Scottish Parliament

Knowledge Identifier: &Scottish_Parliament

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Scottish Parliament

Devolved national, unicameral legislature of Scotland, located in the Holyrood area of the capital, Edinburgh add

Category: Politics

Founded in 1914.

Countries: United Kingdom (81%), (7%), Scotland (3%)

Main connections: Scotland, Scottish National Party, Alex Salmond

Linked to: Scottish National Party, Scottish Government, Conservative Party, Labour Party

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
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1914

First World War - Suggestions for a 'devolved' Parliament were made before 1914, but were shelved due to the outbreak of the First World War add something


1942

Gil Paterson - "'Gil Paterson"', born in Glasgow, 1942 is the Scottish National Party Member of the Scottish Parliament for the Clydebank and Milngavie constituency, which he gained from Labour on 5 May 2011

 

Richard Simpson (politician) - "'Richard Simpson"' is a Scottish Labour politician, and Member of the Scottish Parliament for the Ochil constituency from 1999 to 2003 and a Member of the Scottish Parliament for the Mid-Scotland and Fife region as of the 2007 election

 

Nanette Milne - "'Nanette Milne"' is a Scottish Conservative Party politician who has been a Member of the Scottish Parliament for the North East Scotland Region since 2003

 

James Douglas-Hamilton, Baron Selkirk of Douglas - "'James Alexander Douglas-Hamilton, Baron Selkirk of Douglas"', PC, QC , briefly "'The 11th Earl of Selkirk"' and styled "'Lord James Douglas-Hamilton"' until 1997, is a Scottish Conservative politician who served as Member of Parliament for Edinburgh West Member of the Scottish Parliament for the Lothians


1946

Nora Radcliffe - "'Nora Radcliffe"' is a Scottish Liberal Democrat politician and former Member of the Scottish Parliament for Gordon, first elected in 1999


1954

Cathie Craigie - "'Cathie Craigie"' was a Scottish Labour politician and was Member of the Scottish Parliament for Cumbernauld and Kilsyth constituency from 1999 to 2011

 

Tom McCabe - "'Thomas "Tom" McCabe"' is a Scottish Labour Party politician, a former Minister for Finance in the Scottish Executive, and was Member of the Scottish Parliament for Hamilton South until May 2011

 

Elaine Murray - Dr "'Elaine Murray"' is a Scottish Labour politician, and Member of the Scottish Parliament for Dumfriesshire since 1999


1956

Bill Butler (politician) - "'Bill Butler"' is a Scottish Labour Co-operative politician and former MSP. He represented Glasgow Anniesland in the Scottish Parliament until losing his seat in the 2011 election


1958

Brian Monteith - "'Brian Monteith"' is a Scottish public relations consultant, politician and commentator, who was a Conservative Member of the Scottish Parliament between 1999 and 2007

 

Patricia Ferguson - "'Patricia Josephine Ferguson"' is a Labour Member of the Scottish Parliament for Glasgow Maryhill, a seat which she has held since 1999


1960

A sharp rise in nationalism in Scotland during the late 1960s fuelled demands for some form of home rule or complete independence, and prompted the incumbent Labour Government of Harold Wilson to set up the Kilbrandon Commission to consider the UK Constitution in 1969 add something


1962

Frank McAveety - "'Frank McAveety"' is a Scottish Labour Co-operative politician and was the Member of the Scottish Parliament for Glasgow Shettleston from 1999 until 2011

 

Pauline McNeill - "'Pauline McNeill"' is a Labour politician and formerly a Member of the Scottish Parliament for Glasgow Kelvin, Scotland, having been elected in the Scottish Parliament elections in 1999, 2003 and 2007


1967

Joe FitzPatrick - "'Joe FitzPatrick"' is a Scottish politician, and member for the Scottish National Party for Dundee City West in the Scottish Parliament since May 2007, succeeding retiring Labour MSP Kate Maclean

 

Karen Gillon - "'Karen Gillon, née Turnbull"' is a Scottish Labour politician, and was Member of the Scottish Parliament for Clydesdale from 1999 to 2011


1970

Anne McTaggart - "'Anne McTaggart"' MSP is a Scottish Labour party politician, a former Glasgow city councillor and Member of the Scottish Parliament for the Glasgow region, elected as third of 3 from the Labour list in 2011


1971

Claire Baker - "'Claire Baker"' is a Scottish Labour Party politician, and Member of the Scottish Parliament for Mid Scotland and Fife since 2007


1973

Kilbrandon published his report in 1973 recommending the establishment of a directly elected Scottish Assembly to legislate for the majority of domestic Scottish affairs add something


1974

The combined effect of these events led to Prime Minister Wilson committing his government to some form of devolved legislature in 1974 add something


1975

As in the House of Commons, a number of qualifications apply to being an MSP. Such qualifications were introduced under the House of Commons Disqualification Act 1975 and the British Nationality Act 1981 add something


1978

However, it was not until 1978 that final legislative proposals for a Scottish Assembly were passed by the United Kingdom Parliament add something


1979

Campaign for a Scottish Assembly - In the aftermath of the 1979 referendum defeat, the Campaign for a Scottish Assembly was initiated as a pressure group, leading to the 1989 Scottish Constitutional Convention with various organisations such as Scottish churches, political parties and representatives of industry taking part add something

 

The 1979 Scottish devolution referendum to establish a devolved Scottish Assembly failed add something

 

Allan Massie - He was a leading, if lonely, campaigner against Scottish devolution and a critic of much of the legislation passed by the Scottish Parliament since it came into existence after the 1997 general election


1980

Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, demand for a Scottish Parliament grew, in part because the government of the United Kingdom was controlled by the Conservative Party, while Scotland itself elected relatively few Conservative MPs add something


1983

An individual may not sit in the Scottish Parliament if he or she is judged to be insane under the terms of the Mental Health Act 1983 add something

 

Labour's defeat has been attributed to several factors: the party focused too heavily on criticising the Conservative-led coalition at Westminster, and assumed that former Lib Dem voters would automatically switch their vote to Labour, when in fact they shifted support to the SNP. Jackie Baillie compared the result to Labour's performance in the 1983 UK general election add something


1993

John Smith (Labour Party leader) - Despite this, during his time as leader of the Labour Party Smith abolished the trade union block vote at Labour party conferences, and replaced it with "one member one vote" at the 1993 party conference and committed a future Labour government to establishing a Scottish Parliament, a policy which was followed through by his successors after his death


1995

Publishing its blueprint for devolution in 1995, the Convention provided much of the basis for the structure of the Parliament add something


1997

Following a referendum in 1997, in which the Scottish electorate gave their consent, the current Parliament was convened by the Scotland Act 1998, which sets out its powers as a devolved legislature add something

 

The white paper in 1997 estimated that a new building would have a net construction cost of £40 million, although this was based on the presumption that the old Royal High School building would be used, as had long been assumed add something

 

Willie Rennie - After managing the party's campaigns in the South West England region, securing the return of a sizeable number of new MPs in the 1997 General Election, he moved back to Scotland where he was Chief Executive of the Scottish Liberal Democrats from 1997 to 1999, and the party's Chief of Staff in the new Scottish Parliament from 1999-2001

 

Brian Monteith - Monteith went on to be the leader of the unsuccessful Think Twice "No-No" campaign in the 1997 devolution referendum which opposed the creation of the Scottish Parliament

 

Devolution continued to be part of the platform of the Labour Party which, in May 1997, took power under Tony Blair add something

 

In September 1997, the 1997 Scottish devolution referendum was put to the Scottish electorate and secured a majority in favour of the establishment of a new devolved Scottish Parliament, with tax-varying powers, in Edinburgh add something


1998

Under the Scotland Act 1998, ordinary general elections for the Scottish Parliament are held on the first Thursday in May every four years add something


1999

Mike Rumbles - Following the Scottish Parliament's establishment in 1999, Rumbles was Convenor of the Standards Committee when it was charged with investigating the so-called 'Lobbygate' scandal, in which the son of the Secretary of State for Scotland John Reid was embroiled

 

Nicol Stephen, Baron Stephen - Following the 2003 Scottish Parliament election, he joined the Scottish Executive cabinet as Minister for Transport

 

James Douglas-Hamilton, Baron Selkirk of Douglas - From 1999 to 2007 he was a member of the Scottish Parliament and was deputy Convener of its Education Committee

 

Kenneth Gibson (Scottish politician) - Gibson was first elected to the Scottish Parliament at the 1999 Scottish Parliament election as a list member for Glasgow electoral region

 

Annabel Goldie - Goldie was elected to the Scottish Parliament in the 1999 election as an additional member for the West of Scotland electoral region, and subsequently became deputy leader of the Scottish Conservatives

 

Nicol Stephen, Baron Stephen - He became an MSP in the first elections to the Scottish Parliament in 1999

 

Jamie Stone - He held the seat from the opening of the Scottish Parliament in 1999 until he stood down in 2011

 

Scott Barrie - He represented Dunfermline West in the Scottish Parliament from 1999 to 2007, where he was a member of the Communities Committees of the Parliament

 

Allan Wilson (Scottish politician) - He represented Cunninghame North, a seat which he held between the inaugural Scottish Parliament general election in 1999 until 2007

 

Ian Welsh - He was very narrowly elected as a Labour Member of the Scottish Parliament in 1999 but resigned at the end of the year, disillusioned at his failure to achieve office and having decided that he was uncomfortable with the mode of politics

 

Kevin Williamson (politician) - In 1999 Williamson stood as an SSP candidate in the first ever elections to the Scottish Parliament in the Edinburgh Central constituency

 

Annabel Goldie - In addition to her appearance on the regional list ballots, she has stood as a candidate in the West Renfrewshire constituency for the Scottish Parliament in 1999, 2003 and 2007

 

Ed Miliband - In early 1999, Miliband was tasked by Gordon Brown to work with Scottish Labour's Election Co-ordinator Douglas Alexander to help overturn the Scottish National Party's opinion poll lead in the run-up to the first devolved Scottish Parliament election

 

Gordon Jackson (politician) - Jackson was elected to the Scottish Parliament in the 1999 election representing Glasgow Govan

 

Cathy Jamieson - Jamieson was elected an MSP in the first Scottish Parliament elections in 1999

 

Tom McCabe - McCabe was elected to the Scottish Parliament for Hamilton South in 1999

 

Brian Monteith - Monteith was elected to the Scottish Parliament as a Scottish Conservative and Unionist Party list member for the Mid Scotland and Fife region at the 1999 election

 

David Mundell - Mundell was elected to the Scottish Parliament in 1999 and 2003 as a "list" MSP for the South of Scotland, and contested the Scottish parliamentary constituency of Dumfries in 1999 and 2003

 

Cathy Jamieson - She became a Labour Co-operative MSP for Carrick, Cumnock and Doon MSP in the first elections to the Scottish Parliament in 1999, later holding the positions of Minister for Education and Young People in 2001 and Minister for Justice after the 2003 election until 2007

 

Cathy Jamieson - She became a Labour Co-operative MSP for Carrick, Cumnock and Doon MSP in the first elections to the Scottish Parliament in 1999, later holding the positions of Minister for Education and Young People in 2001 and Minister for Justice after the 2003 election until 2007

 

Nanette Milne - She stood for election to the Scottish Parliament in Aberdeen South in 1999

 

Trish Godman - She was Member of the Scottish Parliament for West Renfrewshire constituency from the Scottish Parliament general election, 1999 until her retirement in 2011

 

Andrew Hardie, Baron Hardie - The first Scottish Parliament was elected in 1999, at which time Hardie became a member of the Scottish Executive

 

Frank McAveety - When elected to the Scottish Parliament in 1999, he was appointed Deputy Minister for Local Government in the Scottish Executive and served in that position until 2000

 

Patricia Ferguson - After being elected as MSP for Glasgow Maryhill in May 1999 she was Deputy Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament and, more recently, as a member of the Parliament's Standards and Procedures Committees

 

Elaine Murray - Murray was elected as Member of the Scottish Parliament for Dumfries Constituency following the first Scottish Parliamentary elections in May 1999

 

An election was held on 6 May 1999, and on 1 July of that year power was transferred from Westminster to the new Parliament add something

 

The first meeting of the new Parliament took place on 12 May 1999 add something

 

Presented to the Scottish Parliament by the Queen upon its official opening in July 1999, the mace is displayed in a glass case suspended from the lid add something


2000

In May 2000, the Parliament was temporarily relocated to the former Strathclyde Regional Council debating chamber in Glasgow, and to the University of Aberdeen in May 2002 add something

 

Allan Wilson (Scottish politician) - He was Labour lead on the Scottish Parliament's Enterprise and Lifelong Learning Committee and a member of the European Committee prior to becoming Deputy Minister for Tourism, Culture and Sport in October 2000 and Deputy Minister for Environment and Rural Development in November 2001 in the Scottish Executive


2001

Murdo Fraser - He has been a Member of the Scottish Parliament for the Mid Scotland and Fife region since 2001

 

Stewart Stevenson - Elected to the Scottish Parliament on 7 June 2001 he followed Alex Salmond, after his resignation, as member of the Scottish Parliament for Banff and Buchan


2003

Murray Tosh - Between 2003 and 2007 he was a Deputy Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament

 

Patrick Harvie - Harvie was a member of the Communities Committee of the Scottish Parliament throughout the 2003-7 session, and through this committee he worked on the Anti-social behaviour Bill, the Charities Bill and the Housing Bill, as well as on issues of homelessness, debt, the planning system and building standards

 

Jeremy Purvis - He was elected to the Scottish Parliament in 2003 aged 29, making him the youngest constituency MSP at the time

 

Richard Baker (Scottish politician) - He was first elected in the 2003 general election, when he was the youngest sitting MSP, and is Labour's Shadow Cabinet Secretary for Infrastructure and Capital Investment in the Scottish Parliament

 

Kevin Williamson (politician) - In 2003 Williamson became the first person to be physically ejected by the police from the Scottish Parliament when he made an anti-war protest wearing a George Bush mask


2004

Following the move to Holyrood in 2004 this building was demolished add something

 

Stewart Stevenson - In 2004 he was a member of the Scottish Parliament team in the TV general knowledge programme, "University Challenge - The Professionals"

 

Jamie Stone - In 2004, Stone was the captain of the Scottish Parliament's team, The Professionals, on the British television show, University Challenge

 

Since September 2004, the official home of the Scottish Parliament has been a new Scottish Parliament Building, in the Holyrood area of Edinburgh add something

 

Miralles' new Scottish Parliament building opened for business on 7 September 2004, three years late add something

 

Lord Fraser's Inquiry reported on 15 September 2004 and identified the choice of the construction management procurement route as the main factor in the fourfold increase in estimated costs establishing that a £270 million value building ended up costing £431 million, an identifiable waste of £181 million add something

 

Queen Elizabeth II opened the new building on 9 October 2004 add something

 

Edwin Morgan (poet) - At the Opening of the Scottish Parliament building in Edinburgh on 9 October 2004, Liz Lochhead read a poem written especially for the occasion by Morgan, titled "Poem for the Opening of the Scottish Parliament"


2005

Andrew Arbuckle - He replaced Keith Raffan at the Scottish Parliament after Raffan resigned in 2005

 

Nicol Stephen, Baron Stephen - He was the Member of the Scottish Parliament for Aberdeen South, and was leader of the Scottish Liberal Democrats from 2005 to 2008

 

Annabel Goldie - She was the Leader of the Scottish Conservative Party in the Scottish Parliament from 2005 until 2011

 

David Mundell - Following his election to Westminster, Mundell resigned from the Scottish Parliament in June 2005

 

James Douglas-Hamilton, Baron Selkirk of Douglas - In November 2005, Lord Selkirk of Douglas announced his intention to retire at the end of the 2003-2007 session of the Scottish Parliament


2006

"The Electoral Administration Act 2006, reduced the age of candidacy in the United Kingdom from 21 to 18 add something

 

Brian Monteith - In 2006 Monteith announced he would not stand again as an MSP, saying he "would rather return to commerce than be a one-man band swimming against the treacly tide of collectivism in the Scottish Parliament"

 

Andrew Welsh (politician) - He subsequently served as the Member of the Scottish Parliament for the Scottish Parliament constituency of Angus where he was the longest-serving member on the Scottish Parliament's Corporate Body until January 2006

 

In March 2006, one of the Holyrood building's roof beams slipped out of its support and was left dangling above the back benches during a debate add something

 

Douglas Alexander - On 5 May 2006 he was appointed Secretary of State for Transport and, simultaneously, Secretary of State for Scotland, replacing Alistair Darling, where he oversaw the running of the 2007 Scottish Parliament election


2007

Derek Brownlee - After the 2007 Election Election Derek was again appointed to the Scottish Parliament's Finance Committee and is a member of the Scottish Commission for Public Audit

 

Stewart Stevenson - After the SNP's victory at the 2007 Scottish Parliament Election, Stevenson was appointed Minister for Transport, Infrastructure and Climate Change

 

Bob Doris - At the 2007 election Doris contested the Glasgow Maryhill Scottish Parliament constituency, finishing second to Patricia Ferguson, majority 2,300

 

Cathie Craigie - Craigie was re-elected to represent the Cumbernauld and Kilsyth constituency at the 2007 Scottish Parliament election with an increased majority of 2,079, but at the 2011 election, she lost her seat to Jamie Hepburn of the SNP by 3,459 votes

 

Cathy Jamieson - Following the Scottish National Party's victory at the 2007 Scottish Parliament election, Jamieson was appointed Shadow Minister for Parliamentary Business and was selected as Labour's appointment to the Parliamentary Bureau

 

Willie Coffey - He is a Scottish National Party Member of the Scottish Parliament for Kilmarnock and Loudoun since 2007

 

David Whitton - He was elected to the Scottish Parliament for Strathkelvin and Bearsden in 2007, defeating the incumbent Independent MSP Jean Turner, and losing the seat at the 2011 election to Fiona McLeod of the Scottish National Party

 

Allan Wilson (Scottish politician) - In the 2007 Scottish Parliament Election he lost his seat Cunninghame North to the Scottish National Party's Kenny Gibson, by only 48 votes, making it the most marginal seat in the country

 

George Galloway - In the 2007 Scottish Parliament election, George Galloway supported Solidarity, despite not supporting all their policies, such as Scottish independence

 

Nora Radcliffe - In the 2007 Scottish Parliament elections, she once more contested Gordon, but was defeated by Alex Salmond, the leader of the Scottish National Party, who earned 14,650 votes to her 12,588

 

Alison McInnes - McInnes was a member of the Transport, Infrastructure and Climate Change Committee throughout the 2007-2011 Scottish Parliament and was the Scottish Liberal Democrat spokesperson on these issues

 

Elaine Murray - She has been a member of a number of Committees in the Scottish Parliament, including holding the post of Deputy Convenor of the Finance Committee between 2007 to 2008

 

Annabel Goldie - She has won praise for her leadership of the party into the 2007 Scottish Parliament election and personally as a skilled debater and been labelled a "much-liked public figure"

 

Stewart Stevenson - By the end of Parliament's second session on 2 April 2007 he had made 284 speeches in the Scottish Parliament and was thus the most prolific speaker since the Parliament's being re-convened in 1999

 

David Whitton - Whitton was elected to the Scottish Parliament in May 2007 for the constituency of Strathkelvin and Bearsden becoming Parliamentary Aide to Wendy Alexander MSP until her resignation as party leader on 28 June 2008

 

Stewart Stevenson - In the Scottish Parliament election of 3 May 2007, Stewart Stevenson was returned with a majority of 10,530, the largest in Scotland, over the Scottish Conservative Party candidate


2008

Kenneth Calman - Professor Calman is the chair of a commission established by the Scottish Parliament in March 2008 to review Scottish devolution, commonly referred to as the "Calman Commission"

 

Bill Butler (politician) - In August 2008 he declared himself a candidate for the Deputy Leadership of the Labour Party in the Scottish Parliament, but was not elected

 

Billy Liddell - A petition to the Scottish Parliament, to have Liddell inducted, succeeded in November 2008 when he became one of eight players admitted


2009

Bill Butler (politician) - In June 2009 he persuaded Alex Salmond to bring before the Scottish Parliament a new strategy to tackle sectarianism


2010

George Galloway - In 2010, Galloway unsuccessfully contested the seat of Poplar and Limehouse, and in 2011 he unsuccessfully contested the Glasgow list for the Scottish Parliament, before being elected as an MP in the 2012 Bradford West by-election

 

David Whitton - In 2010/11 Whitton claimed more than £34,000 in expenses which was the sixth highest amount at the Scottish Parliament

 

Willie Rennie - He later resigned from his special adviser role in June 2010 to stand for the Scottish Parliament in the May 2011 elections

 

Frank McAveety - On 16 June 2010 he resigned as Convenor of the Scottish Parliament's Public Petitions Committee after being overheard making comments about the physical appearance of a female member of the audience during a break in committee proceedings


2011

Mr McDonald had been appointed to a list seat for the North East Scotland region after the 2011 election, and so his list seat was taken by Christian Allard add something

 

The composition of the Scottish Parliament as a result of the 2011 election was as follows: add something

 

Karen Gillon - Gillon was spokesperson on rural development for Labour until 2011 in the Scottish Parliament

 

Douglas Alexander - His sister, Wendy Alexander, was involved in politics as an MSP until 2011 and briefly as the Leader of the Labour Party in the Scottish Parliament until she resigned in 2008

 

Derek Brownlee - However, due to the Conservatives taking three constituency seats in the region, he failed to be re-elected to the Scottish Parliament in the 2011 election

 

Claire Baker - In the 2011 election, Baker contested the seat of Mid Fife and Glenrothes but lost to the SNP's Tricia Marwick, who subsequently resigned from the SNP to become the Scottish Parliament Presiding Officer

 

Cathy Jamieson - Jamieson did not seek re-election in the 2011 Scottish Parliament election

 

Hanzala Malik - "'Hanzala Malik"' is a Scottish Labour Party member of the Scottish Parliament for Glasgow, elected in 2011

 

George Galloway - He used this column to reveal he was considering running for a seat in the Scottish Parliament in the May 2011 election

 

The most recent general election to the Parliament was held on 5 May 2011 add something

 

Ed Miliband - Miliband's first electoral tests as Labour Leader came in the elections to the Scottish Parliament, Welsh Assembly and various councils across England, excluding London on 5 May 2011

 

Willie Rennie - Willie Rennie returned to front-line politics as an MSP when he won a regional list seat for the Liberal Democrats in the Scottish Parliament's Mid-Scotland and Fife region at the Holyrood elections on 5 May 2011


2012

The 2012 Act conferred further fiscal devolution including borrowing powers and some other unconnected matters such as setting speed limits and control of air guns add something

 

Kenneth Gibson (Scottish politician) - In addition to his constituency activities, Gibson is the Convener of the Finance Committee in the Scottish Parliament and has brought attention to enhanced financial powers in the Scotland Act 2012

 

Bill Walker, the member for Dunfermline, was expelled from the SNP in April 2012 after allegations that his candidature form was incorrectly filled in add something

 

In October 2012, Jean Urquhart and John Finnie quit the SNP over the party's change in its policy towards NATO. Both are continuing to serve as independent MSPs add something


2013

A by-election was occasioned in 2013 by the death of Brian Adam, the SNP member for Aberdeen Donside add something

 

A by-election took place on 24 October 2013 and Cara Hilton won the seat for Scottish Labour add something


2014

John Wilson resigned from the SNP after the September 2014 independence referendum, for the same reason as Urquhart and Finnie add something


2015

In 2015, the pro-independence group People's Voice established a demonstration camp on the grounds of the Scottish parliament demanding independence add something


2016

A general election to the Parliament is currently under way, and votes will be cast on 5th May 2016 add something

 

The next election is due to be held on 5 May 2016 add something


2017

This would have clashed with the proposed date of the 2020 United Kingdom general election, but later became a moot point after the latter was brought forward to 2017 add something