Wales

Knowledge Identifier: $Wales

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Wales

Category:Island countriesadd

Category: Environment (330)

Launched in -5000.

Countries: United Kingdom (63%), (10%), United States (5%)

Main connections: England, New South Wales, Wales national football team

Linked to: Aberystwyth University, Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press, Labour Party

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Wales.


-1960

Julie Christie - Having moved to Hollywood in the mid-1960s, Christie left at the end of the 1970s and returned to the United Kingdom, where she lived on a farm in Wales


550

Brendan - Having established the bishopric of Ardfert, St Brendan proceeded to Thomond, and founded a monastery at Inis-da-druim , in the present parish of Killadysert, County Clare, about the year 0550 He journeyed to Wales, and thence to Iona, for he is said to have left traces of his apostolic zeal at Kil-"brandon" and Kil-"brennan" Sound


1050

Edward the Confessor - In the 1050s, Edward pursued an aggressive, and generally successful, policy in dealing with Scotland and Wales


1055

Edward the Confessor - In 1055 Gruffydd ap Llywelyn established himself as the ruler of all Wales, and allied himself with Ælfgar of Mercia, who had been outlawed for treason


1057

Thus, from about 1057 until his death in 1063, the whole of Wales recognised the kingship of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn add something


1070

Starting in the 1070s, these lords began conquering land in southern and eastern Wales, west of the River Wye add something


1161

Edward the Confessor - Edward was canonized in 1161 by Pope Alexander III, and is commemorated on 13 October by the Catholic Church of England and Wales and the Church of England


1188

Llywelyn the Great - In his account of his journey around Wales in 1188 Giraldus Cambrensis mentions that the young Llywelyn was already in arms against his uncles Dafydd and Rhodri;


1200

The least sunny areas are the mountains, some parts of which average less than 1200 hours of sunshine annually add something


1202

Llywelyn the Great - Llywelyn made his first move beyond the borders of Gwynedd in August 1202 when he raised a force to attack Gwenwynwyn ab Owain of Powys, who was now his main rival in Wales


1211

Llywelyn the Great - When John was forced to sign Magna Carta, Llywelyn was rewarded with several favourable provisions relating to Wales, including the release of his son Gruffydd who had been a hostage since 1211


1216

Llywelyn the Great - By 1216, he was the dominant power in Wales, holding a council at Aberdyfi that year to apportion lands to the other princes


1220

Llywelyn the Great - Llywelyn was careful not to provoke unnecessary hostilities with the crown or the Marcher lords; for example in 1220 he compelled Rhys Gryg to return four commotes in South Wales to their previous Anglo-Norman owners


1230

Llywelyn the Great - Until 1230 Llywelyn had used the title "princeps Norwalliæ" 'Prince of North Wales', but from that year he changed his title to 'Prince of North Wales and Lord of Snowdonia', possibly to underline his supremacy over the other Welsh princes


1240

Llywelyn the Great - He maintained his position in Wales until his death in 1240 and was succeeded by his son Dafydd ap Llywelyn

 

Llywelyn the Great - When Llywelyn died in 1240 his "principatus" of Wales rested on shaky foundations


1282

Llywelyn ap Gruffudd's death in 1282 marked the completion of Edward I of England's conquest of Wales, though Owain Glynd?r briefly restored independence to Wales in the early 15th century add something

 

Peace was short lived and, with the 1282 Edwardian conquest, the rule of the Welsh princes permanently ended add something


1284

His son, the future Edward II, was born at Edward's new castle at Caernarfon in 1284 add something

 

The Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284 provided the constitutional basis for post-conquest government of the Principality of North Wales from 1284 until 1535/6 add something


1301

He became the first English Prince of Wales in 1301, which at the time provided an income from northwest Wales known as the Principality of Wales add something


1404

In 1404, Owain was reputedly crowned Prince of Wales in the presence of emissaries from France, Spain and Scotland add something


1411

Henry Chichele - On 30 November 1411 Chichele, with two other bishops and three earls and the prince of Wales, knelt to the king to receive public thanks for their administration


1412

But the rebellion failed, and Owain went into hiding in 1412; peace was essentially restored in Wales by 1415 add something


1473

Richard III of England - Richard and Anne had one son, born in 1473, Edward of Middleham, who died not long after being created Prince of Wales


1483

Henry VII of England - Nonetheless, by 1483 Henry was the senior male Lancastrian claimant remaining, after the deaths in battle or by murder or execution of Henry VI, his son Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales, and the other Beaufort line of descent through Lady Margaret's uncle, the 2nd Duke of Somerset


1485

It was used by Henry VII at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485, after which it was carried in state to St Paul's Cathedral add something


1502

Henry VIII of England - Arthur's death thrust all his duties upon his younger brother, the 10-year-old Henry, who after a little debate succeeded him to the Dukedom of Cornwall in October 1502, and the Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester in February 1503


1535

The combined flag for both $ England and Wales arose from the Laws in Wales Act of 1535 which annexed Wales to England add something

 

The last remnants of Celtic-tradition Welsh law were abolished and replaced by English law by the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542 add something

 

The whole of Wales was annexed by England and incorporated within the English legal system under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542 add something

 

Henry VIII of England - Henry granted his assent to the Laws in Wales Act 1535, which legally annexed Wales, uniting England and Wales into one unified nation


1536

The Act of Union of 1536 formed a linear border stretching from the mouth of the Dee to the mouth of the Wye. Even after the Act of Union, many of the borders remained vague and moveable until the Welsh Sunday Closing act of 1881, which forced local businesses to decide which country they fell within to accept either the Welsh or English law add something


1544

Henry VIII of England - In 1544, an Act of Parliament put the daughters back in the line of succession after Edward, Prince of Wales, though they were still deemed illegitimate


1567

The New Testament was translated by William Salesbury in 1567 followed by the complete Bible by William Morgan in 1588 add something


1584

But Edward II was not an infant when the title was granted; the story is apocryphal and was first recorded in 1584 add something


1588

While in 1588 William Morgan became the first person to translate the Bible into Welsh, from Greek and Hebrew add something


1638

The first Independent Church in Wales was founded at Llanvaches in 1638 by William Wroth add something


1657

Jeremy Taylor - He probably left Wales in 1657, and his immediate connection with Golden Grove seems to have ceased two years earlier


1700

The south-western coast is the sunniest part of Wales, averaging over 1700 hours of sunshine annually add something


1720

Robert Walpole - In 1720 he improved his position by bringing about a reconciliation between the Prince of Wales and the King


1734

Robert Walpole - In general the government made gains in England and Wales but this was not enough to overturn the reverses of the 1734 election and further losses in Cornwall where many constituencies were obedient to the will of the Prince of Wales


1746

The next year, the Wales and Berwick Act 1746 was repealed and a legal definition of Wales and of the boundary with England was stated add something


1750

Prior to the British Industrial Revolution, which saw a rapid economic expansion between 1750 and 1850, there were signs of small-scale industries scattered throughout Wales add something


1801

Most of the increase came in the coal mining districts, especially Glamorganshire, which grew from 71,000 in 1801 to 232,000 in 1851 and 1,122,000 in 1911 add something

 

The population of Wales doubled from 587,000 in 1801 to 1,163,000 in 1851 and had reached 2,421,000 by 1911 add something


1802

Richard Trevithick - In 1802, Trevithick built one of his high pressure steam engines to drive a hammer at the Pen-y-Darren Ironworks in Merthyr Tydfil, South Wales


1804

Richard Trevithick - On 21 February 1804 the world's first locomotive-hauled railway journey took place as Trevithick's unnamed steam locomotive hauled a train along the tramway of the Penydarren Ironworks, in Merthyr Tydfil in Wales


1811

The Presbyterian Church of Wales was born out of the Welsh Methodist revival in the 18th century and seceded from the Church of England in 1811 add something


1845

"Y Traethodydd" , a quarterly publication by The Presbyterian Church of Wales, first appeared in 1845; the oldest Welsh publication still in print add something


1857

An Act of Parliament in 1857 provided for the establishment of a number of art schools throughout the United Kingdom and the Cardiff School of Art opened in 1865 add something


1859

On the night of 25 October 1859, over 110 ships were destroyed off the coast of Wales when a hurricane blew in from the Atlantic add something


1860

Adelina Patti - On 24 August 1860, she and Emma Albani were soloists in the world premiere of Charles Wugk Sabatier's "Cantata" in Montreal which was performed in honour of the visit of the Prince of Wales


1861

Joseph Chamberlain - Chamberlain married Harriet Kenrick, the daughter of Archibald Kenrick, member of a Unitarian family from Birmingham who originally occupied Wynn Hall in Ruabon, Wrexham, Wales, in July 1861


1865

Since 1865, the Liberal Party had held a parliamentary majority in Wales and, following the general election of 1906, only one non-Liberal Member of Parliament, Keir Hardie of Merthyr Tydfil, represented a Welsh constituency at Westminster add something


1872

The University College of Wales opened in Aberystwyth in 1872 add something


1881

Graduates still very often had to leave Wales to work, but Betws-y-Coed became a popular centre for artists and its artists' colony helped form the Royal Cambrian Academy of Art in 1881 add something


1885

Joseph Chamberlain - ' Seeking a contest with the Whigs, Chamberlain and Sir Charles Dilke presented their resignations to Gladstone on 20 May 1885, when the Cabinet rejected Chamberlain's scheme for the creation of National Councils in England, Scotland and Wales and when a proposed Land Purchase Bill did not have any provision for the reform of Irish local government


1888

David Lloyd George - It was this case, which was hailed as a great victory throughout Wales, and his writings in "Udgorn Rhyddid" that led to his adoption as the Liberal candidate for Caernarfon Boroughs on 27 December 1888


1889

The Welsh Intermediate Education Act of 1889 created 95 secondary schools add something

 

Oliver Bulleid - On the death of his father, Bulleid returned to Llanfyllin, Wales in 1889 with his mother, where the family home had been


1893

Cardiff and Bangor followed, and the three colleges came together in 1893 to form the University of Wales add something


1895

David Lloyd George - He abandoned this idea after being criticised in Welsh newspapers for bringing about the defeat of the Liberal Party in the 1895 election and when, at a meeting in Newport on 16 January 1896, the South Wales Liberal Federation, led by David Alfred Thomas and Robert Bird moved that he be not heard


1902

The 20th century experienced an important shift away from the stilted and long-winded Victorian Welsh prose, with Thomas Gwynn Jones leading the way with his 1902 work "Ymadawiad Arthur" add something


1907

Rugby league in Wales dates back to 1907 add something

 

The Welsh Department for the Board of Education followed in 1907, which gave Wales its first significant educational devolution add something


1908

A professional Welsh League existed from 1908 to 1910 add something

 

The last bank to do so closed in 1908; since then, although banks in Scotland and Northern Ireland continue to have the right to issue banknotes in their own countries, the Bank of England has a monopoly on the issue of banknotes in Wales add something


1911

Ray Milland - In the 1911 census the family were living at 66 Coronation Road, Mount Pleasant, Tonna, Neath in Wales


1912

Along with the playhouses, there existed mobile companies at visiting fairs, though from 1912 most of these travelling theatres settled, purchasing theatres to perform in add something


1913

At its peak of production in 1913, nearly 233,000 men and women were employed in the south Wales coalfield, mining 56 million tons of coal add something

 

By its height in 1913, Wales was producing almost 61 million tons of coal add something

 

Output from the coalfields continued to increase, with the Rhondda Valley recording a peak of 9,6 million tons of coal extracted in 1913 add something


1916

A report in 1916 gave preference to the leek, which has appeared on British pound coins add something


1918

In December 1918, Lloyd George was re-elected at the head of a Conservative-dominated coalition government, and his poor handling of the 1919 coal miners' strike was a key factor in destroying support for the Liberal party in south Wales add something


1919

Aneurin Bevan - In 1919, he won a scholarship to the Central Labour College in London, sponsored by the South Wales Miners' Federation


1920

After economic growth in the first two decades of the 20th century, Wales' staple industries endured a prolonged slump from the early 1920s to the late 1930s, leading to widespread unemployment and poverty in the south Wales valleys add something

 

It is a province of the Anglican Communion, and was part of the Church of England until disestablishment in 1920 under the Welsh Church Act 1914 add something


1923

Duncan Edwards - Edwards impressed the selectors and was chosen to play for the English Schools XI, making his debut against the equivalent team from Wales at Wembley Stadium on 1 April 1950


1925

Welsh national feeling grew over the century; "Plaid Cymru" was formed in 1925 and the Welsh Language Society in 1962 add something

 

George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy - He never returned to South Wales and died of tuberculosis in 1925


1926

Aneurin Bevan - When the strike started on 3 May 1926, Bevan soon emerged as one of the leaders of the South Wales miners


1929

Norman Wisdom - In 1929, he walked to Cardiff , Wales, where he became a cabin boy in the Merchant Navy


1930

The careers of some 1930s writers continued after World War Two, including those of Gwyn Thomas, Vernon Watkins, and Dylan Thomas, whose most famous work "Under Milk Wood" was first broadcast in 1954 add something


1933

Jim Mollison - On 22 July 1933, they took off from Wales, but their plane could not make it to Connecticut in the United States, crashing before landing there


1937

Tommy Farr, the "Tonypandy Terror", came close to defeating world heavyweight champion Joe Louis at the height of his fame in 1937 add something


1940

John Ball (golfer) - Ball died in Holywell, Wales on 2 December 1940


1942

John Prescott - He left Wales in 1942 at the age of four and was brought up initially in Brinsworth in South Yorkshire, England


1945

George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy - An MP from 1945 to 1983, he held office in Harold Wilson's 1964-1970 Labour administration, notably as Secretary of State for Wales from 1968 to 1970


1949

The Welsh Folk Dance Society was founded in 1949; it supports a network of national amateur dance teams and publishes support material add something


1950

The pine marten which has had the occasional sighting, has not been officially recorded since the 1950s add something

 

Rachel Roberts (actress) - After a Baptist upbringing , followed by study at the University of Wales and the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, she began working with a repertory company in Swansea in 1950


1955

The term "England and Wales" became common for describing the area to which English law applied, and in 1955 Cardiff was proclaimed as Wales' capital add something


1956

The Gower Peninsula was the first area in the United Kingdom to be designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, in 1956 add something


1958

These include the 1958 Commonwealth Games, the 1999 Rugby World Cup, the 2010 Ryder Cup and the 2017 UEFA Champions League Final add something


1959

It was officially recognised as the Welsh national flag in 1959 add something


1960

Beeching cuts in the 1960s mean that most of the remaining network is geared toward east-west travel connecting with the Irish Sea ports for ferries to Ireland add something

 

By the end of the 1960s, the regional policy of bringing businesses into disadvantaged areas of Wales through financial incentives had proven very successful in diversifying the industrial economy add something

 

Popular bands that emerged from Wales include the Beatles-nurtured power pop group Badfinger in the 1960s, Man and Budgie in the 1970s and the Alarm in the 1980s add something

 

Portmeirion Pottery, founded in 1960 by Susan Williams-Ellis, daughter of Clough Williams-Ellis, creator of the Italianate village of Portmeirion, Gwynedd, is based in Stoke-on-Trent, England add something


1961

Diana, Princess of Wales - Diana, Princess of Wales was born in 1961


1962

"Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg" was formed in 1962, in response to long-held fears that the language might soon die out add something


1964

George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy - When the Labour Party came to power under Harold Wilson in 1964, Thomas was made joint Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department, In April 1966 he was appointed Minister of State for Wales, and was one of the first on the scene of the Aberfan disaster in October 1966


1965

Nationalist sentiment grew following the flooding of the Tryweryn valley in 1965 to create a reservoir to supply water to the English city of Liverpool add something


1966

At a by-election in 1966, Gwynfor Evans won the parliamentary seat of Carmarthen, Plaid Cymru's first Parliamentary seat add something

 

George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy - As a junior minister at the Wales Office, he was one of the first on the scene of the Aberfan disaster in October 1966


1968

George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy - As Secretary of State for Wales from 1968 to 1970 he presided over the investiture of the Prince of Wales at Caernarfon Castle in 1969


1970

Contemporary dance grew out of Cardiff in the 1970s; one of the earliest companies, Moving Being, came from London to Cardiff in 1973 add something

 

In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Wales was successful in attracting an above average share of foreign direct investment in the UK. However, much of the new industry was essentially of a "branch factory" type where a manufacturing plant or call centre is located in Wales but the most highly paid jobs in the company are retained elsewhere add something

 

John Prescott - Born in Prestatyn, Wales, he represented Hull East as the Labour Member of Parliament from 1970 to 2010

 

Max Boyce - In the early 1970s Boyce undertook a mining engineering degree at the Glamorgan School of Mines in Trefforest , during which he began to pen tunes about life in the mining communities of South Wales

 

Bertrand Russell - Russell died of influenza on 2 February 1970 at his home, Plas Penrhyn, in Penrhyndeudraeth, Merionethshire, Wales


1971

Since decimalisation, in 1971, at least one of the coins in UK circulation has depicted a Welsh design, e add something

 

The Commercial Bank of Wales, established in Cardiff by Sir Julian Hodge in 1971, was taken over by the Bank of Scotland in 1988 and absorbed into its parent company in 2002 add something


1975

Ann Clwyd - She was Vice-Chair of the Arts Council of Wales from 1975-79


1979

Ann Clwyd - From 1979 to 1984, Ann Clwyd was MEP for Mid and West Wales

 

Ray Reardon - He has won the State Express World Team Classic for Wales during the first two years of the tournament in 1979 and 1980 with Mountjoy and Terry Griffiths


1980

It was believed that the foundations for stable economic growth had been firmly established in Wales during this period, but this was shown to be wildly optimistic after the recession of the early 1980s saw the collapse of much of the manufacturing base that had been built over the preceding forty years add something

 

The Royal Mint, who issue the coinage circulated through the whole of the UK, have been based at a single site in Llantrisant since 1980 add something

 

Torey Hayden - Hayden moved to Wales in 1980 and married a Scotsman named Ken in 1982

 

Diana, Princess of Wales - The Prince of Wales had known Lady Diana for several years, but he first took a serious interest in her as a potential bride during the summer of 1980, when they were guests at a country weekend, where she watched him play polo


1981

Diana, Princess of Wales - Twenty-year-old Diana became Princess of Wales when she married the Prince of Wales on 29 July 1981 at St Paul's Cathedral, which offered more seating than Westminster Abbey, generally used for royal nuptials


1983

Diversions was formed in 1983, eventually becoming the National Dance Company Wales, now the resident company at the Wales Millennium Centre add something

 

Diana, Princess of Wales - Although in 1983 she confided in the then-Premier of Newfoundland, Brian Peckford, "I am finding it very difficult to cope with the pressures of being Princess of Wales, but I am learning to cope," from the mid-1980s, the Princess of Wales became increasingly associated with numerous charities


1984

Diana, Princess of Wales - The Princess of Wales' first solo overseas tour was in February 1984, when she travelled to Norway to attend a performance of Carmen by the London City Ballet, of which she was patron


1985

Diana, Princess of Wales - In 1985 the Prince and Princess of Wales visited Italy with their children, Princes William and Harry

 

George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy - Lord Tonypandy was later Chairman of the Bank of Wales between 1985 and 1991


1989

Ann Clwyd - She returned as Shadow Secretary of State for Overseas Development from 1989 to 1992 and served as Shadow Secretary of State for Wales in 1992 and for National Heritage from 1992 to 1993


1990

Many groups emerged during the 1990s, led by Manic Street Preachers, followed by the likes of the Stereophonics and Feeder; notable during this period were Catatonia, Super Furry Animals, and Gorky's Zygotic Mynci who gained popular success as dual-language artists add something

 

Diana, Princess of Wales - During the early 1990s, the marriage of the Prince and Princess of Wales fell apart, an event at first suppressed, sensationalised, by the world media


1991

Ann Clwyd - She was admitted to the White Robe of the Gorsedd of Bards at the National Eisteddfod of Wales in 1991; is an Honorary Fellow of the University of Wales, Bangor, and the North East Wales Institute of Higher Education which awarded her a University of Wales honorary degree


1992

Wales has had its own football league, the Welsh Premier League, since 1992 add something

 

Rob Brydon - Between 1992 and 1994 on Radio Wales he was the main presenter of "Rave", one of BBC Radio 5's youth magazine and music programmes, with Alan Thompson; which led to the genesis of his "Marion and Geoff" story

 

Diana, Princess of Wales - The next to surface, in November 1992, were the leaked "Camillagate" tapes, intimate exchanges between the Prince of Wales and Camilla, published in "Today" and the "Mirror" newspapers


1993

The Welsh Language Act 1993 and the Government of Wales Act 1998 provide that the English and Welsh languages be treated on a basis of equality, and both are used as working languages within the National Assembly add something

 

Michael Collins (Irish leader) - It was eventually screened by the BBC in Wales in 1993 and across the United Kingdom the following year

 

Diana, Princess of Wales - In December 1993, the Princess of Wales announced that she would be reducing the extent of her public life in order to combine 'a meaningful public role with a more private life'

 

Diana, Princess of Wales - On 3 December 1993, the Princess of Wales announced her withdrawal from public life


1994

Rob Brydon - In 1994 and 1995 he appeared in numerous episodes of the original Radio Wales version of the cult comedy "Satellite City" with Boyd Clack

 

Diana, Princess of Wales - The Prince of Wales sought public understanding via a televised interview with Jonathan Dimbleby on 29 June 1994


1995

Diana, Princess of Wales - In December 1995, the Queen asked the Prince and Princess of Wales for "an early divorce", as a direct result of the Princess' "Panorama" interview

 

Diana, Princess of Wales - On 20 December 1995, Buckingham Palace publicly announced the Queen had sent letters to the Prince and Princess of Wales advising them to divorce


1996

Because of offshore rocks and unlit islands, Anglesey and Pembrokeshire are still notorious for shipwrecks, most notably the "Sea Empress" oil spill in 1996 add something

 

For the purposes of local government, Wales has been divided into 22 council areas since 1996 add something

 

Diana, Princess of Wales - After her divorce in 1996, Diana was officially styled "'Diana, Princess of Wales"', having lost the prefix "HRH" Still, she is sometimes referred to in the media as "Lady Diana Spencer", or simply as "Lady Di"


1997

Wales held a referendum in 1997 and chose to establish a form of self-government add something

 

Diana, Princess of Wales - Diana, Princess of Wales died in 1997

 

William Ewart Gladstone - The main purpose of this administration was to deliver Ireland a reform which would give them a devolved assembly, similar to that which has been enjoyed by Scotland and Wales since 1997


1998

The 1998 Act was amended by the Government of Wales Act 2006, which enhanced the Assembly's powers, giving it legislative powers akin to those of the Scottish Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly add something

 

Max Boyce - At Christmas time in 1998, BBC Wales screened "An Evening With Max Boyce", which broke Welsh viewing records

 

Craig Bellamy - He made his senior debut for Wales in 1998 and since has turned out a total of 69 times for his country, scoring 19 goals, though 14 years on he has still yet to play in a major international tournament

 

William Ewart Gladstone - The main purpose of this administration was to deliver Ireland a reform which would give them a devolved assembly, similar to that which has been enjoyed by Scotland and Wales - but not England - since 1998

 

Craig Bellamy - Bellamy made his international debut for Wales on 25 March 1998, in a friendly game against Jamaica at Ninian Park as a substitute in place of Gareth Taylor


1999

On its creation in 1999, the National Assembly for Wales had no primary legislative powers add something

 

The National Assembly for Wales was set up in 1999 and has the power to determine how Wales' central government budget is spent and administered, although the UK parliament reserves the right to set limits on the powers of the Welsh Assembly add something

 

The Wales national rugby union team takes part in the annual Six Nations Championship and has competed in every Rugby World Cup, hosting the tournament in 1999 add something


2001

Judaism was the first non-Christian faith to be established in Wales since Roman times, though by 2001 the community has declined to approximately 2,000 add something

 

The 2001 UK census was criticised in Wales for not offering 'Welsh' as an option to describe respondents' national identity add something

 

William Hamilton (diplomat) - Constantine 2001: 1-2 His mother was a favourite, and possibly a mistress, of the Prince of Wales and William grew up with his son George III, who would call him his "foster brother"


2002

Cyclist Nicole Cooke won gold medals at the Commonwealth, Olympic and World championships; Geraint Thomas won the 2018 Tour de France add something

 

Craig Bellamy - He added goals against Denmark, Norway and Argentina before, on 16 October 2002, he scored possibly his most famous goal for Wales in their Euro 2004 qualifying victory over Italy, rounding Gianluigi Buffon to score Wales' winning goal


2003

The five professional sides that replaced the traditional club sides in major competitions in 2003 were replaced in 2004 by the four regions: Cardiff Blues, Dragons, Ospreys and Scarlets add something

 

Hayley Westenra - Faenol Festival - On 24 Aug 2003, Westenra performed on the stage with opera tenor José Carreras and Bryn Terfel in front of the capacity crowd of 10,000 people from Faenol Festival in Wales

 

Abu Hamza al-Masri - On 4 February 2003 , Hamza was dismissed from his position at the Finsbury Park mosque by the Charity Commission, the government department that regulates charities in England and Wales


2004

Hayley Westenra - Also in 2004, she began her world tour of New Zealand, Australia, Japan, USA and Britain, performing in a concert in November for Her Majesty The Queen, the Prime Minister Tony Blair, The Prince of Wales, Colin Powell, Condoleezza Rice and the President at the time George W. Bush


2006

But since the Government of Wales Act 2006 came into effect in 2007, the Assembly has power to pass primary legislation as Assembly Measures on some specific matters within the areas of devolved responsibility add something

 

Cardiff: University of Wales Press, Third Edition, 2006 add something

 

In 2006, there were seventeen district hospitals in Wales, although none situated in Powys add something

 

Just over 1,75 million Americans report themselves to have Welsh ancestry, as did 440,965 Canadians in Canada's 2006 census add something

 

The Swansea to Cork service was cancelled in 2006, reinstated in March 2010, and withdrawn again in 2012 add something

 

The GoWA 2006 allows for the Assembly to gain primary lawmaking powers on a more extensive range of matters within the same devolved areas if approved in a referendum add something

 

Susan Sarandon - In 2006, Sarandon and ten of her relatives travelled to Wales to trace her family's Welsh genealogy


2007

Second World War - Welsh Asian and African communities developed mainly through immigration after the Second World War. In the early 21st century, parts of Wales saw an increased number of immigrants settle from recent EU accession countries such as Poland; though a 2007 study showed a relatively low number of employed immigrant workers from the former Eastern Bloc countries in Wales compared to other regions of the United Kingdom add something

 

In 2007 the Wales and Cheshire Region came to an end when Cheshire was attached to the North-Western England Region add something

 

Labour remained the largest Assembly party following the 2007 election, winning 26 of the 60 seats add something

 

George Monbiot - Monbiot lived in Oxford for many years, but in 2007 moved with his wife, writer and campaigner Angharad Penrhyn Jones, and daughter to a low emissions house in the mid-Wales market town of Machynlleth

 

Craig Bellamy - It was reported that Bellamy had announced to football results television programme "Wales on Saturday" on 28 April 2007 that he would leave Liverpool in the summer 2007 transfer window


2008

However, Wales has not been represented on any coin minted from 2008 add something

 

Tommy Cooper - A statue of Cooper was unveiled in his hometown of Caerphilly, Wales, in 2008 by fellow entertainer Sir Anthony Hopkins, who is patron of The Tommy Cooper Society

 

In June 2008, Wales made history by becoming the first nation in the world to be awarded Fairtrade Status add something


2009

Carwyn Jones has been First Minister and leader of Welsh Labour since Rhodri Morgan retired from office in December 2009, after nine years and ten months as First Minister add something


2010

In 2010, a 30-year traditional dance festival held in Caernarvon came to an end due to a lack of participants, though clog dancing has seen a revival in the 21st century add something

 

Since the digital switchover in April 2010, the channel has broadcast exclusively in Welsh add something

 

The last of the analogue transmitters ceased broadcasts in April 2010, and Wales became the UK's first digital nation add something

 

Craig Bellamy - In October 2010, a 'club v country' row emerged as Bellamy played a full match for Cardiff City, despite his manager Dave Jones claiming Bellamy was too injured to play for Wales


2011

It had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of add something

 

Partly to address this concern, the 2011 census asked the question "How would you describe your national identity-" add something

 

The 2011 census showed Wales' population to be 3,063,456, the highest in its history add something

 

The total fertility rate in Wales was 1,90 in 2011, which is below the replacement rate of 2,1 add something

 

Welsh Labour remained the largest party in the Assembly following the National Assembly for Wales election, 2011, winning 30 of the 60 seats add something

 

While there has never been an exclusively Welsh-language college, Welsh-medium higher education is delivered through the individual universities and has since 2011 been supported by the Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol as a delocalised federal institution add something

 

Max Boyce - Boyce returned to Treorchy in early 2011 to perform a show at the Parc and Dare Theatre, shown on St David's Day on BBC1 Wales

 

Craig Bellamy - Bellamy stood down as Wales captain on 6 January 2011 due to knee injuries

 

Craig Bellamy - Bellamy scored the winning goal in the South Wales derby against on 6 February 2011 with a typical Bellamy long shot in the dying minutes of the match

 

Under powers approved by a referendum held in March 2011, it is empowered to pass primary legislation known as Acts of the Assembly in relation to twenty subjects listed in the Government of Wales Act 2006 such as health and education add something

 

A referendum on extending the lawmaking powers of the National Assembly was accordingly held on 3 March 2011 add something

 

Alan Shearer - On 14 June 2011, BBC Sport Wales reported the Shearer had held talks with Championship club Cardiff City over the vacant manager job


2012

Jimmy Savile - In 2012, Sir Roger Jones, former BBC governor for Wales and chairman of BBC charity "Children in Need", disclosed that more than a decade before Savile's death he had banned Savile from involvement in the charity, because he felt Savile's behaviour was "strange" and "suspicious", and had heard unsubstantiated rumours about his activities

 

Craig Bellamy - In March 2012 Ellis Bellamy was selected for the Wales Under 16 squad

 

Hayley Westenra - On 24 August 2012, Westenra staged a concert in the G?yl Gobaith Music Festival in Wales to support for charities Cancer Research UK, Wales Air Ambulance, CLIC Sargent and HeadtoHeart


2013

Craig Bellamy - Bellamy retired from international football in March 2013 after Wales's last qualifying game versus Croatia

 

Max Boyce - His 70th birthday was celebrated with an hour-long programme shown on BBC One Wales on 25 September 2013, recorded in front of an audience of a celebrity audience


2014

Craig Bellamy - Bellamy retired from international football after Wales ended their 2014 World Cup qualification campaign

 

George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy - In July 2014, British media carried reports that the South Wales Police were investigating allegations that Thomas had sexually abused a boy aged nine in the late 1960s


2015

George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy - In March 2015, South Wales Police confirmed that they were investigating claims that he had been involved in child abuse


2016

At UEFA Euro 2016, the Wales national team achieved their best ever finish, reaching the semi-finals where they were beaten by eventual champions Portugal add something

 

Under new regulations that came into force in 2016, the Welsh Language Commissioner requires local authorities and Welsh Government to ensure that all new or renewed road signs that use both languages to feature the Welsh language first add something

 

Alun Cairns has been Secretary of State for Wales since March 2016 add something

 

After the May 2016 election, Labour continues to form the largest group in the Assembly, with 29 AMs add something

 

In August 2016, one of the UKIP AMs left his group and continues to sit as an Independent member, and in October 2016, former Plaid Cymru president and inaugural Presiding Officer of the National Assembly Dafydd Elis-Thomas left his party and continues to sit as an Independent member add something


2017

As from 2017, the coastline of Wales has 45 Blue Flag beaches and three Blue Flag marinas add something

 

At the 2017 general election, 28 Labour and Labour Co-op MPs were elected, eight Conservative MPs and four Plaid Cymru MPs add something

 

Intra-Wales flights run between Anglesey and Cardiff, operated since 2017 by Eastern Airways add something

 

In April 2017, a second UKIP AM left the party and joined the Conservative Assembly group without joining the party add something

 

In the three months to December 2017, the employment rate for working-age adults in Wales was 72,7 per cent, compared to 75,2 per cent across the UK as a whole add something


2018

The 2018 National Survey of Wales, which enquired into health-related lifestyle choices, reported that 19 per cent of the adult population were smokers, 18 per cent admitted drinking alcohol above weekly recommended guidelines, while 53 per cent undertook the recommended 150 minutes of physical activity each week add something

 

Craig Bellamy - Having earlier been interviewed for the opportunity to become the new Wales manager, he was given permission to apply for the vacant managerial position at EFL League One club Oxford United in February 2018