United Nations
White House
The New York Times
Lehmann Brothers
(Finance and Banking)
Kati Marton
Walter Mondale

See also

Richard Holbrooke

Knowledge Identifier: +Richard_Holbrooke


Richard Holbrooke

American diplomat, magazine editor, author, professor, Peace Corps official, and investment banker add

Category: Politics

Born in 1941.

Countries: United States (39%), Germany (12%), (6%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: United Nations, White House, The New York Times

Linked to: Brown University, The New York Times, Democratic Party, Princeton University




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Richard Holbrooke was born in 1941 add something


His first wife was Larrine Sullivan, whom he married in 1964; Holbrooke and Sullivan divorced add something


In 1968, Holbrooke was asked to be part of the American delegation to the 1968 Paris peace talks, which was led by former New York Governor Averell Harriman and Deputy Secretary of Defense Cyrus Vance add something


Peace Corps - In 1970, at his own request, Holbrooke was assigned to be the Peace Corps Director in Morocco add something


In the summer of 1976, Holbrooke left "Foreign Policy" to serve as campaign coordinator for national security affairs to Governor Jimmy Carter in his bid for the White House add something


After Carter's victory, Holbrooke followed in the footsteps of such diplomatic mentors as Philip Habib, Dean Rusk and Averell Harriman and, on March 31, 1977, became Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, making him the youngest person ever to hold that position, a post he held until 1981 add something


Cold War - During his service, he oversaw a warming with Cold War adversaries in the region, culminating in the normalization of relations with China in December 1978 add something


In January 1981, Holbrooke left government and became both senior advisor to Lehman Brothers and vice president of Public Strategies, a consulting firm he formed with James A. Johnson, a former top aide to Walter Mondale add something


From 1985 until 1993, Holbrooke served as managing director of Lehman Brothers add something


He was a top policy adviser to then-Senator Al Gore during his 1988 campaign for the Democratic presidential nomination add something


During this time, he co-authored "Counsel to the President", "The New York Times" best-selling memoirs of legendary Democratic wise man and Defense Secretary Clark Clifford, published in 1991 add something


He visited Bosnia twice in 1992 as a private citizen and a member of the board of Refugees International, witnessing firsthand the damage and devastating human costs of the conflict add something


In 1992, Holbrooke was a member of the Carnegie Commission on America and a Changing World and Chairman and principal author of the bipartisan Commission on Government and Renewal, sponsored by the Carnegie Foundation and the Peterson Institute add something


From 1993 to 1994, he was U.S. Ambassador to Germany add something


In 1993, after Bill Clinton became President, Holbrooke was initially slated to be Ambassador to Japan due to his depth of knowledge and long experience in Asian affairs add something


In 1994, Holbrooke returned to Washington to become the assistant secretary for European and Canadian Affairs, a position he held until 1996, when he resigned for personal reasons add something


In 1994, while serving as U.S. Ambassador to Germany, he conceived the idea of a cultural exchange center between the people of Berlin and Americans add something


Richard von Weizsacker - Along with Henry A. Kissinger, he supported Richard Holbrooke in creating the American Academy in Berlin in 1994


Dayton Peace Accords - In Paris in December of 1995, he was the chief architect of the Dayton Peace Accords which ended a three and a half year long war in Bosnia add something


He was married to Kati Marton from 1995 until his death add something


Long well known in diplomatic and journalistic circles, Holbrooke achieved great public prominence when he, together with former Swedish prime minister Carl Bildt, brokered a peace agreement among the warring factions in Bosnia that led to the signing of the Dayton Peace Accords, in 1995 add something


Kati Marton - She was married to diplomat Richard Holbrooke from 1995 until his death in December 2010, frequently traveling with him during his diplomatic missions in the former Yugoslavia and in the Middle East


Christopher R. Hill - While working on Balkan issues, Hill worked closely with Richard Holbrooke, serving as his deputy at the Dayton Peace Talks in 1995


In 1996, he was awarded the Manfred W├Ârner Medal, awarded by the German Ministry of Defense for public figures who have rendered "special meritorious service to peace and freedom in Europe add something


In 1997, Holbrooke became a special envoy to Cyprus and the Balkans on a pro-bono basis as a private citizen add something


Kosovo War - During 1998 and 1999, in his capacity as special presidential envoy, Holbrooke worked to end the conflict between the armed forces of Serbia and the Kosovo Liberation Army , who were fighting for an independent Kosovo in the Kosovo War add something


Holbrooke has written numerous articles about his experiences in the Balkans, and in 1998, published the widely acclaimed book, "To End a War", a memoir of his time as the chief negotiator of the Dayton Peace Accords, ending the Bosnian civil war add something


"The New York Times" ranked the book as one of the eleven best books of the year in 1998 add something


From 1999 to 2001, Holbrooke served as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations add something


He received more than a dozen honorary degrees, including an LL.D. from Bates College in 1999 add something


In August 1999, Holbrooke was sworn-in as the 22nd U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, replacing Bill Richardson add something


NATO - Negotiations under UN Special Envoy Richard Holbrooke broke down on 23 March 1999, and he handed the matter to NATO, which started an 78-day bombing campaign on 24 March 1999


As negotiations reached a critical phase in the fall of 2000, Holbrooke bridged a gap between what the US was legally permitted to pay and the amounts the rest of the UN membership were willing to shoulder by securing an unprecedented contribution by billionaire Ted Turner, founder of the UN Foundation add something


In 2000, Holbrooke led a UN Security Council delegation in a series of diplomatic negotiations throughout Africa, including to the Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Rwanda and Uganda add something


In January 2000, Holbrooke used the United States' presidency of the UN Security Council to spotlight a series of crises in Africa, holding six consecutive UN debates that brought together leaders from the region and the across the globe, including former South African President Nelson Mandela and U.S. Vice President Al Gore, to catalyze more effective UN interventions in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola and elsewhere add something


In January 2000, when the United States was in the rotating presidency of the UN Security Council, Ambassador Holbrooke held an unprecedented meeting of the Security Council to discuss AIDS in Africa add something


The deal, achieved with the agreement of the UN's entire membership in late December 2000, lowered the rate of UN dues paid by the United States to the UN, fulfilling the terms of a US law championed by Senators Jesse Helms and Joseph Biden add something


Wesley Clark - Clark began a public speaking tour in the summer of 2000 and approached several former government officials for advice on work after life in government, including House Speaker Newt Gingrich, White House Chief of Staff Mack McLarty, and Richard Holbrooke


When Holbrooke left the U.S. government in 2001, he became Chairman of The American Academy in Berlin add something


In January 2001, Holbrooke said that "Iraq will be one of the major issues facing the incoming Bush administration at the United Nations add something


From February 2001 until July 2008, Holbrooke was a member of the Board of Directors of American International Group add something


Amy Goodman - In 2001, she declined to accept the Overseas Press Club Award, in protest of the group's pledge not to ask questions of keynote speaker Ambassador Richard Holbrooke and because the OPC was honoring Indonesia for their improved treatment of journalists despite the fact that its forces had recently beaten and killed reporters in occupied East Timor


He was an adviser to the Presidential campaign of Senator John Kerry in 2004 add something


In 2007, the award's first recipient was former German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt add something


On February 24, 2007, Holbrooke delivered the Democratic Party's weekly radio address and called for "a new strategy in Iraq", involving "a careful, phased redeployment of U.S. troops" and a "new diplomatic offensive in the Gulf region to help stabilize Iraq add something


On March 20, 2007, he appeared on "The Colbert Report" to mediate in what Stephen Colbert saw as Willie Nelson infringing on his ice cream flavor time add something


During the 2008 South Ossetia war between Russia and Georgia, Holbrooke said during a CNN interview that he had predicted the conflict in early 2008 add something


In 2008, The American Academy in Berlin awarded its annual Henry A. Kissinger award for Transatlantic Relations to George H. W. Bush add something


In January 2009, Holbrooke was appointed as a special adviser on Pakistan and Afghanistan, working under President Barack Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, a frustrating assignment which was said to have caused his health to deteriorate add something


In January 2009, Holbrooke was appointed by President Obama as special representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan add something


Vali Nasr - Nasr is a member of the State Department's Foreign Affairs Policy Board, and served as senior advisor to the U.S. special representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan, Ambassador Richard Holbrooke between 2009 and 2011, and is a Life Member of the Council on Foreign Relations


Peter W. Galbraith - Galbraith, considered a close ally of Richard Holbrooke, the U.S. Special Representative to Afghanistan, was announced as the next United Nations' Deputy Special Representative for Afghanistan on March 25, 2009 but abruptly left the country in mid September 2009 at the request of UN Special Representative to Afghanistan Kai Eide following a dispute over the handling of the reported fraud in the 2009 Afghan presidential election - and on September 30, the UN announced that he had been removed from his position by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon


Armed forces of the Netherlands - In December 2009, reacting to three requests received from the side of the U.S. by Vice President Biden, the special American representative to Afghanistan Holbrooke and Secretary of State Clinton and a request by Secretary General of NATO Rasmussen as well, the Dutch government announced that the final decision on the continuation of the mission in Uruzgan would be on its agenda in March 2010

Richard Holbrooke died in 2010 add something


On December 11, 2010, Holbrooke was admitted to George Washington University Hospital in Washington after falling ill at the State Department's headquarters add something


He served until he died from complications of an aortic dissection on December 13, 2010 add something


Holbrooke died on December 13, 2010, from complications of the torn aorta add something


Roger Cohen - Before leaving New York in 2010, he was given a farewell party in July by Richard Holbrooke


In 2011, the organization became GBCHealth and expanded its mandate to include an array of health issues add something


On January 14, 2011, Holbrooke's memorial service was held at John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts add something


A documentary titled "The Diplomat" centered on the legacy of Holbrooke's career will appear on HBO in the fall of 2015 add something