United Kingdom

Knowledge Identifier: $United_Kingdom


United Kingdom

Category:Island countriesadd

Category: Environment (330)

Launched in -5000.

Countries: United Kingdom (35%), (17%), UK (7%)

Main connections: Ireland, European Union, Northern Ireland

Linked to: University of Cambridge, University of Oxford, Conservative Party, Labour Party




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In 1066, the Normans and their Breton allies invaded England from northern France and after its conquest, seized large parts of Wales, conquered much of Ireland and were invited to settle in Scotland, bringing to each country feudalism on the Northern French model and Norman-French culture add something


Forms of Christianity have dominated religious life in what is now the United Kingdom for over 1400 years add something


Scotland first legislated for compulsory education in 1496 add something


The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of $ England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland add something


In 1603, the kingdoms of $ England, Scotland and Ireland were united in a personal union when James VI,_King_of_Scots (James_I_of_England), inherited the crowns of England and Ireland and moved his court from Edinburgh to London; each country nevertheless remained a separate political entity and retained its separate political, legal, and religious institutions add something


It was created in 1606 by the superimposition of the Flag of England on the Flag of Scotland and updated in 1801 with the addition of Saint Patrick's Flag add something


Though previous attempts at uniting the two kingdoms within Great Britain in 1606, 1667, and 1689 had proved unsuccessful, the attempt initiated in 1705 led to the Treaty of Union of 1706 being agreed and ratified by both parliaments add something


With the founding of the Royal Society in 1660, science was greatly encouraged add something


England - The Bank of England, founded in 1694 by Scottish banker William Paterson, is the United Kingdom's central bank


The United Kingdom does not have a single legal system as Article 19 of the 1706 Treaty of Union provided for the continuation of Scotland's separate legal system add something


The 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain" add something


"From 1707 until 1801 "Great Britain" was the official designation of the kingdoms of England and Scotland" add something


"In 1707, on the union with Scotland, 'Great Britain' became the official name of the British Kingdom, and so continued until the union with Ireland in 1801" add something


On 1 May 1707, the united Kingdom of Great Britain came into being, the result of Acts of Union being passed by the parliaments of England and Scotland to ratify the 1706 Treaty of Union and so unite the two kingdoms add something


The UK has a history of small-scale non-white immigration, with Liverpool having the oldest Black population in the country dating back to at least the 1730s during the period of the African slave trade add something


The Jacobites were finally defeated at the Battle of Culloden in 1746, after which the Scottish Highlanders were brutally suppressed add something


In 1764, the standard 18-hole golf course was created at St Andrews when members modified the course from 22 to 18 holes add something


The British colonies in North America that broke away from Britain in the American War of Independence became the United States of America, recognised by Britain in 1783 add something


$ Cricket was invented in England, and its laws were established by Marylebone Cricket Club in 1788 add something


Compare to section 1 of both of the 1800 Acts of Union which reads: the "Kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland shall add something


Parliament of the United Kingdom - For example, although the Act of Union 1800 states that the Kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland are to be united "forever", Parliament permitted southern Ireland to leave the United Kingdom in 1922


The term "United Kingdom" became official in 1801 when the parliaments of Britain and Ireland each passed an Act of Union, uniting the two kingdoms and creating the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland add something


Parliament of the United Kingdom - A similar arrangement was made in respect of Ireland when it was united with Great Britain in 1801, but when southern Ireland left the United Kingdom in 1922 the election of Irish representative peers ceased


Scotland - In 1801, Great Britain itself entered into a political union with the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland


England - In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland


Parliament banned the trade in 1807, banned slavery in the British Empire in 1833, and Britain took a leading role in the movement to abolish slavery worldwide through the blockade of Africa and pressing other nations to end their trade with a series of treaties add something


William Selby Lowndes - "'William Selby Lowndes"' served as a knight of the shire representing Buckinghamshire in the United Kingdom House of Commons from 1810-1820


Between 1815 and 1930 around 11,4 million people emigrated from Britain and 7,3 million from Ireland add something


In 1832 Parliament passed the Great Reform Act, which began the transfer of political power from the aristocracy to the middle classes add something


The world's oldest international human rights organisation, Anti-Slavery International, was formed in London in 1839 add something


Companies House - The United Kingdom has had a system of company registration since 1844


By the time of the Great Exhibition of 1851, Britain was described as the "workshop of the world" add something


The modern game of tennis originated in Birmingham, England, in the 1860s, before spreading around the world add something


Throughout the 19th century a small population of German immigrants built up, numbering 28,644 in England and Wales in 1861 add something


England is recognised by FIFA as the birthplace of club football, and The Football Association is the oldest of its kind, with the rules of football first drafted in 1863 by Ebenezer Cobb Morley add something


The 'Queensberry rules', the code of general rules in boxing, was named after John Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry in 1867, and formed the basis of modern boxing add something


National Association of United Trades for the Protection of Labour - George Howell claimed that it was not dissolved until 1867, although George Odger claimed that its existence was "a perfect myth" by 1866, when the United Kingdom Alliance of Organised Trades was founded


Universally free of charge state education was introduced piecemeal between 1870 and 1944 add something


The first international football match was contested by England and Scotland on 30 November 1872 add something


The world's oldest tennis tournament, the Wimbledon championships, first occurred in 1877, and today the event takes place over two weeks in late June and early July add something


Innocenzo Manzetti - The United Kingdom did not see its first telephone demonstrations until A.G. Bell demonstrated one of his early devices to Queen Victoria and others in 1877


After 1881 Russian Jews suffered bitter persecutions, and, out of some 2,000,000 who left Russia by 1914, around 120,000 settled permanently in Britain, overtaking the Germans to be the largest ethnic minority from outside the British Isles add something


The Royal Greenwich Observatory in London was chosen as the defining point of the Prime Meridian in Washington in 1884, though it no longer is add something


Daniel Owen is credited as the first Welsh-language novelist, publishing "Rhys Lewis" in 1885 add something


Modern local government by elected councils, partly based on the ancient counties, was introduced separately: in England and Wales in a 1888 act, Scotland in a 1889 act and Ireland in a 1898 act, meaning there is no consistent system of administrative or geographic demarcation across the United Kingdom add something


The German immigrant community was the largest group until 1891, when it became second to Russian Jews add something


Rugby league originated in Huddersfield, West Yorkshire in 1895 and is generally played in Northern England add something


Social reform and home rule for Ireland were important domestic issues after 1900 add something


The Labour Party emerged from an alliance of trade unions and small socialist groups in 1900, and suffragettes campaigned for women's right to vote before 1914 add something


The 1908, 1948 and 2012 Summer Olympics were held in London, making it the first city to host the games three times add something


The Church in Wales was disestablished in 1920 and, as the Church of Ireland was disestablished in 1870 before the partition of Ireland, there is no established church in Northern Ireland add something


The rise of Irish nationalism, and disputes within Ireland over the terms of Irish Home Rule, led eventually to the partition of the island in 1921 add something


Irish War of Independence - The Anglo-Irish Treaty was signed on 6 December 1921 to resolve the Irish War of Independence add something


Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland add something


Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" add something


The BBC, founded in 1922, is the UK's publicly funded radio, television and Internet broadcasting corporation, and is the oldest and largest broadcaster in the world add something


England - In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland


This led to considerable unemployment and hardship in the old industrial areas, as well as political and social unrest in the 1930s, with rising membership in communist and socialist parties add something


A coalition government was formed in 1931 add something


Second World War - Britain entered the Second World War by declaring war on Nazi Germany in 1939 after Germany had invaded Poland add something


In 1940, the Royal Air Force defeated the German Luftwaffe in a struggle for control of the skies in the Battle of Britain add something


Winston Churchill became prime minister and head of a coalition government in 1940 add something


Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke - After returning for a very short spell at Southern Command he was appointed in July 1940 to command United Kingdom Home Forces to take charge of anti-invasion preparations


British forces played an important role in the Normandy landings of 1944, achieved with its United States ally add something


Independence was granted to India and Pakistan in 1947 add something


United Suvadive Republic - In 1947, the year of the Partition and independence of India and Pakistan, the Maldive government, in full control of the islands' internal affairs but operating under a British protectorate, took the first steps towards controlling some external affairs also, backed by disgruntled Malé merchants who wished for a privileged share of the trade with the Southerners


United Suvadive Republic - In 1947, the year of the Partition and independence of India and Pakistan, the Maldive government, in full control of the islands' internal affairs but operating under a British protectorate, took the first steps towards controlling some external affairs also, backed by disgruntled Malé merchants who wished for a privileged share of the trade with the Southerners


John Arthur Watts - "'John Arthur Watts"' was a Conservative Party Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom House of Commons between 1983 and 1997


Since 1948 substantial immigration from Africa, the Caribbean and South Asia has been a legacy of ties forged by the British Empire add something


James Cassels (British Army officer) - Having been promoted to brigadier on 4 March 1948 and to major-general on 20 December 1948, he became Chief Liaison Officer with the United Kingdom Services Liaison Staff at Melbourne in Australia on 16 December 1949 and was appointed CB in the New Year Honours 1950


As a result of a shortage of workers in the 1950s, the government encouraged immigration from Commonwealth countries add something


Despite rising living standards in the late 1950s and 1960s, the UK's economic performance was less successful than many of its main competitors such as France, West Germany and Japan add something


In 1950 there were probably fewer than 20,000 non-white residents in Britain, almost all born overseas add something


The UK hosted the first F1 Grand Prix in 1950 at Silverstone, the current location of the British Grand Prix held each year in July add something


The UK was the third country to develop a nuclear weapons arsenal , but the new post-war limits of Britain's international role were illustrated by the Suez Crisis of 1956 add something


The current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state add something


Tororo Cement Limited - The company was established in 1952 by the British Colonial Government, to manufacture cement from the abundantly available limestone in the area around the Eastern Ugandan town of Tororo


In the decade-long process of European integration, the UK was a founding member of the alliance called the Western European Union, established with the London and Paris Conferences in 1954 add something


United Suvadive Republic - In 1957, the sultan appointed Ibrahim Nasir as the prime minister of the sultanate; Nasir ordered the British to cease all construction undertakings in Addu


United Suvadive Republic - In 1957, the sultan appointed Ibrahim Nasir as the prime minister of the sultanate; Nasir ordered the British to cease all construction undertakings in Addu


Chartered Society of Designers - The "'Prince Philip Designers Prize"' was instigated by CSD's Patron, HRH The Duke of Edinburgh in 1959 and is awarded annually by the United Kingdom Design Council


United Suvadive Republic - Four days later, on January 3, 1959 a delegation of the Addu people arrived on Gan and declared their independence to the British


United Suvadive Republic - Four days later, on January 3, 1959 a delegation of the Addu people arrived on Gan and declared their independence to the British


From the late 1960s, Northern Ireland suffered communal and paramilitary violence conventionally known as the Troubles add something


In 1960 the UK was one of the seven founding members of the European Free Trade Association , but in 1973 it left to join the European Communities add something


United Suvadive Republic - A year later, in 1960, due to the Maldive prime minister's tireless international campaigns, a new accord between the British and Maldivian governments was approved and the former soon announced the termination of their so-called support to the Suvadive separatists


United Suvadive Republic - A year later, in 1960, due to the Maldive prime minister's tireless international campaigns, a new accord between the British and Maldivian governments was approved and the former soon announced the termination of their so-called support to the Suvadive separatists


House of Grant, 1964 add something


Mining Association of the United Kingdom - In 1966 this name was changed to Overseas Mining Association and in 1976 the name was changed to its present style when it merged with the United Kingdom Metal Mining Association


Following a period of widespread economic slowdown and industrial strife in the 1970s, the Conservative government of the 1980s under Margaret Thatcher initiated a radical policy of monetarism, deregulation, particularly of the financial sector and labour markets, the sale of state-owned companies , and the withdrawal of subsidies to others add something


Indeed, in 1972, the UK Parliament unilaterally prorogued the Parliament of Northern Ireland, setting a precedent relevant to contemporary devolved institutions add something


Local government in Northern Ireland has since 1973 been organised into 26 district councils, each elected by single transferable vote add something


Helen Morgan (Miss World) - Entering modelling competitions on a part-time basis, she won the Miss Wales and Miss United Kingdom titles in 1974


Stephen Lamport - He joined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1974, and was assigned to the United Kingdom Mission to the United Nations in New York


British Dental Health Foundation - In the United Kingdom National Smile Month has been running since 1976 and is one of the largest dental health education events in Europe and the world


Since 1979 expenditure on healthcare has been increased significantly to bring it closer to the European Union average add something


Christopher Airy - In 1979 he became Commanding Officer of the 5th Field Force, and in 1982 Assistant Chief of Staff at United Kingdom Land Forces


British American Tobacco - The United Kingdom retail chain Argos was purchased in 1979


During the 1980s and 1990s the industry was scaled back considerably add something


During the late 1980s and 1990s the Saatchi Gallery in London helped to bring to public attention a group of multi-genre artists who would become known as the "Young British Artists": Damien Hirst, Chris Ofili, Rachel Whiteread, Tracey Emin, Mark Wallinger, Steve McQueen, Sam Taylor-Wood and the Chapman Brothers are among the better-known members of this loosely affiliated movement add something


Since the 1980s, UK economic inequality, like Canada, Australia and the United States, has grown faster than in other developed countries add something


Toyota Crown - The United Kingdom was another market until the early 1980s


John Boreham - The United Kingdom hosted the Conference at Leeds Castle in spring 1983


From 1984, the economy was helped by the inflow of substantial North Sea oil revenues add something


Nirex - Originally known as the "'Nuclear Industry Radioactive Waste Executive"', it became the limited company "'United Kingdom Nirex Limited"' in 1985


Michael Bates, Baron Bates - Contested the Tyne Bridge parliamentary constituency for the Conservative Party in the 1987 General Election United Kingdom General Election, 1987


John Fox (statistician) - He returned to OPCS in 1988 as the United Kingdom Chief Medical Statistician


Since the 1990s, there has been substantial diversification of the immigrant population, with migrants to the UK coming from a much wider range of countries than previous waves, which tended to involve larger numbers of migrants coming from a relatively small number of countries add something


Paul Haddacks - He became Senior Naval Officer Middle East and commander of UK maritime forces during Operation Desert Shield in 1990, Assistant Chief of Staff Policy and Requirements Division at SHAPE in 1994 and United Kingdom Military Representative to NATO in 1997


Academics have argued that the ethnicity categories employed in British national statistics, which were first introduced in the 1991 census, involve confusion between the concepts of ethnicity and race add something


Analysis of Office for National Statistics data shows that a net total of 2,3 million migrants moved to the UK in the 15 years from 1991 to 2006 add something


Immigration is now contributing to a rising population with arrivals and UK-born children of migrants accounting for about half of the population increase between 1991 and 2001 add something


The 1991 census was the first UK census to have a question on ethnic group add something


Manpower Inc. - A year later it was acquired by Blue Arrow of The United Kingdom and again became independent in 1991


When the EC became the European Union in 1992, the UK was one of the 12 founding members add something


Yvonne Bryceland - Yvonne Bryceland died of complications from cancer in 1992 at age 66 in London United Kingdom


In Great Britain, the British Rail network was privatised between 1994 and 1997, which was followed by a rapid rise in passenger numbers following years of decline, although the factors behind this are disputed add something


John Goulden - He took up post as the United Kingdom Permanent Representative to the North Atlantic Council and to the Western European Union on 3 April 1995


The influential Church in Wales "poet-priest" and Welsh nationalist R. S. Thomas was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1996 add something


Natalie O'Connor - Born in Maidstone, Kent, O'Connor first represented Great Britain in 1996 at the World Age Games held in Kamloops, Canada


Since 1997 the Bank of England's Monetary Policy Committee, headed by the Governor of the Bank of England, has been responsible for setting interest rates at the level necessary to achieve the overall inflation target for the economy that is set by the Chancellor each year add something


John Gowans - In 1997, Commissioner John Gowans took command of the United Kingdom Territory with the Republic of Ireland


It is usually considered to have ended with the Belfast "Good Friday" Agreement of 1998 add something


Supreme Court of the United Kingdom - Further, under section 4 of the Human Rights Act 1998, the Supreme Court, like some other courts in the United Kingdom, may make a declaration of incompatibility, indicating that it believes that the legislation subject to the declaration is incompatible with one of the rights in the European Convention on Human Rights


Scotland - The monarchy of the United Kingdom continues to use a variety of styles, titles and other royal symbols of statehood specific to pre-union Scotland, including: the Royal Standard of Scotland, the Royal coat of arms used in Scotland together with its associated Royal Standard, royal titles including that of Duke of Rothesay, certain Great Officers of State, the chivalric Order of the Thistle and, since 1999, reinstating a ceremonial role for the Crown of Scotland after a 292-year hiatus


Parliament of the United Kingdom - While Acts can apply to the whole of the United Kingdom including Scotland, due to the continuing separation of Scots law many Acts do not apply to Scotland and are either matched by equivalent Acts that apply to Scotland alone or, since 1999, by legislation set by the Scottish Parliament relating to devolved matters


One region, Greater London, has had a directly elected assembly and mayor since 2000 following popular support for the proposal in a referendum add something


Setting aside the intervention in Sierra Leone in 2000, the last occasion on which the British military fought alone was the Falklands War of 1982 add something


The World Health Organization, in 2000, ranked the provision of healthcare in the United Kingdom as fifteenth best in Europe and eighteenth in the world add something


Vattenfall United Kingdom - Vattenfall United Kingdom was established as Nuon Renewables in 2000


Because of differences in the wording of the census forms used in $ England and $ Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, data on the Other White group is not available for the UK as a whole, but in England and Wales this was the fastest growing group between the 2001 and 2011 censuses, increasing by 1,1 million add something


Scottish students who attend Scottish universities pay neither tuition fees nor graduate endowment charges, as fees were abolished in 2001 and the graduate endowment scheme was abolished in 2008 add something


Robert Fry - He was appointed Commandant General Royal Marines in 2001; a year later he took up the new and concurrent job of Commander United Kingdom Amphibious Forces, in which capacity he deployed as the UK Maritime Component Commander for operations in the Gulf, completing a novel double of command of both land and maritime forces at formation level


Ribena - In 2001, a formulation of the diluted Ribena cordial, sold as Ribena Toothkind , was judged by the United Kingdom Advertising Standards Authority to have been advertised in a misleading manner, and claims that the drink did not encourage tooth decay should be removed from the packaging


Warsangali - The United Kingdom's Home Office publication, "Somalia Assessment 2001"


A 2003 poll found that football is the most popular sport in the United Kingdom add something


In 2003, rugby union was ranked the second most popular sport in the UK. The sport was created in Rugby School, Warwickshire, and the first rugby international took place on 27 March 1871 between England and Scotland add something


Senior plc - "'Note:"' Accounts to 2003 prepared according to United Kingdom Generally Accepted Accounting Principles


Supreme Court of the United Kingdom - The creation of a Supreme Court for the United Kingdom was first mooted in a consulation paper published by the Department of Constitutional Affairs in July 2003


Government of the United Kingdom - Even though the United Kingdom has no single constitution document, in October 2003, in order to increase transparency, the Government published the above list as some of the powers exercised in the name of the Monarch and which are part of the Royal Prerogative


It was intended that other regions would be given their own elected regional assemblies, but a proposed assembly in the North East region was rejected by a referendum in 2004 add something


Migration from new EU member states in Central and Eastern Europe since 2004 has resulted in growth in these population groups, although some of this migration has been temporary add something


Tourism is very important to the British economy; with over 27 million tourists arriving in 2004, the United Kingdom is ranked as the sixth major tourist destination in the world and London has the most international visitors of any city in the world add something


Association of Cardiothoracic Surgical Assistants - In 2004 the title of Surgical Practitioner was reviewed by the United Kingdom Department of Health


Sierra National Airlines - In early 2004 the airline experienced some problems with its United Kingdom Sales and Reservations structures which were restructured


Schengen Area - The United Kingdom's formal participation in the previously approved areas of cooperation was put into effect by a 2004 Council decision that came into effect on 1 January 2005


Research conducted by the Migration Policy Institute for the Equality and Human Rights Commission suggests that, between May 2004 and September 2009, 1,5 million workers migrated from the new EU member states to the UK, two-thirds of them Polish, but that many subsequently returned home, resulting in a net increase in the number of nationals of the new member states in the UK of some 700,000 over that period add something


In 2005 it had proven recoverable coal reserves of 171 million tons add something


In 2005, some 206,000 books were published in the United Kingdom and in 2006 it was the largest publisher of books in the world add something


Production is now in decline and the UK has been a net importer of oil since 2005 add something


Stefanie Powers - In 2005, she competed in the Joules United Kingdom National Women's Championships at Ascot


Elbit Systems - United Kingdom - In 2005 Elbit set up a joint venture company in the UK with Thales, UAV Tactical Systems Ltd , developing the British Army Watchkeeper WK450


Libyan Islamic Fighting Group - On 10 October 2005, the United Kingdom's Home Office banned LIFG and fourteen other militant groups from operating in the UK. Under the United Kingdom's Terrorism Act 2000, being a member of a LIFG is punishable with a 10-year prison term


Lancia - In November 2005, over 10 years since Lancia left RHD markets, rumours started to surface that Lancia were to return to the United Kingdom, to rival "affordable" prenium makes, such as Saab and Volvo, but in September 2006, it was officially announced that they were planning to return to the United Kingdom


In 2006, the UK was the world's ninth-largest consumer of energy and the 15th-largest producer add something


Two of the top ten performing schools in terms of GCSE results in 2006 were state-run grammar schools add something


Tonga - Although it remains on good terms with the United Kingdom, the two countries do not maintain particularly close relations, and the United Kingdom closed its High Commission in Tonga in 2006


Alexander Litvinenko - In April 2006, a British Member of the European Parliament for London, Gerard Batten of the United Kingdom Independence Party demanded an inquiry into the allegations


A Tearfund survey in 2007 showed only one in ten Britons actually attend church weekly add something


According to the Environment Agency, total water abstraction for public water supply in the UK was 16,406 megalitres per day in 2007 add something


The Treaty of Lisbon was signed in 2007, which forms the constitutional basis of the European Union since add something


The UK applied temporary restrictions to citizens of Romania and Bulgaria, which joined the EU in January 2007 add something


Tom Paxton - On January 22, 2007, Paxton was honored with an official Parliamentary tribute at the House of Commons of the United Kingdom at the start of his 2007 United Kingdom tour


A single 'Great Britain Lions' team had competed in the Rugby League World Cup and Test match games, but this changed in 2008 when England, Scotland and Ireland competed as separate nations add something


Glasgow's contribution to music was recognised in 2008 when it was named a UNESCO City of Music, one of only three cities in the world to have this honour add something


In 2008 the executive agreed on proposals to create 11 new councils and replace the present system add something


In the final quarter of 2008, the UK economy officially entered recession for the first time since 1991 add something


Up until 2008, the lion symbol was depicted behind Britannia on the British fifty pence coin and on the back of the British ten pence coin add something


University of Cambridge - As a result of St Hilda's College, Oxford, ending its ban on male students in 2008, Cambridge is now the only remaining United Kingdom University with colleges which refuse to admit males, with three such institutions


Cambridge University - As a result of St Hilda's College, Oxford, ending its ban on male students in 2008, Cambridge is now the only remaining United Kingdom University with colleges which refuse to admit males, with three such institutions


Swraj Paul, Baron Paul - In December 2008 he was appointed deputy speaker of the Lords; in October 2009 he was appointed to the Privy Council; shortly thereafter he was required to step down from the former position due to allegations of financial impropriety, in the context of the United Kingdom Parliamentary expenses scandal, and was eventually censured by the Committee for Privileges and Conduct


Between 2009 and 2013, the average number of people granted British citizenship per year was 195,800 add something


In 2009 there were a total of 34 million licensed vehicles in Great Britain add something


In 2009, it was estimated that individuals viewed a mean of 3,75 hours of television per day and 2,81 hours of radio add something


UK box-office takings totalled £944 million in 2009, with around 173 million admissions add something


Department for Business, Innovation and Skills - The "'Department for Business, Innovation & Skills"' is a ministerial department of the United Kingdom Government created on 5 June 2009 by the merger of the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills and the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform


A new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom came into being in October 2009 to replace the Appellate Committee of the House of Lords add something


In the year from October 2009 to September 2010 UK airports handled a total of 211,4 million passengers add something


Swraj Paul, Baron Paul - In the context of the United Kingdom Parliamentary expenses scandal, "The Sunday Times" reported in October 2009 that Paul had been unable satisfactorily to explain claiming expenses of £38 000, though by his own admission he had never spent a night at the place he claimed as his main home, a one-bedroom staff flat


Eneco Energie - On the 8th of January 2010 the United Kingdom Crown Estate awarded Eneco New Energy the Zone 7 offshore wind farm licence for UK waters


Eneco Energie - On the 8 January 2010 the United Kingdom Crown Estate awarded Eneco New Energy the Zone 7 offshore wind farm licence for UK waters


SSE plc - In April 2010 the company purchased the natural gas exploration and production assets of Hess Corporation in three areas of the United Kingdom Continental Shelf - Everest/Lomond, Easington and Bacton


In June 2010 the government introduced a temporary limit of 24,000 on immigration from outside the EU, aiming to discourage applications before a permanent cap was imposed in April 2011 add something


According to the 2011 census, Polish has become the second-largest language spoken in England and has 546,000 speakers add something


England's population in 2011 was 53 million add something


In 2011, the UK produced 18,3 million tonnes of coal add something


In the 2011 census the total population of the United Kingdom was 63,181,775 add something


Prior to the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011, the Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949 required that a new election must be called no later than five years after the previous general election add something


The 2011 census put Scotland's population at 5,3 million, Wales at 3,06 million and Northern Ireland at 1,81 million add something


The UK space industry was worth £9,1bn in 2011 and employed 29,000 people add something


LulzSec - On 21 June, someone claiming to be from the group posted on Pastebin that they had stolen the entire database of the United Kingdom Census 2011


Tutti Frutti Frozen Yogurt - "'Tutti Frutti United Kingdom "' enters the European market with its first store located in Covent Garden, Central London on December, 2011


In 2012 the average total fertility rate across the UK was 1,92 children per woman add something


With the rules and codes of many modern sports invented and codified in late 19th century Victorian Britain, in 2012, the President of the IOC, Jacques Rogge, stated; "This great, sports-loving country is widely recognised as the birthplace of modern sport add something


Summer Olympic Games - The United Kingdom hosted the 2012 Olympic games, its third Summer Olympic Games, in its capital London, making London the first city to host the Summer Olympic Games three times


Vattenfall United Kingdom - In January 2012 it was merged with & Vattenfall's other assets in the United Kingdom and was renamed as Vattenfall United Kingdom


A global opinion poll for the BBC saw the United Kingdom ranked the third most positively viewed nation in the world in 2013 and 2014 add something


Following the likes of the United States, France and many major economies, in 2013, the UK lost its top AAA credit rating for the first time since 1978 with Moodys and Fitch credit agency, but, unlike the other major economies, retained its triple A rating with Standard & Poor's add something


In 2013, approximately 208,000 foreign nationals were naturalised as British citizens, the highest number since records began in 1962 add something


In 2013, the British Government pledged £60 m to the Skylon project: this investment will provide support at a "crucial stage" to allow a full-scale prototype of the SABRE (SABRE_(rocket_engine)) engine to be built add something


The 2013 McKay Commission on this recommended that laws affecting only England should need support from a majority of English members of parliament add something


The total number of grants of settlement, which confers permanent residence in the UK without granting British citizenship, was approximately 154,700 in 2013, compared to 241,200 in 2010 and 129,800 in 2012 add something


Crime in Scotland fell slightly in 2014/2015 to its lowest level in 39 years in with 59 killings for a murder rate of 1,1 per 100,000 add something


In 2014 the net increase was 318,000: immigration was 641,000, up from 526,000 in 2013, while the number of people emigrating was 323,000 add something


The main countries of previous nationality of those naturalised in 2014 were India, Pakistan, the Philippines, Nigeria, Bangladesh, Nepal, China, South Africa, Poland and Somalia add something


This figure fell to around 125,800 in 2014 add something


About 20 privately owned Train Operating Companies operate passenger trains, which carried 1,68 billion passengers in 2015 add something


However, in both the 2015 and 2017 general elections, the Scottish National Party was the third-largest party by number of seats won, ahead of the Liberal Democrats add something


In 2015, the UK produced around 1,6 million passenger vehicles and 94,500 commercial vehicles add something


The UK is a major centre for engine manufacturing: in 2015 around 2,4 million engines were produced add something


Supreme Court of the United Kingdom - For civil cases decided prior to September 2015, permission to appeal from the Court of Session is not required and any such case can proceed to the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom if two Advocates certify that an appeal is suitable


Scotland - In the aftermath of the United Kingdom's decision to withdraw from the European Union in 2016, the Scottish Government has called for there to be a joint approach from each of the devolved governments


Katrina Leskanich - When the United Kingdom You Decide United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest 2016 aired on BBC Four with the six UK finalist battling it out for a place in the final, Katrina was on the judging panel and gave her advice to the finalists and performed her winning Eurovision 1997 song, Love Shine A Light


Priti Patel - A long-standing eurosceptic, Patel was a prominent campaigner for Britain's withdrawal from the European Union during the 2016 United Kingdom European Union Membership Referendum, writing in February 2016 that she believed 'Britain will be a stronger, more secure and more prosperous country' outside the EU


The reports on the Panama papers published in April 2016 singled out the UK as being "at the heart of super-rich tax-avoidance network add something


Rupert Murdoch - In June 2016, "The Sun" supported Vote Leave in the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum


European Union - The United Kingdom voted in a referendum on 23 June 2016 to leave the EU.


Lloyds Bank - In July 2016, the bank announced it would cut 3,000 jobs because of the economic downturn as a result of United Kingdom European Union membership referendum


The current Prime Minister is Theresa May, who has been in office since 13 July 2016 add something


WWE - On December 15, 2016, It was announced that WWE was establishing a new WWE United Kingdom Championship, with the winner being decided by a 16-man tournament to air on WWE Network featuring wrestlers from the U.K. and Ireland during January 2017


Desmond Wolfe - On December 15, 2016, WWE announced that McGuinness had signed with the company as an announcer, debuting at the WWE United Kingdom Championship Tournament on January 14 and 15, 2017


It is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66,0 million inhabitants in 2017 add something


House of Commons of the United Kingdom - As at 2017, the United Kingdom is divided into 650 constituencies, with 533 in England, 40 in Wales, 59 in Scotland, and 18 in Northern Ireland


Chipotle Mexican Grill - As of 2017 there are 26 locations outside of the United States with 11 locations in Canada , 6 locations in The United Kingdom , 3 in France , and 1 in Germany


WWE - In 2017, WWE partnered with the United Kingdom's Insane Championship Wrestling with some ICW talent appearing in the WWE United Kingdom Championship Tournament


England - In the United Kingdom general election, 2017, the Conservative Party won 317 seats , more than any other party, though not enough to achieve an overall majority


Martin Stone (wrestler) - On January 6, 2017, it was announced by WWE that Burch will be a participant in the 16 man WWE United Kingdom Championship Tournament


The legal process of leaving the EU began on 29 March 2017, with the UK's invocation of Article 50 of the Treaty of Lisbon, formally notifying the EU of the UK's intention to leave add something


United Kingdom Independence Party - Invocation of Article 50 by the United Kingdom occurred on 29 March 2017, when Sir Tim Barrow, the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom to the European Union, formally delivered by hand a letter signed by Prime Minister Theresa May to Donald Tusk, the President of the European Council in Brussels


Supreme Court of the United Kingdom - To provide more members of the public in different parts of the United Kingdom with the opportunity to see the work of the Court, a five-member panel of the Court will sit during June 2017 at the Edinburgh City Chambers in Edinburgh,Scotland


In 2018, the UN Special Rapporteur on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights visited the UK and found that government policies and cuts to social support are "entrenching high levels of poverty and inflicting unnecessary misery in one of the richest countries in the world add something


Unlike Germany and Japan, the UK intends to build a new generation of nuclear plants from about 2018 add something


The current Prime Minister is Boris Johnson, who has been in office since 24 July 2019 add something