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Connections

Laurence Olivier
(Movies & TV)
Titus Andronicus
(Literature)
Garson Kanin
(Literature)
Antony and Cleopatra
(Literature)
David Niven
(Movies & TV)
Katharine Hepburn
(Movies & TV)
 

See also

Vivien Leigh

Knowledge Identifier: +Vivien_Leigh

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Vivien Leigh

British actress, born in India, best known for her performances as Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind and Blanche DuBois in A Streetcar Named Desire , winning the Academy Award for Best Actress for both add

Category: Movies & TV

Born in 1913.

Countries: United Kingdom (41%), United States (30%), (8%)

Main connections: Laurence Olivier, Titus Andronicus, Gone with the Wind (film)

Linked to: American Film Institute, Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, The School for Scandal, Woldingham School

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Vivien Leigh.


Vivien Leigh was born in 1913 add something


1917

In 1917, Ernest Hartley was transferred to Bangalore, while Gertrude and Vivian stayed in Ootacamund add something


1919

Edward Molyneux - After a period working for the British fashion designer Lucile, Molyneux opened his fashion house in Paris at 14 rue Royale in 1919 , expanding to Monte Carlo in 1925, Cannes in 1927, and London in 1932, becoming known for his "never too rich or too thin" idle slim "refined at the edge of outrageous" look, frowning on superfluous decoration, and going on to dress European royalty like Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent, British high society, actresses Greta Garbo, Marlene Dietrich, Gertrude Lawrence, Margaret Leighton, and Vivien Leigh, and interior


1920

An only child, Vivian Hartley was sent to the Convent of the Sacred Heart in Roehampton in 1920, from Loreto Convent, Darjeeling by her devoutly Catholic mother add something


1929

Marie Lohr - Her later stage-work included appearances in a 1929 London stage production of "Beau Geste" alongside Laurence Olivier, husband of Vivien Leigh, and in the original production of the 1930 play "The Bread-Winner"


1930

Joseff of Hollywood - The firm was particularly noted for creating costume jewelry for many of the biggest films and movie stars of the 1930s and 1940s, including Shirley Temple in "The Little Princess", Vivien Leigh in "Gone with the Wind", and Elizabeth Taylor in "Cleopatra"


1931

Vivian Hartley met Leigh Holman, a barrister 13 years her senior, in 1931 add something


1936

Laurence Olivier - Laurence Olivier saw Vivien Leigh in The Mask of Virtue in 1936, and a friendship developed after he congratulated her on her performance.


1937

Torin Thatcher - He appeared in the 1937 Old Vic stage production of "Hamlet", in which Laurence Olivier made his first appearance in the title role, opposite Vivien Leigh as Ophelia

 

Dark Journey (film) - "'Dark Journey"' is a 1937 British spy film directed by Victor Saville and starring Conrad Veidt and Vivien Leigh


1938

In February 1938, Leigh asked that she be allowed to play Scarlett O'Hara add something


1939

Petticoat - One scene in the 1939 film adaptation with actress Vivien Leigh gives a good idea of the layers of petticoats and underwear that were worn in the 1860s

 

Gavin Lambert - Working as a Hollywood screenwriter, Lambert was able to interview and gain personal remembrances of those involved with the classic 1939 film, including dismissed director George Cukor and actress Vivien Leigh


1940

In the popular conscience, Leigh is greatly associated with her second husband, the equally highly-acclaimed Laurence Olivier, to whom she was married, with turbulent and scandalous effects, from 1940 to 1960 add something

 

In February 1940, Jill Esmond agreed to divorce Olivier, and Leigh Holman agreed to divorce Leigh, although they maintained a strong friendship for the rest of Leigh's life add something

 

On 31 August 1940, Olivier and Leigh were married in Santa Barbara, California, in a ceremony attended only by their witnesses, Katharine Hepburn and Garson Kanin add something

 

Garson Kanin - Kanin and Katharine Hepburn were the only witnesses to Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh's wedding in California on August 31, 1940


1941

John Merivale - He was married to the U.S. actress Jan Sterling from 1941 until 1948, and lived with Vivien Leigh from 1958 until her death in 1967, becoming her dedicated caretaker in her final years as her manic depression and prolonged illnesses grew more severe


1943

The Oliviers returned to Britain, and Leigh toured through North Africa in 1943 add something


1944

In 1944, she was diagnosed as having tuberculosis in her left lung and spent several weeks in hospital before appearing to have recovered add something


1946

Leigh was well enough to resume acting in 1946, in a successful London production of Thornton Wilder's "The Skin of Our Teeth"; but her films of this period, "Caesar and Cleopatra" and "Anna Karenina" , were not great successes add something

 

George Devine - Devine returned to England in 1946, and in September of that year appeared as George Antrobus in Laurence Olivier's production of Thornton Wilder's The Skin of Our Teeth, starring Vivien Leigh, at the Piccadilly Theatre in London


1947

In 1947, Olivier was knighted; and Leigh accompanied him to Buckingham Palace for the investiture add something


1948

By 1948, Olivier was on the board of directors for the Old Vic Theatre, and he and Leigh embarked on a six month tour of Australia and New Zealand to raise funds for it add something

 

David Niven said she had been "quite, quite mad"; and in his diary Noël Coward expressed surprise that "things had been bad and getting worse since 1948 or thereabouts add something

 

Peter Finch - During this time, Finch's closeness to the Olivier family led to an affair with Olivier's beautiful but increasingly unstable wife, Vivien Leigh, which began in 1948, and continued on and off for several years, ultimately falling apart due to her deteriorating mental condition.

 

Kieron Moore - He may be best remembered for his role as Count Vronsky in the 1948 film adaptation of "Anna Karenina" opposite Vivien Leigh


1949

When the West End production of "Streetcar" opened in October 1949, J. B. Priestley denounced the play and Leigh's performance; and the critic Kenneth Tynan commented that Leigh was badly miscast because British actors were "too well-bred to emote effectively on stage" add something


1950

Danny Kaye - There are persistent claims that Kaye was homosexual or bisexual, and some sources assert that Kaye and Laurence Olivier had a ten-year relationship in the 1950s while Olivier was still married to Vivien Leigh


1951

In 1951, Leigh and Olivier performed two plays about Cleopatra, William Shakespeare's "Antony and Cleopatra" and George Bernard Shaw's "Caesar and Cleopatra", alternating the play each night and winning good reviews add something

 

Wilfrid Hyde-White - He continued to act on the stage, and played opposite Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh in "Caesar and Cleopatra" and "Antony and Cleopatra" in 1951


1952

They took the productions to New York, where they performed a season at the Ziegfeld Theatre into 1952 add something


1953

In 1953, Leigh recovered sufficiently to play "The Sleeping Prince" with Olivier; and, in 1955, they performed a season at Stratford-upon-Avon in Shakespeare's "Twelfth Night", "Macbeth", and "Titus Andronicus" add something

 

In January 1953, Leigh travelled to Ceylon to film "Elephant Walk" with Peter Finch add something


1955

Kenneth Tynan ridiculed Leigh's performance opposite Olivier in the 1955 production of "Titus Andronicus", commenting that she "receives the news that she is about to be ravished on her husband's corpse with little more than the mild annoyance of one who would have preferred foam rubber add something

 

John Gielgud - But Gielgud didn't always have the magic touch, staging a disappointing revival of Twelfth Night with Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh in 1955 and a disastrous production of Macbeth with Ralph Richardson in 1952.

 

Titus Andronicus - The best known and most successful production of the play in England was directed by Peter Brook for the RSC at the Royal Shakespeare Theatre in 1955, starring Laurence Olivier as Titus, Maxine Audley as Tamora, Anthony Quayle as Aaron and Vivien Leigh as Lavinia


1957

Brian Horrocks - In 1957, Horrocks had the unusual duty of ordering Vivien Leigh out of the House when she interrupted proceedings to plead that the St James's Theatre be saved from demolition


1958

In 1958, considering her marriage to be over, Leigh began a relationship with the actor Jack Merivale, who knew of Leigh's medical condition and assured Olivier he would care for her add something


1959

In 1959, she achieved a success with the Noël Coward comedy "Look After Lulu", with "The Times" critic describing her as "beautiful, delectably cool and matter of fact, she is mistress of every situation add something


1960

In 1960, Leigh recalled her ambivalence towards her first experience of critical acclaim and sudden fame, commenting, "some critics saw fit to be as foolish as to say that I was a great actress add something

 

In 1960, she and Olivier divorced and Olivier married actress Joan Plowright add something


1961

Merivale joined her for a tour of Australia, New Zealand and Latin America that lasted from July 1961 until May 1962, and Leigh enjoyed positive reviews without sharing the spotlight with Olivier add something

 

Joan Plowright - She divorced him and, in 1961, married Laurence Olivier after the breaking of his 20-year marriage with the actress Vivien Leigh


 

Though she was still beset by bouts of depression, she continued to work in the theatre and, in 1963, won a Tony award for Best Actress in a Musical for her role in "Tovarich" add something

 

Alexander Scourby - The musical opened at the Broadway Theatre on March 18, 1963, with Vivien Leigh and Jean-Pierre Aumont as Scourby's prey


Vivien Leigh died in 1967 add something

 

In May 1967, she was rehearsing to appear with Michael Redgrave in Edward Albee's "A Delicate Balance" when she suffered a recurrence of tuberculosis add something

 

Obituary "Variety", 12 July 1967, page 63 add something


1969

In 1969, a plaque to Leigh was placed in the "Actors' Church", St Paul's, Covent Garden; in 1985, a portrait of her was included in a series of postage stamps, along with Alfred Hitchcock, Charlie Chaplin, Peter Sellers and David Niven to commemorate "British Film Year" add something


1978

"Vivien Leigh, A Biography", Coronet Books, 1978 edition add something


1980

"David O. Selznick's Hollywood ", Bonanza Books, New York, 1980 add something


1984

"Vivien Leigh", Elm Tree Books, 1984 add something


1990

Gone with the Wind (film) - In 1990, the United States Postal Service issued a stamp depicting Clark Gable and Vivien Leigh embracing in a scene from the film


1994

In 1994, the National Library of Australia purchased a photograph album, monogrammed "L & V O" and believed to have belonged to the Oliviers, containing 573 photographs of the couple during their 1948 tour of Australia add something


1998

Leonard Maltin described the film as one of the all-time greats, writing in 1998 that Leigh "brilliantly played" her role add something


1999

The British Library in London purchased the papers of Laurence Olivier from his estate in 1999 add something


2006

In 2006, Olivia de Havilland responded to claims of Leigh's manic behaviour during filming "Gone with the Wind", published in a biography of Olivier add something


2013

In April 2013 she was again included in a series of U.K. postage stamps, this time celebrating the 100th anniversary of her birth, achieving the rare accolade of a non-royal family member to appear on a British postage stamp on more than one occasion add something

 

Gone with the Wind (film) - In 2013, a 4K digital restoration was released in the United Kingdom to coincide with Vivien Leigh's centenary


2015

Gina Bellman - In 2015 Bellman appeared as Vivien Leigh in the European premiere of the Austin Pendleton play Orson's Shadow, at the Southwark Playhouse in London


2018

London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2018 add something