Scottish National Party

Knowledge Identifier: &Scottish_National_Party

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Scottish National Party

Largest political party in Scotland, in terms of membership, number of MSPs and local councillors add

Category: Politics

Founded in 1967.

Countries: United Kingdom (71%), Scotland (12%), (9%)

Main connections: Scottish Parliament, Scotland, Scottish Government

Linked to: House of Commons of the United Kingdom, Scottish Parliament, Scottish Labour Party, European Parliament

 

Timeline


 

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1967

They next won a seat in 1967, when Winnie Ewing was the surprise winner of a by-election in the previously safe Labour seat of Hamilton add something

 

Joe FitzPatrick - "'Joe FitzPatrick"' is a Scottish politician, and member for the Scottish National Party for Dundee City West in the Scottish Parliament since May 2007, succeeding retiring Labour MSP Kate Maclean


1970

It was during Wolfe's period as SNP leader in the 1970s that the SNP became clearly identified as a social-democratic political party add something

 

There were some ideological tensions in the 1970s SNP. The party leadership under Wolfe was determined to stay on the left of the Scottish political spectrum and be in a position to challenge the Labour Party add something

 

Federation of Student Nationalists - Current leader of the Scottish National Party and First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond was the organisation's National Organiser in the 1970s in his time at St Andrews University

 

Anne Lorne Gillies - She joined the Scottish National Party in the 1970s, inheriting a belief in Scottish independence from her grandfather and father

 

Angela Constance - "'Angela Constance"' is the Scottish Government Minister for Youth Employment and Scottish National Party Member of the Scottish Parliament for Almond Valley since 2007


1973

John Rankin (politician) - His death led to the 1973 Glasgow Govan by-election, famously won by Margo MacDonald for the Scottish National Party

 

Ruth Dalton - She had been Member of Parliament for only 92 days, a record never beaten, but equalled 45 years later by Margo MacDonald, the Scottish National Party MP for Glasgow Govan from 8 November 1973 to 8 February 1974


1974

Andrew Welsh (politician) - Andrew Welsh was the Scottish National Party Member of Parliament for the House of Commons constituencies of South Angus from 1974 to 1979, East Angus from 1987 to 1997 and Angus from 1997 to 2001

 

The high point in a UK general glection was when the SNP polled almost a third of all votes in Scotland at the October 1974 general election and returned 11 MPs to Westminster, to date the most MPs it has had add something

 

Jock Bruce-Gardyne - He held the seat until the October 1974 general election, when he lost to Andrew Welsh of the Scottish National Party

 

Barry Henderson - However Henderson lost his seat at the October 1974 election, to Margaret Bain of the Scottish National Party, by only 22 votes


1976

This grouping of "neo-fundamentalists" have their roots within the camp of the former high-profile Labour Party MP Jim Sillars who left Labour to form the short-lived Scottish Labour Party in 1976 add something


1979

Increased presence contributed to Labour holding a devolution referendum in 1979 add something

 

There were further ideological and internal struggles after 1979 with the 79 Group attempting to move the SNP further to the left, away from being what could be described a 'social-democratic' party, to an expressly 'socialist' party add something


1980

The 1980s saw the SNP further define itself as a party of the political left, for example running campaigns against the poll tax add something


1983

Scottish Parliament - Labour's defeat has been attributed to several factors: the party focused too heavily on criticising the Conservative-led coalition at Westminster, and assumed that former Lib Dem voters would automatically switch their vote to Labour, when in fact they shifted support to the SNP. Jackie Baillie compared the result to Labour's performance in the 1983 UK general election


1986

Nicola Sturgeon - Sturgeon joined the Scottish National Party in 1986 and became Youth Affairs Vice Convener and Publicity Vice Convener


1988

Sillars eventually joined the SNP, winning the Govan, Glasgow, by-election in 1988 to become an SNP MP. He lost the Westminster seat at the 1992 general election and expressed his disappointment by calling the Scottish people 'ninety minute patriots' add something


1990

The Sun (United Kingdom) - In the early 1990s, the Scottish edition became notable as the first major newspaper to declare support for the pro-independence Scottish National Party


1999

Overall majorities are unusual in the Additional Member system that is used for elections to the Scottish Parliament, which was specially designed by the Labour UK government in 1999 to prevent any party gaining overall control of the parliament add something

 

With the creation of the Scottish Parliament in 1999, the SNP became the second largest party in the legislature, serving two terms as the main party of the Opposition add something


2003

Elaine Thomson - In the 2003 election she was defeated by Brian Adam of the Scottish National Party


2004

Scottish Democratic Alliance - It was formed in July 2004 to provide an alternative to the largely social democratic Scottish National Party for centrist and centre-right voters who support independence


2005

They work as a single group within the House of Commons, and were involved in joint campaigning during the 2005 General Election campaign add something


2007

In the 2007 Scottish Parliamentary general election the SNP emerged as the largest party with 47 seats, narrowly ousting the Scottish Labour Party with 46 seats and Alex Salmond became Scottish First Minister add something

 

In the 2007 general election the SNP won the most seats in the Scottish Parliament for the first time, forming a minority government with party leader Alex Salmond elected First Minister of Scotland add something

 

William McGonagall - For example, in 2007, they covered the success of the Scottish National Party and its success in the Scottish Parliament election

 

Gordon Jackson (politician) - He was defeated in the 2007 election by Scottish National Party Depute Leader Nicola Sturgeon

 

Allan Wilson (Scottish politician) - In the 2007 Scottish Parliament Election he lost his seat Cunninghame North to the Scottish National Party's Kenny Gibson, by only 48 votes, making it the most marginal seat in the country

 

Scottish Labour Party - In the 2007 Scottish Parliament election the Scottish Labour Party fell back to become the second largest party, with a lower share of the vote and with one fewer seat than the Scottish National Party , who subsequently formed a minority government

 

Nora Radcliffe - In the 2007 Scottish Parliament elections, she once more contested Gordon, but was defeated by Alex Salmond, the leader of the Scottish National Party, who earned 14,650 votes to her 12,588

 

Scottish Government - Since 2007, the Scottish Government has been formed by the Scottish National Party, which is the largest party in the Scottish Parliament, although prior to 2011 it did not possess an overall majority

 

Scotland - The Scottish National Party , which supports Scottish independence, was first elected to form the Scottish Government in 2007

 

Kate Maclean - The Dundee West seat was taken by Joe FitzPatrick of the Scottish National Party at the 2007 election

 

One month later, in April 2007, the SNP's commitment to re-regulate the bus network was not included in their 2007 manifesto, although the SNP denies any direct link add something

 

Scottish Government - The structure of the ministerial team used by the Scottish National Party after its election victory in May 2007 differs from the previous Administration


2010

According to accounts filed with the Electoral Commission for the year ending 2010, the party had a membership of 16232, up from 15,097 in 2008 and 9,450 in 2003 add something

 

Scottish independence referendum, 2014 - A commitment to hold a referendum in 2010 was part of the Scottish National Party 's election manifesto when it contested the 2007 Scottish Parliament election


2011

Following the party's landslide victory in the 2011 Holyrood election, the SNP will deliver on its longest standing policy promise, a referendum on Scottish independence add something

 

In the 2011 general election, the SNP won a landslide victory and became the first party to form a majority government in the Scottish Parliament since its resumption add something

 

Scottish Government - In the 2011 Scottish Parliament election, the Scottish National Party won the first overall majority in the history of the Scottish Parliament

 

Marilyn Livingstone - In the 2011 election she was unsuccessful, losing to the Scottish National Party's David Torrance by 182 votes

 

Cathy Peattie - In the Scottish Parliament general election, 2011, she was defeated by Angus MacDonald of the Scottish National Party

 

Mary Mulligan - She lost her seat to the Scottish National Party's Fiona Hyslop in the 2011 Scottish Parliament election

 

Scotland - The pro-independence Scottish National Party led by Alex Salmond achieved this in the 2011 election, winning 69 of the 129 seats available

 

In May 2011 the SNP won an overall majority in the Scottish Parliament with 69 seats add something

 

Bill Walker (Scottish National Party politician) - In May 2011, he was elected MSP for the Dunfermline Scottish Parliament constituency, gaining the seat for the Scottish National Party

 

Hugh Henry - On 11 May 2011, Henry stood in the election for the 4th Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament, coming second to Tricia Marwick, a Scottish National Party MSP.


2012

It is committed to an independent Scotland being a full member state of the European Union, although retaining Sterling as a part of a currency union with the UK. The SNP has historically been opposed to membership of & Nato, as part and parcel of its opposition to nuclear weapons, however at its 2012 national conference a vote saw party policy change to support of Nato, on the precondition of the removal of all nuclear weapons from Scottish bases add something

 

The SNP has 425 councillors in Local Government elected from the Scottish local elections, 2012 add something

 

Bill Walker (Scottish National Party politician) - He was elected as a Scottish National Party member but was expelled from the party in 2012 and served as an Independent Member

 

Scottish Parliament - Bill Walker, the member for Dunfermline, was expelled from the SNP in April 2012 after allegations that his candidature form was incorrectly filled in

 

Scottish Parliament - In October 2012, Jean Urquhart and John Finnie quit the SNP over the party's change in its policy towards NATO. Both are continuing to serve as independent MSPs


2013

Scottish Parliament - A by-election was occasioned in 2013 by the death of Brian Adam, the SNP member for Aberdeen Donside

 

Frances Barber - In 2013 Natalie McGarry, Scottish advocacy columnist and convenor for the Scottish National Party, stated on Newsnetscotland.com that she was involved in a social network Twitter correspondence with a 'Frances Barber' over the integrity of Scottish American actor Alan Cumming commenting on Scottish independence

 

In November 2013, some policies the SNP would pursue in an independent Scotland were detailed in "Scotland's Future", the Scottish Government's 670-page white paper on the case for Scottish independence and the means through which Scotland would become an independent country add something


2014

Scottish Labour Party - Better Together - The announcement of the upcoming referendum on Scottish independence in the aftermath of the Scottish National Party's victory at the Scottish Parliament elections in 2011 led to the Scottish Labour Party joining with the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats in the pro-union Better Together campaign against Scottish independence

 

Angela Constance - Following defeat in the Scottish independence referendum, 2014, Scottish National Party leader and First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond announced his resignation as SNP leader and First Minister of Scotland

 

Stewart Hosie - Following defeat in the Scottish independence referendum, 2014, Scottish National Party leader and First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond announced his resignation as SNP leader and First Minister of Scotland

 

Mary Scanlon - In 2014 Scanlon revealed she routinely socialised and drank with the late independent MSP Margo MacDonald and Christine Grahame of the SNP in what they called the "White Heather Club" - the Scottish Parliament's bar

 

Michelle Mone, Baroness Mone - Such was the hostility by Scottish National Party for her expressing a pro-Union viewpoint, Mone concluded relocating to England was favourable to facing further recrimination; this was despite the 2014 Scottish Independence Referendum vote being decided in favour maintaining the Union

 

In February 2014, with the overwhelming backing of SNP MSPs, as well as cross-party support, the Scottish Parliament voted to approve the SNP government's plans add something

 

Scottish Government - Alex Salmond announced his resignation from the position of leader of the Scottish National Party on the 19th of September 2014 immediately following the Scottish Independence Referendum

 

Scottish Parliament - John Wilson resigned from the SNP after the September 2014 independence referendum, for the same reason as Urquhart and Finnie

 

Scottish Government - Alex Salmond announced his resignation from the position of leader of the Scottish National Party on 19 September 2014 immediately following the Scottish Independence Referendum

 

As of 27 September 2014, the party has over 69,000 members in total add something

 

Angela Constance - On September 30, 2014, Constance officially launched her bid to become depute leader of the Scottish National Party , but made it clear that she was "not seeking" the position of Deputy First Minister of Scotland

 

Angela Constance - On September 30, 2014, Constance officially launched her bid to become the Depute leader of the Scottish National Party, competing against Stewart Hosie and Keith Brown

 

Hardeep Singh Kohli - Kohli joined the Scottish National Party in November 2014 after the independence referendum

 

On 14 November 2014 an announcement was made to SNP conference that the party's membership as of that afternoon stood at 85,884 add something

 

Nicola Sturgeon - Sturgeon was formally acclaimed as the first female Leader of the Scottish National Party on 14 November 2014 at the Autumn Conference in Perth, with Hosie as her depute

 

On 22 November 2014 an announcement was made by Nicola Sturgeon that the party's membership as of that afternoon stood at 92,187 add something

 

Michael Stewart (footballer) - On 31 December 2014, Stewart announced via Twitter his intention to stand for election as a Scottish National Party MP in the Edinburgh West constituency in the 2015 UK general election


2015

Skye - Member of parliament - The present Member of Parliament is Ian Blackford of the Scottish National Party, who took office after the SNP's sweep in the General Election of 2015

 

United Kingdom - However, in both the 2015 and 2017 general elections, the Scottish National Party was the third-largest party by number of seats won, ahead of the Liberal Democrats

 

Kilmarnock - However, in the 2015 General Election, for the first time since 1983, the seat changed hands from Labour to the Scottish National Party with the election of Alan Brown

 

Douglas Alexander - In 2015, he failed to be re-elected to the Paisley and Renfrewshire South seat in the House of Commons when it was won by Mhairi Black of the Scottish National Party

 

Steve Bell (cartoonist) - In the run-up to the United Kingdom general election, 2015, there was outrage on Twitter over an "If" cartoon strip depicting Scottish National Party leader Nicola Sturgeon as refusing to compromise on their "core demand" for "incest and Scottish folk dancing"

 

Mark Lazarowicz - Lazarowicz was defeated in the 2015 general election by the Scottish National Party's Deidre Brock

 

Newton Mearns - Since the 2015 UK election it has been represented by the SNP's Kirsten Oswald MP and Labour's Ken Macintosh MSP in the Parliament of the United Kingdom and the Scottish Parliament respectively

 

Larbert - The current MP is John McNally of the Scottish National Party who has represented the Falkirk constituency since the 2015 United Kingdom general election

 

Green Party of England and Wales - On 14 January 2015, UK newspaper "The Guardian" had reported that membership of the combined UK Green Parties was closing on those of UKIP and the Liberal Democrats, but noted that it lagged behind that of the Scottish National Party , which has a membership of 92,187 members but is not a UK-wide party

 

As of the 22nd of March 2015, the Party exceeded the 100,000 membership mark add something

 

The SNP rebounded from the loss in the independence referendum at the UK general election in May 2015, led by Salmond's successor as first minister, Nicola Sturgeon add something

 

Katy Clark - Clark lost her Commons seat of North Ayrshire and Arran at the May 2015 general election to the SNP candidate Patricia Gibson

 

Ayr - Member of parliament - The Westminster constituency of Ayr, Carrick and Cumnock is currently held by the Scottish National Party's Corri Wilson who was elected as the Member of Parliament on the 7 May 2015 general election

 

Douglas Alexander - He lost his seat to 20-year-old Mhairi Black of the Scottish National Party at the General Election on 8 May 2015

 

Stewart Stevenson - In August 2015, Stevenson was re-selected to stand as SNP candidate in Banffshire and Buchan Coast at the 2016 election

 

Tyson Fury - On 8 December 2015, the SNP's John Nicolson, a member of the Culture, Media and Sport Committee, challenged the BBC over Fury's SPOTY nomination


2016

At the 2016 Scottish Parliament election the SNP lost a net total of 6 seats, losing its overall majority in the Scottish Parliament but returning for a third consecutive term as a minority government add something

 

Glenrothes - Following the 2016 Scottish Elections the constituency is represented by Jenny Gilruth MSP of the Scottish National Party who replaces now retired Tricia Marwick former Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament

 

Paul Martin (Scottish politician) - In 2016, Martin sought re-election to a fifth term in the Scottish Parliament but lost his seat to the Scottish National Party's Ivan McKee by 4,783 votes

 

Scotland - In the 2016 election, the Scottish National Party won 63 of the 129 seats available

 

Janey Godley - In February 2016 Godley joined a group of comedians on a tour of the UK in support of Labour party leader Jeremy Corbyn, although she is a supporter of the Scottish National Party


2017

The SNP had 431 councillors in Local Government elected from the Scottish local elections, 2017 add something

 

Rutherglen - Following the 2017 election, Gerard Killen is the local MP, replacing Margaret Ferrier of the Scottish National Party who had won in 2015

 

Larbert - Following the 2017 elections, the Bonnybridge and Larbert ward returned one councillor each for the Scottish National Party, Scottish Conservatives and one Independent

 

Scottish Conservative Party - In 2017, the Scottish Conservatives became the second-largest party in Scotland in terms of democratic representation in the Scottish Parliament , constituencies in Scotland in the UK House of Commons and in local government in Scotland , coming behind the Scottish National Party and overtaking the Scottish Labour Party

 

Edinburgh - The City of Edinburgh Council election, 2017, saw a continuation of this administration, but with the SNP as the largest party

 

House of Commons of the United Kingdom - The opposition parties Labour, SNP and Liberal Democrats all decided not to oppose the proposal, and May's decision to call a snap election was approved in the House of Commons in a Parliamentary session after Prime Minister's Questions on Wednesday 19 April 2017 with 522 MPs voting in favour and 13 voting against

 

Stirling - The May 2017 local government election resulted in the Scottish Conservative party and Scottish National Party each winning nine councillors, while the Labour Party won four seats and the Scottish Green Party won one


2018

Angus Robertson - He resigned his position as SNP deputy leader in February 2018

 

As of August 2018, the Party has 125,482 members add something

 

The SNP is the largest political party in Scotland in terms of both seats in the Westminster and Holyrood parliaments, and membership; reaching 125,482 members as of August 2018, 35 MPs and over 400 local councillors add something