(Media and Entertainment)
Independent film
(Movies & TV)
Mary Pickford
(Movies & TV)
Charlie Chaplin
(Movies & TV)
Darryl F. Zanuck
(Movies & TV)
Ziv Television Programs
(Media and Entertainment)
Mark Burnett
(Movies & TV)

See also


United Artists

Knowledge Identifier: &United_Artists


United Artists

American film studio add

Category: Business (17)

Founded in 1919.

Countries: United States (68%), United Kingdom (9%), (7%)

Main connections: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Independent film, Mary Pickford

Linked to: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Paramount Pictures, Warner Bros., Ryman Hospitality Properties




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Independent film - On February 5, 1919 four of the leading figures in American silent cinema formed United Artists, the first independent studio in America


A number of United Artists' films from the 1920s through the 1940s that are in the public domain are seldom shown add something


Al Lichtman - He was president of Preferred Pictures in 1923 and became sales manager at United Artists in 1927


Norma Talmadge - In 1924, Schenck had moved over to head United Artists, but Talmadge still had a distribution contract with First National


Mack Swain - He is remembered for his role as "Big Jim McKay" in the 1925 film "The Gold Rush", for United Artists, written by and starring Chaplin


Charlie Chaplin - There is evidence that Chaplin and Keaton, who both got their start in vaudeville, thought highly of one another: Keaton stated in his autobiography that Chaplin was the greatest comedian that ever lived, and the greatest comedy director, whereas Chaplin welcomed Keaton to United Artists in 1925, advised him against his disastrous move to MGM in 1928, and for his last American film, Limelight, wrote a part specifically for Keaton as his first on-screen comedy partner since 1915.


Flora Bramley - Born in London , Bramley started out on stage in musical revues, and in June 1926, while visiting relatives in Hollywood , was signed by United Artists


Lois Weber - In November 1926, Weber joined United Artists to direct a comedy film called "Topsy and Eva" based on a popular play of that name written by Catherine Chisholm Cushing and featuring the Duncan Sisters in blackface


Gloria Swanson - In 1927, she decided to turn down a million dollar a year contract with Paramount to join the newly-created United Artists, where she was her own boss and could make the films she wanted, with whom she wanted, and when.


Mary Nolan - She made "Sorrell and Son" for United Artists in 1927, but her film career declined afterwards


Hugo Riesenfeld - From 1928 to 1930, he was General Music Director of United Artists


Jack Warner - In 1929, Warner persuaded British stage and screen actor George Arliss to play the title role in a remake of the 1921 United Artists film "Disraeli", a project that turned out to be a box-office hit


Norma Talmadge - On March 29, 1929, at the bungalow of Mary Pickford, United Artists brought together Talmadge, Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, Charles Chaplin, Gloria Swanson, John Barrymore, Dolores del Río and D.W. Griffith to speak on the radio show "The Dodge Brothers Hour" to prove that Griffith could meet the challenge of talking movies


They began international operations, first in Canada, in Mexico, and by the end of the 1930s, United Artists was represented in over 40 countries add something


Phil Boutelje - By the early 1930s he had been lured to Hollywood , becoming music director for Paramount Pictures and United Artists


June MacCloy - Signed by Paramount Pictures in 1930, she was loaned out to United Artists for her first feature, "Reaching for the Moon " , starring Bebe Daniels, Douglas Fairbanks, Sr., Edward Everett Horton and Claud Allister


Samuel Goldwyn - Throughout the 1930s, Goldwyn released all his films through United Artists, but beginning in 1941, and continuing almost through the end of his career, Goldwyn released his films through RKO Radio Pictures


William Goetz - In 1932, Goetz received the financial support necessary from his new father-in-law to become a minor partner with Joseph Schenck, the former president of United Artists, and Darryl F. Zanuck from Warner Brothers to create Twentieth Century Pictures


Schenck resigned in 1933 to organize a new company with Darryl F. Zanuck, Twentieth Century Pictures, which soon provided four pictures a year to UA's schedule add something


Darryl F. Zanuck - In 1933 he left Warners to found 20th Century Films with Joseph Schenck and William Goetz, releasing their material through United Artists


Milton Sperling - Studios in 1933 and was offered a position with Twentieth Century Pictures , Sperling became an assistant to Edward Small an independent film producer who released his Reliance Pictures and Edward Small Productions through United Artists


Mary Pickford - When she retired from acting in 1933, Pickford continued to produce films for United Artists, and she and Chaplin remained partners in the company for decades


David O. Selznick - In 1935 he realized that goal by forming Selznick International Pictures and distributing his films through United Artists


Rene Clair - When Chaplin made "Modern Times" in 1936, it was noted that some parts of it bore a marked similarity to scenes in "À nous la liberté", and the French producers launched a lawsuit for plagiarism against United Artists, the producers of Chaplin's film


Dead End Kids - The Kids were all signed to two-year contracts, allowing for possible future films, and began working on the 1937 United Artists' film, "Dead End"


By the late 1940s, United Artists had virtually ceased to exist as either a producer or distributor add something


Independent film - By the late 1940s, United Artists had virtually ceased to exist as either a producer or distributor


Carole Landis - Her breakthrough role was as the female lead in the 1940 film "One Million B.C.", with United Artists


In 1942, the SIMPP filed an antitrust suit against Paramount's United Detroit Theatres add something


Shirley Temple - "Miss Annie Rooney" followed for United Artists in 1942, but it too was unsuccessful


James Cagney - Cagney announced in March 1942 that he and brother William were setting up Cagney Productions to release films though United Artists.


Hal Roach - United Artists continued to release Roach's streamliners through 1943


Eleanor Powell - She danced in a giant pinball machine in "Sensations of 1945" for United Artists, but this picture was a critical and commercial disappointment


Stagecoach (1939 film) - The film was originally released through United Artists, but under the terms of its seven-year-rights rule, the company surrendered distribution rights to producer Walter Wanger in 1946


WB retained a pair of features from 1949 that they merely distributed, and all short subjects released on or after September 1, 1948, in addition to all cartoons released in August 1948 add something


Jean Rogers - Her final appearance was a supporting role in the suspense film "The Second Woman", made in 1950 by United Artists


Cy Endfield - It was with the 1950 film noir "The Underworld Story", an independent production released through United Artists, that Endfield first came to critical and studio attention


Spyros Skouras - Spyros was a major stockholder of 20th Century Fox. In the 1950s he, together with his brothers, controlled 20th Century Fox, National Theaters, Fox West Coast Theaters, United Artists Theaters, Skouras Theaters, Magna Corp, and Todd AO


Vera Caspary - Their films were contracted to United Artists, and when United Artists went into bankruptcy and restructuring in 1950, the films of Gloria Films were tied up in litigation and the couple lost everything


Of the hundreds of films UA distributed over eighty years, those it still owns outright are most of its own productions from 1951 forward, plus a few pre-1951 films such as 1933's "Hallelujah, I'm a Bum" and Howard Hawks' "Red River" with parent company MGM handling distribution add something


Independent film - Meanwhile, in 1951, lawyers-turned-producers Arthur Krim and Robert Benjamin had made a deal with the remaining stockholders of United Artists which would allow them to make an attempt to revive the company and, if the attempt was successful, buy it after five years


Chaplin was against the deal, but changed his mind in late 1952 when the US government revoked his re-entry visa while he was in London for the UK premiere of "Limelight" add something


George Skouras - In 1952 George joined United Artists with Michael Todd and Joe Schenck, former president of Twentieth Century Fox, in order to form the Magna Theatre Corporation for production and distribution of Todd-AO films


Wesley Ruggles - An abridged version was released in the U.S. under the title "My Heart Goes Crazy" by United Artists in 1953


Warner Bros. - In the wake of United Artists successful 3D film "Bwana Devil", he decided to expand into 3D films with the studio's 1953 film "House of Wax"


Bela Lugosi - Following his treatment, Lugosi made one final film, in late 1955, "The Black Sleep", for Bel-Air Pictures, which was released in the summer of 1956 through United Artists with a promotional campaign that included several personal appearances


Independent film - The attempt was a success, and in 1955 United Artists became the first "studio" without an actual studio


Around the World in 80 Days (1956 film) - "'Around the World in 80 Days"' is a 1956 adventure film starring David Niven and Cantinflas, produced by the Michael Todd Company and released by United Artists


Jeff Chandler (actor) - In 1957 Chandler left Universal and signed a contract with United Artists


Alan Dale (singer) - In 1957 he resumed his shuttling from one record label to another, going to ABC, MGM, and United Artists


Robert Altman - The film, titled The Delinquents, made for $60,000, was purchased by United Artists for $150,000, and released in 1957.


Also in 1958, UA acquired Ilya Lopert's Lopert Pictures Corporation a company that released foreign films in the United States to release foreign films that may have attracted criticism or cause censorship problems add something


By 1958, many of the objectives that led to the creation of the SIMPP had been obtained and SIMPP closed its offices add something


In 1958, United Artists Records was created, initially to release soundtracks from UA films, but it later diversified into many types of music add something


Leopold Stokowski - He made a series of &Symphony_of_the_Air (NBC_Symphony_Orchestra) recordings for the United Artists label in 1958 which included Beethoven's 7th Symphony, Shostakovich's 1st Symphony, Khatchaturian's 2nd Symphony and Respighi's "The Pines of Rome"


Ted Berkman - He wrote two more screenplays during the decade including United Artists "Edge of Fury" in 1958 and "Girl in the Night" for Warner Brothers in 1960


Bob Cato - Cato began working in the music industry in 1959 at Columbia Records, becoming vice president of creative services there and later at United Artists


Don Costa - It was at this time in late 1959 that Costa, along with Lawrence and Gorme, left ABC to join the United Artists label as A&R Director


In 1960, United Artists purchased Ziv Television Programs and, using the idea of financial backing for television, UA's television division was responsible for shows such as CBS's "Gilligan's Island" and three ABC programs, "The Fugitive" with David Janssen, "Outer Limits", a science fiction series, and "The Patty Duke Show" with Patty Duke and William Schallert add something


On the basis of its fantastic string of film and television hits in the 1960s, the company was an attractive property, and in 1967 Krim and Benjamin sold control of UA to the San Francisco-based insurance giant, the Transamerica Corporation add something


Arnold Picker - He joined United Artists where in the 1960s he was made an executive vice president


Al Caiola - In 1960 he became a recording star on the United Artists label for at least ten years


Ziv Television Programs - In 1960 the company was purchased by United Artists and merged with UA's own television company to become Ziv-United Artists


In 1961, United Artists released "West Side Story", an adaptation of the Leonard Bernstein-Stephen Sondheim stage musical, which won a record ten Academy awards add something


Bob Peak - United Artists studio hired Peak in 1961 to design the poster images for the film "West Side Story"


Ziv Television Programs - In 1962, the name reverted to United Artists Television after UA phased out the name Ziv Productions


Rex Reason - The film began as a WB project, but was completed as an independent film, and was released by United Artists in 1962


In 1963 United Artists released two Stanley Kramer films, the epic comedy "It's A Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World" and the drama "A Child is Waiting" add something


Jack Sahakian - Being a hairdresser to the stars, such as Shirley MacLaine and Warren Beatty, this led to small roles in a couple movies, Billy Wilder's "Irma la Douce" starring Jack Lemmon and MacLaine for United Artists and "Move Over, Darling" starring Doris Day and James Garner for 20th Century Fox, both released in 1963


Gordon McLendon - He produced over 150 motion-picture campaigns for United Artists from 1963-1966


In 1964 UA released the controversial Billy Wilder American-made film "Kiss Me, Stupid" under the Lopert name add something


In 1964, the French subsidiary "'Les Productions Artistes Associés"' released its first production, "That Man From Rio" add something


Other successful projects backed in this period included Blake Edwards's Pink Panther series, which began in 1964, and Sergio Leone's Spaghetti Westerns, which made a star of Clint Eastwood add something


Frank Frazetta - In 1964, Frazetta's painting of Beatle Ringo Starr for a "Mad" magazine ad parody caught the eye of United Artists studios


Samantha Jones (singer) - In 1964, with the help of producer Charles Blackwell, Owen embarked on a solo career and signed with the international record label United Artists, who gave her the stage name Samantha Jones


UA released another Best Picture Oscar winner in 1967, "In the Heat of the Night", starring Sidney Poitier and Rod Steiger, and a nominee for Best Picture, "The Graduate", an Embassy production that UA distributed overseas add something


Wim Wenders - Set on making his obsession his life's work, Wenders returned to Germany in 1967 to work in the Düsseldorf office of United Artists


In 1968, UA Records was merged with Liberty Records, along with their many subsidiary labels such as Imperial Records and Dolton Records add something


J. R. R. Tolkien - He was not implacably opposed to the idea of a dramatic adaptation, however, and sold the film, stage and merchandise rights of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings to United Artists in 1968.


Juggy Murray - In 1968 Murray sold his Sue masters and publishing houses, Saturn and Sagittarius, to United Artists


Sharon Redd - She began her recording career with four singles in 1968 for the United Artists label, three written and all four produced by songwriter and record producer Bobby Susser


Clint Eastwood - Leonard arranged for Hang 'Em High to be a joint production with United Artists and, when it opened in July 1968, the film became the biggest United Artists opening in history — its box office receipts exceeding all the James Bond films of the time.


Additionally, United Artists Broadcasting held the permit to "'KUAB-TV"' in Houston, Texas, which would have possibly launched sometime around 1969 on channel 20; the station would eventually launch in 1982 under different ownership as KTXH add something


The Secret of Santa Vittoria - "'The Secret of Santa Vittoria"' is a 1969 film , and distributed by United Artists


Since UA produced very few of the pictures it released, the copyrights of UA's output up until the 1970s belonged to the individual or company producing add something


United Artists owned one radio station, WWSH in Philadelphia, from 1970 to 1977 add something


Peter Glenville - In 1970 Glenville directed another new Terence Rattigan play in the West End, "A Bequest to the Nation" and in 1971 began work on the film project of "Man of La Mancha", but when he failed to agree with United Artists on the production, he bowed out


Heaven's Gate (film) - In 1971, rising Hollywood film director Michael Cimino submitted an original script for "Heaven's Gate" to United Artists executives; the project was shelved when it failed to attract big-name talent


The Shirelles - The remaining three Shirelles recorded songs for several labels, including Bell Records, RCA, and United Artists until 1971


Independent film - Until his so-called "retirement" as a director in 1971 he would produce up to seven movies a year, matching and often exceeding the five-per-year schedule that the executives at United Artists had once thought impossible


In 1972, the group was consolidated into one entity as United Artists Records add something


The Manchurian Candidate (1962 film) - Sinatra's representatives acquired rights to the film in 1972 after the initial contract with United Artists expired, but he later stated that he was unaware of the transaction at the time


Because MGM was not able to drop out from CIC , which they had previously joined in 1973, UA's international operations were merged with CIC; the venture eventually changed their name to United International Pictures add something


In 1973, UA took over the sales and distribution of MGM's films in Anglo-America, while Cinema International Corporation took over international distribution rights add something


This is because co-producer QM Productions gained control of ancillary rights and all rights were sold to ABC films, that company became Worldvision Enterprises in 1973, which in turn was sold to Taft Broadcasting in 1979, which in turn sold it to Spelling Entertainment in 1988, which in turn ended up as part of CBS Television Studios add something


Lucky Oceans - In 1973, their debut album, "Comin' Right At Ya" was released by United Artists


Charlie L. Russell - Russell later adapted the play into a film, which was released by United Artists in 1973


Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer - With the decline in output, Kerkorian closed MGM's sales and distribution offices in 1973 and outsourced those functions to United Artists


Mike Medavoy - In 1974, United Artists brought Medavoy in as senior vice president of production


Kaiser Broadcasting owned a minor stake from 1975 to 1977 following the closure of crosstown WKBF add something


Apocalypse Now - Coppola spent the last few months of 1975 revising Milius' script and negotiating with United Artists to secure financing for the production


Bobby Womack - Womack continued to record albums with United Artists through 1975 and 1976 but with less success than previous albums


The Hobbit - In 1976 United Artists sold the rights to Saul Zaentz Company, who trade as Tolkien Enterprises


Kevin McClory - In 1976, McClory announced he was to produce an original James Bond film to be titled either "Warhead", "Warhead 8", or "James Bond of the Secret Service", but the project was severely hampered as a result of legal action brought by the Fleming Trustees and United Artists


Carrie (1976 film) - The soundtrack album was originally released on vinyl in 1976 under the United Artists label


In 1977, Gaylord Entertainment Company acquired WUAB. add something


Finally in 1978, following a dispute over administrative expenses, UA's top executives, including Arthur B. Krim, chairman, Eric Pleskow, president and chief executive officer, Robert S. Benjamin, chairman of the finance committee, walked out add something


The new leadership of UA agreed to back "Heaven's Gate", the pet project of director Michael Cimino, who had won Academy awards for Best Picture and Best Director for his 1978 film "The Deer Hunter" add something


Ralph Bakshi - Viewing "The Lord of the Rings" as a holiday film, United Artists pressured Bakshi to complete it on schedule for its intended November 15, 1978, release


Samantha Sang - Her third album, "From Dance to Love" was released by United Artists in 1979


Kirk Kerkorian - In 1979, Kerkorian issued a statement claiming that MGM was now primarily a hotel company; however, he managed to expand the overall film library and production system with the purchase of United Artists from Transamerica in 1981, becoming MGM/UA Entertainment Company


Robert McKee - In 1979, McKee moved to Los Angeles , where he began to write screenplays and work as a story analyst for United Artists and NBC


Apocalypse Now - He convinced United Artists executives to delay the premiere from May 1979 to October 1978


Around 1980, Transamerica was retiring from the filmmaking business, and United Artists was put up for sale add something


In the late 1980s, UA licensed the video releases for its more obscure titles to a small specialty video distributor called Wood Knapp Video add something


Don Dunphy - He called all of the fights in the 1980 United Artists film "Raging Bull", which was directed by Martin Scorsese


Heaven's Gate (film) - Notwithstanding the five hour and twenty-five minute "workprint" cut shown to executives in early 1980, Cimino had rushed through post-production and editing in order to meet his contractual requirements to United Artists, and to qualify for the 1980 Academy Awards


Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer - The company hit a symbolic low point in 1980 when David Begelman, earlier let go by Columbia following the discovery of his acts of forgery and embezzlement, was installed as MGM's President and CEO. Kerkorian did, however, commit to increased production and an expanded film library when he bought United Artists in 1981


Friz Freleng - "The Pink Panther" and the other original DePatie-Freleng series would remain in production through 1980, with new cartoons produced for simultaneous Saturday morning broadcast and United Artists theatrical release


Heaven's Gate (film) - On June 26, 1980, Cimino previewed a work print for executives at United Artists that reportedly ran a staggering five hours and twenty-five minutes , which Cimino said was "about 15 minutes longer than the final cut would be


The Right Stuff (film) - Eventually Goldman quit the project in August 1980 and United Artists pulled out


In 1981, "'United Artists Classics"', which had formerly been a division of the company that re-released library titles, was turned into a first run art film distributor by Nathaniel T. Kwit Jr. Tom Bernard was hired as the division's head of sales, and Ira Deutchman as its head of marketing add something


Magnetic was purchased by 20th Century Fox in 1981 and was renamed 20th Century-Fox Video that year add something


Some Like It Hot - In 1981, after the worldwide success of the French drag comedy "La Cage aux Folles", United Artists re-released "Some Like It Hot" to theatres


Independent film - In 1981, the same year that United Artists, bought out by MGM, ceased to exist as a venue for independent filmmakers, Sterling Van Wagenen left the film festival to help found the Sundance Institute with Robert Redford


Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer - MGM proceeded to get back into theatrical distribution in 1981 with its purchase of United Artists, as UA's parent company Transamerica Corporation decided to let go of the studio following the failure of "Heaven's Gate"


Orion Pictures - In 1983, Orion Pictures introduced art-house division Orion Classics with executives who had previously run United Artists Classics


Eventually, in 1990, came the sale to Italian promoter Giancarlo Parretti, who attempted to purchase Pathé the previous year add something


MGM-Pathé, now simply known as MGM , took over the copyrights to UA films after the studio folded into the former company in 1990, with the exception of the films of James Bond franchise add something


This deal lasted in effect until the early 1990s add something


UA was essentially dormant after 1990, releasing no films for several years add something


Anthony Heinsbergen - High profile work of this type includes murals for the Wiltern Theatre, the Oakland Paramount Theater, the Warner Grand Theatre in San Pedro, California, and the United Artists flagship theatre in downtown Los Angeles , plus the vaulted ceiling of the city's Park Plaza Hotel which can be seen in the opening sequences of the 1990 David Lynch film "Wild at Heart"


Warner Home Video - Warner Home Video released United Artists titles on video until the early 1990s


David Heyman - In the late 80's, he became Vice President of United Artists and subsequently embarked on an independent producing career with his first film, "Juice" in 1992, followed by the cult "stoner" film "The Stoned Age" and others


Productions made after the company was revived by MGM in 1994 are copyrighted by UA. Still, the rights to many UA releases around this time reverted to the producers add something


MGM was sold by Credit Lyonnais in 1996, again to Kirk Kerkorian's Tracinda, resulting in the departure of Calley as UA president add something


In 1999, filmmaker Francis Ford Coppola attempted to buy UA from Kerkorian add something


During the 2000s, UA was repositioned as a specialty studio add something


Joseph Wiseman - Following the death of Charles Gray in 2000, Wiseman was the last surviving main villain of the James Bond films which Sean Connery made for United Artists


UA hired Bingham Ray, who previously founded October Films, to run the company in September 2001, and under his supervision produced and distributed many "art-house" films, among them Michael Moore's "Bowling for Columbine"; 2002's "Nicholas Nickleby" and the winner of that year's Academy award for Best Foreign Language Film, "No Man's Land"; and 2004's "Undertow", directed by David Gordon Green, and Terry George's "Hotel Rwanda", a co-production of UA and Lions Gate Entertainment add something


Lionsgate Films - And in 2004, for the first time ever, Lions Gate joined forces with independent rival United Artists in producing "Hotel Rwanda"


In March 2006, MGM announced that it would return once again as a distribution company domestically add something


Bryan Singer - In March 2007, the duo brought the project directly to United Artists partners Paula Wagner and Tom Cruise, who immediately agreed to finance the film


On August 14, 2008, MGM announced Paula Wagner will leave United Artists to produce films independently add something


Paula Wagner left the studio on August 14, 2008 add something


Throughout 2010, continued debt and credit issues for MGM Holdings, Inc., United Artists' parent company had left the future of MGM and UA in doubt until it was resolved near the end of the year add something


Raging Bull - In July 2012, MGM, owners of United Artists, filed a lawsuit against LaMotta and the producers of "Raging Bull II" to keep the new film from being released


Kes (film) - In a 2013 interview, director Ken Loach said that, upon its release, United Artists organised a screening of the film for some American executive and they said that they could understand Hungarian better than the dialect in the film


In 2014, MGM acquired controlling interest in Mark Burnett and Roma Downey's entertainment assets, resulting in another relaunch of United Artists add something


In September 2014, MGM acquired controlling interest in Mark Burnett and Roma Downey's entertainment companies One Three Media and Lightworkers Media, merged them to revive United Artists' TV production unit as United Artists Media Group add something


On September 22, 2014, MGM acquired controlling interest in Mark Burnett and Roma Downey's entertainment companies One Three Media and Lightworkers Media, merged them to revive United Artists' TV production unit as United Artists Media Group add something


On December 14, 2015, MGM announced that it had acquired the remaining 45 percent stake of UAMG it did not already own and folded UAMG into MGM Television add something


By August 2018, MGM relaunched the United Artists brand as a digital production and distribution company aimed at creating original motion pictures, television programs, short-form content and digital series as well as building upon MGM's existing IP for distribution across digital platforms add something


In early October 2018, MGM and Walmart agreed to a partnership for MGM digital to create exclusive content for Walmart's Vudu and Movies On Us service to begin showing in the first quarter 2019 add something


By the end of January 2019, the distributor released eight titles total add something


Mirror, the joint distribution venture between MGM and Annapurna Pictures was renamed as United Artists Releasing in early February 2019 add something


The venture was rebranded as "'United Artists Releasing"' on February 5, 2019, 100 years to the day of United Artists' founding add something