Roman Empire

Knowledge Identifier: $Roman_Empire

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Roman Empire

post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilizationadd

Category: Politics (521)

Launched in -27.

Countries: Italy (38%), Europe (10%), United States (8%)

Main connections: Theodosius I, Rhine, Septimius Severus

Linked to: Roman Senate, Hermitage Museum, Gallo-Roman culture, UNESCO

 

Timeline


 

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164

Lucius Verus - During his reign, the Empire defeated a revitalized Parthian Empire in the East; Verus' general Avidius Cassius sacked the Parthian capital Ctesiphon in 0164


193

Septimius Severus - Upon his arrival at Rome in 0193 he discharged the Praetorian Guard which had murdered Pertinax and auctioned the Roman Empire to Didius Julianus


212

Gallo-Roman culture - In 0212 the Constitutio Antoniniana extended citizenship to all free-born men in the Roman Empire


284

Roman army - The Late Roman army is the term used to denote the military forces of the Roman Empire from the accession of Emperor Diocletian in 0284 until the Empire's definitive division into Eastern and Western halves in 0395 A few decades afterwards, the Western army disintegrated as the Western empire collapsed


358

Julian the Apostate - In 0358 Julian gained victories over the Salian Franks on the Lower Rhine, settling them in Toxandria in the Roman Empire, north of today's city of Tongeren, and over the Chamavi, who were expelled back to Hamaland


364

Theodosius I - From 0364 to 0375 the Roman Empire was governed by two co-emperors, the brothers Valentinian I and Valens; when Valentinian died in 0375 his sons, Valentinian II and Gratian, succeeded him as rulers of the Western Roman Empire


381

Theodosius I - The Christian persecution of paganism under Theodosius I began in 0381 after the first couple of years his reign in the Eastern Roman Empire


383

Theodosius I - After the death of Gratian in 0383 Theodosius' interests turned to the Western Roman Empire, for the usurper Magnus Maximus had taken all the provinces of the West except for Italy


395

Ambrose - Soon after acquiring the undisputed possession of the Roman empire, Theodosius died at Milan in 0395 and two years later Ambrose died


800

Middle Ages - The coronation of Charlemagne as emperor on Christmas Day 0800 is regarded as a turning point in medieval history, marking a return of the Western Roman Empire, since the new emperor ruled over much of the area previously controlled by the western emperors


967

Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor - In order to further his dynastic plans, and in preparation for his son's marriage, Otto returned to Rome in winter 0967 where the Emperor had Otto II crowned Co-Emperor by Pope John XIII on December 25, 0967 Although Otto II was now the nominal co-ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, he exercised no real authority until the death of his father


972

Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor - Finally recognizing Otto's imperial title, the new eastern emperor sent his niece Theophanu to Rome in 0972 Otto II and Theophanu were married on April 14, 0972 With the marriage between East and West, the conflict over southern Italy between the Byzantine Empire and the Holy Roman Empire was resolved


1127

Haymana, Ankara - After the periods of the Roman and Byzantine rule, the area was captured by the Seljuk Turks in 1127


1204

Eynesil - This was succeeded by the Roman Empire and the Byzantines and in 1204 the Empire of Trebizond, a rump-Byzantine state that lasted until it was overthrown by Sultan Mehmet II of the Ottoman Empire in 1461


1365

Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor - With his coronation as King of Burgundy, delayed until 4 June 1365, he became the personal ruler of all the kingdoms of the Holy Roman Empire


1397

Coluccio Salutati - He brought the Byzantine scholar Manuel Chysoloras to Florence in 1397 to teach one of the first courses in Greek since the end of the Roman Empire


1453

When the Ottomans, who based their state on the Byzantine model, took Constantinople in 1453, Mehmed II established his capital there and claimed to sit on the throne of the Roman Empire add something

 

Augustus - Augustus' reign laid the foundations of a regime that lasted for nearly fifteen hundred years through the ultimate decline of the Western Roman Empire and until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453


1461

Cayeli - Mapavri was long occupied by the Laz community, and was part of the Roman Empire and the Empire of Trebizond until was brought within the Ottoman Empire by Mehmet II in 1461, although this coast has always been vulnerable to invaders from across the nearby Caucasus


1514

Maktar - Although the Roman diocese effectively ceased operating with the arrival of the Islamic armies, the see remains a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church, and there have been 20 titular bishops since 1514


1515

Afonso de Albuquerque - In late 1515, the king sent it as a gift, the famous Dürer's Rhinoceros to Pope Leo X. Dürer never saw the actual rhinoceros, which was the first living example seen in Europe since Roman times


1562

Schwabmunchen - In 1562, Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I raised the community to market town and bestowed upon it a market town's coat of arms


1571

Cyprus - Subsequent rule by Ptolemaic Egypt, the Classical and Eastern Roman Empire, Arab caliphates for a short period, the French Lusignan dynasty and the Venetians, was followed by over three centuries of Ottoman rule between 1571 and 1878


1654

Gradisca d'Isonzo - The Eggenberg dynasty, formally elevated to Princes of the Holy Roman Empire in 1654, held Gradisca until 1717, enlarging and enriching it constantly as a princely residence


1797

Veneto - Veneto was part of the Roman Empire until the 5th century AD. Later, after a feudal period, it was part of the Republic of Venice until 1797


1806

Classical antiquity - The political idea of an Emperor in the West to match the Emperor in the East continued after the Western Roman Empire's collapse; it was revived by the coronation of Charlemagne in 800; the self-described Holy Roman Empire ruled over central Europe until 1806


1861

The Roman Empire's territorial legacy of controlling the Italian peninsula would serve as an influence to Italian nationalism and the unification of Italy in 1861 add something


1863

John Ordronaux (doctor) - In 1863 he wrote a historical treatise in French on the commercial and political relations between the Roman Empire and the countries of Oriental Asia


1888

Riccardo Drigo - In 1888 the Ballet Master was preparing his next work, "La Vestale", a colossal ballet set in the ancient Roman Empire


1893

Pasquale Villari - In 1893-1894 he collected a number of essays on Florentine history, originally published in the Nuova Antologia, under the title of I primi due secoli della storia di Firenze, and in 1901 he produced "Le Invasioni barbariche in Italia", a popular account in one volume of the events following the dissolution of the Roman empire


1949

Rao Shushi - After the establishment of People's Republic of China in 1949, Rao held the position of Chairman of Military and Political Committee of East China besides General Secretary of East China Bureau of CPC. And in the same year, Rao, Gao Gang, Lin Biao, Peng Dehuai, Liu Bocheng were appointed respectively as the Chairman of East China, Northeast China, South Central China, Northwestern China and Southwestern China government of PRC,who could be compared to the honorable governors of Roman Empire with great power


1959

Frutigen - A Roman Catholic parish church was built in 1959


1971

John Morris (historian) - He was one of the writers, along with A. H. M. Jones and J. R. Martindale, of "The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire", a biographical dictionary of the years 284-641, the first volume of which was published in 1971


1980

Parke Godwin - His retelling of the Arthur legend, "Firelord" in 1980, "Beloved Exile" in 1984 and "The Last Rainbow" in 1985, is set in the 5th century during the collapse of the Roman empire, and his reinterpretation of Robin Hood takes place during the Norman conquest and features kings William the Conqueror and William Rufus as major characters


1982

John Morris (historian) - His last book was "Londinium: London in the Roman Empire", published posthumously in 1982


1989

Geldrop - In the autumn of 1989, archaeological diggings at the nearby 't Zand Cemetery found four settlements from the late Roman Period and the Middle Ages: a period which covers the years between 350 and 1225 AD.


1994

Tarragona - The 24-line Latin inscription describes the Governor and Senator's career as an ally of the future Roman Emperor Lucius Septimius Severus, who fought in the civil war following the assassination of Commodus in 192 AD. This important marble block was purchased by the British Museum in 1994


1996

Septimius Severus - "The Severans: The Changed Roman Empire", 1996


2000

Voorhout - Some Roman coins, about 2000 years old, have been found

 

Bunnik - The recorded history of the village dates back nearly 2000 years, when the Romans constructed a fort at Fectio with a harbour facing the river Rhine, which marked the border of the Roman Empire


2001

Maximinus Thrax - "The Roman Empire from Severus to Constantine", Routledge, 2001


2003

"The Complete Roman Army", Thames and Hudson, 2003 add something

 

Arno J. Mayer - When interviewed for a 2003 documentary, he described the Roman Empire as a "tea party" in comparison to its American counterpart


2006

Nanami Shiono - Completed in 2006, it is a 15-volume series that traces the history of the city and the Roman Empire

 

Boris Johnson - Johnson is a popular historian; and his first documentary series, "The Dream of Rome", comparing the Roman Empire and the modern-day European Union, was broadcast in 2006


2007

Bo'ness - The Antonine Wall was named as an extension to the Frontiers of the Roman Empire World Heritage Site by UNESCO in July 2007


2008

Richard Carrier - Carrier received a PhD in ancient history from Columbia University in 2008: his thesis was entitled 'Attitudes towards the natural philosopher in the Early Roman Empire'


2012

Xanten - In 2012, the Archaeological Park was expanded to nearly the whole area of the Roman colonia after the Bundesstraße 57 was moved away from the area

 

Valence, Drome - The network is managed by "Valence Romans Déplacements" and controlled by the and its operation is entrusted to VTV from 2012