(Civil society)
Cyber Monday
(Marketing and Advertising)

See also


Knowledge Identifier: !Thanksgiving




Category: Civil society

Activity starting in 1013.

Countries: United States (77%), (10%), United Kingdom (3%)

Main connections: Thanksgiving dinner, Christmas, England

Linked to: Leiden American Pilgrim Museum, Pilgrim Hall Museum, University of Florida, London Company




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Before 1536 there were 95 Church holidays, plus 52 Sundays, when people were required to attend church and forego work and sometimes pay for expensive celebrations add something


The 1536 reforms reduced the number of Church holidays to 27, but some Puritans wished to completely eliminate all Church holidays, including Christmas and Easter add something


According to historian Jeremy Bangs, director of the Leiden American Pilgrim Museum, the Pilgrims may have been influenced by watching the annual services of Thanksgiving for the relief of the siege of Leiden in 1574, while they were staying in Leiden add something


Days of Thanksgiving were called following the victory over the Spanish Armada in 1588 and following the deliverance of Queen Anne in 1705 add something


These claims include an earlier religious service by Spanish explorers in Texas at San Elizario in 1598, as well as thanksgiving feasts in the Virginia Colony add something


An unusual annual Day of Thanksgiving began in 1606 following the failure of the Gunpowder Plot in 1605 and developed into Guy Fawkes Day add something


For example, Days of Fasting were called on account of drought in 1611, floods in 1613, and plagues in 1604 and 1622 add something


Now called "Oktober Feest," Leiden's autumn thanksgiving celebration in 1617 was the occasion for sectarian disturbance that appears to have accelerated the pilgrims plans to emigrate to America add something


A day for Thanksgiving services was codified in the founding charter of Berkeley Hundred in Charles City County, Virginia in 1619 add something


Pilgrims and Puritans who began emigrating from England in the 1620s and 1630s carried the tradition of Days of Fasting and Days of Thanksgiving with them to New England add something


In the United States, the modern Thanksgiving holiday tradition is commonly, but not universally, traced to a sparsely documented 1621 celebration at Plymouth in present-day Massachusetts add something


Several days of Thanksgiving were held in early New England history that have been identified as the "First Thanksgiving", including Pilgrim holidays in Plymouth in 1621 and 1623, and a Puritan holiday in Boston in 1631 add something


The 1621 Plymouth feast and thanksgiving was prompted by a good harvest add something


Harvest festival - The practice of holding an annual harvest festival did not become a regular affair in New England until the late 1660s add something


Thanksgiving proclamations were made mostly by church leaders in New England up until 1682, and by both state and church leaders until after the American Revolution add something


In the West African country of Liberia, which began in 1820 with the colonization of freed black slaves from the United States, Thanksgiving is celebrated on the first Thursday of November add something


David Wallace (Indiana politician) - On November 4, 1839, he issued an executive order making November 28 Thanksgiving Day. Wallace claimed to have done so at the request of representatives from different state churches


Anthony Ellmaker Roberts - On November 27, 1851, Anthony permitted a Thanksgiving meal to be prepared for all the prisoners, and even joined them in the prison for the meal


Kamehameha IV - In 1856, Kamehameha IV decreed that December 25 would be celebrated as the kingdom's national day of Thanksgiving, accepting the persuasions of the conservative American missionaries who objected to Christmas on the grounds that it was a pagan celebration


Thanksgiving was first celebrated on the same date by all states in 1863 by a presidential proclamation of Abraham Lincoln add something


Thanksgiving dinner - The use of the turkey in the US for Thanksgiving precedes Lincoln's nationalization of the holiday in 1863


The first official Canadian Thanksgiving occurred on April 15, 1872, when the nation was celebrating the Prince of Wales' recovery from a serious illness add something


Frank Wheaton - He gave a speech at a Thanksgiving dinner in Berlin, Germany in 1898 which he used as a platform to levee the U.S. Congress to support a stronger military which reflected the greatness of the United States


Pumpkin - In 1900, an article on Thanksgiving entertaining recommended a lit jack-o'-lantern as part of the festivities that encourage kids and families to join together to make their own jack-o'-lanterns


William Joseph Simmons - Fifteen of them went to the Stone Mountain with Simmons on Thanksgiving Night of 1915 to burn a cross and inaugurate the new Klan


William Joseph Simmons - On Thanksgiving Eve 1915, Simmons took 15 friends to the top of Stone Mountain, near Atlanta, built an altar on which he placed an American flag, a Bible and an unsheathed sword, set fire to a crude wooden cross, muttered a few incantations about a "practical fraternity among men," and declared himself Imperial Wizard of the Invisible Empire of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan


Thanksgiving dinner - A Thanksgiving Day dinner served to the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1935 included: pickles, green olives, celery, roast turkey, oyster stew, cranberry sauce, giblet gravy, dressing, creamed asparagus tips, snowflake potatoes, baked carrots, hot rolls, fruit salad, mince meat pie, fruit cake, candies, grapes, apples, clams, fish, and many other food harvests


Harold LeClair Ickes - In a news conference on the eve of Thanksgiving 1938, Ickes proposed offering Alaska as a "haven for Jewish refugees from Germany and other areas in Europe where the Jews are subjected to oppressive restrictions


Fred Lazarus, Jr. - Lazarus himself exerted enormous financial, social, and political clout; he is credited with convincing President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1939 to move Thanksgiving a week earlier, to the fourth Thursday in November instead of the last Thursday in November, in order to make the Christmas shopping season longer in those years on which November had 5 Thursdays


Harriot Eaton Stanton Blatch - Her memoir, "Challenging Years", was published in 1940 and she died the week before Thanksgiving that same year in Greenwich, Connecticut


Thanksgiving, currently celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November by federal legislation in 1941, has been an annual tradition in the United States by presidential proclamation since 1863 and by state legislation since the Founding Fathers of the United States add something


On December 26, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a joint resolution of Congress changing the national Thanksgiving Day from the last Thursday in November to the fourth Thursday add something


Thanksgiving dinner - Because ! Thanksgiving is always on a Thursday, this meant that turkey and pumpkin pie, two Thanksgiving staples, were forbidden, not only for that holiday, but for Christmas and New Year's Day as well, since those holidays landed on Thursday in 1947


Pumpkin pie - Pumpkin pies were briefly discouraged from Thanksgiving dinners in 1947 as part of a rationing campaign, mainly because of the eggs in the recipe


Thanksgiving dinner - The consumption of turkey on ! Thanksgiving is so ingrained in American culture that each year since 1947, the National Turkey Federation has presented a live turkey to the President of the United States prior to each Thanksgiving


Edgar Bergen - In a filmed Thanksgiving special, billed as his TV debut, sponsored by Coca-Cola on CBS in 1950, the new character Podine Puffington was introduced


Percy Lavon Julian - Their home was fire-bombed on Thanksgiving Day, 1950, before they moved in


Art Buchwald - In November 1952, Buchwald wrote a column in which he attempted to explain the Thanksgiving holiday to the French, using garbled French translations such as "Kilometres Deboutish" for Miles Standish; Buchwald considered it his favorite column, and it was later re-run every Thanksgiving during Buchwald's lifetime


Thanksgiving dinner - Fresh, canned, or frozen corn is popular and green beans are frequently served; in particular, green bean casserole, a product invented in 1955 by the Campbell Soup Company to promote use of its cream of mushroom soup, has become a Thanksgiving standard


To prevent the two holidays from clashing with one another, in 1957 the Canadian Parliament proclaimed Thanksgiving to be observed on its present date on the second Monday of October add something


Bretaigne Windust - The latter part of his career was spent working in the television division of Universal, directing episodes of "Alfred Hitchcock Presents", "Wagon Train", "Leave It to Beaver", and "Bachelor Father", in addition to the Thanksgiving 1957 special "The Pied Piper of Hamelin", later released as a feature film


Lowell Lee Andrews - Andrews and his sister, Jennie Marie, were both home for the Thanksgiving holiday in 1958


Edward R. Murrow - Directed by Friendly and produced by David Lowe, it ran in November 1960, just after Thanksgiving


Lassie (1954 TV series) - During Thanksgiving week 1962, a five-part color episode called "The Journey". was filmed in the High Sierra


Datapoint - While working his notice from Maryland-based Frederick Electronics during the 1969 Thanksgiving holiday, Poor and Pyle produced the underlying architecture of the modern microprocessor on a living room floor


Since 1971, when the American Uniform Monday Holiday Act took effect, the American observance of Columbus Day has coincided with the Canadian observance of Thanksgiving add something


Thanksgiving dinner - John Madden, who appeared on television for the NFL Thanksgiving Day game from 1981 to 2001, frequently advocated his fondness for the turducken, deboned turkey, duck and chicken nested inside each other cooked


Instead the holiday marks the anniversary of the U.S.-led invasion of the island in 1983, in response to the deposition and execution of Grenadian Prime Minister Maurice Bishop add something


Alice Walton - During a 1983 Thanksgiving family reunion near Acapulco, Mexico, Walton lost control of a rented Jeep and plunged into a ravine, shattering her leg


Andy Kaufman - At Thanksgiving dinner on Long Island, New York, in November 1983, several family members openly expressed worry about Kaufman's persistent coughing


Peter Billingsley - In 1984 Billingsley starred in an adaptation of "The Hoboken Chicken Emergency" with Dick Van Patten and Gabe Kaplan, a special Thanksgiving episode of the PBS series "WonderWorks"


Thanksgiving dinner - Beaujolais nouveau is sometimes served, and the beverage has been marketed as a ! Thanksgiving drink since the producers of the wine set the annual release date to be one week before Thanksgiving beginning in 1985


After Marcos' ouster in 1986, the tradition was no longer continued add something


Christopher Titus - According to Titus in "Norman Rockwell is Bleeding", Juanita was acquitted of murder in 1986 after killing her second husband who beat her up when he came home to find that she wasn't done cooking Thanksgiving dinner


Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home - "The Voyage Home" opened theatrically in North America on Thanksgiving weekend, November 26, 1986


Jim Brunzell - Their stay was highlighted with a match against Nikolai Volkoff and the Iron Sheik as part of WrestleMania III, and a win at the inaugural Survivor Series on Thanksgiving Day 1987


Arn Anderson - This win further solidified the group's dominance in the company as Lex Luger was the reigning NWA United States Heavyweight Champion and Ric Flair spent most of 1987 as the NWA World Heavyweight Champion, losing it to Ron Garvin in September, only to regain it at Starrcade '87 on Thanksgiving night


Thanksgiving dinner - These turkeys were initially slaughtered and eaten for the President's Thanksgiving dinner; since 1989, the presented turkeys have typically been given a mock pardon to great fanfare and sent to a park to live out the rest of their usually short natural lives


CBS - CBS showed it twice in 1991, in March and again the night before Thanksgiving


Battletoads - "Battletoads" spun-off a Canadian half-hour animated television special produced by DIC Entertainment that aired in syndication in the United States on the weekend of Thanksgiving 1992 in an attempt to capitalize on the popularity of the "Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles"


Gerald McRaney - During one USO-sponsored trip, McRaney visited sailors and Marines onboard ships ported in Toulon , France on Thanksgiving of 1993


Ralph J. Marino - He was ousted during the Thanksgiving holiday in 1994 by allies of Governor-elect George Pataki and replaced by Joseph Bruno


Karla Homolka - After her 1995 testimony against Bernardo, when Homolka returned to Kingston, Ontario 's Prison For Women, her mother started to suffer annual breakdowns between Thanksgiving and Christmas


Ernest Thompson - Thompson wrote and directed a television version based on the play, premiering on CBS Thanksgiving night 1995, starring Shirley MacLaine, Liza Minnelli, Kathy Bates, and Jennifer Grey


Toy Story - When the Thanksgiving release date was announced in January 1995, many toy companies were accustomed to having eighteen months to two years of runway time, and passed on the project


Brandon Noble - Noble and his wife Mary Kate were married Thanksgiving weekend during the 2000 season


Due to the existence of BPO - Business Process Outsourcing since 2001 this tradition continues for the local workers joining their American employers add something


John O'Hurley - O'Hurley has been the host of Purina's annual National Dog Show every Thanksgiving since 2002


Jones Soda - In November 2003, Jones introduced a "Turkey & Gravy" seasonal flavor in honor of Thanksgiving


Cyber Monday - According to Scott Silverman, the head of, the term was coined based on 2004 research showing "one of the biggest online shopping days of the year" was the Monday after Thanksgiving


Lizbeth Robles - She received her deployment orders, but before she left for Iraq Robles went to Puerto Rico where she spent the Thanksgiving of 2004 with her friends and family


Cyber Monday - According to the Research 2005 eHoliday Mood Study, "77 percent of online retailers said that their sales increased substantially on the Monday after Thanksgiving, a trend that is driving serious online discounts and promotions on Cyber Monday this year "


Dan Orlovsky - He played in two regular season contests in 2005, including the nationally-televised Thanksgiving Day game against the Atlanta Falcons


Josh Beckett - In a deal that was made official on Thanksgiving Day, 2005, Beckett was traded to the Red Sox along with third baseman Mike Lowell and relief pitcher Guillermo Mota for minor league prospects shortstop Hanley Ramírez and pitchers Aníbal Sánchez, Jesús Delgado and Harvey García


John Vlissides - John Vlissides died on Thanksgiving 2005 following a struggle with complications from a brain tumor


Chelsea Clinton - They first were reported to be a couple in 2005, and became engaged over Thanksgiving weekend in 2009


Cyber Monday - In late November 2005, "The New York Times" reported: "The name Cyber Monday grew out of the observation that millions of otherwise productive working Americans, fresh off a Thanksgiving weekend of window shopping, were returning to high-speed Internet connections at work Monday and buying what they liked


Billy Burnette - On Thanksgiving of 2006, Billy performed with Fogerty during halftime of two NFL games in Detroit and Kansas City


Tara Conner - During Thanksgiving weekend of November 2006, Conner appeared on the Showboat float in the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, becoming the fourth Miss USA to appear in the parade


The Fountain - "The Fountain" was released in 1,472 theaters in the United States and Canada on November 22, 2006, a day before the American Thanksgiving holiday


Dante Ridgeway - On November 20, 2007, Ridgeway, along with teammates Mike McKenzie, Robert Meachem, Lance Moore, Usama Young, Pierre Thomas, Ronnie Ghent, Jermon Bushrod, Billy Miller, Kevin Houser, Josh Cooper, Zach Strief and Jon Stinchcomb volunteered to help hand out frozen turkeys, stuffing, vegetables and corn bread mix to a thousand low-income New Orleans families for Thanksgiving


Max Jean-Gilles - Jean-Gilles' 2008 season was cut short on Thanksgiving night against the Arizona Cardinals when he fractured his ankle and was placed on injured reserve


Pumpkin - In the fall of 2009, rain in Illinois devastated the Nestlé crop, resulting in a shortage affecting the entire country during the Thanksgiving holiday season


Ion Television - In 2010, Ion Television began airing its first made-for-TV movies, Christmas-themed films that air between the weekend after Thanksgiving and Christmas Day , with up to five films premiering each year on the network


The J. Peterman Company - On November 24, 2010, the company was the first to use the marketing term "Red Wednesday Sale" referring to the Wednesday before Thanksgiving as "Black Friday's Impetuous Cousin


Anaheim Ducks - The current third jersey was officially unveiled on November 26, 2010 against the Chicago Blackhawks, the day after Thanksgiving


Morena Baccarin - Baccarin married director Austin Chick over Thanksgiving in 2011


Austin Chick - Chick married actress Morena Baccarin over Thanksgiving in 2011


Jones Soda - A Thanksgiving favorite, Pumpkin Pie, returned in 2015


FXX - For Thanksgiving 2016, FXX had launched a 13-day, 600-episode run of The Simpsons in honor of the show's 600th episode, the marathon which would include the first four episodes of The Simpsons' 28th season and ending with the episode "Treehouse of Horror XXVII"