Treaty of Lisbon

Knowledge Identifier: $Treaty_of_Lisbon

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Treaty of Lisbon

International agreement which amends the two treaties which form the constitutional basis of the European Union add

Category: Politics

Launched in 2004.

Countries: Europe (27%), United Kingdom (17%), (9%)

Main connections: European Union, European Council, European Parliament

Linked to: Eurozone, Amato Group, Eurojust, Europol

 

Timeline


 

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2004

The need to review the EU's constitutional framework, particularly in light of the accession of ten new Member States in 2004, was highlighted in a declaration annexed to the Treaty of Nice in 2001 add something

 

The Constitution, having been agreed by heads of government from the 25 Member States, was signed at a ceremony in Rome on 29 October 2004 add something


2005

Although ratified by a majority of Member States, this was abandoned after being rejected by French and Dutch voters in 2005 add something

 

In 2005, referendums held in the Netherlands and France rejected the European Constitution add something

 

Stuart Wheeler - The government, along with the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats, had pledged in their 2005 manifestos to hold a referendum on the European Constitution, which Wheeler holds does not have 'significant or material differences' from the Treaty of Lisbon


2006

Declan Ganley - Libertas started in 2006 as a lobby group campaigning for a No-vote to the Lisbon Treaty in the Irish Referendum 12 June 2008, and evolved into a pan-European political movement


2007

An amending "reform" treaty was drawn up and signed in Lisbon in 2007 add something

 

In 2007, Germany took over the rotating EU Presidency and declared the period of reflection over add something

 

Under the original timetable set by the German Presidency of the Council of the European Union in the first half of 2007, the Treaty was scheduled to be fully ratified by the end of 2008, thus entering into force on 1 January 2009 add something

 

Martin Ehrenhauser - Treaty of Lisbon - He worked as office manager for Hans-Peter Martin in Brussels and Strasbourg from 2007 to 2009, organizing the week of protests agains the Treaty of Lisbon in Vienna, which attracted about 2000 protesters

 

United Kingdom - The Treaty of Lisbon was signed in 2007, which forms the constitutional basis of the European Union since

 

On 21 June 2007, the European Council of heads of states or governments met in Brussels to agree upon the foundation of a new treaty to replace the rejected Constitution add something

 

After dealing with other issues, such as deciding on the accession of Cyprus and Malta to the Eurozone, negotiations on the Treaty took over and lasted until the morning of 23 June 2007 add something

 

Intergovernmental Conference - After the June negotiations and final settlement on a 16-page framework for the new Reform Treaty, the Intergovernmental conference on actually drafting the new treaty commenced on 23 July 2007 add something

 

At the meeting of the European Council in October 2007, Portugal insisted that the Treaty be signed in Lisbon, the Portuguese capital add something

 

At the European Council meeting on 18 and 19 October 2007 in Lisbon, a few last-minute concessions were made to ensure the signing of the treaty add something

 

The Lisbon Treaty was signed by the EU member states on 13 December 2007, and entered into force on 1 December 2009 add something

 

The signing of the Treaty of Lisbon took place in Lisbon, Portugal on 13 December 2007 add something

 

Estoril Film Festival - The resulting Treaty of Lisbon was signed on 13 December 2007 and came into force on 1 December 2009


2008

It was originally intended to have been ratified by all member states by the end of 2008 add something

 

This plan failed however, primarily due to the initial rejection of the Treaty in 2008 by the Irish electorate in a referendum, a decision which was reversed in a second referendum in 2009 add something

 

This timetable failed, primarily due to the initial rejection of the Treaty in 2008 by the Irish electorate, a decision which was reversed in a second referendum in 2009 after Ireland secured a number of concessions related to the treaty add something

 

Mary Lou McDonald - Treaty of Lisbon - During her time in office she led the Sinn Féin "No" campaign against the Treaty of Lisbon, which was rejected in Ireland 2008

 

Stuart Wheeler - In January 2008, Wheeler brought an action against the government, represented by Prime Minister Gordon Brown and Foreign Secretary David Miliband, over the government's process of ratification of the Treaty of Lisbon

 

In the UK, the European Union Bill was debated in the House of Commons on 21 January 2008, and passed its second reading that day by a vote of 362 to 224; Prime Minister Gordon Brown was absent that day, and left the Bill to be defended by David Miliband add something

 

LaRouche movement - Treaty of Lisbon - In February 2008, the LaRouche movement in Europe began a campaign to prevent the ratification of the Treaty of Lisbon, which, according to the U.S.-based LaRouche Political Action Committee, "empowers a supranational financial elite to take over the right of taxation and war making, and even restore the death penalty, abolished in most nations of Western Europe

 

The European Parliament approved the Treaty by 525 votes in favour and 115 against on 20 February 2008 on the basis of an analysis of the treaty's implications by the Parliament's rapporteurs Richard Corbett and Inigo Mendez de Vigo add something

 

Micheal Martin - Treaty of Lisbon - Martin and Cowen failed to convince the Irish public to support the ratification of the Treaty of Lisbon and this protest expressed in the referendum on 12 June 2008 plunged the government into a major political crisis

 

Following the first Irish referendum on Lisbon, the European Council decided in December 2008 to revert to one Commissioner per member state with effect from the date of entry into force of the Treaty add something


2009

This declaration outlined the intention of all Member States to agree on a new treaty in time for the 2009 Parliamentary elections, that is to have a ratified treaty before mid-2009 add something

 

This declaration outlined the intention of all Member States to agree on a new treaty in time for the 2009 Parliamentary elections, that is to have a ratified treaty before mid-2009 add something

 

European External Action Service - Treaty of Lisbon - ' Following the rejection of the Constitution, the changes were revived in the Treaty of Lisbon which came into force in 2009

 

European Economic Community - After the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon in 2009 the pillar structure ceased to exist

 

Garret FitzGerald - FitzGerald took a leading part in the campaign for the second referendum on the EU's Treaty of Lisbon in 2009

 

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union - Following the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty in 2009 the fundamental rights charter has the same legal value as the European Union treaties

 

Treaty of Brussels - In 2009, the Treaty of Lisbon took over the WEU's mutual defense clause

 

European Parliament election, 2014 - It had been the stated desire of the member-state governments to ratify the Treaty of Lisbon before the 2009 election, so that its articles governing the European Parliament could be in force for that election

 

Party of Free Citizens - It ran in the 2009 European Parliament election in the Czech_Republic; among its goals were the failure of the Treaty of Lisbon and forcing a referendum on introduction of the euro in the Czech Republic

 

Foreign Affairs Council - It was created in 2009 by the Treaty of Lisbon by splitting it from the "General Affairs and External Relations Council" with the other part becoming the General Affairs Council

 

European Economic Community - The EC existed in this form until it was abolished by the 2009 Treaty of Lisbon, which merged the EU's former pillars and provided that the EU would "replace and succeed the European Community

 

Treaty of Rome - When the Treaty of Lisbon came into force in 2009 the pillar system was abandoned, and hence the EC ceased to exist as a legal entity separate from the EU. This led to the treaty being amended and renamed as the "'Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union"'

 

Court of Justice of the European Union - With the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon in 2009, the court changed to its current name

 

Declan Ganley - Until 1 May 2009, Ganley traveled all over Europe to campaign against the Lisbon Treaty, and helped local Libertas branches

 

European Parliament election, 2014 - Therefore, in June 2009, the European Parliament was elected under the rules of the Treaty of Nice, which provided for 736 seats, instead of the 751 to be provided in the Treaty of Lisbon

 

Declan Ganley - In September 2009, Ganley announced he would campaign against the second referendum to ratify the Lisbon Treaty

 

Daniel Hannan - He resigned this position on 5 November 2009, after David Cameron announced that he wouldn't hold a referendum on the Treaty of Lisbon, saying that he wanted to concentrate on campaigning for a referendum

 

The Czech instrument of ratification was the last to be deposited in Rome on 13 November 2009 add something

 

Herman Van Rompuy - Treaty of Lisbon - On 19 November 2009 Van Rompuy was elected by the members of the European Council as the first full-time President of the European Council under the Treaty of Lisbon

 

Catherine Ashton - Treaty of Lisbon - In December 2009, she became the first person to take on the role of High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy that was created by the Treaty of Lisbon

 

European Court of Justice - Following the entrance into force of the Treaty of Lisbon on 1 December 2009, the ECJ's official name was changed from the "Court of Justice of the European Communities" to the "Court of Justice" although in English it is still most common to refer to the Court as the European Court of Justice

 

Ewald Stadler - However, when the Treaty of Lisbon took effect on December 1, 2009, Austria gained two seats in the European Parliament, making the BZÖ vote retrospectively sufficient to win Stadler a seat

 

European Union - On 1 December 2009, the Lisbon Treaty entered into force and reformed many aspects of the EU. In particular it changed the legal structure of the European Union, merging the EU three pillars system into a single legal entity provisioned with legal personality, and it created a permanent President of the European Council, the first of which is Herman Van Rompuy, and a strengthened High Representative, Catherine Ashton

 

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union - On the coming into force of the Lisbon Treaty on 1 December 2009, Justice Commissioner Viviane Reding proposed that Commissioners should swear to uphold all EU treaties and the Charter

 

Malek Boutih - Since the Treaty of Lisbon came into force on 1 December 2009, there has been a legal basis for the protection of minorities in Europe and hence in France

 

European Commission - The Treaty of Lisbon, which came into force on 1 December 2009, mandated a reduction of the number of commissioners to two thirds of member-states from 2014 unless the Council decided otherwise

 

European External Action Service - The "'European External Action Service"' is a European Union department that was established following the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon on 1 December 2009

 

European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training - This role has been transferred to Article 166 of the Lisbon Treaty, which entered into force on 1 December 2009


2011

European Parliament election, 2014 (United Kingdom) - As a result of the Treaty of Lisbon coming into force, the UK became entitled to a 73rd MEP as from November 2011

 

European Parliament election, 2014 (United Kingdom) - Treaty of Lisbon - A 73rd UK MEP was allocated in December 2011 to the UK because of the Treaty of Lisbon


2012

In October 2012 the UK government announced that it intended to exercise this opt-out and selectively opt back into certain measures add something


2014

Among the specific changes were greater ability to opt out in certain areas of legislation and that the proposed new voting system that was part of the European Constitution would not be used before 2014 add something

 

As it's expected that Croatia and other countries might join the Union before 2014 the apportionment set out above might be changed in time for the 2014 European Parliament elections add something

 

The Treaty of Lisbon stated that the size of the Commission will reduce from one per member state to one for two thirds of member states from 2014, with an equal rotation over time add something

 

There is some expectation that the posts may be merged, as allowed under Lisbon, in 2014 when their two mandates expire add something

 

Double majority - In the European Union, double majority voting is a form of Qualified Majority Voting which is to apply to almost all policy areas starting in 2014 under the Treaty of Lisbon

 

Double majority - In the European Union, double majority voting is a form of Qualified Majority Voting which is to apply to almost all policy areas starting in 2014 under the Treaty of Lisbon

 

Council of the European Union - The Treaty of Lisbon mandates a change in voting system from 1 November 2014 for most cases to double majority Qualified Majority Voting, replacing the voting weights system

 

Under the Treaty of Lisbon, the limitations on the powers of the Court of Justice and the Commission will be lifted after a transitional period of five years which will expire on 30 November 2014 add something


2016

Liberal Democrats - In June 2016 following the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum Tim Farron stated that if Liberal Democrats were to be elected in the next parliamentary election, they would not follow through with triggering Act 50 of the Lisbon Treaty and leaving the EU but would instead keep UK part of the EU.

 

Following the referendum of 23 June 2016, the United Kingdom is expected to activate the withdrawal clause and start exit negotiations within a few months add something


2017

Conservative Party (UK) - Prime Minister Theresa May signed the notice under Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty which officially begins Britain's withdrawal from the EU, on 28 March 2017, and at 12:20 on 29 March 2017, the U.K ambassador Tim Barrow delivered the notice to E.U president Donald Tusk, officially triggering the two-year process of leaving the European Union

 

United Kingdom - The legal process of leaving the EU began on 29 March 2017, with the UK's invocation of Article 50 of the Treaty of Lisbon, formally notifying the EU of the UK's intention to leave