V6 engine

Knowledge Identifier: $V6_engine

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V6 engine

V engine with six cylinders mounted on the crankcase in two banks of three cylinders.add

Category: Technology (14)

Launched in 1950.

Countries: United States (27%), (24%), Japan (14%)

Main connections: V8 engine, Toyota Camry, Ford Mustang (fifth generation)

Linked to: Lancia, Buick, Chrysler, Chevrolet

 

Timeline


 

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1950

The V6 engine was introduced into racing by Lancia in the early 1950s add something

 

The first series production V6 was introduced by Lancia in 1950 with the Lancia Aurelia add something

 

When Lancia pioneered the 60° V6 in 1950, a 6-throw crankshaft was used to give equal firing intervals of 120° add something

 

When Lancia pioneered the V6 in 1950, they used a 60° angle between the cylinder banks and a six-throw crankshaft to achieve equally spaced firing intervals of 120° add something


1951

After good results with privately entered Aurelia saloons Lancia set a works competition department in 1951 add something


1953

A D24 with a V6 making won the 1953 Carrera Panamericana with Juan Manuel Fangio at the wheel add something


1955

Alfredo & Ferrari , son of Enzo Ferrari, suggested to him the development of a 1,5 L DOHC V6 engine for Formula Two at the end of 1955 add something

 

Spanish truck manufacturer Pegaso built the first production 120° V6 for the Z-207 mid size truck in 1955 add something


1958

The Dino V6 underwent several evolutions, including an increased engine displacement to , for use in the Ferrari 246 Formula One car in 1958 add something


1961

Ferrari introduced a very successful 120° V6 racing engine in 1961 add something


1965

TVR - Under the ownership of Martin Lilley from 1965, TVR returned to Ford for a 2994 cc $V6 (V6_engine) Zodiac engine for the new TVR Tuscan racer


1966

The Dino V6 engine saw a new evolution in 1966 when it was adapted to road use and produced by a Ferrari- & Fiat joint-venture for the Fiat Dino and Dino 206 GT add something


1967

GM sold the engine tooling to Kaiser-Jeep in 1967, repurchased it in 1974 add something


1968

Citroen SM - As was customary for the firm, many running concept vehicles were developed, increasingly complex and upmarket from the DS. & & & Citroën purchased & Maserati in 1968 with the intention of harnessing Maserati's high-performance engine technology to produce a true Gran Turismo car, combining the sophisticated Citroën suspension with a Maserati $V6 (V6_engine)


1969

This new version was redesigned by Aurelio Lampredi initially as a 65° V6 with an aluminum block but was replaced in 1969 by a cast-iron block version add something


1970

The Alfa Romeo V6 was designed in the 1970s by Giuseppe Busso, the first car to use them being the Alfa Romeo 6 add something


1973

Another influential V6 design was the Renault-Gordini CH1 V6, designed by François Castaing and Jean-Pierre Boudy, and introduced in 1973 in the Alpine-Renault A440 add something


1974

Despite such considerations, this engine won the European 2 L prototype championship in 1974 and several European Formula Two titles add something

 

The & Fiat Dino and Dino 246GT were phased out in 1974, but 500 engines among the last built were delivered to Lancia, who was like Ferrari already under the control of Fiat add something


1975

Citroen SM - Peugeot even introduced a $V6 (V6_engine) powered car of similar displacement and fuel consumption in 1975, the 604


1976

Alpine A310 - In 1976 the A310 was restyled by Robert Opron and fitted with the more powerful and newly developed 90-degree 2,664 cc $V6 (V6_engine) PRV engine, as used in some Renaults, Volvos and Peugeots


1977

In 1977, Buick introduced a split pin crankshaft to implement an even-fire version of the engine add something

 

Laverda showed a 996 cc V6-engined motorcycle at the 1977 Milan show add something


1978

The motorcycle was raced in the 1978 Bol d'Or add something

 

This engine was further developed in a turbocharged 2 L version that competed in Sports car and finally won the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1978 with a Renault-Alpine A 442 chassis add something


1979

Despite frequent breakdowns that resulted in the nickname of the 'Little Yellow Teapot', the 1,5 L finally saw good results in 1979 add something

 

Chevrolet Caprice - Although the 3,8 L $V6 (V6_engine) had the same horsepower rating as the 250 six used in 1979, the 250 had more torque than the 3,8 L


1980

Development of their V6s for sports cars began in the early 1980s with the VG engine initially used in the Z31 300ZX add something

 

Nissan used both of these engines in its IMSA racing program throughout the 1980s and 1990s each producing well over add something


1981

Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham - For 1981, the 368 was provided with a modulated displacement system designed by Eaton Corporation, controlled by a digital computer, which locked off intake and exhaust valves to two or four of the eight cylinders, thus running effectively as a $V6 (V6_engine) or V4 under light load conditions where in third gear, and over

 

Chevrolet Citation - The 2,8 $V6 (V6_engine) H.O. LH7 engine was more powerful in the 1981 version of the X-11


1982

Chevrolet Citation - The 1982 through 1984 versions of the 2,8 $V6 (V6_engine) H.O. LH7 produced but the torque was down to , due to emission regulations


1984

Nissan Z-car - The Z-car was completely redesigned in 1984, and introduced Nissan's new series of 3,0-liter V6 engine, dubbed the VG series


1985

Cadillac Cimarron - A V6 engine became optional on 1985 models and was made standard in 1987

 

Chevrolet Citation - The 1985 Citation X-11 had a MPFI version of the 2,8 L $V6 (V6_engine) LB6 and a nonfunctional fiberglass cowl induction with 2,8 F.I. Multiport Logo

 

Chevrolet Citation - The 1985 Citation X-11 had a multi-port fuel injected 2,8 $V6 (V6_engine) LB6 engine which produced and of torque

 

Chevrolet Celebrity - The base 2,5 L "Tech IV" I4 engine was criticized for being underpowered, but a high-output fuel-injected $V6 (V6_engine) became optional in 1985


1986

In 1986, the similarly designed 90° PRV engine adopted the same 30° crankshaft offset design to even out its firing add something


1987

Nissan Silvia - For 1987 in the United States, Nissan discontinued putting the 1,8 Turbo into the fastback, and created the "SE" model which had the 3,0L SOHC V6 engine , generating and


1988

Toyota Hilux - A V6 engine was introduced in 1988

 

Toyota Camry - In 1988, a 2,5-liter $V6 (V6_engine) was introduced

 

Toyota Camry - In 1988, an all-wheel drive system dubbed "All-Trac" was introduced and a 2,5-liter V6 engine were added as options for the first time

 

Holden - The final phase of the Commodore's recovery strategy involved the 1988 VN, a significantly wider model powered by the American-designed, Australian-assembled 3,8-litre Buick V6 engine


1989

In 1989 Shelby tried to bring back the Can-Am series, using the Chrysler 3,3 L V6 as the powerplant in a special racing configuration making add something

 

Chrysler New Yorker - For 1989, the 3,0 liter V6 engine had a slight horsepower increase and was now mated to a new 4-speed Ultradrive automatic transmission

 

Citroen XM - CAR Magazine June 1989, page 103-109 "Autocar" compared the XM 3,0 $V6 (V6_engine) to the BMW 535 and Rover 800 and found that the XM´s suspension allowed "some bump combinations" to bring "unexpected reactions from the suspension" but concluded the XM presented a "remarkable display of chassis competence"

 

Citroen XM - In June 1989, "CAR Magazine" published a full test of the car in $V6 (V6_engine) guise

 

Citroen XM - In August 1989, "Autocar & Motor" did a group test of the XM versus what it termed the best- and best-selling executive cars in the UK: the BMW 535i and Rover 800 2,6 $V6 (V6_engine)

 

Holden Commodore - A Series II update of the VN appeared in September 1989, featuring a revised V6 engine known internally as the "EV6"


1990

Dodge Dynasty - A 2,5-litre inline-4 Chrysler engine, a Mitsubishi-sourced 3,0-litre $V6 (V6_engine), the 6G72 engine, and a Chrysler-built 3,3-litre V6 were available, although the 3,3 L V6 was not available until 1990

 

Chevrolet Celebrity - Only the station wagon remained for the 1990 model year, with a new optional 3,1 L V6 engine and door-mounted front seat belts with the other A-body cars


1991

The 164 introduced a V6, a 2,0 V6 turbocharged in 1991 and in 1992, a 3,0 L DOHC 24-valve version add something

 

Toyota Camry - A variant of the UK market $V6 (V6_engine) model - detuned to run on 91 rather than 95 octane unleaded petrol - was launched in New Zealand in 1991

 

Toyota Camry - After 1991, a four-wheel steering version of the V30 Camry was sold with a 2,0-liter V6 engine, with the name "Toyota Camry V6 Prominent 4WS", and chassis code E-VZV31

 

Chevrolet Beretta - Beginning in 1991 the 3,1 L $V6 (V6_engine) could be had as an option on the GTZ, but it was only available with a 3-speed automatic transmission that increased the 0-to-60 mph time to around 9,0 seconds

 

Toyota Camry - In 1991, anti-lock brakes became optional on the $V6 (V6_engine), LE, and station wagon models

 

Chevrolet Beretta - The GT included a 125 hp 2,8-liter $V6 (V6_engine), which grew to a 3,1L in 1991, and the Z51 suspension package with 15-inch styled steel wheels and Goodyear Eagle GT tires


1993

Chevrolet Frontera - For the 1993 model year, Isuzu replaced the GM V6 engine with their own 3,2-liter 24-valve SOHC V6 which was rated at

 

Chevrolet Rodeo - For the 1993 model year, Isuzu replaced the GM V6 engine with their own 3,2-liter 24-valve SOHC V6 which was rated at

 

Toyota Camry - In Australia, the V6 engine Camry was badged "Camry Vienta" when launched in 1993, later becoming the "'Toyota Vienta"' in 1995

 

Toyota Camry (XV10) - In October 1993, a new $V6 (V6_engine) sedan model called the Touring Series was launched, fitted with sports suspension

 

Volkswagen Group China - In November 1993, the then-Board Chairman of FAW and Volkswagen AG, signed a letter of intent on the integration of Audi production and a V6 engine plant into the FAW-Volkswagen joint venture, which had been established at the end of 1991


1994

Toyota Camry - An all-new aluminium "1MZ-FE" $V6 (V6_engine) debuted in North American models from 1994, with other markets retaining the "3VZ-FE" V6

 

Toyota Camry (XV10) - An all-new aluminium "1MZ-FE" $V6 (V6_engine) debuted in North American models from 1994, with other markets retaining the "3VZ-FE" V6

 

Chevrolet Beretta - Starting in the 1994 model year the 3,1 L $V6 (V6_engine) could only be ordered with an automatic transmission

 

Toyota Camry (XV10) - While the North American versions received a revised V6 engine in 1994, the Scepter used the same "3VZ-FE" V6 over the entire model cycle

 

Toyota Camry (XV10) - Then from June 1994, a new 3,0 litre $V6 (V6_engine) model was available


1995

Chevrolet Beretta - In 1995 the 3100 $V6 (V6_engine) lost 5 hp at 155, which carried on to the 1996 model


1996

Chevrolet Frontera - For 1996 Isuzu increased the power of their 3,2-liter $V6 (V6_engine) up to and of torque, and the top level trim "LS" received the same 16-inch aluminium wheels as the Trooper, and was available in two-tone exterior colors

 

Chevrolet Rodeo - For 1996 Isuzu increased the power of their 3,2-liter $V6 (V6_engine) up to and of torque, and the top level trim "LS" received the same 16-inch aluminium wheels as the Trooper, and was available in two-tone exterior colors

 

Chevrolet Trooper - From 1996 to 1997 the SLX was only available with the 3,2-litre DOHC V6 engine, switching to the new 3,5-litre DOHC V6 engine in 1998

 

Audi A4 - This technology was added to the $V6 (V6_engine) family of engines in 1996, starting with the 2,8 litre V6 30v, which now produced

 

Volkswagen Group China - The first Audi product built by the joint venture, a modified Audi 100 with V6 engine bearing the model designation Audi 200, went into production in May 1996


1997

The Alfa 156 introduced a 2,5 L DOHC 24-valve version in 1997 add something

 

Boss Hoss Cycles - In 1997 and 1998 models years, Boss Hoss offered a 4,0 L Chevrolet V6 engine in the bikes

 

Toyota Camry - TRD offered a supercharger kit for 1997 through to 2000 $V6 (V6_engine) models raising power to and of torque


1998

Chevrolet Frontera - In 1998 the new model series was introduced with a choice of 2,2- petrol, 2,2-liter diesel and 3,2-liter $V6 (V6_engine) petrol engines

 

Chevrolet Rodeo - In 1998 the new model series was introduced with a choice of 2,2- petrol, 2,2-liter diesel and 3,2-liter $V6 (V6_engine) petrol engines

 

Renault Laguna - The onboard voice synthesizer warnings system was available on the earlier 1998 RXE and $V6 (V6_engine) models


1999

Citroen Xantia - In the Swedish magazine "Teknikens Värld's" moose test the 1999 model of Xantia $V6 (V6_engine) Activa still holds the record speed through the manoeuvre - faster than the Porsche 996 GT2

 

Holden - The locally produced Buick-sourced V6 engine powered the Commodore range, as did the 5,0-litre Holden V8 engine, and was replaced in 1999 by the 5,7-litre "LS" unit


2000

Audi A6 - In 2000, the moderate performance of this otherwise excellent, 3,0-litre V6-powered, sedan was improved by the addition of two higher-performance versions: the , 2,7-litre bi-turbo $V6 (V6_engine) and the , 4,2-litre $V8 (V8_engine), both with Audi's quattro permanent four-wheel drive system

 

Chevrolet Malibu - The 3,1 L $V6 (V6_engine) was updated in 2000 with a new power rating of 170 hp , and the 2,4 L 4-cylinder was dropped after that year

 

Chevrolet Vectra - The Vectra has been used as a silhouette racing car: in the Stock Car Brasil in 2000 to 2003 and 2009, in the Argentine Top Race $V6 (V6_engine) since 2005 , and in the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters in 2004 and 2005 with little success


2002

Chevrolet Tracker - Arrive $V6 (V6_engine) option w/ 2wd or 4wd automatic since 2002 to 2004


2003

Mitsubishi Eclipse - All models were FWD. The GTS trims were introduced in 2003, the RS trim was dropped in 2005, and for that model year, they introduced the Remix Edition package only available on the GS and GS Spyder 4-cylinder with the same GS wheels now painted chrome, Remix Edition Badges, 6 Disc CD Changer and leather upholstery from some of the GT $V6 (V6_engine) models and all GTS V6 models, the first in stock 4-cylinder Eclipse history

 

Mitsubishi Eclipse - From 2003 to 2005, the Eclipse Spyder $V6 (V6_engine) was sold in a right-hand drive version in Japan

 

Nissan Z-car - In the 2003 model year, Nissan reentered the US sports-car market with the 350Z, powered by a 3,5 L $V6 (V6_engine) , and styled in an attempt to create a more modern interpretation of the 240Z's lines


2004

Chrysler Crossfire - Base and Limited models, originally sold beginning in the 2004 model year, are equipped with a Mercedes-Benz 3,2 L, 18-valve, SOHC V6 engine which produces and of torque

 

Chrysler Pacifica - However the 2004-06 model years of the Pacifica were fuel thirsty and vastly underpowered considering its hefty weight, with its weak 250 hp 3,5-liter $V6 (V6_engine) and aging four-speed automatic transmission, which gave poor performance considering the price of this vehicle

 

Toyota Highlander - In 2004 the Kluger was given a new 3,3-liter V6 engine to compete with the more powerful V6 offerings from its competitors, mainly the Nissan Murano and the Honda Pilot

 

Chevrolet Frontera - In 2004, Isuzu dropped the inline-four engine and added the optional 3,5-liter $V6 (V6_engine) gasoline direct injection engine with and of torque

 

Chevrolet Rodeo - In 2004, Isuzu dropped the inline-four engine and added the optional 3,5-liter $V6 (V6_engine) gasoline direct injection engine with and of torque

 

Toyota Land Cruiser Prado - In August 2004, the 3RZ-FE was replaced by 2,7 L 2TR-FE and in July 2005, 5VZ-FE was replaced by 4,0 L $V6 (V6_engine) 1GR-FE with 5-speed automatic transmission available in late 2005


2005

Audi A4 - The 2,0 Turbocharged Direct Injection diesel engine now combines Pumpe Düse technology with 16 valves for the first time, while the larger 2,5 TDI $V6 (V6_engine) diesel was superseded by a 3,0 V6 TDI, offering a model during the year 2005 which was upgraded to a model in 2006

 

Chrysler Pacifica - The 3,5-liter $V6 (V6_engine) with and was standard on all but the base front-wheel-drive model in 2005 using the 3,8-liter V6

 

Chevrolet Omega - The original Omega B was equipped with the 3,8 L Buick V6 engine, developing 207 PS , but the 2005 update received a new 3,6 L Alloytec V6


2006

However, the design was shelved in 2006 and there are no plans for production add something

 

Toyota Highlander - Beginning in 2006, Highlanders sold in Canada are offered only in a $V6 (V6_engine) all-wheel drive configuration

 

Audi A4 - In 2006 replaced by the 2,7 $V6 (V6_engine) TDI engine

 

Chrysler Pacifica - The 3,8-liter $V6 (V6_engine) with 210 horsepower and was eliminated for 2006, leaving the 3,5-liter unit as the sole available engine

 

Audi A6 - The A6 allroad quattro made its debut in 2006, and as before, is an off-road ready version of the Avant, available with either a 2,7-litre $V6 (V6_engine) or 3,0-litre V6 Turbocharged Direct Injection diesel engines, or a 3,2-litre V6 or 4,2-litre $V8 (V8_engine) petrol engine

 

Lexus ES - The fifth-generation ES debuted at the Chicago Auto Show in February 2006 as the ES 350, featuring a six-speed automatic transmission with a front-wheel drive 272 hp aluminum 3,5 L "2GR-FE" V6 engine with intake and exhaust variable valve timing


2007

Mitsubishi Galant - A Ralliart version joined for 2007, finally upgrading the $V6 (V6_engine) to a class-competitive while adding a firmer suspension, front strut tower bar, rear stabilizer bar, and eighteen-inch alloy wheels

 

Mitsubishi Outlander - At the 2007 SEMA Show in Las Vegas, the company displayed a "'Mitsubishi Evolander"' concept, powered by a supercharged version of the vehicle's "6B31" V6 engine and equipped with suitably uprated suspension, brakes, wheels/tires, body kit and interior

 

Chrysler Pacifica - For 2007, the 3,8-liter mill returned in the base front-wheel-drive model, this time rated even lower at , and a new 4,0-liter $V6 (V6_engine) replaced the 3,5-liter V6 in all other models

 

Audi A5 - Launch models included 3,2 FSI V6 engine multitronic and 3,0 TDI quattro 6-speed, with 1,8 TFSI available in autumn 2007

 

Toyota Hilux - The Hilux's are 2007 petrol $V6 (V6_engine), 4×2 models and have custom shock absorbers, a custom exhaust, sports seat, racing harnesses, a roll cage and 16 inch alloy wheels fitted

 

Chrysler Pacifica - This was only rectified in 2007 with a new V6 engine and a new six-speed automatic which was nonetheless too late to salvage sales

 

Toyota Previa - In some markets such as Hong Kong and Taiwan, Toyota announced the $V6 (V6_engine) Previa 3,5L in January 2007

 

Chevrolet Captiva - The Captiva launched with the 3,2-litre $V6 (V6_engine) and five-speed automatic transmission, but March 2007 saw the addition of the 2,0-litre diesel engine with five-speed manual or optional automatic


2008

Mitsubishi Galant - For 2008, the trimming of models left the Ralliart as the only $V6 (V6_engine) model, and the Galant skips the 2008 model year in Canada, only to return in 2009 with the facelifted model

 

Chevrolet Equinox - In 2008, Chevrolet added a Sport model of the Equinox that features lowered ride height and the new 3,6 DOHC $V6 (V6_engine)

 

Chevrolet Equinox - Starting with the 2008 model year, the Equinox Sport was available with a 3,6 L V6 engine that was made in the United States

 

Chrysler Sebring - The 3,5 L $V6 (V6_engine) sedan is available with all-wheel drive as an extra cost option for 2008 only

 

Chevrolet Malibu - The 3,5L $V6 (V6_engine) was not available in the LTZ. The 3,5L V6 with 4-speed transmission has been the only drivetrain available in the 2008, 2009 and 2010 models in Israel


2009

Chevrolet Malibu - For 2009 models, the six-speed transmission mated to the 2,4L 4-cylinder engine or the 217 horsepower 3,5L $V6 (V6_engine) mated to the 4-speed automatic were made available on the 1LT; the 6-speed is now standard on 2LT models

 

Toyota RAV4 - For the refresh of 2009 the roof rack in the Base model was eliminated as a standard equipment and the Sport trim was added to the lineup and previously until the 2008MY all RAV4s in Mexico had 4-cylinder engines but for 2009 on the Sport model became available the V6 engine but retained the 4-cylinder engine and the Limited trim was only available in the V6 engine and 4WD traction

 

Porsche Cayenne - Porsche has sold a diesel version of the Cayenne powered by Volkswagen's 3,0 L $V6 (V6_engine) TDI engine since February 2009


2010

Audi A8 - Although other & Audi vehicles such as the 2010 Audi S4 and 2011 Audi A7 had switched from the 4,2L $V8 (V8_engine) to the 3,0L supercharged $V6 (V6_engine), the Audi A8 retained a higher-output 4,2L V8 as the base engine for the 2011 and 2012 model years in North America

 

Audi A4 - Audi was reported to stop offering 3,2L $V6 (V6_engine) models in 2010 model year, but still offers them as of August 2011

 

Toyota Highlander - The same three trim levels were offered until early 2010 when the SE model replaced the Sport model, buyers are still able to choose between front-drive or all-wheel drive on $V6 (V6_engine) platforms

 

Audi A6 - There is a new petrol engine, a 3,0-litre supercharged $V6 (V6_engine), badged as 3,0 TFSI or 3,0T. This new engine is shared with the 2010 Audi S4 and S5 Cabriolet, although in the latter two applications in a higher state of tune and mated to a 7-speed S-tronic dual-clutch transmission

 

Mitsubishi Outlander - Due to the availability of a V6 engine, Mitsubishi returned to offering a shorter version of this vehicle, and reintroduced the Mitsubishi RVR February 17, 2010


2011

Cadillac SRX - This left the naturally aspirated 3,0 liter $V6 (V6_engine) as the only engine available for the 2011 model year

 

Cadillac SRX - In January 2011, General Motors discontinued production of the 2,8 liter turbo-charged V6 engine in the SRX, citing poor sales numbers

 

Lexus GS - A lower-displacement $V6 (V6_engine) model, the GS 250, premiered at the Auto Guangzhou Exhibition in November 2011, targeted at Asian and European markets


2012

Lotus made engies in the 2012 season, but pulled out at the end of the year add something

 

Chrysler 300 - Beginning in model year 2012 all $V6 (V6_engine) models were equipped with the 8-speed 8HP45 automatic transmission, licensed from ZF Friedrichshafen

 

Cadillac SRX - For 2012, a 3,6 liter $V6 (V6_engine) with E85 flex-fuel capability will be offered in the turbo V6's place


2014

The V6 turbo engine is to be revived for the 2014 Formula One season, and V6 turbos have been used in the IndyCar Series since 2012, with Chevrolet and Honda currently supplying the engines add something


2018

In 2018, the FIA Formula 2 Championship, formerly known as the GP2 Series, introduced a Mecachrome 3,4 litre turbocharged V6 engine to their new car, the Dallara F2 2018, replacing the aging 4,0 litre V8 naturally-aspirated engine that was used since the inaugural GP2 Series season add something


2019

In 2019, the FIA Formula 3 Championship, which was created when the GP3 Series and the FIA Formula 3 European Championship merged, will use the same Mecachrome 3,4 litre naturally-aspirated V6 engine for their new car which was unveiled in November 2018 add something

 

In 2019, the FIA Formula 3 Championship, which was created when the GP3 Series and the FIA Formula 3 European Championship merged, will use the same Mecachrome 3,4 litre naturally-aspirated V6 engine for their new car which was unveiled in November 2018 add something