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Walter Cronkite

Knowledge Identifier: +Walter_Cronkite

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Walter Cronkite

American broadcast journalist, best known as anchorman for the CBS Evening News for 19 years add

Category: Journalism

Born in 1916.

Countries: United States (57%), (8%), United Kingdom (4%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: CBS, Space-based solar power, NBC

Linked to: University of Texas at Austin, NBC, NPR, PBS

 

Timeline


 

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Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Walter Cronkite.


Walter Cronkite was born in 1916 add something


1935

He dropped out of college in his junior year, in the Fall term of 1935, after starting a series of newspaper reporting jobs covering news and sports add something


1936

In 1936, he met his future wife, Mary Elizabeth Maxwell , while working as the sports announcer for KCMO in Kansas City, Missouri add something


1937

He reported many events from 1937 to 1981, including bombings in !World_War_II; the !Nuremberg_trials; combat in the !Vietnam_War; Watergate; the Iran Hostage Crisis; and the assassinations of President John F. Kennedy, civil rights pioneer Martin Luther King, Jr., and Beatles musician John Lennon add something

 

In Kansas City, he joined the United Press in 1937 add something


1943

He became one of the top American reporters in World War II, covering battles in North Africa and Europe, and in 1943 turned down a job offer from Edward R. Murrow of CBS to relieve Bill Downs in Moscow add something


1944

United States Naval Institute - Contributors have included historians David McCullough and James M. McPherson; former sailors, Marines and Coast Guardsmen such as Ernest Borgnine, Gene Hackman, and Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.; newsman Walter Cronkite, who covered the Invasion of Normandy in 1944 for United Press; and NBC television anchor Tom Brokaw


1946

After the war, he covered the Nuremberg trials and served as the United Press main reporter in Moscow from 1946 to 1948 add something


1950

In 1950, Cronkite joined CBS News in its young and growing television division, again recruited by Murrow add something

 

The main content of the papers documents Cronkite's career with CBS News between 1950 and 1981 add something

 

Throughout the 1950s, he was an aspiring sports car racer, even racing in the 1959 12 Hours of Sebring add something


1951

He originally served as anchor of the network's 15-minute late-Sunday-evening newscast "Up To the Minute", which followed "What's My Line-" at 11:00 pm ET from 1951 through 1962 add something


1952

Cronkite anchored the network's coverage of the 1952 presidential election as well as later conventions add something

 

Chet Huntley - NBC News executives were seeking to counter the growing popularity of CBS' Walter Cronkite, who had been a ratings success at the 1952 conventions

 

Douglas Edwards - The term "anchor" would not be used until 1952, when CBS News chief Sig Mikelson would use it to describe Walter Cronkite's role in the network's political convention coverage


1953

From 1953 to 1957, Cronkite hosted the CBS program "You Are There", which reenacted historical events, using the format of a news report add something

 

Tyler McVey - From 1953 to 1956, he guest starred on the CBS educational series "You Are There", narrated by Walter Cronkite

 

You Are There (series) - The radio program made a transition to television in 1953, with Walter Cronkite as the regular host


1954

Another of his network assignments was "The Morning Show", CBS' short-lived challenge to NBC's "Today" in 1954 add something

 

Don Morrow - In 1954, he became Walter Cronkite's announcer on CBS's "The Sunday News Special"


1960

During the heyday of "CBS News" in the 1960s and 1970s, he was often cited as "the most trusted man in America" after being so named in an opinion poll add something

 

For most of the 1960s, the "Huntley-Brinkley Report" had more viewers than Cronkite's broadcast add something

 

This began to change in the late 1960s, as RCA made a corporate decision not to fund NBC News at the levels & CBS funded CBS News add something

 

Huntley-Brinkley Report - By that time, the program had surpassed & CBS's evening news program, "Douglas Edwards with the News", in ratings and maintained higher viewership levels for much of the 1960s, even after Walter Cronkite took over CBS's competing program


1962

On April 16, 1962, Cronkite succeeded Douglas Edwards as anchorman of the "CBS Evening News" , a job in which he became an American icon add something

 

The first publicly transmitted, live trans-Atlantic program, was broadcast via the Telstar satellite on July 23, 1962 at 3:00 pm EDT, and Cronkite was one of the main presenters in this multinational broadcast add something

 

Douglas Edwards - By 1962, Edwards was replaced by Walter Cronkite, and the newscast's name was eventually changed to "CBS Evening News"

 

Wiping - Moving images of Walter Cronkite reading the news in his studio every night for six years are gone with the exception of his coverage of the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 and the JFK assassination in 1963

 

John Cameron Swayze - "The Huntley-Brinkley Report" soon became the nation's top-rated television newscast; Edwards was replaced during 1962 by Walter Cronkite

 

CBS Evening News - Walter Cronkite became anchor on April 16, 1962


1963

The program expanded from 15 to 30 minutes on September 2, 1963, making Cronkite the anchor of American network television's first nightly half-hour news program add something

 

Cronkite is vividly remembered by many Americans for breaking the news of the death of President John F. Kennedy on Friday, November 22, 1963 add something

 

In December 1963, Cronkite introduced The Beatles to the United States by airing a four-minute story about the band on "CBS Evening News" add something

 

Walter Russell - In 1963, Walter Cronkite in the national television evening news, commenting on Russell's death, referred to him as "

 

Huntley-Brinkley Report - The program ran for 15 minutes at its inception but expanded to 30 minutes on September 9, 1963, exactly a week after CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite did so


1964

In 1964 he was temporarily replaced by the team of Robert Trout and Roger Mudd; this proved to be a mistake, and Cronkite returned to the anchor chair for future political conventions add something

 

Space-based solar power - William C. Brown demonstrated in 1964, during Walter Cronkite's CBS News program, a microwave-powered model helicopter that received all the power it needed for flight from a microwave beam

 

Space-based solar power - William C. Brown demonstrated in 1964, during Walter Cronkite's CBS News program, a microwave-powered model helicopter that received all the power it needed for flight from a microwave beam


1967

This reputation meshed nicely with Cronkite's wire service experience, and in 1967 the "CBS Evening News" began to surpass "The Huntley-Brinkley Report" in viewership during the summer months add something


 

In 1968, the faculty of the E. W. Scripps School of Journalism at Ohio University voted to award Cronkite the Carr Van Anda award "for enduring contributions to journalism add something

 

In mid-February 1968, on the urging of his executive producer Ernest Leiser, Cronkite and Leiser journeyed to Vietnam to cover the aftermath of the Tet Offensive add something

 

On February 27, 1968, Cronkite closed "Report from Vietnam: Who, What, When, Where, Why-" with that editorial report: add something


1969

In 1969, during the Apollo 11 and Apollo 13 moon missions, Cronkite received the best ratings and made CBS the most-watched television network for the missions add something

 

NASA presented Cronkite with a moon rock sample from the early Apollo expeditions spanning 1969 to 1972 add something

 

Heinlein (crater) - Heinlein helped to narrate the Moon landing with Walter Cronkite on CBS in 1969


 

In 1970, Cronkite received a "Freedom of the Press" George Polk award and the Paul White award from the Radio Television Digital News Association add something

 

In 1970, when Huntley retired, the "CBS Evening News" finally dominated the American TV news viewing audience add something


1971

In 1971, the show was revived and redesigned to attract an audience of teenagers and young adults on Saturday mornings add something


 

In 1972, in recognition of his career, Princeton University's American Whig-Cliosophic Society awarded Cronkite the James Madison award for Distinguished Public Service add something

 

Paul Van Hoeydonck - The replica was given to the Smithsonian Institution on April 17, 1972, the day after CBS anchorman Walter Cronkite referred to the "Fallen Astronaut" and plaque as the first art installation on the Moon during the broadcast of the Apollo 16 launch


1973

Cronkite was one of the first to receive word of former President Lyndon B. Johnson's death, receiving the information during the January 22, 1973, broadcast of the "CBS Evening News" add something

 

Hughes Rudd - He was an anchor of the "CBS Morning News" from 1973 to 1977 when the CBS morning news program was more of a news summary similar to the format of "The CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite"


1974

Cronkite made a cameo appearance on a 1974 episode of "The Mary Tyler Moore Show", in which he met with Lou Grant in his office add something


1979

When asked about the remark during a 1979 interview, Christian claimed he had no recollection about what the President had said add something


1980

In the late 1980s and again in the 1990s, Cronkite appeared on the news-oriented situation comedy "Murphy Brown" as himself add something

 

Beginning with January 16, 1980, Day 50 of the Iran hostage crisis, Cronkite added the length of the hostages' captivity to the show's closing to remind the audience of the unresolved situation, ending only on Day 444, January 20, 1981 add something

 

On February 14, 1980, Cronkite announced that he intended to retire from the " & CBS Evening News"; at the time, CBS had a policy of mandatory retirement by age 65 add something


1981

Although NBC finally settled on the skilled and well-respected broadcast journalist John Chancellor, Cronkite proved to be more popular and continued to be top-rated until his retirement in 1981 add something

 

As he had promised on his last show as anchor in 1981, Cronkite continued to broadcast occasionally as a special correspondent for CBS, CNN, and NPR into the 21st century; one such occasion was Cronkite anchoring the second space flight by John Glenn in 1998 as he had Glenn's first in 1962 add something

 

In 1981, the year he retired, Jimmy Carter awarded Cronkite the Presidential Medal of Freedom add something

 

And that's the way it is: Friday, March 6, 1981 add something

 

His last day in the anchor chair at the "CBS Evening News" was on March 6, 1981; he was succeeded the following Monday by Dan Rather add something

 

Peter Jennings - The announcement signaled a generational shift in the evening news broadcasts, and the beginning of what the media would deem the "Big Three" era of Jennings, Dan Rather of CBS, and Tom Brokaw of NBC. Rather had already been elevated to anchor in 1981 after the retirement of Walter Cronkite, and Brokaw of "NBC Nightly News" was set to become sole anchor the same day as Jennings

 

Richard Leakey - This culminated at the "Cronkite's Universe" talk show hosted by Walter Cronkite in New York in 1981, where Leakey and Johanson held a fierce debate on live TV show


1983

In 1983, he reported on the British General Election for the &ITV (ITV_(TV_network)) current affairs series "World In Action", interviewing, among many others, the victorious Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher add something


1985

Cronkite hosted the annual Vienna New Year's Concert on PBS from 1985 to 2008, succeeded by Julie Andrews in 2009 add something

 

Cronkite narrated the IMAX film about the Space Shuttle, "The Dream is Alive", released in 1985 add something

 

In 1985, Cronkite was honoured with the induction into the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Hall of Fame add something


1986

Cronkite was a finalist for NASA's Journalist in Space program, which mirrored the Teacher in Space Project, an opportunity that was suspended after the Challenger disaster in 1986 add something

 

From May 26, 1986 to August 15, 1994, he was the narrator's voice in the EPCOT Center attraction, "Spaceship Earth", at Walt Disney World add something

 

"Lying and Cheating by the Rules," Washington Post, June 2, 1986 add something


1988

Charles Kimbrough - In 1988, Mr. Kimbrough was cast as Jim Dial, a veteran network news anchor with the integrity and experience of an Edward R. Murrow or Walter Cronkite, on the CBS sitcom "Murphy Brown"


1995

He recorded voice-overs for the 1995 film "Apollo 13", modifying the script he was given to make it more "Cronkitian add something

 

In 1995, he made an appearance on Broadway, providing the voice of the titular book in the 1995 revival of "How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying" add something

 

In 1995, he narrated the World Liberty Concert held in the Netherlands add something

 

In 1995, he received the Ischia International Journalism award add something


1996

In his 1996 memoir "A Reporter's Life", Cronkite claimed he was at first unsure about how much of an impact his editorial report had on Johnson's decision to drop his bid for re-election and that he was eventually convinced the President made the statement when fellow journalist, and former aide to Johnson, Bill Moyers told him that "the president flipped off the set and said 'If I've lost Cronkite, I've lost Middle America add something


1998

In 1998, Cronkite hosted the 90-minute documentary, "Silicon Valley: A 100 Year Renaissance", produced by the Santa Clara Valley Historical Association add something

 

In 1998, he supported President Bill Clinton during Clinton's impeachment trial add something


 

In accepting the 1999 Norman Cousins Global Governance award at the ceremony at the United Nations, Cronkite said: add something

 

On May 21, 1999, Walter Cronkite participated in a panel discussion on Integrity in the Media with Ben Bradlee and Mike McCurry at the Connecticut Forum in Hartford, Connecticut add something


2001

"Dozens of radio amateurs helped the police and fire departments and other emergency services maintain communications in New York, Pennsylvania and Washington, DC," narrator Cronkite intoned in reference to ham radio's response on September 11, 2001 add something

 

Bill Mauldin - On September 19, 2001, Sergeant Major of the Army Jack L. Tilley presented Mauldin with a personal letter from Army Chief of Staff General Eric K. Shinseki, a hardbound book with notes from other senior Army leaders and several celebrities to include Walter Cronkite, Tom_Brokaw and Tom Hanks


2002

For many years, until 2002, he was the host of the annual Kennedy Center Honors add something

 

In 2002, Cronkite was the voice of Benjamin Franklin in the educational television cartoon "Liberty's Kids", which included a news segment ending with the same phrase he did back on the "CBS Evening News" add something


2003

He held amateur radio operator license KB2GSD and narrated a 2003 American Radio Relay League documentary explaining amateur radio's role in disaster relief. the video tells Amateur Radio's public service story to non-hams, focusing on ham radio's part in helping various agencies respond to wildfires in the Western US during 2002, ham radio in space and the role Amateur Radio plays in emergency communications add something

 

He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2003 add something

 

In 2003, Cronkite was honored by the Vienna Philharmonic with the Franz Schalk Gold Medal, in view of his contributions to the New Year's Concert and the cultural image of Austria add something

 

In 2003, Cronkite, who owned property on Martha's Vineyard, became involved in a long-running debate over his opposition to the construction of a wind farm in that area add something

 

In a 2003 CBS special commemorating the 40th anniversary of the assassination, Cronkite said that he was standing at the United Press wire machine when the bulletin broke and was clamoring to get on the air as fast as was possible add something


2004

Cronkite appeared in the 2004 Robert Greenwald film "Outfoxed", where he offered commentary on what he said were unethical and overtly political practices at the Fox News Channel add something

 

Prior to 2004, he could be seen in the opening movie 'Back to Neverland' shown in the Walt Disney World attraction, "The Magic of Disney Animation", interviewing Robin Williams as if he is still on the CBS News channel, ending his on-camera time with his famous catchphrase add something

 

Andrew Goldberg (director) - In 2004, Walter Cronkite hosted Goldberg's film "Proud to Serve", which explores the life and culture of the US Army


2005

Cronkite appeared briefly in the 2005 dramatic documentary "The American Ruling Class" written by Lewis Lapham, "Thirteen Days", reporting on the Cuban missile crisis and provided the opening synopsis of the American Space Program leading to the events in Apollo 13 for the Ron Howard film of the same name add something

 

In 2005 and 2006, he contributed to "The Huffington Post" add something

 

In late 2005 Cronkite began dating opera singer Joanna Simon, Carly Simon's older sister add something

 

On February 15, 2005, he went into the studio at CBS to record narration for "WCC Chatham Radio", a documentary about Guglielmo Marconi and his Chatham station, which became the busiest ship-to-shore wireless station in North America from 1914 to 1994 add something

 

Christopher Seufert - According to IMDB Seufert directed actress Julie Harris as voice talent in five documentary projects and directed CBS journalist Walter Cronkite in a 2005 documentary about the early wireless stations of radio pioneer Guglielmo Marconi


2006

According to the 2006 PBS documentary on Cronkite, there was "nothing new" in his reports on the Watergate affair; however, Cronkite brought together a wide range of reporting, and his credibility and status is credited by many with pushing the Watergate story to the forefront with the American public, ultimately resulting in the resignation of President Richard M. Nixon on August 9, 1974 add something

 

In 2006, he presented the Walter Cronkite Faith and Freedom award to actor and activist George Clooney on behalf of his organization at its annual dinner in New York add something

 

Referring to his coverage of Kennedy's assassination, in a 2006 TV interview with Nick Clooney, Cronkite recalled: add something

 

In January 2006, during a press conference to promote the PBS documentary about his career, Cronkite said that he felt the same way about America's presence in Iraq as he had about their presence in Vietnam in 1968 and that he felt America should recall its troops add something

 

Of their relationship Cronkite stated in an interview for the "New York Post" in January 2006: "We are keeping company, as the old phrase used to be add something

 

The &National_Aeronautics_and_Space_Administration honoured Cronkite on February 28, 2006 add something

 

On March 1, 2006, Cronkite became the first non-astronaut to receive NASA's Ambassador of Exploration award add something

 

In July 2006, the 90-minute documentary "Walter Cronkite: Witness to History" aired on PBS add something

 

The special was narrated by Katie Couric, who assumed the "CBS Evening News" anchor chair in September 2006 add something

 

Cronkite provided the voiceover introduction to Couric's "CBS Evening News", which began on September 5, 2006 add something

 

In 2006, Cronkite hosted the "World War One Living History Project," a program honoring America's final handful of veterans from the First World War. The program was created by Treehouse Productions and aired on NPR on November 11, 2006 add something

 

George Weller - In the foreword to his Weller's final book, "First Into Nagasaki", published posthumously in 2006, Walter Cronkite wrote:

 

Joanna Simon (mezzo-soprano) - In the recent past, Joanna Simon is reported to have established a relationship with now-deceased broadcast journalist Walter Cronkite, who stated in an interview for the "New York Post" in January 2006: "We are keeping company, as the old phrase used to be


2007

This story was re-told on a 2007 CBS-TV special honoring Cronkite's 90th birthday add something


2008

In 2008, The state-of-the-art journalism education complex in the heart of ASU's Downtown Phoenix campus was built in his honor add something

 

Jon Stewart - A 2008 "New York Times" story questioned whether he was, in a phrase originally used to describe longtime network news anchor Walter Cronkite, "the most trusted man in America"


 

In 2009, students won the Robert F. Kennedy award for college print reporting add something


Walter Cronkite died in 2009 add something

 

In May 2009, "Legacy of War", produced by PBS, was released add something

 

In June 2009, Cronkite was reported to be terminally ill add something

 

He died on July 17, 2009, at his home in New York City, at the age of 92 add something

 

Cronkite's funeral took place on July 23, 2009 at St. Bartholomew's Church in midtown Manhattan, New York City add something

 

Paul Sereno - He appears in the 2009 DVD "Dinosaur Discoveries", featuring classic segments of CBS anchorman Walter Cronkite as the host, which aired on A&E in 1991

 

Dennis Lehane - In Spring 2009, Lehane became a Joseph E. Connor *award recipient and honorary brother of Phi Alpha Tau professional fraternity at Emerson College in Boston , MA. Other brothers and Connor *award recipients include Robert Frost, Elia Kazan, Jack Lemmon, Red Skelton, Edward R. Murrow, Yul Brynner, and Walter Cronkite


2015

Peter Cronkite attended Colby College until 2015 when he committed suicide a month before graduation add something