Alois Brunner
Anne Frank
Friedrich Peter
Marvin Hier
World War II
Bruno Kreisky

See also

Simon Wiesenthal

Knowledge Identifier: +Simon_Wiesenthal


Simon Wiesenthal

Austrian Holocaust survivor who became famous after World War II for his work as a Nazi hunter add

Category: Politics

Born in 1908.

Countries: Austria (37%), Germany (19%), United States (12%)

Main connections: Alois Brunner, Anne Frank, Mossad

Linked to: Gestapo, Bundestag, Council of Europe, HBO




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Simon Wiesenthal was born in 1908 add something


Eastern Front - A reservist in the Austro-Hungarian Army, Asher was called to active duty in 1914 at the start of World War I. He died in combat on the Eastern Front in 1915 add something


The family returned to Buczacz in 1917 after the Russians retreated add something


The area changed hands several more times before the war ended in November 1918 add something


Hillel fell and broke his back in 1923 and died the following year add something


Rosa remarried in 1926 and moved to Dolyna with her new husband, Isack Halperin, who owned a tile factory there add something


He instead studied the Czech Technical University in Prague, where he studied from 1928 until 1932 add something


He was apprenticed as a building engineer through 1934 and 1935, spending most of that period in Odessa add something


He married Cyla in 1936 when he returned to Galicia add something


There Simon met his future wife, Cyla Müller, whom he would marry in 1936 add something


He quotes a "curriculum vitae" Wiesenthal prepared after World War II as stating he worked as a supervisor at a factory until 1939 and worked as a mechanic in a different factory until the Nazis invaded in 1941 add something


He wrote for the "Omnibus", a satirical student newspaper, and graduated in 1939 add something


In Europe, World War II began in September 1939 with the Nazi invasion of Poland add something


In late 1941, Wiesenthal and his wife were transferred to Janowska concentration camp and forced to work at the Eastern Railway Repair Works add something


He bribed an official to prevent his own deportation under Clause 11, a rule that prevented all Jewish professionals and intellectuals from living within of the city, which was under Soviet occupation until the Germans invaded in June 1941 add something


Named commandant of the extermination camp at Sobibor in February 1942, he was transferred to Treblinka that August add something


In one such deportation, Wiesenthal's mother and other elderly Jewish women were transported by freight train to Belzec extermination camp and killed in August 1942 add something


After several days in hiding, Scheiman rejoined his wife, and Wiesenthal was taken to the nearby village of Kulparkow by members of the underground, and remained there until the end of 1943 add something


He was able to pass along further information about the railroads to the underground and occasionally left the compound to obtain supplies, even clandestinely obtaining weapons for the Armia Krajowa and two pistols for himself, which he later took along when he escaped in autumn 1943 add something


Josef Mengele was a medical officer assigned to Auschwitz concentration camp from 1943 until the end of the war add something


According to Wiesenthal, on 20 April 1943, Second Lieutenant Gustav Wilhaus, second in command at the Janowska camp, decided to shoot 54 Jewish intellectuals in celebration of Hitler's 54th birthday add something


On 2 October 1943, according to Wiesenthal, Kohlrautz warned him that the camp and its prisoners were about to be liquidated add something


Battle of Berlin - He has variously reported that Kohlrautz was killed on the Russian Front in 1944 or in the Battle of Berlin on 19 April 1945 add something


He was arrested there, hiding under the floorboards, by two Polish detectives on 13 June 1944 and taken back to the remains of the camp at Janowska add something


The couple was reunited in 1945, and their daughter Paulinka was born the following year add something


He left the camp in January 1945 as the Red Army approached and was briefly in American custody in Weiden in der Oberpfalz, but was released add something


From Chemnitz the prisoners were taken in open freight cars to Buchenwald, and a few days later by truck to Mauthausen concentration camp, arriving in mid-February 1945 add something


He was placed in a death block for the mortally ill, where he survived on 200 calories a day until the camp was liberated by the Americans on 5 May 1945 add something


When Austria was partitioned in July 1945, Mauthausen fell into the Soviet-occupied zone, so the American War Crimes Office was moved to Linz add something


For example, he claimed that he prevented Veronika Eichmann from having her husband declared dead in 1947, when in fact the declaration was denied "at the instigation of the authorities add something


In 1947, he co-founded the Jewish Historical Documentation Center in Linz, in order to gather information for future war crime trials add something


In February 1947, he and 30 other volunteers founded the Jewish Historical Documentation Center in Linz to gather information for future war crimes trials add something


He escaped while on a roadwork detail in Linz in May 1948 add something


He took work as a farm hand in rural Germany, remaining until 1949, when he decided to flee the country; he acquired a Red Cross passport and left for Argentina, where he set up a business in Buenos Aires in 1951 add something


After the war ended, Eichmann hid in Austria using forged identity papers until 1950, when he left via Italy and moved to Argentina under an assumed name add something


His family joined him there a year later and they emigrated to Brazil in 1951 add something


Hoping to obtain information on Eichmann's whereabouts, Wiesenthal continuously monitored the remaining members of the immediate family in Linz until they vanished in 1952 add something


However, as the U.S. and the Soviet Union lost interest in conducting further trials, a similar group headed by Tuviah Friedman in Vienna closed its office in 1952, and the one in Linz closed in 1954 add something


Heinrich Harrer - After returning to Europe in 1952, Harrer was cleared of any pre-war crimes and this was later supported by Simon Wiesenthal


Wiesenthal learned from a letter shown to him in 1953 that Eichmann had been seen in Buenos Aires , and he passed along that information to the Israeli consulate in Vienna in 1954 add something


Fritz Bauer, prosecutor-general of the state of Hesse in West Germany, received independent confirmation of Eichmann's whereabouts in 1957, but German agents that he sent overseas were unable to find him until late 1959 add something


Karl Silberbauer - Holocaust survivor and Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal began searching for Silberbauer in 1958, when Wiesenthal was challenged by Holocaust deniers to prove the existence of Anne Frank


Anne Frank - In 1958, at a performance of "The Diary of Anne Frank" in Vienna, Simon Wiesenthal was challenged by a group of protesters who asserted that Anne Frank had never existed, and who challenged Wiesenthal to prove her existence by finding the man who had arrested her


She served a three-year sentence in Austria for her activities in Ravensbrück, but had not yet been charged for any of her crimes at Majdanek when she emigrated to the United States in 1959 add something


Josef Mengele - He initially lived in and around Buenos Aires, but fled to Paraguay in 1959 and Brazil in 1960 while being sought by West Germany, Israel, and Nazi hunters such as Simon Wiesenthal so that he could be brought to trial


Acting on information received from Wiesenthal, West German authorities tried to extradite Mengele in 1960, but he could not be found; he had in fact moved to Paraguay in 1958 add something


Meanwhile both organisations that were paying Wiesenthal terminated his services in 1960, as there were too few refugees left in the city to justify the expense add something


When Eichmann's father died in 1960, Wiesenthal made arrangements for private detectives to surreptitiously photograph members of the family, as Eichmann's brother Otto was said to bear a strong family resemblance and there were no current photos of the fugitive add something


Wiesenthal claimed to have information that placed Mengele on the Greek island of Kythnos in 1960, Cairo in 1961, in Spain in 1971, and in Paraguay in 1978, eighteen years after he had left add something


Zvi Aharoni, one of the Mossad agents responsible for Eichmann's capture in Buenos Aires on 11 May 1960, said the photos were useful in confirming Eichmann's identity add something


He moved to Brazil in 1961 and lived there until his death in 1979 add something


Wiesenthal opened a new documentation centre in Vienna in 1961 add something


Wiesenthal's 1961 book "Ich Jagte Eichmann" states that he was working in Odessa as an engineer from 1940 to 1941 add something


In 1963 Wiesenthal read in the newspaper that Karl Silberbauer, the man who had arrested famed diarist Anne Frank, had been located; he was serving on the police force in Vienna add something


In spite of Wiesenthal's protests, in late 1963 his centre in Vienna was taken over by a local community group, so he immediately set up an new independent office, funded using donations and his stipend from the Mossad add something


She became an American citizen in 1963 add something


Walter Rauff - In a friendly letter to Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal, Allende wrote that he could not reverse the Supreme Court's 1963 decision


It was probably Stangl's brother-in law who informed Wiesenthal of Stangl's whereabouts in 1964 add something


Wiesenthal was first told about Braunsteiner in early 1964 via a chance encounter in Tel Aviv with someone who had seen her performing selections at Majdanek add something


In March 1965 the Bundestag deferred the matter for five years, effectively extending the expiration date add something


Stangl was arrested outside his home in São Paulo on 28 February 1967 and was extradited to Germany on 22 June add something


In the 1970s, Wiesenthal became involved in Austrian politics when he pointed out that several ministers in Bruno Kreisky's newly formed Socialist government had been Nazis when Austria was part of the Third Reich add something


Stangl was sentenced to life in prison and died of heart failure in June 1971, after having confessed his guilt to biographer Gitta Sereny the previous day add something


In 1975, after Wiesenthal had released a report on FPÖ party chairman Friedrich Peter's Nazi past, Chancellor Bruno Kreisky suggested Wiesenthal was part of a "certain mafia" seeking to besmirch Austria and even claimed Wiesenthal had collaborated with Nazis and the Gestapo to survive add something


Friedrich Peter - Simon Wiesenthal, at that time head of the Jewish Documentation Center in Vienna , published a report on Friedrich Peter's Nazi past after the 1975 elections


The Simon Wiesenthal Center in Los Angeles was founded in 1977 by Rabbi Marvin Hier using large donations from philanthropists Samuel Belzberg and Joseph Tennenbaum add something


These sightings all proved to be false alarms, but in 1977 a person living in Buenos Aires , after seeing the movie, reported to police that Roschmann was living nearby add something


Marvin Hier - In 1977, following a visit to Holocaust sites in Europe, Rabbi Hier came to Los Angeles to create the Simon Wiesenthal Center


Wiesenthal attended the film's New York premiere in 1978 add something


Ingrid Rimland - In her third, and least known, book, "Demon Doctor", Rimland tells of her quest to find Josef Mengele in the 1980s with the help of, notably, Simon Wiesenthal


She was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1981 and died in 1999 add something


In 1982, a bomb placed by German and Austrian neo-Nazis exploded outside his house in Vienna , Austria add something


After members of Mengele's family admitted to authorities in 1985 that he had died, the body was exhumed and his identity was confirmed add something


And he added that the last major Austrian war criminal still alive is Alois Brunner, Adolf Eichmann's right-hand man, who was last seen by reliable witnesses in 1992 add something


The center's Holocaust museum, the largest in the United States, opened in 1993 add something


Alan Levy - In 1993 he published "The Wiesenthal File", the story of Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal


Janos Esterhazy - There is a letter from Simon Wiesenthal to Dr. Peter Samko, chief judge of the The Town Court of Bratislava, published in the newspaper of Új Szó, 1993


Princess Mabel of Orange-Nassau - Wisse Smit was co-founder of the European Action Council for Peace in the Balkans in 1994, which was a non-governmental organisation that strove for peace, democracy and stability in the Balkans, and had Margaret Thatcher, Simon Wiesenthal and Valéry Giscard d'Estaing among its members


Sidney Sheinberg - The Sheinbergs jointly received the 1995 Simon Wiesenthal Center's Humanitarian *award


Judy Feld Carr - Feld Carr has received numerous other awards, including the Order of Canada; the Queen's Jubilee Medal in 2002; the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal in 2012; the Abram Sachar Medal as "Woman of the Year", &Brandeis_University; the Saul Hayes Human Rights Award of the Canadian Jewish Congress; the Simon Wiesenthal Award for Tolerance, Justice and Human Rights; and the University of Haifa Humanitarian Award of Merit; Woman of Achievemment Award of both Canadian Hadassah and B'nai B'rith Women; Dr Jane Evans Pursuit of Justice Award of Women of Reform Judaism of Nor


Wiesenthal spent his last years in Vienna , where his wife, Cyla, died of natural causes on 10 November 2003, at age 95 add something

Simon Wiesenthal died in 2005 add something


Wiesenthal died 2 years later on 20 September 2005, at the age of 96 add something


Wiesenthal died in his sleep at age 96 in Vienna on 20 September 2005, and was buried in the city of Herzliya in Israel on 23 September add something


Efraim Zuroff - Zuroff, who continued the hunt for the Nazi war criminal Aribert Heim after the death of Simon Wiesenthal in 2005, has been lukewarm in his reaction to the reported death of Heim in Cairo in 1992


In October 2006, the Vienna city council overwhelmingly approved renaming a street the Simon-Wiesenthal-Gasse, formerly "Ichmanngasse" add something


Alois Brunner - In March 2009, the Simon Wiesenthal Center admitted that the possibility of Brunner still being alive was "slim"


In 2010, Wiesenthal was honoured by a commemorative stamp, a joint issue by the postal administrations of Austria and Israel; first day of issue was 14 June 2010 add something


Helen Mirren - In preparation for her role as a retired Israeli Mossad agent in the film "The Debt", Mirren reportedly immersed herself in studies of Hebrew language, Jewish history, and Holocaust writing, including the life of Simon Wiesenthal, while in Israel in 2009 for the filming of some of the movie's scenes


In February 2012, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints apologized for the posthumous baptism of Wiesenthal's parents add something


Elie Wiesel - On February 13, 2012, the "Salt Lake City Tribune" announced that the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints performed a posthumous baptism of Simon Wiesenthal's parents


"Wiesenthal" is a one-person show written and performed by Tom Dugan that premiered in 2014 add something


Alois Brunner - Brunner was removed from the List of Most Wanted Nazi War Criminals according to the Simon Wiesenthal Center in 2014


Alois Brunner - On November 30, 2014, the Simon Wiesenthal Center reported receiving credible information indicating that Brunner had died in Syria around 2010, four years earlier