The Waves
Nicole Kidman
(Movies & TV)
Roger Fry
(Visual Arts)
William Faulkner
Quentin Bell
Mrs Dalloway

See also

Virginia Woolf

Knowledge Identifier: +Virginia_Woolf


Virginia Woolf

English author, essayist, publisher, and writer of short storiesadd

Category: Literature

Born in 1882.

Countries: United Kingdom (46%), United States (27%), (10%)

Main connections: The Waves, Nicole Kidman, Roger Fry

Linked to: Gerald Duckworth and Company Ltd, King's College London, King's College London, The Dinner Party




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Virginia Woolf was born in 1882 add something


Novel - This term was first used by William James in 1890 and entered the terminology of literary criticism with the discussions of the novels of modernists like Dorothy Richardson, Marcel Proust, and James Joyce, as well as, later Virginia Woolf and William Faulkner


Ives in Cornwall, where the family spent every summer until 1895. add something


The sudden death of her mother in 1895, when Virginia was 13, and that of her half-sister Stella two years later, led to the first of Virginia's several nervous breakdowns. add something


She was, however, able to take courses of study in Greek, Latin, German and history at the Ladies’ Department of King’s College London between 1897 and 1901, and this brought her into contact with some of the early reformers of women’s higher education such as Clara Pater, George Warr and Lilian Faithfull (Principal of the King’s Ladies’ Department and noted as one of the Steamboat ladies). add something


Woolf began writing professionally in 1900, initially for the Times Literary Supplement with a journalistic piece about Haworth, home of the Bronte family. add something


In 1907 Vanessa married Clive Bell, and the couple's interest in avant garde art would have an important influence on Woolf's development as an author. add something


Virginia Woolf remained close to her surviving siblings, Adrian and Vanessa; Thoby had died of an illness at the age of 26. add something


Roger Fry - Virginia Woolf later said, "On or about December 1910 human character changed," referring to the effect this exhibit had on the world


Virginia Stephen married writer Leonard Woolf in 1912. add something


Selections Autobiographical and Imaginative from the Works of George Gissing ed. add something


Mark Gertler (artist) - Virginia Woolf recorded her impressions of Gertler after he came to visit her and her husband in Sussex in September 1918


Cornwall - Second World War - Modernist writers such as D. H. Lawrence and Virginia Woolf lived in Cornwall between the wars, and Ben Nicholson, the painter, having visited in the 1920s came to live in St Ives with his wife, the sculptor Barbara Hepworth, at the outbreak of the Second World War


Percy Lubbock - His 1921 book "The Craft of Fiction" became a straw man for writers including Forster, Virginia Woolf and Graham Greene, who disagreed with his rather formalist view of the novel


Lytton Strachey and Woolf at Garsington, 1923. add something

Major work

1925 - Mrs Dalloway by Virginia Woolf


To the Lighthouse - "'To the Lighthouse"' is a 1927 novel by Virginia Woolf

Major work

1927 - To the Lighthouse by Virginia Woolf


In 1928, Woolf presented Sackville-West with Orlando, a fantastical biography in which the eponymous hero's life spans three centuries and both genders. add something


However, in a 1930 letter to the composer, Ethel Smyth, quoted in Nigel Nicolson's biography, Virginia Woolf, she recollects her boasts of Leonard's Jewishness confirming her snobbish tendencies, "How I hated marrying a Jew- What a snob I was, for they have immense vitality. add something


The Waves - "'The Waves"', first published in 1931, is Virginia Woolf's most experimental novel


Indeed, in 1937, Woolf wrote in her diary: "Love-making – after 25 years can’t bear to be separate . add something


Marguerite Yourcenar - She translated Virginia Woolf's The Waves over a 10-month period in 1937.


Roger_Fry: A Biography (1940, usually characterised non-fiction, however: " novelistic skills worked against her talent as a biographer, for her impressionistic observations jostled uncomfortably with the simultaneous need to marshal a multitude of facts. add something


After their affair ended, the two women remained friends until Woolf's death in 1941. add something


Virginia Woolf died in 1941 add something


On 28 March 1941, Woolf put on her overcoat, filled its pockets with stones, and walked into the River Ouse near her home and drowned herself. add something


Woolf's body was not found until 18 April 1941. add something


Woolf's body was not found until 18 April 1941 add something


Dorothy Bussy - Bussy anonymously published one novel, "Olivia", in 1949, printed by the Hogarth Press, the publishing house founded by Leonard and Virginia Woolf, in which lesbian loves get entangled in the emotional and sexually-charged atmosphere of erotic pedagogy in a girls' school


Graham Bell (artist) - In 1952 Anne Popham married Quentin Bell, nephew of Virginia Woolf


Toni Morrison - She earned a Master of Arts degree in English from Cornell University in 1955, for which she wrote a thesis on suicide in the works of William Faulkner and Virginia Woolf.


Mieko Kamiya - Her unique studies included her visit to the husband of Virginia Woolf and to Michel Foucault in 1966


Woolf's reputation declined sharply after World War II, but her importance was re-established with the growth of Feminist criticism in the 1970s add something


Though at least one biography of Virginia Woolf appeared in her lifetime, the first authoritative study of her life was published in 1972 by her nephew Quentin Bell add something


The Times Literary Supplement - Many distinguished writers have been contributors, including T. S. Eliot, Henry James, and Virginia Woolf, but reviews were normally anonymous until 1974, during which year signed reviews were gradually introduced under the editorship of John Gross


Edna O'Brien - In 1981, she wrote a play, "Virginia", about Virginia Woolf and it was staged originally in Canada and subsequently in the West End of London at the Theatre Royal Haymarket with Maggie Smith and directed by Robin Phillips


Controversially, Louise A. DeSalvo reads most of Woolf's life and career through the lens of the incestuous sexual abuse Woolf suffered as a young woman in her 1989 book "Virginia Woolf: The Impact of Childhood Sexual Abuse on her Life and Work" add something


Much scholarship has been made of Woolf's mental illness, described as a "manic-depressive illness" in Thomas Caramagno's 1992 book, "The Flight of the Mind: Virginia Woolf's Art and Manic-Depressive Illness", in which he warns against the "neurotic-genius" way of looking at mental illness, where people rationalise that creativity is somehow born of mental illness add something


Hermione Lee's 1996 biography "Virginia Woolf" provides a thorough and authoritative examination of Woolf's life and work add something


Recently, studies of Virginia Woolf have focused on feminist and lesbian themes in her work, such as in the 1997 collection of critical essays, "Virginia Woolf: Lesbian Readings", edited by Eileen Barrett and Patricia Cramer add something


Robert Meyer, 1998, Case Studies in Abnormal Behaviour, Allyn and Bacon Leslie and Julia had four children together: Vanessa Stephen , Thoby Stephen , Virginia , and Adrian Stephen add something


In 2001 Louise DeSalvo and Mitchell A. Leaska edited "The Letters of Vita Sackville-West and Virginia Woolf" add something


In 2002, a film version of the novel was released starring Nicole Kidman as Woolf, a role for which she won the 2002 Academy award for Best Actress add something


Mrs Dalloway - A related 2002 film, based on Michael Cunningham's novel of the same name, is "The Hours", starring Meryl Streep as New York editor Clarissa, Julianne Moore as Los Angeles housewife Laura, and Nicole Kidman as Virginia Woolf


"Twentieth Century Literature", Fall 2003, by Leena Kore Schroder, The overwhelming and rising 1920s and 30s antisemitism possibly influenced Virginia Woolf add something


Nicole Kidman - In 2003, Kidman won critical praise for her portrayal of Virginia Woolf in Stephen Daldry's The Hours, which featured Meryl Streep and Julianne Moore.


Julia Briggs's "Virginia Woolf: An Inner Life", published in 2005, is the most recent examination of Woolf's life add something


John Maynard Keynes - "Lady Talky", Alison Light, London Review of Books, Vol. 30 No. 24, 18 December 2008 In her novel "Mrs Dalloway" , Woolf bases the character of Rezia Warren Smith on Lopokova


It was adapted for the stage by Elizabeth Wright in 2010 and first performed by Moving Stories Theatre Company add something


On 2 May 2013, it was announced that Woolf was to be honoured by her alma mater when, in Autumn 2013, the "Virginia Woolf Building" of King's College London would open on Kingsway, London add something


An exhibition on Virginia Woolf was held at the National Portrait Gallery from July to October 2014 add something


United States: Columbia University Press, 2015 add something


The final segment of the 2018 Anthology film "London Unplugged" is adapted from her short story "Kew Gardens" add something