Sea Shepherd Conservation Society

Knowledge Identifier: &Sea_Shepherd_Conservation_Society

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Sea Shepherd Conservation Society

Non-profit, marine conservation organization based in Friday Harbor on San Juan Island, Washington in the United States add

Category: Environment

Founded in 1977.

Countries: Australia (22%), Japan (20%), (12%)

Main connections: Paul Watson, Sam Simon, Greenpeace

Linked to: Greenpeace, Institute of Cetacean Research, Lush, Monash University

 

Timeline


 

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1977

A predecessor organization called Earth Force Society was founded in 1977 add something

 

The organization was founded in 1977 under the name Earth Force Society by Paul Watson, a former member of Greenpeace, after a dispute with that organization over what Watson saw as its lack of more aggressive intervention add something

 

The predecessor organization of Sea Shepherd, the "Earth Force Society", was formed in 1977, after its founder, Paul Watson was ousted from the board of Greenpeace for disagreements over his direct action activism which clashed with their pacifist ethos add something

 

Watson left Greenpeace in 1977 after being expelled from the board of directors due to his confrontational methods add something


1978

Initially without funding and with only a small group of supporters, in 1978 Watson managed to convince Cleveland Amory, head of the Fund for Animals to fund Watson's first vessel, the "Sea Shepherd" add something

 

Paul Watson - The first Sea Shepherd vessel, the "Sea Shepherd", was purchased in December 1978 with assistance from Fund for Animals


1979

The first direct action undertaken by Sea Shepherd was against Canadian seal hunting in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in March 1979 add something


1980

After having spent the 1980s undertaking a variety of controversial and dangerous operations in support of various marine conservation aims, in the 1990s the group has been described as having undertaken a shift in their public attitude add something


1990

Having previously argued primarily from an ethical viewpoint, from the 1990s, Watson's group now started ascribing themselves law enforcement powers, using its interpretation of maritime and conservation law, to describe themselves as an anti-poaching agency add something


1994

Rutger Hauer - He advocated for the release of Sea Shepherd Conservation Society leader, Paul Watson, who was convicted in 1994 for sinking a Norwegian whaling vessel


1995

In March 1995, a mob of Canadian seal hunters stormed the hotel where members were staying add something


1998

In November 1998, Makah seized an inflatable boat belonging to the group and threw rocks at the Sea Shepherd's "Sirenian" in response to protests over their whale hunt add something


2002

In testimony on "The Threat of Eco-Terrorism" given to the a US congressional subcommittee in 2002, Sea Shepherd was the first group mentioned by an FBI official for having attacked commercial fishing operations by cutting drift nets add something

 

The charge stemmed from an altercation in 2002 in which Sea Shepherd contends that the other vessel was shark finning in Guatemalan waters add something

 

Paul Watson - The charge stemmed from an altercation in 2002 in which Sea Shepherd contends that the other vessel was shark finning in Guatemalan waters


2005

In 2005, 11 Sea Shepherd crew were involved in an altercation with sealers while on the ice add something


2006

His widow, Terri, gave her support to Sea Shepherd, saying: "Whales have always been in Steve's heart and in 2006 he was investigating the possibility of joining the Sea Shepherd on part of its journey to defend these beautiful animals add something


2007

In 2007, Ian Campbell, the Australian Environment Minister and a vigorous critic of Japan's whaling, once opposed Sea Shepherd's tactics, saying that it really put the cause of conservation backwards add something

 

In 2007, actor Heath Ledger conceived and directed a music video of the Modest Mouse song "King Rat", intended to raise awareness of the whale hunts taking place each year off the coast of his native Australia add something

 

The "Steve Irwin" was obtained in 2007 and originally called the "Robert Hunter" add something

 

Rafael Correa - On 3 August 2007, Correa ordered the deportation of Sean O'Hearn-Gimenez, director of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, saying that he would not allow "gringuitos" to tell Ecuadorians what to do or to pursue local fishermen


2008

A 2008 academic paper by researchers at Monash University in Melbourne, Victoria concluded that the group "may be best categorized as a vigilante group, because they say they are seeking to enforce a legal status quo because of states' and the international community's inabilities or unwillingness to do so" add something

 

Due to the 2008 operations against Canadian seal hunters, Danny Williams, Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador, called Watson a terrorist and said that Sea Shepherd was not welcome in the province add something

 

In 2008, Animal Planet began filming the weekly series "Whale Wars" based on the group's encounters with the Japanese whaling fleet in the Southern Ocean, a development which brought the group much publicity add something

 

In 2008, fishermen in the French islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon cut the mooring lines of the "Farley Mowat" after hearing Watson make disparaging comments about the deaths of four seal hunters add something

 

In a television series entitled "Whale Wars", Discovery Communications, Inc. documented Sea Shepherd's 2008/09 Antarctic campaign against Japanese whalers, following events on the "Steve Irwin" add something

 

The Lush cosmetics company joined with Sea Shepherd to raise awareness about the practice of shark finning in 2008 add something

 

Paul Watson - In January 2008, Paul Watson was named by "The Guardian" as one of its "50 people who could save the planet" for the work of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society

 

The program premiered on November 7, 2008, on Discovery's Animal Planet network add something


2009

As of 2009, Paul Watson has said that the organization has sunk ten whaling ships while destroying millions of dollars worth of equipment add something

 

In 2009, professional surfer Kelly Slater joined a Quiksilver Australia/Sea Shepherd partnership featuring a fund-raising clothing line, including board shorts designed by Slater add something

 

In his 2009 book, "Whaling in Japan", Jun Morikawa states that Sea Shepherd's confrontational tactics have actually strengthened Japan's resolve to continue with its whaling program add something

 

When the "Steve Irwin" returned to Hobart, Tasmania in February 2009, Australian Federal Police seized film footage and the ship's logs, reportedly prompted by complaints from Japan add something

 

Although Ledger died before the video could be completed, others finished it in his honor and debuted the video online in August 2009 add something

 

In October 2009, The Australian Immigration Department ruled that Watson and his First Officer, Peter Hammarstedt, must satisfy new good-character requirements to obtain business visas, requiring them to provide police references from the governments of the United States, Canada and Norway add something

 

The Australian government responded by rejecting the idea that it was in some way delaying Watson, and on October 20, 2009 issued visas to Watson and Hammarstedt add something


2010

In 2010 during a visit to Japan, the Dalai Lama said that while he agrees with the goal of stopping Japan from hunting whales, they should stop using violent methods to achieve that goal add something

 

Sea Shepherd acquired the "Ocean 7 Adventurer" for its 2010/11 campaign against Japanese whaling in the Antarctic add something

 

Paul Watson - He states that the Australian government was attempting to sabotage the upcoming 2010 Sea Shepherd campaign by denying him entry into the country

 

Godzilla (franchise) - In 2010 the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society named their most recently acquired scout vessel MV "Gojira"

 

In response to the events of the sinking of the "Ady Gil" in January 2010, Glenn Inwood, whose firm handles public relations on behalf of the Japanese Institute of Cetacean Research, accused Sea Shepherd of being "hostile eco-terrorists" add something

 

In February 2010, the "Bob Barker" collided with the Japanese whaling vessel "Yushin Maru No. 3", tearing a gash in the hull of the "Bob Barker" add something

 

Starting in September 2010, Sea Shepherd Conservation Society has positioned a crew in Taiji, Japan to monitor and report their annual dolphin drive hunt add something

 

In November 2010, mayor Brad Pettitt of Fremantle, Western Australia, christened the vessel "Gojira" with Fremantle as its home town, making this the first Sea Shepherd ship registered in Australia, with an Australian crew add something


2011

For the 2011/12 Antarctic campaign, the organization acquired non-weaponized drone aircraft to assist in their surveillance of the whaling ships add something

 

Atlantic bluefin tuna - In the summer of 2011, the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society led a campaign against supposedly illegal Bluefin tuna fishing off the coast of Libya, which was under Muammar Gaddafi's regime at the time

 

The "Gojira" was renamed MV "Brigitte Bardot" in May 2011 after complaints of copyright infringement by the owners of the "Gojira" copyright add something

 

Brigitte Bardot - On 25 May 2011 the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society renamed its fast interceptor vessel, MV "Gojira", as MV "Brigitte Bardot" in appreciation of her support

 

In December 2011, the Institute of Cetacean Research and Kyodo Senpaku Kaisha Ltd, the two Japanese organizations which operate Japan's whaling program, sued Sea Shepherd Conservation Society in U.S. federal district court in Seattle add something


2012

Sam Simon - He donated an undisclosed amount of money to the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society in 2012 for the purpose of purchasing another vessel for their fleet

 

In March 2012, reacting to Paul Watson's allegation that Maltese politicians were bribed by the Bluefin tuna industry, Prime Minister of Malta Lawrence Gonzi announced that the government would initiate libel proceedings against the Sea Shepherd founder add something

 

In May 2012, Watson was detained by German authorities after he arrived at the Frankfurt Airport based on a request from the government of Costa Rica add something

 

In July 2012 Sam Simon, a co-creator of "The Simpsons", was reported to donate money to purchase the fourth vessel, a former German icebreaker add something

 

Unmanned aerial vehicle - In August 2012, UAVs were used by members of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society in Namibia to document the annual seal cull

 

Sam Simon - He donated an undisclosed amount of money to the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society in 2012 for the purpose of purchasing another vessel for their fleet, the , which was unveiled in December 2012

 

The federal court denied the ICR's preliminary injunction against SSCS. The ICR and Kyodo Senpaku appealed and, on December 17, 2012, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit issued an injunction against Paul Watson, Sea Shepherd and any party acting in concert with them from physically attacking any person or vessel of the ICR and requiring them to stay at least from their vessels add something


2013

In 2013, Julie Bishop, the Foreign Minister of Australia, told the press club of Japan, "We do not, and will never, condone reckless, dangerous, unlawful behaviour add something

 

Paul Watson - In 2013, three Sea Shepherd Conservation Society ships docked in New Zealand, and were searched by New Zealand authorities to see if Watson was aboard

 

On February 26, 2013, the Court of Appeals maintained the injunction, stating that SSCS's activities were "the very embodiment of piracy" add something

 

Unmanned aerial vehicle - In March 2013, the Times published a controversial story that UAV conservation nonprofit ShadowView, founded by former members of Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, had been working for several months with anti-hunting charity The League Against Cruel Sports to expose illegal fox hunting in the UK; hunt supporters have argued that using UAVs to film hunting is an invasion of privacy

 

Paul Watson - He appeared before a U.S. appeals court on November 6, 2013 stating that neither he nor Sea Shepherd violated a 2012 order requiring them to leave whaling vessels alone


2015

In January 2015 two decommissioned, 30 knot, Island-class Coast Guard cutters were spotted flying the Sea Shepherd flag in Annapolis Yacht Basin add something

 

In June 2015, Sea Shepherd revealed on their website that they had, in fact, purchased these vessels add something


2016

However, there is increasing co-operation with national governments in assisting anti-poaching activity in national territorial waters and marine reserves, including in 2016 with the Italian Coast guard in Sicily , Mexican Navy and the Coastguards of Gabon and São Tomé and Príncipe which included having Gabonese military marines aboard add something


2017

The Animal Welfare, Humane and Animal Rights Advisory Board included animal rights philosopher Tom Regan, until his death in 2017 add something

 

On December 7, 2017 the organization announced the acquisition of a third Island Class Cutter thanks to a donation from Chris Sharp, a biotech businessman add something


2018

In April of 2018, Sea Shepherd released a PSA that takes an artistic approach to telling us that more than 1 million marine animals die every year from plastic debris add something

 

In April 2018, Sea Shepherd released a PSA that takes an artistic approach to telling us that more than 1 million marine animals die every year from plastic debris add something