Republican Party (United States)

Knowledge Identifier: &Republican_Party_(United_States)

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Republican Party (United States)

Major contemporary political party in the United States. add

Category: Politics

Founded in 1828.

Countries: United States (74%), Virginia (5%), U.S. (4%)

Main connections: Ohio, Democratic Party (United States), James Buchanan

Linked to: Democratic Party, Whig Party, League of Nations, United States House of Representatives

 

Timeline


 

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1842

William H. Wiley - "'William Halsted Wiley"' , was an American Republican Party politician who represented New Jersey's 8th congressional district from 1903 to 1907 and from 1909 to 1911, and was a co-founder and former president of the publishing company John Wiley & Sons


1854

Robert C. Schenck - In 1854, Schenck returned to Ohio, and though sympathizing generally in the views of the Republican party, his personal antipathy to John C. Fremont was so strong, that he took no part in the election

 

Democratic-Republican Party - The modern Republican Party was founded in 1854 to oppose the expansion of slavery; its name was chosen in reference to Jefferson's earlier party


1856

James M. Comly - He began writing articles for newspapers and joined the fledgling Republican Party, supporting John C. Frémont for president in 1856 and Abraham Lincoln in 1860

 

Iowa Democratic Party - In fact the Republican Party's presidential nominee captured Iowa's electoral votes from 1856-1908


1859

John G. Downey - In the 1859 general elections, Downey, California was elected Lieutenant Governor, overcoming the party split within the Democratic Party between Lecompton and Anti-Lecompton Democrats, as well as seeing off a challenge from the infant Republican Party

 

Robert C. Schenck - He became more in sympathy with the Republican party, and, in September 1859, Schenck delivered a speech in Dayton, Ohio regarding the growing animosity within the country


1860

David Alexander Nunn - He was a presidential elector on the Constitutional Union ticket in 1860 and on the Republican Ticket in 1864

 

American Civil War - The Republican Party was determined to prevent any spread of slavery, and many Southern leaders had threatened secession if the Republican candidate, Lincoln, won the 1860 election

 

Democratic Party (United States) - The Democrats split over the choice of a successor to President James Buchanan along Northern and Southern lines; factions of the party provided two separate candidacies for President in the election of 1860, in which the Republican Party gained ascendancy


1861

There have been 18 Republican presidents, the first being Abraham Lincoln, serving from 1861 to 1865, and the most recent being George W. Bush, serving from 2001 to 2009 add something


1864

John R. Kelso - Kelso was elected an Independent Republican to the United States House of Representatives in 1864, serving from 1865 to 1867, not being a candidate for renomination in 1866


1867

Samuel Fenton Cary - In 1867, Cary was elected to the Fortieth Congress as an Independent Republican to represent Ohio's second district, taking seat November 21, 1867


1871

Harrison E. Havens - He was born in Franklin County, Ohio and was the Republican Party Representative from Missouri for the 4th District in the 42nd United States Congress between 1871 and 1873, and for the 6th District in the 43rd United States Congress from 1873 to 1875

 

Frederick A. Schroeder - In 1871 Schroeder was nominated by the Republican party for the office of comptroller of Brooklyn

 

Randolph Perkins - "'Randolph Perkins"' was an American Republican Party politician who represented New Jersey's 6th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1921 to 1936


1876

Abraham Andrews Barker - After leaving congress, Barker left the Republican Party to join to the Prohibition Party in 1876


1879

Ulysses S. Grant - In 1879, the "Stalwart" faction of the Republican Party led by Senator Roscoe Conkling sought to nominate Grant for a third term as president.


1892

Henry B. Cleaves - He was nominated for the governorship of Maine by the Republican party in 1892


1912

Democratic Party (United States) - Since the division of the Republican Party in the election of 1912, it has gradually positioned itself to the left of the Republican Party on economic and social issues


1919

James Marion Baker - At the retaking of the senate by the Republican party in 1919, Baker was replaced by George A. Sanderson, and President Woodrow Wilson appointed Baker deputy commissioner of internal revenue


1929

Rosemarie Myrdal - "'Rosemarie Myrdal"' is a North Dakota Republican Party politician who served as the second female, and 35th Lieutenant Governor of North Dakota from 1993 to 2001 under Governor of North Dakota Ed Schafer in 1992


1932

William Henry Lloyd - "'William Henry Lloyd"' , a Baltimore, Maryland attorney, was the Republican Party candidate for the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland in 1942, defeated by incumbent David J. Ward, the Democratic Party candidate


1938

Anthony Bucco - "'Anthony R. Bucco"' is an American Republican Party politician who has served in the New Jersey State Senate since 1998, where he represents the 25th Legislative District


1940

Talmadge L. Heflin - "'Talmadge Loraine Heflin"' is a Republican Party former member of the Texas House of Representatives from District 149 in Harris County, who served from 1983-2005


1942

Bill Caul - "'Bill Caul"' is a United States politician, who was a member of the Michigan House of Representatives from 2004 to 2010, representing the 99th District, as a member of the Republican Party


1945

Jim Henry (politician) - "'James M. Henry"' , generally known as "'Jim Henry"', was minority leader in the Tennessee House of Representatives from 1981 to 1986, and a 2002 candidate for the Republican Party nomination for governor of Tennessee, losing the primary election to U.S. Representative Van Hilleary, who in turn lost the subsequent general election to current Tennessee governor Phil Bredesen


1950

Paul F. Schenck - He was nominated by the Republican party to run for Congress from Ohio's third congressional district in 1950, but was defeated by incumbent Edward G. Breen


1954

Thomas Noe - "'Thomas W. Noe"' is an Ohio Republican party fundraiser and activist, guilty of money laundering for the 2004 Bush-Cheney campaign and of theft and corruption in the "Coingate scandal"


1960

Joseph M. Kyrillos - "'Joseph M. "Joe" Kyrillos, Jr."' is an American Republican Party politician, who has served in the New Jersey State Senate since 1992, where he represents the 13th Legislative District


1962

Conservative Party of New York State - The Conservative Party of New York State was founded in 1962 by a group including J. Daniel Mahoney, Kieran O'Doherty, Charles E. Rice, and Charles Edison, out of frustration with the perceived liberalism of the state's Republican Party


1967

Jennifer Beck - "'Jennifer Beck"' is an American Republican Party politician who has served in the New Jersey State Senate representing the 11th Legislative District since January 10, 2012


1975

Republican Party of Minnesota - The "'Independent-Republican Party"' was the name of the party from November 15, 1975 until September 23, 1995


1983

Joseph Mondello - Mondello continues to serve as the head of the Nassau County Republican Committee, a post he has held since 1983


1984

Joseph Mondello - In 1984, Mondello became Chairman of the Nassau County Republican Committee, a position in which he continues to serve


1985

Bill W. Clayton - In 1985, Clayton switched to the Republican Party and, four years later, was appointed by Governor William Perry "Bill" Clements, Jr., to serve as a regent of the Texas A&M University System


1987

Ron Paul - By 1987, Paul was ready to sever all ties to the Republican Party, as he explained in a blistering resignation letter: "Since Ronald Reagan and the Republican Party have given us skyrocketing deficits, and astoundingly a doubled national debt.

 

Ron Paul - Paul resigned from the Republican Party in 1987 and launched a bid for the presidency running on the Libertarian Party ticket.


1988

Ron Paul - Paul returned to his private medical practice and managing several business ventures after losing the 1988 election; but by 1996, he was ready to return to politics, this time running on the Republican Party ticket again.


1990

Conservative Party of New York State - Herb London was the Conservative Party's nominee for Governor of New York in 1990; that year, the Party broke from the Republican Party, declining to cross-endorse Republican nominee Pierre Rinfret

 

Joe Roche - In 1990 at an Independent-Republican Party meeting he submitted a resolution in support of embattled Republican Senator David Durenberger, calling charges of unethical conduct against the Senator "trumped up too much


1991

From 1991 to 2007, moderate Republicans served as governors of Massachusetts add something


1992

Kevin Costner - Since 1992, Costner has financially supported a variety of Democratic Party politicians, including Al Gore and Tom Daschle, but made contributions to the Republican Party's Phil Gramm as late as 1995


1994

Stephen P. Gordon - Following the Republican Revolution in 1994, Gordon became increasingly disenchanted with the Republican Party

 

Democratic Party (United States) - The Democratic Party lost control of Congress in the election of 1994 to the Republican Party


1995

Gary Johnson - Johnson served as the 29th Governor of New Mexico from 1995 to 2003, as a member of the Republican Party, and was the Libertarian Party nominee for President of the United States in the 2012 election


1998

David Brandon - Brandon was elected to the Board of Regents of the University of Michigan in 1998, as a member of the Republican Party


2000

After the 2000 election, the color red became associated with the GOP, although the party has not officially adopted it add something

 

Exit polls conducted in 2000, 2004, and 2006 indicate that about one quarter of gay and lesbian Americans voted for the GOP. In recent years, many in the party have opposed same-sex marriage, adoption by same-sex couples, inclusion of sexual orientation in federal hate crimes laws, the Employment Non-Discrimination Act, while supporting the use of the don't ask, don't tell policy within the military add something

 

In 2000, successful Republican Presidential candidate George W. Bush ran on a platform that generally opposed U.S. involvement in foreign conflicts, saying that the U.S. didn't have the responsibly of "nation building" add something

 

In 2000, the Republican Party adopted as part of its platform support for the development of market-based solutions to environmental problems add something

 

Billy Nicholson (politician) - A member of the Mississippi House of Representatives since 2000, in February 2009 he changed his party affiliation from the Democratic to the Republican Party

 

Democratic Party (United States) - Although both major political parties use the traditional American red, white, and blue colors in their marketing and representations, since election night 2000 the color blue has become the identified color of the Democratic Party, while the color red has become the identified color of the Republican Party

 

John Perry Barlow - By the early 2000s, Barlow was unable to reconcile his ardent libertarianism with the prevailing neoconservative movement and "didn't feel tempted to vote for Bush"; after an arrest for possession of a small quantity of marijuana while traveling, he joined the Democratic Party and publicly committed himself to outright political activism for the first time since his spell with the Republican Party


2001

The Senate majority lasted until 2001, when the Senate became split evenly but was regained in the 2002 elections add something

 

The party has insisted on a system of greater accountability for public schools, most prominently in recent years with the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 add something


2002

War on Terror - Republicans secured gains in the 2002 and 2004 elections, with the War on Terror being one of the top issues favoring them add something


2003

When Congress voted on the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in 2003, Congressional Republicans voted overwhelmingly to support the ban add something

 

Significant public support for the war effort existed in the early days among both parties and others, but opinions changed course soon with about half of Americans surveyed in November 2003 judging the end result as not worth it add something


2004

It was a major election issue in 2004 and in 2006 and 2008 add something

 

The 2004 Republican platform expressed support for the Federal Marriage Amendment to the United States Constitution to define marriage as exclusively between one man and one woman add something

 

This opposition formed a key method of energizing conservative voters, the Republican base, in the 2004 election add something

 

Thomas Noe - He was a prominent Republican party fundraiser and was actively involved in politics, serving as chairman of the 2004 Bush-Cheney election campaign in Northwest Ohio and a former chairman of the Lucas County Republican party, in Ohio

 

George W. Bush - In 2004, Bush commanded broad support in the Republican Party and did not encounter a primary challenge.


2005

Report by Greenberg Quinlan Rosner Research, January, 2005 add something


2006

Both Republican majorities in the House and Senate were held until the Democrats regained control in the mid-term elections of 2006 add something

 

In 2006, the White House supported and Republican-led Senate passed comprehensive immigration reform that would eventually allow millions of illegal immigrants to become citizens, but the House, led by Republicans, took an enforcement-first approach, and the bill failed to pass the conference committee add something

 

Jefferson, North Carolina, USA: McFarland & Company, 2006 add something

 

Iowa Democratic Party - In the 2006 U.S. House elections, Democrats captured Iowa's 1st congressional district and Iowa's 2nd congressional district from the Republican Party, which had controlled both districts for over three decades

 

John Stafford (US politician) - Stafford was the nominated Republican candidate for Senate District 21 in the 2006, voluntarily stepping aside for Sen. John Giannetti, the Democrat incumbent, when John offered to switch to the Republican party, as reported by the "Laurel Leader" and by "The Washington Post" Maryland congressional elections


2007

Jeff Van Drew - On November 6, 2007, Van Drew won his bid for a seat in the New Jersey Senate, defeating Republican party incumbent Nicholas Asselta


2008

In the Presidential election of 2008, the party's nominees were Senator John McCain, of Arizona, for President and Alaska Governor Sarah Palin for Vice President add something

 

Rudy Giuliani, mayor of New York at the time of the September 11 terrorist attacks, and a candidate for the Republican presidential nomination in 2008, has stated his support for that policy, saying America must keep itself "on the offensive" against terrorists add something

 

Brigitte Bardot - During the 2008 United States presidential election, she branded the Republican Party vice-presidential candidate Sarah Palin as "stupid" and a "disgrace to women"

 

Richard N. Haass - Throughout the 2008 Presidential campaign, Haass advised several members of both the Republican Party and Democratic Party on issues regarding foreign policy, but did not publicly endorse a candidate due to the Council on Foreign Relations' non-partisan stance

 

Kevin McCarthy (California politician) - In 2008, Republican Leader John Boehner asked him to serve as Chairman of the Republican Platform Committee during the committee's meetings in Minneapolis in August 2008, which produced the Republican Party Platform for 2008.


2009

In 2009, Republicans Chris Christie and Bob McDonnell were elected to the governorships of New Jersey and Virginia add something

 

Mark Sanford - Steele, the Chairman of the Republican Party as one of four "rising stars" in the GOP (alongside Governors Bobby Jindal of Louisiana, Tim Pawlenty of Minnesota and Sarah Palin of Alaska) in February 2009.


2010

Democrats have close links with the African American churches, especially the National Baptists, while their historic dominance among Catholic voters has eroded to 54-46 in the 2010 midterms add something

 

In the 2010 elections, two African American Republicans were elected to the U.S. House of Representatives add something


2011

As the republican party veers more conservative, an independent study group examining the economic situation of the United States, known as 'Simpson-Bowles,' has determined that the position put forth by President Obama in the 2011 debt crisis is the best overall path for the United States to travel, economically add something

 

After a surprise raid on bin Laden's compound on May 2, 2011, ordered by Barack Obama, bin Laden was killed and his body disposed of in the sea add something

 

FiveThirtyEight - On December 13, 2011, Silver published his first version of a primary election forecast for the Republican Party Iowa Caucuses

 

Gary Johnson - On December 28, 2011, after being excluded from the majority of the Republican Party's presidential debates and failing to gain traction while campaigning for the New Hampshire primary, he withdrew his candidacy for the Republican nomination and announced that he would continue his presidential campaign as a candidate for the nomination of the Libertarian Party


2012

A survey cited by the "Washington Post" in 2012 stated that 61 percent of small business owners planned to vote for then-Republican Presidential Candidate Mitt Romney add something

 

In the 113th Congress, elected in 2012, the Republican Party holds a majority of seats in the United States House of Representatives and a minority of seats in the United States Senate add something

 

In the Presidential election of 2012, the Republican nominees were former Governor Mitt Romney of Massachusetts for President, and Representative Paul Ryan of Wisconsin for Vice President add something

 

Lately, after the defeat in the 2012 presidential elections, and considering the low percent of Latinos that voted Republican, several Republicans are advocating a friendlier approach to immigrants add something

 

The Republican party's candidate for President in 2012 lost to President Barack Obama, the fifth time in six elections the Republican candidate received fewer votes than his democratic counterpart has inspired some republicans to speak out against their own party; former Senator Bob Dole said, "today's GOP members are too conservative and overly partisan add something

 

The following is a section from the 2012 party platform add something

 

Republican Party of Iowa - During the 2012 Republican primaries the Republican Party of Iowa partnered with various news organizations such as Fox News to bring a series of debates that were nationally televised, but directed toward voters in Iowa

 

Ron Paul - In 2012 presidential campaign, during which he acknowledged it was unlikely that he would win the Republican Party nomination, Paul again asserted that he was participating in the Republican Party on his own terms, trying to persuade the rest of the party to move toward his positions rather than joining in with theirs.

 

In August 2012, the party approved a platform advocating banning abortions, without exceptions for the cases of rape or incest add something

 

In August 2012, the party approved a platform that would ban same-sex marriage add something


2013

A 2013 College Republican report found that "there is hardly an appetite from this generation to see the GOP crusade against same-sex marriage add something

 

According to John Avlon in 2013, the Republican party is more diverse at the statewide elected official level than the Democratic Party, including Nevada Governor Brian Sandoval and South Carolina Senator Tim Scott add something

 

Michigan Republican Party - The Michigan Republican Party took unprecedented action in 2013 and was the first state party to open regional offices in between elections

 

Another March 2013 study, this one by the Pew Research Center, found that Republicans were divided over the specific question of whether or not "same-sex couples should have the same legal rights as heterosexuals" add something

 

The CRNC released a report in June 2013 which was highly critical of the party add something


2014

In a 2014 Gallup survey, Republican identification was down to 25 percent, the lowest in at least 25 years add something

 

Reform Party of New York State - In 2014, Rob Astorino, the Republican Party's nominee in that year's gubernatorial election, petitioned to create the Stop Common Core Party, a single-issue ballot line designed to declare opposition to the Common Core State Standards Initiative

 

Washington (state) - In the 2014 midterm elections, the Republican Party took full control of the Senate

 

No major politician of either party opposed the first rounds of American and EU sanctions in April 2014 add something

 

The tension exploded into front-page news and June 2014, when an establishment leader, house Majority Leader Eric Cantor was upset by a little-known populist conservative in the Republican primary in Virginia add something

 

By September 2014 the GOP was confident of making gains in the November election and perhaps taking control of the Senate by gaining five seats add something


2015

The Pope Francis' 2015 encyclical "Laudato si"' sparked a discussion on the positions of Catholic Republicans in relation to the positions of the church add something


2016

According to the "The New York Times", "Laudato si"' puts pressure on the Catholic candidates in the 2016 election: Jeb Bush, Bobby Jindal, Marco Rubio, and Rick Santorum add something

 

Libertarian Party (United States) - Laura Ebke, a Nebraska State Senator switched registration from the Republican Party to the Libertarian Party in June 2016


2017

The Republican Party is set to control 69 of 99 state legislative chambers in 2017, the most it has held in history, and at least 33 governorships, the most it has held since 1922 add something

 

Michigan Republican Party - Its party Vice-Chairs are Administrative Vice-Chair David Wolkinson, Youth Vice-Chair Michael Banerian, Coalitions Vice-Chair Adi Sathi, Outreach Vice-Chair Kelly Mitchell, Grassroots Vice-Chair Wendy Day, and Ethnic Vice-Chair Darwin Jiles Jr. McDaniel became the chair of the National Republican Party in 2017

 

The President-elect of the United States, businessman Donald Trump of New York, will become the 19th Republican president on January 20, 2017 add something

 

Libertarian Party (United States) - New Hampshire Representative Caleb Dyer changed party affiliation to the Libertarian Party from the Republican Party in February 2017

 

Libertarian Party (United States) - New Hampshire State Legislator Brandon Phinney joined with the Libertarian Party from the Republican Party in June 2017 the third to do so in 2017


2018

Until its dissolution in 2018, Republican Majority for Choice, a pro-choice PAC, advocated for amending the GOP platform to include pro-choice members add something


2019

As of 2019, there have been a total of 19 Republican Presidents , and Republicans have won 24 of the last 40 presidential elections add something

 

As of April 2019, five of the nine current U.S. Supreme Court justices have been nominated by Republican presidents add something

 

A May 2019 Quinnipiac University poll found that only 13 percent of Republicans think employeers should be allowed to fire people based upon sexual orientation add something

 

As of June 2019, five sitting U.S. Supreme Court justices were nominated by Republican presidents add something