Company was sold to & Comcast, and in 2013, Comcast acquired the remaining interest in the company from General Electric add something