Social Democratic Party of Austria

Knowledge Identifier: &Social_Democratic_Party_of_Austria


Social Democratic Party of Austria

Member of the Socialist International, Progressive Alliance and Party of European Socialists add

Category: Politics

Founded in 1888.

Countries: Austria (74%), Sweden (4%), Serbia (4%)

Main connections: Bruno Kreisky, Karl Renner, Franz Vranitzky

Linked to: Austrian People's Party, Christian Social Party, Communist Party of Austria, Freedom Party of Austria




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At the party congress in Hainfeld, the party decided to accept Adler's Declaration of Principles. on 30 December 1888 to 1 January 1889 is therefore considered the party's founding date add something


It was united in 1889 as the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Austria through the work of Doctor Victor Adler add something


On 12 July 1889 the first issue of the party newspaper the "Arbeiter-Zeitung" was printed add something


The party participated in the founding of the Second International in Paris on 14 July 1889 add something


The Social Democrats were allowed to run in the City Council elections of Vienna on 30 May 1890 add something


Karl Lueger - Lueger was to found and lead the party in 1893, which quickly rivaled the Social Democrats


In Trieste the Italian-speaking "Social Democratic League" decided at its congress in December 1897 to change its name to "Adriatic Italian Section of the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Austria" add something


In the "Brünner Programm" of September 1899, the Socialists demanded that the Austro-Hungarian Empire be reformed into a federal democratic state add something


In 1907, after a general strike, suffrage granted add something


Eventually, by 1911 the Socialists became the strongest party in parliament add something


The party initially supported the declaration of war against Serbia after the Assassination in Sarajevo of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg in 1914, but soon realised that the disastrous war was untenable add something


After the death of Emperor Franz Joseph, the first peace-meeting was held in December 1916 add something


Federal Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuß seized the opportunity to circumvent parliament and govern with a number of emergency decrees through an emergency powers act from 1917 add something


By January 1918, strikes were breaking out, calling for an end of the war and the terrible suffering of the people, especially the worker's families, had to endure add something


The Social Democrats wanted a new form of government and on 12 November 1918, the republic was proclaimed by Renner add something


In the first elections for the constitutional national assembly on 16 February 1919, women were allowed to vote for the first time add something


The party had moderate success in the 1920s, but its members were persecuted by right-wingers in the early 1930s add something


These measures indeed ameliorated the living conditions for workers and raised their standard of living, coining the term "Rotes Wien" of the 1920s add something


After the parliamentary elections in October 1920, the SDAPÖ left the grand coalition after the CS won the majority of votes add something


The party was a member of the Labour and Socialist International between 1923 and 1940 add something


In May 1924, the SDAPÖ founded its own paramilitary wing, the "Republikanischer Schutzbund" add something


On 30 January 1927, members of the conservative "Heimwehr" party shot at members of "Republikanischer Schutzbund" party in Schattendorf , resulting in two deaths add something


In the "Schattendorfer Urteil" trial that followed, the jury found the accused not guilty in July 1927 add something


The party held its first congress since 1933 in December 1945 add something


Alexander Gerschenkron - In a recent research article, the Dutch social historian Marcel van der Linden demonstrates that Gerschenkron was a member of the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Austria, one of the two major political parties in Austria, which has ties to the Austrian Trade Union Federation and the Austrian Chamber of Labour ; and, later, the Communist Party of Austria, both banned between 1933 and 1945 under both the Austrofascist regime and the Nazi German control of Austria after the 1938 Anschluss


On 7 March 1933, parliament in effect shut itself down due to a minor technicality in the parliamentary procedures add something


BAWAG - However, because of those close ties to the Social Democratic Party of Austria and labour unions, BAWAG was forced to close in 1934 by the Austro-fascist government of Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuß


Tension openly erupted on 12 February 1934, when the police entered the local party headquarters in Linz for a search add something


On 12 March 1938, the weakened Austrian government under Chancellor Schuschnigg was forced to step down by Hitler under the threat of war, and Austria was annexed into Nazi Germany add something


The battle of Vienna between Soviet and Nazi forces was over on 13 April 1945 add something


With Soviet support Karl Renner and Leopold Kunschak proclaimed a provisional Austrian state government on 27 April 1945 in the parliament building in Vienna add something


Ex-chancellor Renner was elected as the new Federal President of Austria by the Federal Assembly on 20 October 1945 add something


After the death of Karl Renner in 1950, Theodor Körner was elected as Federal President on 26 May 1951 add something


Renner would hold this office until his death on 31 December 1950 add something


Jorg Haider - The Austrian Freedom Party was founded in 1955, and initially was a mixture of various political currents opposed both to the political Catholicism of the Austrian People's Party and the socialist views of the Social Democratic Party of Austria


Former chairman Adolf Schärf was elected as Federal President in April 1957 and re-elected for a second term in 1963 add something


In May 1957 Bruno Pittermann became party chairman add something


Herbert Felix - In 1959, he started business in Austria after a request from his cousin, the Social Democratic politician Bruno Kreisky


Nevertheless on 4 January 1960, Foreign Minister Bruno Kreisky was able to sign the accession treaty of Austria into the European Free Trade Association add something


Alfred Gusenbauer - "'Alfred Gusenbauer"' is an Austrian career politician who until 2008 spent his entire professional life as an employee of the Social Democratic Party of Austria or as a parliamentary representative


Since 1964 the governors of this eastern-most state have come from the SPÖ add something


He was succeeded in May 1965 by Franz Jonas, who hailed from the socialist party add something


Both sides entered into a grand coalition government that would last for the next 21 years until 1966 add something


This form of a grand coalition would last for the next 21 years until 1966 add something


In the parliamentary elections of April 1966, the ÖVP won a governmental majority and was thus able to rule alone add something


On 30 January 1967 Bruno Kreisky was elected as party chairman add something


In the National Council elections of March 1970, the SPÖ won with a relative majority, but was only able to build a minority government that counted on support from the Freedom Party of Austria add something


This government was short-lived: new snap elections had to be held in October 1971 add something


Ewald Nowotny - Since 1974, he has held various functions in the Austrian Social Democratic Party


In June 1974, the Socialist candidate Rudolf Kirchschläger won the presidential elections add something


He undertook a number of steps towards reconciliation with victims, his state visit to Israel in 1983 was highly regarded add something


Fred Sinowatz - He was an Austrian politician of the Social Democratic Party of Austria , and was Chancellor of Austria from 1983 to 1986


Nevertheless the party failed to win another absolute majority in the following elections in April 1983, Kreisky stepped down and Fred Sinowatz became the new chancellor and formed a coalition government with the liberal FPÖ add something


In the November elections of 1986, the SPÖ became strongest party again and entered into a grand coalition with the ÖVP. Vranitzky himself was elected as party chairman in May 1988 add something


Franz Vranitzky, who replaced Sinowatz in June 1986, ended the so-called small coalition and called for fresh elections add something


It regularly won the most seats in state elections and the governors used to be Social Democrats until 1989 add something


Wolfgang Schussel - He became Minister for Economic Affairs on 24 April 1989 in a coalition government under Chancellor Franz Vranitzky formed by the Social Democratic Party and the Austrian People's Party


In July 1990, Bruno Kreisky, who was the grand doyen of the party, died add something


Before adopting the current title in 1991, the SPÖ was named "'Social Democratic Workers' Party of Austria"' from 1888 to 1945 and, later, "'Socialist Party of Austria"' until 1991 add something


In June 1991, the party congress decided to change its name from Socialist Party of Austria to the Social Democratic Party of Austria , thus shifting the emphasis from socialism to a reaffirmation to its commitment to social democracy add something


It was able to retain that position in the December elections of 1995 where it gained votes back add something


In the city council elections of 1996, the SPÖ lost many votes to the FPÖ add something


In 1997, Chancellor Vranitzky stepped back from office after more than 10 years in office to make way for the new generation, being replaced by his former Finance Minister Viktor Klima, who was sworn in during January add something


In April 1997 he took over the position as party chairman add something


The party congress decided on a reformed party programme in October 1998 add something


In February 2000, the new right-wing coalition government between the ÖVP and the FPÖ was formed with Schüssel as the new chancellor add something


In the snap elections of November 2002 the party lost its position as strongest party to the conservative ÖVP, which was able to win a resounding victory at the expense of the Social Democrats and the FPÖ add something


The SPÖ won a surprising victory in the state elections in Salzburg in 2004 add something


The SPÖ candidate Heinz Fischer won the presidential elections in April 2004 against conservative ÖVP contender Benita Ferrero-Waldner add something


Heinz Fischer - He was elected on 25 April 2004 as the candidate of the opposition Social Democratic Party


In 2005 the report about the so-called brown spots was completed and published add something


In a strange twist, the SPÖ were in a coalition with the right-wing FPÖ in Carinthia, where Jörg Haider was governor, until 2005 add something


In the elections of 2005, the voters shifted towards the left, something that benefited the local communist party, the KPÖ add something


The 2005 results meant that the SPÖ was able to hold the majority of seats in the Vienna city council and rule by itself without coalition partners add something


In the 2006 National Elections the SPÖ to the surprise of many became Austria's largest party with 68 seats to the ÖVP's 66 add something


This was seen as a welcome sign for upcoming national elections in 2006 add something


In the long protracted coalition negotiations that followed a grand coalition was formed with Gusenbauer as Chancellor in a grand coalition with the ÖVP which was finally sworn in January 2007, 3 months after the elections add something


Currently the largest party in the National Council and second largest in the Federal Council, the SPÖ currently governs in coalition with the Austrian People's Party , with former SPÖ leader Werner Faymann having served as Chancellor of Austria from 2008 to May 2016 add something


Werner Faymann - On 16 June 2008 Faymann succeeded Gusenbauer as chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Austria and led the party in the snap legislative elections, held on 28 September 2008


Hannes Swoboda - Within the Parliament, he represents the Social Democratic Party of Austria and since 17 January 2012 is the President of the group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats


Liezen - As of the 2015 local elections, the SPÖ holds 13 out of 25 seats on the council, the ÖVP has 6, the FPÖ has 3, a local party known as Die LIEB has 2, and the Grünen has 1


Norbert Darabos - From 2015 to 2016, he was secretary general of the Social Democratic Party of Austria


Currently the largest party in the National Council and second largest in the Federal Council, the SPÖ currently forms the federal government in coalition with the Austrian People's Party , with SPÖ member Christian Kern serving as Chancellor of Austria from 17 May 2016 add something