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Connections

Columbia Records
(Media and Entertainment)
Georg Neumann
(Tech)
RCA
(Tech)
Mitch Miller
(Music)
Bing Crosby
(Movies & TV)
 

See also

Recording studio

Knowledge Identifier: $Recording_studio

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Recording studio

Recording studioadd

Category: Music

Launched in 1950.

Countries: United States (50%), RCA (38%), Germany (13%)

Main connections: Columbia Records, Georg Neumann, RCA

Linked to: Federal Communications Commission, RCA, An-Najah National University, Siemens

 

Timeline


 

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1950

During the 1950s and 1960s, the sound of pop recordings was further defined by the introduction of proprietary sound processing devices such as equalizers and compressors, which were manufactured by specialist electronics companies add something

 

In the mid 20th century, recordings were analog, made on ¼-inch or ½-inch magnetic tape, with multitrack recording reaching 8 tracks in the 1950s, 16 in 1968, and 32 in the 1970s add something

 

The unique sonic characteristics of the major studios imparted a special character to many of the most famous popular recordings of the 1950s and 1960s, and the recording companies jealously guarded these facilities add something


1960

A good example of this is the famous Gold Star Studios in Los Angeles, the site of many famous American pop recordings of the 1960s add something

 

After the 1960s, the emphasis shifted to isolation and sound-proofing, with treatments like echo and reverberation added separately during the mixing process, rather than being blended in during the recording add something

 

Electric recording studios in the mid-20th century often lacked isolation booths, baffles, and sometimes even speakers, and it was not until the 1960s, with the introduction of the high-fidelity headphones that it became common practice for performers to use headsets to monitor their performance during recording and listen to playbacks add something

 

Engineers soon found that large, reverberant spaces like concert halls created a vibrant acoustic signature that greatly enhanced the sound of the recording, and in this period large, acoustically "live" halls were favored, rather than the acoustically "dead" booths and studio rooms that became common after the 1960s add something

 

In the 1960s, engineers began experimenting with placing microphones much closer to instruments than had previously been the norm add something

 

Well into the 1960s, in the classical field it was not uncommon for engineers to make high-quality orchestral recordings using only one or two microphones suspended above the orchestra add something


1970

With the introduction of multi-track recording, it became possible to record instruments and singers separately and at different times on different tracks on tape, although it was not until the 1970s that the large recording companies began to adopt this practice widely, and throughout the 1960s many "pop" classics were still recorded live in a single take add something


2013

Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013 add something