Vincent van Gogh


Paul Gauguin
(Visual Arts)
Paul Signac
(Visual Arts)
Paul Cezanne
(Visual Arts)
Camille Pissarro
(Visual Arts)
Willem Roelofs
(Visual Arts)
Jeanne Calment
(Civil society)

See also

Vincent van Gogh

Knowledge Identifier: +Vincent_van_Gogh


Vincent van Gogh

Dutch post-Impressionist painter, whose work had a far-reaching influence on 20th-century artadd

Category: Visual Arts

Born in 1853, deceased in 1890.

Countries: France (39%), Netherlands (22%), Belgium (13%)

Main connections: Paul Gauguin, Paul Signac, Paul Cezanne

Linked to: Van Gogh Museum, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Pushkin Museum, Kröller-Müller Museum




This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
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Vincent Willem van Gogh was born on 30 March 1853 near Zundert , in the south of the Netherlands. add something


His brother Theodorus 'Theo' was born on 1 May 1857. His brother would be life-long supporter and friend to Vincent. add something


He attended the Zundert village school from 1860. The single Catholic teacher was teaching around 200 pupils. add something


Barbizon painter Charles Daubigny moved to Auvers in 1861. This later drew other artists there, including Camille Corot and Honore Daumier. add something


From 1861, he and his sister Anna were taught at home by a governess. On 1 October 1864, he went to Jan Provily's boarding school at Zevenbergen about 32 km away. add something


Van Gogh began to draw as a child and continued throughout the years that led up to his decision to become an artist. add something


On 15 September 1866, he went to the new middle school, Willem II College in Tilburg. add something


In March 1868, van Gogh abruptly left school and returned home. add something


In July 1869, his uncle Cent helped him obtain a position with the art dealer Goupil & Cie in The Hague . add something


His lifelong friendship with his brother Theo, and most of what is known of van Gogh's thoughts and theories of art, is recorded in the hundreds of letters they exchanged between 1872 and 1890: more than 600 from Vincent to Theo and 40 from Theo to Vincent. add something


After his training, in June 1873, the Goupil company transferred him to London, where he lodged at 87 Hackford Road, Brixton, and worked at Goupil & Co., on Southampton Street. add something


This was a happy time for Vincent when he was working in London. He was successful at work and was, at 20, earning more than his father. add something

On 1 April 1876, Goupil terminated his employment. add something


To support his effort to become a pastor his family sent him to Amsterdam to study theology in May 1877, where he stayed with his uncle Jan van Gogh, a naval Vice Admiral. add something


Through the summer he spent time walking and talking with his recently widowed cousin, Kee Vos-Stricker, the daughter of his mother's older sister and Johannes Stricker, with whom he stayed in Amsterdam in 1878. add something


Van Gogh failed the exam, and left his uncle Jan's house in July 1878. add something


Abraham van der Waeyen Pieterszen - Van Gogh's request of 26 December 1878, to join the work of the committee, was evidently supported Pieterszen, and so Vincent got a temporary contract for six month on approval


In 1879, he starting working as a missionary in a mining region in Belgium. He began to sketch people from the local community. add something


In January 1879, he took a temporary post as a missionary in the village of Petit Wasmes in the coal-mining district of Borinage in Belgium. add something


Vincent, Self-portrait

Oil on cardboard, 1879


Millet was an important source of inspiration for Vincent van Gogh, particularly during his early period. Millet and his work are mentioned many times in Vincent's letters to his brother Theo. add something


He traveled to Brussels that autumn intending to follow Theo's recommendation to study with the prominent Dutch artist Willem Roelofs, who persuaded him, in spite of his aversion to formal schools of art, to attend the Academie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels , where he registered on 15 November 1880. add something


Willem Roelofs - On his advice, Vincent van Gogh matriculated in autumn 1880 in Brussels


In April 1881, van Gogh moved to the Etten countryside with his parents where he continued drawing, often using neighbors as subjects. add something


Around 1882, Van Gogh frequented the circle of the British-Australian artist John Peter Russell. He met fellow students like Emile Bernard, Louis Anquetin, and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. add something


In January 1882, he settled in The Hague where he called on his cousin-in-law, Anton Mauve, a Dutch realist painter and a leading member of the Hague School. Mauve introduced him to painting in both oil and watercolor. add something


Van Gogh's uncle Cornelis, an art dealer, commissioned 12 ink drawings of views of The Hague, which van Gogh completed soon after his arrival in the city. He completed another set of drawings in May 1882. add something


Early in 1883, he began to work on multi-figure compositions, which he based on his drawings. add something


Then, in spring 1883, van Gogh turned to renowned Hague School artists like Weissenbruch and Blommers, and received technical support from them, as well as from painters like De Bock and Van der Weele, both second generation Hague School artists. add something


Nuenen - From 1883 to 1885, Vincent van Gogh lived and worked in Nuenen


In autumn 1884, Margot Begemann, a neighbor's daughter and ten years his senior, often joined him on his painting forays. add something


Camille Pissarro - In 1884, art dealer Theo van Gogh asked Pissarro if he would take in his younger brother, Vincent, as a boarder in his home.


Skull with a Burning Cigarette

Oil on canvas, 1885

De Aardappeleters The Potato Eaters

oil on canvas , 1885


In 1886, two large exhibitions were staged in Paris; shows where Neo-Impressionism was first exhibited and seen, works by Georges Seurat and Paul Signac becoming the talk of the town. add something


Despite his rejection of academic teaching, he took the higher-level admission exams at the Academy of Fine Arts in Antwerp, and in January 1886, matriculated in painting and drawing. add something


In February 1886, he wrote to Theo saying that he could only remember eating six hot meals since May of the previous year. add something


In March 1886, Van Gogh moved to Paris and discovered the French Impressionists. add something


Van Gogh traveled to Paris in March 1886, where he shared Theo's Rue Laval apartment on Montmartre, to study at Fernand Cormon's studio. add something


For the first time, there was interest from Paris in his work add something


Henry de Groux - Henry was elected a member of les XX in 1886, but was expelled in 1890 when he refused to have his works displayed in the same gallery as Vincent van Gogh


Paul Signac - In 1886 Signac met Vincent van Gogh in Paris .


Self-portrait - One of the most famous and most prolific of self-portraitists was Vincent van Gogh, who drew and painted himself more than 43 times between 1886 and 1889


Still Life with Absinthe


Porträt des Vincent van Gogh

Pastel on cardboard, 1887


Similarly in Arles , in spring 1888 he arranged his Flowering Orchards into triptychs, began a series of figures that found its end in The Roulin Family series, and finally, when Gauguin had consented to work and live in Arles side-by-side with Van Gogh, he started to work on The Decorations for the Yellow House, which was by some accounts the most ambitious effort he ever undertook. add something


Finally in February 1888, feeling worn out from life in Paris, he left, having painted over 200 paintings during his two years in the city. add something


The series of Flowering Orchards, sometimes referred to as the Orchards in Blossom paintings, were among the first groups of work that van Gogh completed after his arrival in Arles , Provence in February 1888. add something


Red Vineyards near Arles 1888 , the only painting Vincent van Gogh is certainly known to have (...)


View of Arles with Irises in the Foreground

oil on canvas , 1888


Jeanne Calment - According to Calment, she met Vincent van Gogh at the age of 13, when he came into her uncle's shop in 1888


Eugene Boch - In 1888, he was introduced by Dodge MacKnight to Vincent van Gogh


Paul Gauguin - Like his friend Vincent van Gogh, with whom in 1888 he spent nine weeks painting in Arles , Paul Gauguin experienced many bouts of depression and at one time attempted suicide.


Cafe Terrace at Night - "'Café Terrace at Night"', known as "The Cafe Terrace on the Place du Forum", is a coloured oil painting executed by the Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh on an industrially primed canvas of size 25 " in Arles, France, mid-September 1888


Vincent Van Gogh Sunflowers - Montys Minutes(1888)


Vincent van Gogh - The Bedroom in Arles - Monty's Minutes


In January 1889, van Gogh returned to the Yellow House, but spent the following month between the hospital and home, suffering from hallucinations and delusions that he was being poisoned. add something


Art critic Robert Hughes writes that from May 1889 to May 1890 he, "had fits of despair and hallucination during which he could not work, and in between them, long clear months in which he could and did, punctuated by extreme visionary ecstasy. add something

On 8 May 1889, accompanied by his carer, the Reverend Salles, he committed himself to the hospital at Saint Paul-de-Mausole. add something


Selbstporträt mit abgeschnittenem Ohr

oil on canvas , 1889


Paul Signac - In March 1889, Signac visited Vincent van Gogh at Arles .

Major work

Self-portrait by Vincent van Gogh


Buy this Art Print

Major work

Starry Night by Vincent van Gogh


Buy this Art Print


Two years later, in 1890, Vincent and Theo paid to have a book about Monticelli published, and van Gogh bought a number of Monticelli's paintings, adding them to his collection. add something

Vincent van Gogh died in 1890 add something


Four potatoes with a suspicion of gravy and a mouthful of vegetables constituted his whole dinner from a letter to Frederik van Eeden, to help him with preparation for his article on Van Gogh in De Nieuwe Gids, Issue 1, December 1890. add something


Old Man with his Head in his Hands


White House at Night

oil on canvas , 1890


Julien Leclercq - Like his close friend Albert Aurier, he contributed regularly to the Mercure de France, for example in September 1890 an obituary of Vincent van Gogh


Eugeen Van Mieghem - He was introduced to the work of Vincent van Gogh, Georges_Seurat, Camille Pissarro, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and others at an exhibition organised by Flemish painter and architect Henry van de Velde at the Antwerp Academy around 1892


Joan Miro - His early art, like that of the similarly influenced Fauves and Cubists exhibited in Barcelona, was inspired by Vincent Van Gogh and Paul Cézanne.


Vincent's remains were exhumed on 13 June 1905, in the presence of Jo Bonger, Dr. Gachet and others, and relocated, eventually for Theo to be buried beside him add something


Carl Moll - In 1905 he, along with Gustav Klimt, left the Secession, although Moll continued to be involved with the exhibition of art in Vienna including the first exhibition in Vienna of the work of Vincent Van Gogh


Mikhail Larionov - In 1908 he staged the Golden Fleece exhibition in Moscow, which included paintings by international avant-garde artists such as Matisse, Derain, Braque, Gauguin and Van Gogh


Egon Schiele - Klimt invited Schiele to exhibit some of his work at the 1909 Vienna Kunstschau, where he encountered the work of Edvard Munch, Jan Toorop, and Vincent van Gogh among others.


Max Ernst - In 1912 he visited the Sonderbund exhibition in Cologne , where works by Pablo Picasso and post-Impressionists such as Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin profoundly influenced his approach to art.


The letters were first annotated in 1913 by Theo's widow Johanna van Gogh-Bonger who explained that she published them with 'trepidation' because she did not want the drama in the artist's life to overshadow his work add something


In 1914, the year she had Van Gogh's letters published, Jo Bonger had Theo moved from Utrecht and reburied with Vincent add something


Samuel Courtauld (art collector) - During the 1920s, he assembled an extensive collection including masterpieces by Vincent Van Gogh or previously owned by Anna Boch, Edouard Manet, Paul Cézanne and Pierre-Auguste Renoir


The girl was Gordina de Groot, who died in 1927; she claimed the child's father was not Van Gogh, but a relative add something


Guus Kessler - She purchased a Vincent Van Gogh painting on paper in 1930 and it was sold at auction for 8,8 million British pounds in 1997 by a family trust


Abstract Expressionism of the 1940s and 1950s is seen as in part inspired from Van Gogh's broad, gestural brush strokes add something


He asserts that they misrepresent the remarks of Rene Secretan, one of the two boys, who in 1956 admitted to having tormented the artist, but not to having shot him add something


Kirk Douglas - Douglas described his role as Vincent Van Gogh in Lust for Life a "very painful experience". He writes, "Not only did I look like Van Gogh, I was the same age he was when he committed suicide.".


W. H. Auden, New York Graphic Society, Greenwich, CT. 1961 add something


Pickvance , 177 It was one of seven canvases sent to Pont-Aven on 4 October 1888 as exchange of work with Paul Gauguin, Emile_Bernard (Émile_Bernard), Charles Laval, and others add something


See Pickvance , 62 In January 1889, Van Gogh returned to the Yellow House, but spent the following month between the hospital and home, suffering from hallucinations and delusions that he was being poisoned add something


Sompo Japan - Yasuda Fire made a successful bid for Van Gogh's "Sunflower" paintings for about 5,3 billion yen in 1987


Jeanne Calment - Her international fame escalated in 1988, when the centenary of Vincent van Gogh's visit to Arles provided an occasion to meet reporters


Letter to the "New York Times", September 1989 add something


Martin Scorsese - In 1990, he acted in a cameo role as Vincent van Gogh in the film Dreams by legendary Japanese director Akira Kurosawa.


src: Roy Lichtenstein

Lichtenstein's Bedroom at Arles , derivative of Vincent van Gogh original painting.


"American Journal of Psychiatry", 2002 Diagnoses include schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, syphilis, poisoning from swallowed paints, temporal lobe epilepsy and acute intermittent porphyria add something


src: Braco Dimitrijevic

Correspondans, by Braco Dimitrijevic, 2005 (with Vincent van Gogh self portrait)


In 2007 a group of Dutch historians compiled the "Canon of Dutch History" to be taught in schools and included Van Gogh as one of the fifty topics of the canon, alongside other national icons such as Rembrandt and De Stijl add something


Self portraits


An exhibition devoted to Vincent van Gogh's letters took place in the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam from October 2009 to January 2010 and moved to the Royal Academy in London from late January to April add something


Stephen Carlton Clark - In May 2009 a lawsuit arose with a claim in reference to one work donated by Stephen to Yale University - Vincent van Gogh's "The Night Café" from 1888


A biography published in 2011 contends that Van Gogh did not kill himself add something


In "Van Gogh: the Life", a biography published in 2011, authors Steven Naifeh and Gregory White Smith argue that Van Gogh did not commit suicide add something


The Van Gogh Museum is hosting an exhibition "Van Gogh at Work" featuring 200 paintings and drawings, 150 of them by van Gogh and others including Paul Gauguin and Émile Bernard; from May 1, 2013 until January 12, 2014 add something


A newly discovered painting by the Dutch artist was publicly unveiled on September 10, 2013, after it was retrived from the attic of a Norwegian collector who misjudged the work as a fraud following its purchase in 1908 add something


"Sunset at Montmajour" is a large oil landscape painting and, as of September 24, 2013, is displayed at Amsterdam's Van Gogh Museum add something


Amsterdam: Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh; accessed 20 November 2014 add something


"The Art Newspaper", 20 July 2016 add something


In 2018, Julian Schnabel directed the film "At Eternity's Gate" where he endorses further the alternative reading put forward by Naifeh and Smith that Van Gogh's death was by others add something