Smithsonian Institution Press

Knowledge Identifier: &Smithsonian_Institution


Smithsonian Institution

Group of museums and research centers administered by the United States government add

Category: Business (17)

Founded in 1846.

Countries: United States (79%), (4%), United Kingdom (3%)

Main connections: James Smithson, Gustave Whitehead, Silvio Bedini

Linked to: National Museum of Natural History, Air Force Association, Harvard University, National Air and Space Museum




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As approved by Congress on August 10, 1846, the legislation that created the Smithsonian Institution called for the creation of a Board of Regents to govern and administer the organization add something


Finally, on August 10, 1846, President James K. Polk signed the legislation that established the Smithsonian Institution as a trust instrumentality of the United States, to be administered by a Board of Regents and a Secretary of the Smithsonian add something


Isaac S. Pennybacker - James K. Polk named Pennybacker to the very first Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, a group which included Vice-President George M. Dallas, Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, D.C. Mayor William W. Seaton, Senator Sidney Breese, Rep. William J. Hough, Rep. Robert Dale Owen, Rep. Henry W. Hilliard, Rufus Choate, Richard Rush, Dr. Benjamin Rush, William C. Preston, Alexander Dallas Bache, and Joseph G. Totten, among others, who met for the first time in September 1846


Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden - Being of independent mind Hayden ended his commission with Hall, and with the encouragement of S. F. Baird, and a partial sponsorship from the Smithsonian Institution, he spent the remainder of the 1850s on various exploring and collecting expeditions in the northern Missouri River areas


Darius N. Couch - Couch took a one-year leave of absence from the army from 1853 to 1854 to conduct a scientific mission for the Smithsonian Institution in northern Mexico


The Institution became a magnet for natural scientists from 1857 to 1866, who formed a group called the Megatherium Club add something


Thomas Green Clemson - His findings and distinction as a scientist got him an invitation to speak at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington in 1858


James Wallace Black - Black's photograph of abolitionist John Brown in 1859, the year of his insurrection at Harpers Ferry, is now in the National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution


Julius Erasmus Hilgard - In 1859, the self-recording magnetometer at the Smithsonian Institution may have been only the second such device in operation, the original one being under the management of Balfour Stewart at the Kew Observatory in London


Eagle of Delight - Although the original portrait of Eagle of Delight was destroyed in a fire at the Smithsonian Institution in 1865, a patron donated King's personal copy to the White House in 1962


Samuel Pierpont Langley - In 1867, he became the director of the Allegheny Observatory and a professor of astronomy at the Western University of Pennsylvania, now known as the University of Pittsburgh, a post he kept until 1891 even while he became the third Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution in 1887


Peter Parker (physician) - He became a regent of the Smithsonian Institution in 1868, a corporate member of the American Board in 1871, and was a delegate of the Evangelical Alliance to Russia the same year to memorialize the emperor in behalf of religious liberty in the Baltic provinces


Emil Bessels - In the 1870s, Bessels stayed several years at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., where he worked preparing the publication of the expedition's scientific results


Harry Yount - The Smithsonian Institution engaged Yount's services to collect specimens of animals for taxidermy display in the early 1870s


Alexander Graham Bell - In March 1875, Bell and Pollok visited the famous scientist Joseph Henry, who was director of the Smithsonian Institution, and asked Henry's advice on the electrical multi-reed apparatus that Bell hoped would transmit the human voice by telegraph


James Smithson - An additional portrait, a miniature, and the original draft of Smithson's will were acquired in 1877, which now reside in the National Portrait Gallery and Smithsonian Institution Archives, respectively


Frederick W. True - He was closely associated with the Smithsonian Institution from 1881 until his death in 1914


Cyrus Pringle - In 1884, he made a botanical survey of the north and northwestern portions of Arizona, under the auspices of the Smithsonian Institution, and this later branched into a 26-year survey of Mexico


Mary J. Rathbun - She worked at the Smithsonian Institution, often unaided, from 1884 until her death


William Holland Thomas - In 1887 Thomas assisted the ethnologist James Mooney of the Smithsonian Institution by telling him of Cherokee ways


William Henry Holmes - Holmes left the Geological Survey in 1889 to become an archaeologist with the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of American Ethnology


Marcus Benjamin - From 1896, he was the editor of the publications of the United States National Museum


Hugh L. Scott - In November 1897 he was attached to the Bureau of American Ethnology of the Smithsonian Institution, where he began preparing a work on Indian sign languages


Frederick Webb Hodge - Hodge was employed by the Smithsonian Institution in 1901 as executive assistant in charge of International Exchanges, but transferred to the Bureau of American Ethnology in 1905, where he worked until February 28, 1918


John Watts de Peyster - In 1901, he donated several thousand books and maps to the Smithsonian Institution, along with a Moorish Yataghan he collected on his travels in 1851


Gustave Whitehead - Reports of Whitehead's August 1901 flight in Connecticut were noticed by the Smithsonian Institution


Gustave Whitehead - Smithsonian Institution Curator of Aeronautics Peter L. Jakab said that Whitehead's wife and family did not know about his August 1901 flights


James Smithson - The grave site itself was going to be relocated in 1905, and in response, Alexander Graham Bell, who was a regent for the Smithsonian, requested that Smithson's remains be moved to the Smithsonian Institution Building


Edgar Lee Hewett - By 1910 he was collaborating with the Smithsonian Institution on work in Frijoles Canyon; Neil Judd was one of the students there


Oliver Perry Hay - His papers from 1911 to 1930 are stored at the Smithsonian Institution


Walter Wellman - These fragments, along with the airship's lifeboat, which Goodyear Tire and Rubber had stored since 1912, were donated to the Smithsonian Institution


Mary Vaux Walcott - Walcott married the paleontologist Charles Doolittle Walcott, who was the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, in 1914


Mary J. Rathbun - In 1915, after her retirement, the Smithsonian Institution designated Rathbun an "Honorary Research Associate", and in 1916 she was granted an honorary master's degree by the University of Pittsburgh


William Austin Burt - The replica as of 1922 was in the Smithsonian Institution and the documents of the original Letters Patent stayed in the family of Mrs. Howard Corning


Remington Kellogg - In 1928 Kellogg became assistant curator at the United States National Museum and in 1941 became curator


Charles M. Manly - He was a 1929 recipient of the Langley Gold Medal from the Smithsonian Institution


Arthur Bleksley - In 1930 he joined the Solar Research Station run by the National Geographic Society and the Smithsonian Institution at Brukkaros, the caldera of an extinct volcano in South West Africa


Ansel Adams - Through a friend with Washington connections, most likely Francis P. Farquhar, Adams was able to put on his first solo museum exhibition at the Smithsonian Institution in 1931, featuring 60 prints taken in the High Sierra


Leon Douglass - In 1932, at the invitation of the Smithsonian Institution, Douglass participated in a scientific expedition off Easter Island, where he filmed at depths up to 1,500 feet using his submarine cameras and an underwater flashlight that he patented


Amasa Holcomb - Two telescopes manufactured by Holcomb were donated by Holcomb's descendants to the Smithsonian Institution in 1933


Hugh McCormick Smith - He moved back to the United States in 1935 and was curator of zoology at the Smithsonian Institution until his death in Washington, D.C. in 1941


Joseph Sweetman Ames - He was the 1935 recipient of the Langley Gold Medal from the Smithsonian Institution


Herbert Girton Deignan - He went back to Chiangmai to take back his position and stayed from 1935 to 1937 during which time he was supported in bird collection by the Smithsonian Institution


William Purington Cole, Jr. - Cole served as a member of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution from 1940 to 1943, and was named a member of the Board of Regents of the University of Maryland, College Park in 1931, becoming chairman of the board in 1944


Vannevar Bush - He was a trustee of Tufts College from 1943 to 1962, of Johns Hopkins University from 1943 to 1955, of the Carnegie Corporation of New York from 1939 to 1950, the Carnegie Institution of Washington from 1958 to 1974, and the George Putnam Fund of Boston from 1956 to 1972, and was a regent of the Smithsonian Institution from 1943 to 1955


B. Carroll Reece - He was a member of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution in 1945 and 1946


Irving Amen - The first show of his work was at the New School for Social Research; he had a one-man show at the Smithsonian Institution in 1949 and exhibited at the Artists House in Jerusalem, the Library of Congress, and the National Academy of Design


William N. Fenton - Fenton reached the position of senior ethnologist at the Smithsonian Institution in the 1950s


John Martin Vorys - He served as delegate to the United Nations General Assembly in 1951, and as Regent of the Smithsonian Institution 1949-1959, before resuming the practice of law


Sanford Robinson Gifford - Between 1955 and 1973, Gifford's heirs donated the artist's collection of letters and personal papers to the Archives of American Art, a research center which is part of the Smithsonian Institution


Silvio Bedini - In 1961 he accepted the offer of a position in Washington, D.C. as curator in the Department of Mechanical and Civil Engineering at the Smithsonian Institution in the new Museum of History and Technology , which was under construction


Katharine Cornell - The Smithsonian Institution holds a bronze bust of Cornell from 1961 by artist Malvina Hoffman


Victor S. Johnson, Jr. - According to the Smithsonian Institution, "In a 1963 court ruling, it was established that Aladdin and its customers use the word thermos in all lowercase, never use the word in solid capitals letters and can only have an initial capital letter if the rules of grammar require it


Ellis R. Kerley - Kerley's published work on the matter in 1965, was based on the study of 126 specimens whose ages were already known by the Smithsonian Institution


Originally organized as the "United States National Museum," that name ceased to exist as an administrative entity in 1967 add something


Archie Green - Working as a senior staff associate at the AFL-CIO Labor Studies Center in the early 1970s, he initiated programs presenting workers' traditions at the Smithsonian Institution's Festival of American Folklife on the National Mall, and from 1969 to 1976 he left academia to live in Washington, D.C., where he led the successful legislative campaign to enact the American Folklife Preservation Act. He became known for his work on occupational folklore and on early hillbilly music recordings


Farouk El-Baz - After the Apollo Program ended in 1972, El-Baz joined the Smithsonian Institution in Washington DC to establish and direct the Center for Earth and Planetary Studies at the National Air and Space Museum


Jonathan Dwight - Carll Tucker donated it to the Smithsonian Institution in 1976


James Bennett Griffin - Griffin retired from Michigan in 1976, but eight years later, he moved to Washington D.C. to become associated with the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution until he died in 1997


Ann A. Bernatitus - She donated her Legion of Merit medal to the Smithsonian Institution in 1976


Silvio Bedini - Following his tenure as Deputy Director, he served as Keeper of Rare Books at the Dibner Library of the History of Science and Technology, a branch of the Smithsonian Institution Libraries, from 1978 until his retirement in 1987


Michael Collins (astronaut) - He held this position until 1978 when he stepped down to become undersecretary of the Smithsonian Institution


Donald Beatty - In 1978 he and his wife agreed to donate their nearly 300 Jivano artifacts to the Smithsonian Institution, which previously had only a small collection of Stirling's souvenirs from the 1930s expedition


Gustave Whitehead - They co-authored another book, "History by Contract", published in 1978, which criticized the Smithsonian Institution for inadequately investigating claims that Whitehead flew


Edgar Bergen - It was in mid-September 1978 that he announced that he was retiring after 56 years in show business and sending his monocled, top-hatted partner to the Smithsonian Institution


Madeleine Albright - Following Carter's loss in 1980 to Ronald Reagan, Albright moved on to the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., where she was given a grant for a research project


Steve Condos - He collaborated with Jimmy Slyde on a program of jazz tap improvisation at the Smithsonian Institution during the 1980s


Kim Hong-nam - In 1980, she was Research Fellow in Asian Art at the Smithsonian Institution


Reidar Fauske Sognnaes - When the original dentures were stolen from the Smithsonian Institution during 1981, he was able to produce a duplicate


Robert McCormick Adams, Jr. - Adams served as the ninth secretary of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. from 1984 to 1994


Richard McGee Morse - In 1984 he moved to Washington DC with his wife Emerante, when he became Secretary of Latin American Affairs at the Wilson Center, a "think tank" associated with the Smithsonian Institution


Paul MacCready - In 1985 he was commissioned to build a halfscale working replica of the pterosaur Quetzalcoatlus for the Smithsonian Institution, following a workshop in 1984 which concluded that such a replica was feasible


Harry Blackstone, Sr. - In 1985, on the 100th anniversary of his father's birth, Harry Blackstone, Jr. donated to the Smithsonian Institution in Washington D.C. the original floating light bulb - Thomas Edison designed and built it - and the original Casadega Cabinet, used in the "Dancing Handkerchief" illusion


Barry Goldwater - He is a 1987 recipient of the Langley Gold Medal from the Smithsonian Institution


Silvio Bedini - He was Historian Emeritus of the Smithsonian Institution, where he served on the professional staff for twenty-five years, retiring in 1987


Allan Houser - In 1991, he presented a casting of a bronze Sacred Rain Arrow to the Smithsonian Institution


Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. - He is a 1992 recipient of the Langley Gold Medal from the Smithsonian Institution


Carl Schurtz - In 1992 he was chosen to create the music and effects for the "Star Trek" retrospective at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington DC.


In 1994, controversy arose over the exhibit at the National Air and Space Museum associated with display of the "Enola Gay", the Superfortress used by the United States to execute the first atomic bombing in World War II add something


Nathaniel Borenstein - Borenstein was founder of First Virtual Holdings in 1994, called "the first cyberbank" by the Smithsonian Institution, and in 2000


John Berry (administrator) - From 1995 to 1997, Berry worked as director of government relations and as senior policy advisor at the Smithsonian Institution, and was subsequently appointed Assistant Secretary for Policy, Management and Budget at the U.S. Department of the Interior during the Clinton administration, serving from 1997 to 2001


James McLurkin - In 1995, McLurkin was invited by the Smithsonian Institution to speak about his life and career in a presentation for schoolchildren sponsored by the Smithsonian's Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation


Paul Tibbets - In 1995, he called a planned 50th anniversary exhibition of the "Enola Gay" at the Smithsonian Institution, which attempted to present the bombing in context with the destruction it caused, a "damn big insult


Lenny Lipton - In 1996 he received an award from the Smithsonian Institution for this invention of CrystalEyes LCD shutter glasses, the first practical electronic stereoscopic product for computer graphics and video applications


Michael Collins (astronaut) - Collins and his Apollo 11 crewmates were the 1999 recipients of the Langley Gold Medal from the Smithsonian Institution


Lewis Urry - In 1999 Urry gave his first prototype battery, along with the first commercially produced cylindrical battery, to the Smithsonian Institution


John Berry (administrator) - He held posts in the U.S. Treasury Department, the Smithsonian Institution, and the U.S. Department of the Interior until 2000, and worked as director of the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation and the National Zoological Park until 2009, when he was nominated by President Barack Obama as director of the United States Office of Personnel Management


Mau Piailug - On May 9, 2000, he was honored by the Smithsonian Institution at the National Museum of Natural History


Colin Groves - Groves wrote "Primate Taxonomy" published by the Smithsonian Institution Press in 2001, and Ungulate Taxonomy


In 2003, a National Museum of Natural History exhibit, Subhankar Banerjee's "Seasons of Life and Land," featuring photographs of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, was censored and moved to the basement by Smithsonian officials because they feared that its subject matter was too politically controversial add something


Brian Mulroney - In 2003, Mulroney received the Woodrow Wilson *award for Public Service from the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars of the Smithsonian Institution at a ceremony in Montreal


John Glenn - In 2004, Glenn was *awarded the Woodrow Wilson *award for Public Service by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars of the Smithsonian Institution


Janet Cardiff - In 2005, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden of the Smithsonian Institution commissioned and exhibited Cardiff's work "Words Drawn in Water ".


Colleen Doran - Doran was selected to give a series of lectures on Manga at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington D.C. in 2006


DJ Kool Herc - In 2006, he became involved in getting Hip Hop commemorated at the Smithsonian Institution museums


Since January 2006, independent producers have made more than 500 requests to film in the museums and collections, and/or to use archival footage and photos add something


MC Lyte - In February 2006, her diary, as well as a turntable, records, and other assorted ephemera from the early days of hip hop, were donated to the Smithsonian Institution.


Barbara Gittings - In October 2006, The Smithsonian Institution acquired a sign she carried in her picketing in 1965, donated by Frank Kameny


Doris Matsui - In 2007, Speaker Nancy Pelosi appointed Matsui to the Smithsonian Institution's Board of Regents, where she served until 2011.


In September 2007, the Board created the position of Chair of the Board of Regents, a position currently held by France A. Cordova of Indiana add something


In November 2007, the "Washington Post" reported internal criticism has been raised regarding the institution's handling of the exhibit on the Arctic add something


Dolly Parton - Parton received the Woodrow Wilson *award for Public Service from the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars of the Smithsonian Institution at a ceremony in Nashville, Tennessee on November 8, 2007


In 2008, 58 of these traveling exhibitions went to 510 venues across the country add something


Eugenio Garza Laguera - In February 2008 he was laureated with the Business Social Responsibility Award from the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, a nonpartisan institution created by the U.S. Congress within the Smithsonian Institution


Sheldon Adelson - Adelson and his wife, Miriam Adelson, were presented with the Woodrow Wilson Award for Corporate Citizenship by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars of the Smithsonian Institution on March 25, 2008


Yinka Shonibare - During 2008-2009, he was the subject of a major midcareer survey in both Australia and the USA; starting in September 2008 at the MCA Sydney and toured to the Brooklyn Museum, New York in June 2009 and the Museum of African Art at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC in October 2009.


Eunice Kennedy Shriver - On May 9, 2009, the Smithsonian Institution's National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C., unveiled an historic portrait of her, the first portrait the NPG has ever commissioned of an individual who had not served as a U.S. President or First Lady


Institute exhibits are free of charge, though in 2010 the Deficit Commission recommended admission fees add something


Simeon De Witt - On May, 25, 2010 the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of American History exhibited the oldest surviving Anglo-American star map, hand-drawn in 1780 by Simeon De Witt, in its Albert H. Small Documents Gallery


William Anthony Donohue - On November 30, 2010, Donohue, speaking on behalf of the Catholic League denounced a piece of video art entitled "A Fire in My Belly" at the Smithsonian Institution's National Portrait Gallery


John Glenn - On April 19, 2012, Glenn participated in the ceremonial transfer of the retired Space Shuttle "Discovery" from NASA to the Smithsonian Institution for permanent display at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center


In late December, 2013, the Smithsonian announced it had acquired two video games: "Flower" , by Jenova Chen and Kellee Santiago, a game about the environmental impact of pollution, in which the player controls a wind-blown collection of flower petals; and "Halo 2600" , by Ed Fries, a retro remix of the popular first-person shooter game series, "Halo" add something


On August 15, 2013, the curator of mammals at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, Kristofer Helgen, announced the discovery of a new carnivorous mammal olinguito add something


On September 18, 2013, Secretary G. Wayne Clough announced he would retire in October 2014 add something


"Smithsonian Chief Will Retire in 2014 add something


On March 10, 2014, the Smithsonian Board of Directors selected Dr. David Skorton, a physician and president of Cornell University as the 13th Secretary of the Smithsonian add something


Skorton will take the reins of the institution in 2015 add something


The Smithsonian Institute announced in January 2015 that it is in talks to build its first permanent overseas exhibition space within London's Queen Elizabeth II Olympic Park add something


Skorton will take the reins of the institution in July 2015 add something


Skorton took the reins of the institution on 1 July 2015 add something


As of May 2016, the center is run by an executive director, Eduardo Díaz add something