Knowledge Identifier: !Vietnam_War
Activity starting in 1955.
Countries: United States (47%), Vietnam (16%), (7%)
Linked to: Viet Minh, Khmer Rouge, Communist Party of Vietnam, Kuomintang
As a measure of the level of political repression, according to Gabriel Kolko about 12,000 suspected opponents of Diem were killed between 1955 and 1957 and by the end of 1958 an estimated 40,000 political prisoners had been jailed
By Early 1959 however, Diem had considered it a campaign and implemented Law 10/59, which made political violence punishable by death and property confiscation
Christopher Hitchens - Vietnam War - In the 1960s, Hitchens joined the political left, drawn by his anger over the Vietnam War, nuclear weapons, racism, and "oligarchy", including that of "the unaccountable corporation"
Thomas Merton - Vietnam War - Merton became well known for his dialogues with other faiths and his non-violent stand during the race riots and Vietnam War of the 1960s
Muhammad Ali - Vietnam War - Widespread protests against the Vietnam War had not yet begun, but with that one phrase, Ali articulated the reason to oppose the war for a generation of young Americans, and his words served as a touchstone for the racial and antiwar upheavals that would rock the 1960s
Isaac Asimov - He was a vocal opponent of the Vietnam War in the 1960s and in a television interview during the early 1970s he publicly endorsed George McGovern
Australia began by sending advisors to Vietnam in 1962, and combat troops were committed in 1965
Benjamin Spock - In 1962, Spock joined The Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy, otherwise known as SANE. Spock was politically outspoken and active in the movement to end the Vietnam War. In 1968, he and four others were singled out for prosecution by Attorney General Ramsey Clark on charges of conspiracy to counsel, aid, and abet resistance to the draft.
Colin Powell - Powell was a captain during the Vietnam War, serving as a South Vietnamese Army adviser from 1962 to 1963
Joe Biden - Biden received five student draft deferments during this period, with the first coming in late 1963 and the last in early 1968, at the peak of the Vietnam War. In April 1968, he was reclassified by the Selective Service System as not available for service due to having had asthma as a teenager.
Lloyd Bentsen - Vietnam War - The campaign came in the wake of Yarborough's politically hazardous votes in favor of the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and his opposition to the Vietnam War
Adrian Cronauer - Cronauer co-wrote the original story for the film "Good Morning, Vietnam", which was based on his experiences as a Saigon-based deejay during the Vietnam War, where he served from 1965 to 1966
Allen Ginsberg - Ginsberg played a key role in ensuring that a 1965 protest of the Vietnam war, which took place at the Oakland, California-Berkeley city line and drew several thousand marchers, was not violently interrupted by the California chapter of the motorcycle gang, the Hells Angels, and their leader, Sonny Barger
Robert Menzies - In 1965, Menzies committed Australian troops to the Vietnam War, and to reintroduce conscription
Jackie Robinson - Vietnam War - He enrolled in the Army in search of a disciplined environment, served in the Vietnam War, and was wounded in action on November 19, 1965
" Washington, D.C. Government Printing Office, 1966, vol
Samuel L. Gravely, Jr. - Vietnam War - During the Vietnam War he commanded the destroyer as it performed plane guard duty and gunfire support off the coast of Vietnam in 1966, making him the first African American to lead a ship into combat
Jeremy Rifkin - He had an epiphany when one day in 1966 he walked past a group of students protesting the Vietnam War and picketing the administration building and was amazed to see, as he recalls, that "my frat friends were beating the living daylights out of them
Loretta Lynn - Her song, "Dear Uncle Sam", released in 1966 during the Vietnam War, describes a wife's anguish at the loss of a husband to war
James Stewart - In 1966, Brigadier General James Stewart flew as a non-duty observer in a B-52 on a bombing mission during the Vietnam War. At the time of his B-52 flight, he refused the release of any publicity regarding his participation, as he did not want it treated as a stunt, but as part of his job as an officer in the Air Force Reserve.
Arthur Calwell - The Labor Party suffered a crushing defeat in the 1966 election, which Menzies' successor Harold Holt fought on the Vietnam War issue
Alexander Calder - Vietnam War - Calder used prints for advocacy, as in poster prints from 1967 and 1969 protesting the Vietnam War
John McCain - Vietnam War - During the Vietnam War, he was almost killed in the 1967 USS "Forrestal" fire
Mary Jo Kopechne - Vietnam War - Once, during March 1967, she stayed up all night at Kennedy's Hickory Hill home to type a major speech against the Vietnam War, while the senator and his aides such as Ted Sorenson and C.Richard Semple II made last-minute changes to it
Carlos Lozada - Vietnam War - The United States at that time was involved in the Vietnam War and on June 11, 1967, Lozada was sent to Vietnam and assigned to Co. A, 2nd Battalion, 503 Infantry, 173rd Airborne Brigade
Norman Mailer - In October 1967, he was arrested for his involvement in an anti-Vietnam War demonstration at the Pentagon.
Vietnam Veterans Against the War - After explosive news reports of American military abuses, such as the 1968 My Lai Massacre, brought new attention and support to the anti-war movement, some veterans joined Vietnam Veterans Against the War
Denise Levertov - Vietnam War - Also in response to the Vietnam War, Levertov joined the War Resisters League, and in 1968 signed the Writers and Editors War Tax Protest pledge, vowing to refuse tax payments in protest against the war
David Halberstam - Vietnam War - He is interviewed in the 1968 documentary film on the Vietnam War entitled "In the Year of the Pig"
Michael Foot - Vietnam War - He opposed the government's moves to restrict immigration, join the Common Market and reform the trade unions, was against the Vietnam War and Rhodesia's unilateral declaration of independence, and denounced the Soviet suppression of "socialism with a human face" in Czechoslovakia in 1968
Nelson Algren - Vietnam War - In 1968, he signed the Writers and Editors War Tax Protest pledge, vowing to refuse tax payments in protest against the Vietnam War
Galway Kinnell - Vietnam War - In 1968, he signed the Writers and Editors War Tax Protest pledge, vowing to refuse tax payments in protest against the Vietnam War. Kinnell draws upon both his involvement with the civil rights movement and his experiences protesting against the Vietnam War in his book-long poem "The Book of Nightmares"
Gloria Steinem - Vietnam War - In 1968, she signed the Writers and Editors War Tax Protest pledge, vowing to refuse tax payments in protest against the Vietnam War
Hunter S. Thompson - Vietnam War - In early 1968, he signed the Writers and Editors War Tax Protest pledge, vowing to refuse tax payments in protest against the Vietnam War. According to Thompson's letters and his later writings, at this time he planned to write a book called "The Joint Chiefs" about "the death of the American Dream
Daniel Berrigan - In 1968, he signed the Writers and Editors War Tax Protest pledge, vowing to refuse tax payments in protest against the Vietnam War. In the same year, he was interviewed in the anti-Vietnam War documentary film "In the Year of the Pig", and later that year became involved in radical nonviolent protest
Hector Santiago-Colon - Vietnam War - His actions on June 28, 1968 during the Vietnam War saved the lives of his fellow comrades
Under pressure from Washington, however, he changed this policy in 1969
Dan White - Vietnam War - He was a sergeant in the 101st Airborne Division in the Vietnam War from 1969 to 1970 and was honorably discharged in 1971
Wesley Clark - Vietnam War - Clark was assigned a position in the 1st Infantry Division and flew to Vietnam on May 21, 1969 during the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War
Howard Zinn - In December 1969, radical historians tried unsuccessfully to persuade the American Historical Association to pass an anti-Vietnam War resolution
John Maynard Keynes - Vietnam War - Historian Peter Pugh has stated a key cause of the economic problems afflicting America in the 1970s was the refusal to raise taxes to finance the Vietnam War, which was against Keynesian advice
Jeff Kennett - Vietnam War - Kennett returned to civilian life in 1970, reentering a divided Australian society, split by the Vietnam War, of which Kennett was a firm supporter
Peter C. Lemon - He received the award for his actions on April 1, 1970 while serving in Tay Ninh province during the Vietnam War
John Lindsay - Vietnam War - On May 8, 1970, near the intersection of Wall Street and Broad Street and at New York City Hall a riot started when about 200 construction workers mobilized by the New York State AFL-CIO attacked about 1,000 high school and college students and others protesting the Kent State shootings, the American invasion of Cambodia and the Vietnam War
Mike Gravel - Vietnam War - As Senator, Gravel became nationally known for his forceful but unsuccessful attempts to end the draft during the Vietnam War and for putting the Pentagon Papers into the public record in 1971 at risk to himself
Ron Kovic - Vietnam War - His first arrest was during an anti-Vietnam War demonstration at an Orange County, California draft board in the spring of 1971 when he refused to leave the office of the draft board explaining to a representative that, by sending young men to Vietnam, they were inadvertently, "condemning them to their death," or to be wounded and maimed like himself in a war that he had come to believe was, "immoral and made no sense
Denise Levertov - Some of her war poetry was published in her 1971 book "To Stay Alive", a collection of anti-Vietnam War letters, newscasts, diary entries, and conversations
Mike Gravel - The existing draft law was scheduled to conclude at the end of June 1971, and the Senate faced a contentious debate about whether to extend it as the Vietnam War continued
Kate Jackson - Vietnam War - Jackson's performance was well received in the 1972 independent film "Limbo", one of the first theatrical films to address the Vietnam War and the wives of soldiers who were POWs, MIA or killed in action
By 1973, approximately 7,500 women had served in Vietnam in the Southeast Asian theater
Jane Fonda - Vietnam War - Later, on the subject of torture used during the Vietnam War, Fonda told "The New York Times" in 1973, "I'm quite sure that there were incidents of torture
A larger offensive might provoke a U.S. reaction and interfere with the big push planned for 1976
Alexander Calder - However, representatives of the Calder family boycotted the January 10, 1977 ceremony "to make a statement favoring amnesty for Vietnam War draft resisters
Jane Fonda - She won her second Oscar in 1978 for "Coming Home", as a Marine officer's wife who volunteers at a veterans' hospital and becomes involved with a disabled Vietnam War veteran
Paul X. Kelley - Vietnam War - He joined the Marine Force Reconnaissance community and served with distinction during the Vietnam War. His final assignments were as Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps and Commandant of the Marine Corps until his retirement in 1987
In 1988, Vietnam suffered a famine that afflicted millions
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russian officials acknowledged that the Soviet Union had stationed up to 3,000 troops in Vietnam during the war
Joe Lieberman - Vietnam War - A spokesperson told "The Hartford Courant" in 1994 that Lieberman received an educational deferment from the Vietnam War draft when he was an undergraduate and law student from 1960 to 1967
Bob Dornan - Vietnam War - In 1995, he received a minor reprimand from the House for stating in a floor speech that President Bill Clinton had "given aid and comfort to the enemy" during the Vietnam War. In 1996, Dornan ran for President of the United States, using his campaign primarily as a vehicle to continue to criticize Clinton
Robert McNamara - Vietnam War - McNamara's memoir, "In Retrospect", published in 1995, presented an account and analysis of the Vietnam War from his point of view
Brian Dennehy - Vietnam War - Although he said in numerous interviews that he had spent five years fighting in Vietnam during the Vietnam War, even telling harrowing tales of being hit by shrapnel, it was revealed in the 1998 book "Stolen Valor" by B.G. Burkett that Dennehy had never served overseas at all during his time in the military
W. Thomas Smith, Jr. - Vietnam War - The interviews were published together as a single piece on the Vietnam War in the November 1998 issue of "George"
Bob Kerrey - In 2001, the "New York Times Magazine" and "60 Minutes II" carried reports on an incident that occurred during Kerrey's Vietnam War service
Michelle Malkin - Vietnam War - In August 2004, following claims by Swift Boat Veterans for Truth that presidential candidate John Kerry had lied about his record during the Vietnam War, Malkin appeared on MSNBC's "Hardball with Chris Matthews" and stated that there were "legitimate questions" over whether one of Kerry's wounds was "self-inflicted
An undated NSA publication declassified in 2005, however, revealed that there was no attack on 4 August
Tu was awarded Nobel Prize in 2015 for her contribution on the anti-malaria treatment