Stede Bonnet

Knowledge Identifier: +Stede_Bonnet

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Stede Bonnet

Early 18th-century Barbadian pirate, sometimes called [GUI]The Gentleman Pirate[GUI] because he was a moderately wealthy landowner before turning to a life of crime add

Category: Politics

Born in 1680.

Countries: United States (36%), United Kingdom (29%), Barbados (21%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Blackbeard, Nicholas Trott, Judge

Linked to: National Maritime Museum, Dover Publications

 

Timeline


 

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Stede Bonnet was born in 1680 add something


1688

Bonnet is believed to have been born in 1688, as he was christened at Christ Church parish on 29 July 1688 add something


1694

Bonnet was born into a wealthy English family on the island of Barbados, and inherited the family estate after his father's death in 1694 add something

 

His parents, Edward and Sarah Bonnet, owned an estate of over southeast of Bridgetown , which was bequeathed to Bonnet upon his father's death in 1694 add something


1709

In 1709, he married Mary Allamby, and engaged in some level of militia service add something

 

Bonnet married Mary Allamby in Bridgetown on 21 November 1709 add something


1715

Allamby died before 1715, while the other children survived to see their father abandon them for piracy add something


1717

Because of marital problems, and despite his lack of sailing experience, Bonnet decided to turn to piracy in the summer of 1717 add something

 

During the spring of 1717, Stede Bonnet decided to become a pirate, despite having no knowledge of shipboard life add something

 

In September 1717, Bonnet set course for Nassau, Bahamas , which was an infamous pirate den on the island of New Providence in the Bahamas add something

 

On 29 September 1717, the "Revenge", captained by Blackbeard, plundered the sloop "Betty", which had a cargo full of Madeira wine add something

 

Before separating in December 1717, Blackbeard and Bonnet plundered and captured merchant ships along the East Coast add something

 

Blackbeard - Their numbers were boosted by the addition to their fleet of two more ships, one of which was commanded by Stede Bonnet, but toward the end of 1717 Hornigold retired from piracy, taking two vessels with him


1718

Bonnet accompanied Blackbeard to South Carolina, where Blackbeard's four vessels blockaded the port of Charleston in the late spring of 1718 add something

 

Bonnet stayed on Blackbeard's ship as a guest, and did not command a crew again until summer 1718, when he was pardoned by North Carolina governor Charles Eden and received clearance to go privateering against Spanish shipping add something

 

Bonnet would not exercise command again until the summer of 1718 add something

 

There is a report from the 1718 "Boston News-Letter" of Bonnet flying a death's-head flag during his pursuit of the "Protestant Caesar", with no mention of color or of any long bone, heart, or dagger add something


Stede Bonnet died in 1718 add something

 

In March 1718, he encountered the 400-ton merchant vessel "Protestant Caesar" off Honduras add something

 

He had returned to piracy by July 1718 add something

 

In July 1718, he cruised north to Delaware Bay, pillaging another eleven vessels add something

 

On 1 August 1718, the "Royal James" and the two captured sloops sailed southward from Delaware Bay. The captured sloops lagged behind, and Bonnet threatened to sink them if they did not stay closer add something

 

Battle of Cape Fear River - At daybreak, on 27 September 1718, Bonnet set sail toward Rhett's force, and all three sloops opened fire, initiating the Battle of Cape Fear River add something

 

On 10 November 1718, Bonnet was brought to trial before Sir Nicholas Trott, sitting in his capacity as Vice-Admiralty judge add something

 

Bonnet was eventually hanged at White Point Garden, in Charleston, on 10 December 1718 add something

 

Bonnet wrote to Governor Johnson to ask for clemency, but Johnson endorsed the judge's decision, and Bonnet was hanged in Charleston on 10 December 1718 add something

 

Nicholas Trott - In 1718, Trott gained a certain degree of notoriety when he served as Vice Admiralty Judge during the trial of Captain Stede Bonnet and his crew

 

Nicholas Trott - Though he is best known, as recorded in Daniel Defoe's "A General History of the Pyrates", as the magistrate who tried notorious pirate Stede Bonnet in 1718, he was the author of several published books including a lexicon of the psalms "Clavis Linguae Sanctae" , "The Tryals of Major Stede Bonnet and Other Pirates" and "The Laws of the British Plantations" for which he was awarded a Doctor of Civil Law degree from Oxford University and a Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Aberdeen


1939

This version of Bonnet's flag is probably one of a number of pirate flags appearing on an undated manuscript with unknown provenance in Britain's National Maritime Museum, which was donated by Dr. Philip Gosse in 1939 add something


1941

He appears in the jury of the damned in the 1941 film "The Devil and Daniel Webster" add something


2018

The November 2018 "Outlander" episode "America The Beautiful" features Bonnet escaping the noose add something