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Connections

Chrysler
(Automobiles)
Chrysler Europe
(Automobiles)
Peugeot
(Automobiles)
Fiat
(Automobiles)
Simca 1100
(Automobiles)
Simca Poissy engine
(Mechanics)
Simca 6
(Automobiles)
 

See also

Simca

Knowledge Identifier: &Simca

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Simca

French automaker, founded in November 1934 by Fiat and directed from July 1935 to May 1963 by Italian Henri Théodore Pigozzi add

Category: Business (14)

Founded in 1934.

Countries: France (41%), (17%), United States (12%)

Main connections: Chrysler, Chrysler Europe, Peugeot

Linked to: Fiat, Rootes Group, Chrysler Europe, Peugeot

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Simca.


1935

The SIMCA company was founded in 1935 by & Fiat, when Fiat bought the former Donnet factory in the French town of Nanterre add something


1936

They were followed in 1936 by the Simca Cinq or 5CV, a version of the & Fiat Topolino, and in 1937 by the Huit or 8CV version of the Fiat 508C-1100 add something


1937

Production of the 6CV and 11CV stopped in 1937, leaving the 5CV and the 8CV in production until the outbreak of World War II. Despite France's being occupied, Simca cars continued to be produced in small numbers throughout the war add something

 

AB Nykopings Automobilfabrik - "'AB Nyköpings Automobilfabrik"' founded in 1937 was an automobile manufacturer in Nyköping that assembled trucks from Chrysler, DeSoto, Plymouth, Fargo and later ?koda and Standard and from the mid-1950s Simca


1946

With peace, production resumed in 1946 with the pre-war Cinq and Huit , but a new car arrived in 1948 with the Simca 6 with overhead valve 570 cc engine ahead of the equivalent Fiat add something


1947

Simca 6 - Despite having its first public presentation at the 1947 Motor Show, the car got off to a slow start, with just 11 produced during the closing month of 1947 and 191 during the whole of 1948: during these years the older Simca 5 remained the company's smaller volume model

 

Simca 6 - The "' & Simca 6"' is a city car produced and sold in France by Simca between 1947 and 1950


1949

Simca 6 - However, in 1949 the Simca 6 fulfilled its manufacturer's plans and replaced its predecessor


1950

The 1950s was a decade of growth for Simca, and in 1959 the combined output of the plants at Nanterre and at Poissy exceeded 225,000 cars, placing the manufacturer in second place among the French automakers in volume terms, ahead of Peugeot and Citroën, though still far behind market leader Renault add something

 

Francois Lehideux - Indeed the Ford Motor Company appointed him managing director of their French operations in 1950 in succession to Maurice Dollfus, a controversial decision that sparked a hostile reaction that encouraged Ford to sell its French arm to Simca in 1954

 

Simca 6 - More than 16,000 & Simca 6s were produced during its production run which came to an end in 1950: after this loyal Simca customers would need to upgrade to the larger Simca 8

 

Simca do Brasil - "'Simca do Brasil"' was a subsidiary of the now defunct French automaker Simca and started out in the late 1950s assembling the Simca Vedette imported in kit form from France and selling it in three versions, the Chambord, Présidence and Rallye


1951

Following this success, Simca took over the French truck manufacturers Unic in 1951, and Saurer in 1956, the Poissy plant of Ford SAF in 1954 add something

 

Gordini - Gordini and Simca started to diverge in 1951 because of political conflicts


1952

Robert Opron - After working at a sugar factory and in the airplane industry, Opron began working at Simca in 1952 at age 26

 

Simca 9 - In September 1952, the 1953 Simca 9 Sport featured all-new bodywork, curvier and with more glazing


1953

Someca - Created in 1953 by SIMCA, a then-subsidiary of Fiat Auto Italia, Fiat Someca was a French agricultural tractor manufacturer

 

Someca - In 1953, SIMCA bought out the agricultural motors and tractors division of the company MAP, which it used as the basis for the creation of "SOMECA"


1954

Ford Versailles - The former Ford SAF plant in Poissy, acquired by & Simca in 1954, manufactured a large car called the Simca Vedette

 

Ford SAF - In November 1954 Ford merged the entire French operation to Simca at first keeping 15,2 per cent of the company but selling this share as well in 1958


1956

The Simca plant received a visit by Juscelino Kubitschek before his inauguration in 1956, organized by a Brazilian General who had a family member employed there add something

 

Simca do Brasil - The Simca plant received a visit by Juscelino Kubitschek before his inauguration as president in 1956, organized by a Brazilian General who had a family member employed in Poissy


1957

An Aronde-powered version was made in 1957 and called the Ariane which because of its economy combined with a large body was popular as a taxi add something


1958

The "'Simca Fulgur"' was a concept car designed in 1958 by Robert Opron for Simca and first displayed at the 1959 Geneva Auto Show add something

 

Someca - In 1958, SOMECA became part of SIMCA Industries

 

Talbot-Lago - It was now, in the early summer of 1958, that Tony Lago decided to accept an offer from & Simca president, Henri Pigozzi, for the sale of the Talbot brand to Simca

 

Simca do Brasil - Simca do Brasil was founded on 5 May 1958 in the City of Belo Horizonte, capital of the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, as a result of Brazilian President Juscelino Kubitschek efforts to lure foreign car companies to pioneer this market with huge potential through tempting fiscal advantages


1959

Automotive industry in France - Company is bought by Simca in 1959

 

Talbot-Lago - Talbot-Lago was transferred to Simca in 1959

 

Their range was built around the 2,4 liter V8-engined Simca Vedette, which entered production in Brazil in March 1959 add something


1960

Barreiros (manufacturer) - As the 1960s progressed, the range was extended with some smaller models from Chrysler's French subsidiary, Simca

 

Economy car - Chrysler having taken control of Simca in the 1960s, as part of expansion plans to match GM and Ford, turned to their French subsidiary, when they needed to launch an American made sub-compact, to comply with federal Corporate Average Fuel Economy regulations that were being introduced starting with the 1978 model year cars

 

Harm Lagaay - In the late 1960s, Lagaay went to work for Simca, from 1971 for Porsche

 

Simca Poissy engine - It was developed and produced by Simca in the late 1960s at the manufacturer's factory in Poissy, hence its name

 

Ford SAF - The Poissy factory has an interesting later history - after the incorporation of Ford SAF into Simca, it was a subject of Simca's takeover by & Chrysler in the 1960, and during the 1970s it manufactured the first French-made car to bear the Chrysler brand, the Chrysler 180

 

Simca 1100 - The design was a result of Simca's market research in the early 1960s, which showed the increasing popularity of front wheel drive cars that provided better utilization of space and comfort in small cars


1961

In 1961 Simca started to manufacture all of its models in the ex-Ford SAF factory in Poissy and sold the factory at Nanterre to Citroën add something

 

It was displayed at the New York Auto Show, and the 1961 Chicago Auto Show add something

 

The Poissy plant had ample room for expansion, which duly took place so that Simca production in France was focused on a single plant, permitting the old Nanterre plant to be sold in 1961 add something


1962

This model continued to be made and progressively upgraded, but now with Simca badges and various names, until 1962 in France and 1967 in Brazil add something


1963

It debuted in 1963 and was described by Car Magazine as "the world's neatest small coupe" add something

 

Simca 1100 - In 1963, Chrysler took a controlling interest in Simca, approving the project in 1964, with a production target of summer 1967


1964

Also, in 1964 Chrysler bought the British manufacturer Rootes thus putting together the basis of Chrysler_Europe add something


1967

In 1967 a much more up to date car, the 1100, appeared with front wheel drive and independent suspension all round, and continued in production until 1979 add something


1969

Simca do Brasil - Finally, in 1969, the Simca name was laid to rest as the Americans re-introduced one of their internationally renowned brand names by launching the Dodge Dart on the Brazilian market

 

Chrysler Europe - In 1969, Chrysler Europe closed a deal with French engineering group Matra Automobiles to jointly develop the Matra sports cars and subsequently sell them through the Simca dealer network


1970

In 1970 Simca became a subsidiary and brand of Chrysler Europe, ending its period as an independent company add something

 

Chrysler Europe - Following the introduction of the 1970 Avenger, Chrysler showed little investment or interest in the technologically conservative Rootes line-up, concentrating instead on the advanced front wheel drive Simca models instead

 

Matra - For 1970 following the agreement with Simca, Matra asked Tyrrell to use their V12 rather than the Cosworth

 

Tyrrell Racing - For the 1970 season following & Matra's merger with Simca, Tyrrell were asked by Matra to use their V12 rather than the Cosworth

 

Chrysler Europe - In 1970 Rootes formally became known as Chrysler Ltd. and Simca became known as Chrysler

 

Chrysler 180 - In 1970, however, Chrysler reviewed the programme once again and decided to trim it down to just one version, to be built in Simca's Poissy factory in France, for all markets

 

Chrysler 180 - Resulting from joining development efforts of Rootes Group and Simca, the car was produced from 1970 to 1975 in Poissy, France, and later in Chrysler's subsidiary Barreiros' factory in Spain

 

Chrysler Horizon - The Horizon was designed by Simca, the French division of Chrysler Europe in the 1970s and introduced in summer 1978

 

Chrysler Sunbeam - The Sunbeam was, unlike the larger Horizon and Alpine models which were launched by Chrysler in the mid to late 1970s, never sold in France as a Simca

 

On 1 July 1970 the company title was formally changed to Chrysler France add something


1973

Simca Poissy engine - In 1973, Simca changed their engine coding system and the longitudinal engine now became the "'1D1"' while the transverse model became the "'3D1"'

 

Simca Poissy engine - In 1973, Simca changed their system and the engines became "'3G"' and "'1G"' instead

 

Matra Bagheera - When launched in 1973, the Bagheera was only available with the 1,3 L straight-4 engine, belonging to Simca's "Poissy engine"


1975

Barreiros (manufacturer) - In 1975, Barreiros became for the first time the sole source for a Chrysler Europe model - the production lines of the slow-selling Chrysler 180 series were moved to Madrid from Simca's factory in Poissy

 

Richard Welch - The night of 23 December 1975, five men in a stolen Simca followed him home as he returned from a Christmas party


1976

Chrysler Europe - Although the original marques were retained at first, from 1976 British-built cars were badged as Chryslers, while the Simca badge appeared on French versions


1977

However, Chrysler's forced marriage of Simca and Rootes was not a happy one: Chrysler_Europe collapsed in 1977 and the remains were sold to Peugeot the following year add something


1978

Simca's history ended in 1978, when Chrysler divested its European operations to another French automaker, &PSA (PSA_Peugeot_Citroën) Peugeot Citroën add something

 

Chrysler Horizon - As a result of the acquisition of & Chrysler's European car division by Peugeot in 1978, both the Chrysler and Simca brands were dropped and the car was sold under the Talbot brand in all its European markets

 

Barreiros (manufacturer) - In 1978, Chrysler Europe was sold to &PSA (PSA_Peugeot_Citroën), who subsequently renamed all former Chrysler/Simca models to Talbot

 

Renault Espace - In 1978, six years before the Espace went into production, Chrysler UK and Simca were sold to the French company PSA Peugeot Citroën , and the Espace design was given to Matra

 

Chrysler Horizon - The "'Horizon"' was a subcompact automobile developed by & Chrysler Europe and was sold in Europe between February 1978 and June 1986 under the Chrysler, Simca and Talbot nameplates


1980

The last car to carry the Simca badge was the 1980 Solara, a 1307 with a boot, but by 1981 this had become a Talbot, thus ending the Simca marque entirely add something

 

Chrysler Horizon - The Horizon was initially built in the former Simca factory in France but from 1980 production expanded to the former Chrysler Europe Ryton plant, near Coventry in England

 

Economy car - They were only sold in mainland Europe, where they were popular into the 1980s , but unknown in the UK. The French 1967 Simca 1100 , the 1969 Fiat 128, and the 1971 Fiat 127 regarded as the first 'super-mini' brought this development to a wider audience


1981

Chrysler Europe - The former Simca and Rootes assembly plants in Poissy and Ryton-on-Dunsmore, respectively, continued under the ownership of &Peugeot (PSA_Peugeot_Citroën), but Rootes' Linwood plant in Scotland was a casualty of the takeover - closing its doors in 1981


1982

Simca Poissy engine - This engine proved cheap to build, and several models of different sizes and market segments used this displacement, which survived until 1982, as the ever-present entry level for the Simca 1100


1985

Peugeot 309 - Production in France began at the former Simca plant in Poissy in late summer of 1985, with the first French customers getting their cars in October 1985 of that year; but it was decided that RHD models would be built at the Ryton plant near Coventry, England, which had previously been owned by the Rootes Group and Chrysler Europe before Peugeot took it over in 1978

 

Groupe PSA - What was to have been the Talbot Arizona became the & Peugeot 309, with the former Rootes plant in Ryton and Simca plant in Poissy being turned over for Peugeot assembly from October 1985


1987

Peugeot - Soon the whole Chrysler/Simca range was sold under the revived Talbot badge until production of Talbot-branded passenger cars was shelved in 1987 and on commercial vehicles in 1992


1988

Renault Espace - Building upon its success, the Espace was revamped in 1988 with most of the Talbot/Simca content being replaced by equivalent Renault parts


1990

The last Simca-based car to cease production was the Horizon-based Dodge Omni, which was built in the USA until 1990, its European equivalent having been axed three years earlier when the Talbot name was finally discontinued on passenger cars add something


1991

Simca Poissy engine - The engine was first designed in a 944 cc form, but was reduced and stretched in order to be used in a variety of models and versions, by & Simca, the Rootes Group , Simca's final incarnation Talbot and its last parent company Peugeot, who used it until 1991 in its midsize model, the 309

 

The Peugeot 309 used Simca engines until October 1991 when they were replaced by &PSA (PSA_Peugeot_Citroën)'s own TU and XU series of engines add something


1992

Chrysler Horizon - The Peugeot 309 continued to use the Horizon range of Simca based engines in early life, until replaced with the more modern Peugeot TU engine in 1992

 

Peugeot 309 - This was when Peugeot gradually phased in their all-new belt-driven TU-series overhead camshaft engines, in 1,124 cc and 1,360 cc forms, eventually replacing the trusty Simca units during 1992


2000

The concept car was intended to show what cars in the year 2000 would look like add something