Chrysler Europe
Simca 1100
Simca Poissy engine
Simca 6

See also


Knowledge Identifier: &Simca



French automaker, founded in November 1934 by Fiat and directed from July 1935 to May 1963 by Italian Henri Théodore Pigozzi add

Category: Business (14)

Founded in 1934.

Countries: France (41%), (17%), United States (12%)

Main connections: Chrysler, Chrysler Europe, Peugeot

Linked to: Fiat, Rootes Group, Chrysler Europe, Peugeot




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The SIMCA company was founded in 1935 by & Fiat, when Fiat bought the former Donnet factory in the French town of Nanterre add something


They were followed in 1936 by the Simca Cinq or 5CV, a version of the & Fiat Topolino, and in 1937 by the Huit or 8CV version of the Fiat 508C-1100 add something


Production of the 6CV and 11CV stopped in 1937, leaving the 5CV and the 8CV in production until the outbreak of World War II. Despite France's being occupied, Simca cars continued to be produced in small numbers throughout the war add something


AB Nykopings Automobilfabrik - "'AB Nyköpings Automobilfabrik"' founded in 1937 was an automobile manufacturer in Nyköping that assembled trucks from Chrysler, DeSoto, Plymouth, Fargo and later ?koda and Standard and from the mid-1950s Simca


With peace, production resumed in 1946 with the pre-war Cinq and Huit , but a new car arrived in 1948 with the Simca 6 with overhead valve 570 cc engine ahead of the equivalent Fiat add something


Simca 6 - Despite having its first public presentation at the 1947 Motor Show, the car got off to a slow start, with just 11 produced during the closing month of 1947 and 191 during the whole of 1948: during these years the older Simca 5 remained the company's smaller volume model


Simca 6 - The "' & Simca 6"' is a city car produced and sold in France by Simca between 1947 and 1950


Simca 6 - However, in 1949 the Simca 6 fulfilled its manufacturer's plans and replaced its predecessor


The 1950s was a decade of growth for Simca, and in 1959 the combined output of the plants at Nanterre and at Poissy exceeded 225,000 cars, placing the manufacturer in second place among the French automakers in volume terms, ahead of Peugeot and Citroën, though still far behind market leader Renault add something


Francois Lehideux - Indeed the Ford Motor Company appointed him managing director of their French operations in 1950 in succession to Maurice Dollfus, a controversial decision that sparked a hostile reaction that encouraged Ford to sell its French arm to Simca in 1954


Simca 6 - More than 16,000 & Simca 6s were produced during its production run which came to an end in 1950: after this loyal Simca customers would need to upgrade to the larger Simca 8


Simca do Brasil - "'Simca do Brasil"' was a subsidiary of the now defunct French automaker Simca and started out in the late 1950s assembling the Simca Vedette imported in kit form from France and selling it in three versions, the Chambord, Présidence and Rallye


Following this success, Simca took over the French truck manufacturers Unic in 1951, and Saurer in 1956, the Poissy plant of Ford SAF in 1954 add something


Gordini - Gordini and Simca started to diverge in 1951 because of political conflicts


Robert Opron - After working at a sugar factory and in the airplane industry, Opron began working at Simca in 1952 at age 26


Simca 9 - In September 1952, the 1953 Simca 9 Sport featured all-new bodywork, curvier and with more glazing


Someca - Created in 1953 by SIMCA, a then-subsidiary of Fiat Auto Italia, Fiat Someca was a French agricultural tractor manufacturer


Someca - In 1953, SIMCA bought out the agricultural motors and tractors division of the company MAP, which it used as the basis for the creation of "SOMECA"


Ford Versailles - The former Ford SAF plant in Poissy, acquired by & Simca in 1954, manufactured a large car called the Simca Vedette


Ford SAF - In November 1954 Ford merged the entire French operation to Simca at first keeping 15,2 per cent of the company but selling this share as well in 1958


The Simca plant received a visit by Juscelino Kubitschek before his inauguration in 1956, organized by a Brazilian General who had a family member employed there add something


Simca do Brasil - The Simca plant received a visit by Juscelino Kubitschek before his inauguration as president in 1956, organized by a Brazilian General who had a family member employed in Poissy


An Aronde-powered version was made in 1957 and called the Ariane which because of its economy combined with a large body was popular as a taxi add something


The "'Simca Fulgur"' was a concept car designed in 1958 by Robert Opron for Simca and first displayed at the 1959 Geneva Auto Show add something


Someca - In 1958, SOMECA became part of SIMCA Industries


Talbot-Lago - It was now, in the early summer of 1958, that Tony Lago decided to accept an offer from & Simca president, Henri Pigozzi, for the sale of the Talbot brand to Simca


Simca do Brasil - Simca do Brasil was founded on 5 May 1958 in the City of Belo Horizonte, capital of the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, as a result of Brazilian President Juscelino Kubitschek efforts to lure foreign car companies to pioneer this market with huge potential through tempting fiscal advantages


Automotive industry in France - Company is bought by Simca in 1959


Talbot-Lago - Talbot-Lago was transferred to Simca in 1959


Their range was built around the 2,4 liter V8-engined Simca Vedette, which entered production in Brazil in March 1959 add something


Barreiros (manufacturer) - As the 1960s progressed, the range was extended with some smaller models from Chrysler's French subsidiary, Simca


Economy car - Chrysler having taken control of Simca in the 1960s, as part of expansion plans to match GM and Ford, turned to their French subsidiary, when they needed to launch an American made sub-compact, to comply with federal Corporate Average Fuel Economy regulations that were being introduced starting with the 1978 model year cars


Harm Lagaay - In the late 1960s, Lagaay went to work for Simca, from 1971 for Porsche


Simca Poissy engine - It was developed and produced by Simca in the late 1960s at the manufacturer's factory in Poissy, hence its name


Ford SAF - The Poissy factory has an interesting later history - after the incorporation of Ford SAF into Simca, it was a subject of Simca's takeover by & Chrysler in the 1960, and during the 1970s it manufactured the first French-made car to bear the Chrysler brand, the Chrysler 180


Simca 1100 - The design was a result of Simca's market research in the early 1960s, which showed the increasing popularity of front wheel drive cars that provided better utilization of space and comfort in small cars


In 1961 Simca started to manufacture all of its models in the ex-Ford SAF factory in Poissy and sold the factory at Nanterre to Citroën add something


It was displayed at the New York Auto Show, and the 1961 Chicago Auto Show add something


The Poissy plant had ample room for expansion, which duly took place so that Simca production in France was focused on a single plant, permitting the old Nanterre plant to be sold in 1961 add something


This model continued to be made and progressively upgraded, but now with Simca badges and various names, until 1962 in France and 1967 in Brazil add something


It debuted in 1963 and was described by Car Magazine as "the world's neatest small coupe" add something


Simca 1100 - In 1963, Chrysler took a controlling interest in Simca, approving the project in 1964, with a production target of summer 1967


Also, in 1964 Chrysler bought the British manufacturer Rootes thus putting together the basis of Chrysler_Europe add something


In 1967 a much more up to date car, the 1100, appeared with front wheel drive and independent suspension all round, and continued in production until 1979 add something


Simca do Brasil - Finally, in 1969, the Simca name was laid to rest as the Americans re-introduced one of their internationally renowned brand names by launching the Dodge Dart on the Brazilian market


Chrysler Europe - In 1969, Chrysler Europe closed a deal with French engineering group Matra Automobiles to jointly develop the Matra sports cars and subsequently sell them through the Simca dealer network


In 1970 Simca became a subsidiary and brand of Chrysler Europe, ending its period as an independent company add something


Chrysler Europe - Following the introduction of the 1970 Avenger, Chrysler showed little investment or interest in the technologically conservative Rootes line-up, concentrating instead on the advanced front wheel drive Simca models instead


Matra - For 1970 following the agreement with Simca, Matra asked Tyrrell to use their V12 rather than the Cosworth


Tyrrell Racing - For the 1970 season following & Matra's merger with Simca, Tyrrell were asked by Matra to use their V12 rather than the Cosworth


Chrysler Europe - In 1970 Rootes formally became known as Chrysler Ltd. and Simca became known as Chrysler


Chrysler 180 - In 1970, however, Chrysler reviewed the programme once again and decided to trim it down to just one version, to be built in Simca's Poissy factory in France, for all markets


Chrysler 180 - Resulting from joining development efforts of Rootes Group and Simca, the car was produced from 1970 to 1975 in Poissy, France, and later in Chrysler's subsidiary Barreiros' factory in Spain


Chrysler Horizon - The Horizon was designed by Simca, the French division of Chrysler Europe in the 1970s and introduced in summer 1978


Chrysler Sunbeam - The Sunbeam was, unlike the larger Horizon and Alpine models which were launched by Chrysler in the mid to late 1970s, never sold in France as a Simca


On 1 July 1970 the company title was formally changed to Chrysler France add something


Simca Poissy engine - In 1973, Simca changed their engine coding system and the longitudinal engine now became the "'1D1"' while the transverse model became the "'3D1"'


Simca Poissy engine - In 1973, Simca changed their system and the engines became "'3G"' and "'1G"' instead


Matra Bagheera - When launched in 1973, the Bagheera was only available with the 1,3 L straight-4 engine, belonging to Simca's "Poissy engine"


Barreiros (manufacturer) - In 1975, Barreiros became for the first time the sole source for a Chrysler Europe model - the production lines of the slow-selling Chrysler 180 series were moved to Madrid from Simca's factory in Poissy


Richard Welch - The night of 23 December 1975, five men in a stolen Simca followed him home as he returned from a Christmas party


Chrysler Europe - Although the original marques were retained at first, from 1976 British-built cars were badged as Chryslers, while the Simca badge appeared on French versions


However, Chrysler's forced marriage of Simca and Rootes was not a happy one: Chrysler_Europe collapsed in 1977 and the remains were sold to Peugeot the following year add something


Simca's history ended in 1978, when Chrysler divested its European operations to another French automaker, &PSA (PSA_Peugeot_Citroën) Peugeot Citroën add something


Chrysler Horizon - As a result of the acquisition of & Chrysler's European car division by Peugeot in 1978, both the Chrysler and Simca brands were dropped and the car was sold under the Talbot brand in all its European markets


Barreiros (manufacturer) - In 1978, Chrysler Europe was sold to &PSA (PSA_Peugeot_Citroën), who subsequently renamed all former Chrysler/Simca models to Talbot


Renault Espace - In 1978, six years before the Espace went into production, Chrysler UK and Simca were sold to the French company PSA Peugeot Citroën , and the Espace design was given to Matra


Chrysler Horizon - The "'Horizon"' was a subcompact automobile developed by & Chrysler Europe and was sold in Europe between February 1978 and June 1986 under the Chrysler, Simca and Talbot nameplates


The last car to carry the Simca badge was the 1980 Solara, a 1307 with a boot, but by 1981 this had become a Talbot, thus ending the Simca marque entirely add something


Chrysler Horizon - The Horizon was initially built in the former Simca factory in France but from 1980 production expanded to the former Chrysler Europe Ryton plant, near Coventry in England


Economy car - They were only sold in mainland Europe, where they were popular into the 1980s , but unknown in the UK. The French 1967 Simca 1100 , the 1969 Fiat 128, and the 1971 Fiat 127 regarded as the first 'super-mini' brought this development to a wider audience


Chrysler Europe - The former Simca and Rootes assembly plants in Poissy and Ryton-on-Dunsmore, respectively, continued under the ownership of &Peugeot (PSA_Peugeot_Citroën), but Rootes' Linwood plant in Scotland was a casualty of the takeover - closing its doors in 1981


Simca Poissy engine - This engine proved cheap to build, and several models of different sizes and market segments used this displacement, which survived until 1982, as the ever-present entry level for the Simca 1100


Peugeot 309 - Production in France began at the former Simca plant in Poissy in late summer of 1985, with the first French customers getting their cars in October 1985 of that year; but it was decided that RHD models would be built at the Ryton plant near Coventry, England, which had previously been owned by the Rootes Group and Chrysler Europe before Peugeot took it over in 1978


Groupe PSA - What was to have been the Talbot Arizona became the & Peugeot 309, with the former Rootes plant in Ryton and Simca plant in Poissy being turned over for Peugeot assembly from October 1985


Peugeot - Soon the whole Chrysler/Simca range was sold under the revived Talbot badge until production of Talbot-branded passenger cars was shelved in 1987 and on commercial vehicles in 1992


Renault Espace - Building upon its success, the Espace was revamped in 1988 with most of the Talbot/Simca content being replaced by equivalent Renault parts


The last Simca-based car to cease production was the Horizon-based Dodge Omni, which was built in the USA until 1990, its European equivalent having been axed three years earlier when the Talbot name was finally discontinued on passenger cars add something


Simca Poissy engine - The engine was first designed in a 944 cc form, but was reduced and stretched in order to be used in a variety of models and versions, by & Simca, the Rootes Group , Simca's final incarnation Talbot and its last parent company Peugeot, who used it until 1991 in its midsize model, the 309


The Peugeot 309 used Simca engines until October 1991 when they were replaced by &PSA (PSA_Peugeot_Citroën)'s own TU and XU series of engines add something


Chrysler Horizon - The Peugeot 309 continued to use the Horizon range of Simca based engines in early life, until replaced with the more modern Peugeot TU engine in 1992


Peugeot 309 - This was when Peugeot gradually phased in their all-new belt-driven TU-series overhead camshaft engines, in 1,124 cc and 1,360 cc forms, eventually replacing the trusty Simca units during 1992


The concept car was intended to show what cars in the year 2000 would look like add something