Rubin Carter

Knowledge Identifier: +Rubin_Carter


Rubin Carter

Arrested for a triple homicide in the Lafayette Bar and Grill in Paterson, New Jersey add

Category: Politics

Born in 1937.

Countries: New Jersey (38%), Canada (25%), United States (13%)

Main connections: The Ring (magazine), World Boxing Council

Linked to: The Ring, The New York Times, United States Army, World Boxing Council




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Rubin Carter was born in 1937 add something


"'Rubin "Hurricane" Carter"' fought professionally as a middleweight boxer from 1961 to 1966 add something


Carter escaped from the reformatory in 1954 and joined the Army add something


In May 1956, he received an "Undesirable" discharge, having served 21 months of his three-year term of enlistment add something


Carter was discharged from the Army on May 29, 1956, and was arrested less than a month later for his escape from the Jamesburg Home for Boys add something


He pleaded guilty to the charges and was imprisoned in East Jersey State Prison in Avenel, New Jersey, New Jersey, a maximum-security facility, where he would remain for the next four years. and spent time in the Rahway and Trenton state prisons until his release in September 1961 add something


Upon his release from prison in September 1961, Carter became a professional boxer add something


He fought six times in 1963, winning four bouts and losing two add something


"The Ring" first listed him as one of its "Top 10" middleweight contenders in July 1963 add something


Carter won two more fights in 1964, before meeting Giardello in Philadelphia for a 15-round championship match on December 14 add something


He fought nine times in 1965, but lost three of four fights against top contenders add something


A detective had taped one interrogation of Bello in 1966, and when it was played during the recantation hearing, defense attorneys argued that the tape revealed promises beyond what Bello had testified to add something


In 1966, he was arrested for a triple homicide in the Lafayette Bar and Grill in Paterson, New Jersey, New Jersey add something


At the 1967 trial, Carter was represented by well-known attorney Raymond A. Brown add something


Despite this oral report, Harrelson's subsequent written report stated that Bello's 1967 testimony had been truthful, the polygraphist apparently unaware that in 1967 Bello testified that he had been on the street at the time of the shooting add something


During the new trial, witness Alfred Bello repeated his 1967 testimony, identifying Carter and Artis as the two armed men he had seen outside the Lafayette Grill add something


He and another man, John Artis, were tried and convicted twice for the murders, but after the second conviction was overturned in 1985, prosecutors chose not to try the case for a third time add something


However, Harrelson reported orally that Bello had been inside the bar shortly before and at the time of the shooting, a conclusion that contradicted Bello's 1967 trial testimony add something


However, during the hearing on the recantations, defense attorneys argued that Bello and Bradley had lied during the 1967 trial, telling the jurors that they had made only certain narrow, limited deals with prosecutors, in exchange for their trial testimony add something


Larner denied this second argument as well, but the New Jersey Supreme Court unanimously held that the evidence of various deals made between the prosecution and witnesses Bello and Bradley should have been disclosed to the defense before or during the 1967 trial as this could have "affected the jury's evaluation of the credibility" of the eyewitnesses add something


In 1974, Bello and Bradley recanted their identifications of Carter and Artis, and these recantations were used as the basis for a motion for a new trial add something


Carter appeared as himself in Dylan's 1975 movie "Renaldo and Clara" add something


In 1975 Dylan performed the song at a concert at Trenton State Prison, where Carter was temporarily an inmate add something


In 1985, Judge Haddon Lee Sarokin of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey granted the writ, noting that the prosecution had been "predicated upon an appeal to racism rather than reason, and concealment rather than disclosure," and set aside the convictions add something


Carter, 48 years old, was freed without bail in November 1985 add something


Carter now lives in Toronto, Ontario, and was executive director of the Association in Defence of the Wrongly Convicted from 1993 until 2005 add something


From 1993 to 2005 Carter served as executive director of the Association in Defence of the Wrongly Convicted add something


He received an honorary championship title belt from the World Boxing Council in 1993 and was later inducted into the New Jersey Boxing Hall of Fame add something


Carter received the Abolition Award from Death Penalty Focus in 1996 add something


In 1996 Carter, 59, was arrested when Toronto police mistakenly identified him as a suspect in his thirties believed to have sold drugs to an undercover officer add something


On October 14, 2005, he received two honorary Doctorates of Law, one from York University and one from Griffith University , in recognition of his work with AIDWYC and the Innocence Project add something


As of May 2013, Carter lives in Toronto, Ontario, and was executive director of the Association in Defence of the Wrongly Convicted from 1993 until 2005 add something

Rubin Carter died in 2014 add something


Beginning shortly after that time, John Artis lived with and cared for Carter, and on April 20, 2014, he confirmed that Carter had succumbed to his illness add something


On Wednesday, October 15, 2014, McCallum was exonerated add something