Wendell Willkie

Knowledge Identifier: +Wendell_Willkie

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Wendell Willkie

Corporate lawyer in the United States and a dark horse who became the Republican Party nominee for president in 1940 add

Category: Politics

Born in 1892.

Countries: United States (72%), Britain (9%), Ohio (7%)

Main connections: Indiana, Charles L. McNary, Irita Bradford Van Doren

Linked to: Democratic Party, Firestone Tire and Rubber Company, History of the Democratic Party, History of the United States Republican Party

 

Timeline


 

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Wendell Willkie was born in 1892 add something


1909

Paul V. McNutt - In 1909, McNutt entered Indiana University where he was active in campus politics, acted in student theater productions and was a close friend of Wendell Willkie, future Republican candidate for president of the United States who, like McNutt, was a Democrat


1910

He arrived safely at Pennsylvania Station in New York on October 6, 1944, but suffered a coronary thrombosis two days later and died in Lenox Hill Hospital, aged 52 add something


1913

Willkie graduated from Elwood High School, and four years later in 1913, earned a BA from Indiana University, where he belonged to Beta Theta Pi fraternity add something


1916

He taught history for a year in Coffeyville, Kansas, entered the Indiana University School of Law, receiving his LLB in 1916 add something


1919

In 1919 Willkie married Edith Wilk , a librarian from Rushville, Indiana add something


1929

In 1929, Willkie became a legal counsel for the New York-based Commonwealth & Southern Corporation, which provided electrical power to customers in eleven states add something


1930

This idea was not new to Willkie; in 1930 he had said publicly that it would be unconstitutional for the federal government to enter the utility business add something


1933

In 1933, President Roosevelt proposed legislation creating the Tennessee Valley Authority , a government agency with far-reaching influence that promised to bring flood control and cheap electricity to the impoverished Tennessee Valley add something

 

In April 1933, Willkie testified against the TVA legislation before the Military Affairs Committee in the House of Representatives add something


1938

On January 6, 1938 Willkie made a highly publicized appearance on the popular "Town Hall" nationwide radio program, where he debated the merits of the private-enterprise system with Robert H. Jackson add something


1940

Eleanor Roosevelt's biographer and very close personal friend Joseph Lash wrote "The anti-Roosevelt underground campaign in 1940 was venomous, and Flynn accused the Republicans of conducting the 'most vicious, most shameful campaign since the time of Lincoln add something

 

Jackson was Roosevelt's Solicitor General and a possible 1940 Democratic presidential candidate add something

 

The 1940 presidential campaign was conducted against the backdrop of World War II add something

 

The three leading candidates for the 1940 Republican nomination were all isolationists to varying degrees: Senators Robert Taft of Ohio, Arthur Vandenberg of Michigan, and Thomas E. Dewey, the "gangbusting" District Attorney from New York add something

 

Willkie was featured as a character in Philip Roth's counterfactual history novel, "The Plot Against America," in which Willkie opposes Charles Lindbergh in the 1940 presidential election add something

 

"'United States presidential election, 1940"': add something

 

With the surrender of France to Germany on June 25, 1940, and the belief that Britain was under imminent threat of a Nazi invasion, the convention opened in an atmosphere of great excitement and national stress; this is believed to have boosted Willkie's chances even further add something

 

Soong May-ling - After losing to President Franklin Roosevelt in the 1940 US election, Republican candidate Wendell Willkie set out to travel the world in service to the US. During his visit to China, Madame Chiang Kai-Shek and Willkie took an interest in each other

 

Raymond E. Baldwin - An early supporter of Wendell Willkie, he saw to it that the Connecticut delegation at the 1940 Republican Convention, would back Wilkie which was crucial to beat frontrunners Thomas Dewey, Robert Taft and Arthur Vandenberg

 

Bing Crosby - Crosby was a registered Republican, and actively campaigned for Wendell Willkie in 1940 against President Roosevelt, arguing that no man should serve more than two terms in the White House

 

Irita Bradford Van Doren - Due to a mutual interest in southern history , she met Wendell Willkie, the Republican presidential nominee in 1940

 

Frank Gannett - Frank Gannett briefly ran for the 1940 Republican presidential nomination, but lost to Wendell Willkie

 

Gary Cooper - He campaigned for Wendell Willkie in 1940, and heavily campaigned for Thomas Dewey in 1944.

 

Hubert Humphrey - Humphrey was a Willkie Republican in 1940, but during the postwar mop-up, when old American radicals were kicked out of a newly war-enamored Left, Humphrey busily extirpated Bryanism from the Minnesota Farmer-Labor Party so that the populist FL might merge with the Trumanite hawks of the Democratic Party

 

Gladys Pyle - In 1940 she became the first woman to deliver a presidential nominating speech at a national convention, speaking out for candidate Wendell Willkie

 

Homer Rodeheaver - In 1940, Rodeheaver led the singing for 250,000 people who attended the Wendell Willkie homecoming in Elwood, Indiana

 

Morrie Ryskind - In 1940, Ryskind abandoned the Democratic Party, and he opposed President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's pursuit of a third term, writing the campaign song for that year's Republican Party presidential nominee Wendell Willkie

 

Charles L. McNary - In 1940, he was the Republican vice presidential nominee, a western farm leader chosen to balance the ticket of presidential nominee Wendell Willkie, a pro-business leader from the east

 

John L. Lewis - In the Presidential election of 1940, Lewis, heavily dependent on pro-Soviet organizers, rejected Roosevelt and supported Wendell Willkie, the Republican candidate, fearing Roosevelt's intention for American involvement in World War II at a time when the Soviet Union supported Germany

 

Indiana - Indiana was one of only ten states to support Republican Wendell Willkie in 1940

 

Indiana - Indiana was one of only ten states to support Republican Wendell Willkie in 1940

 

Paul V. McNutt - Ironically, Roosevelt's opponent in 1940 was McNutt's Indiana University classmate Wendell Willkie, now a Republican

 

Nile Kinnick - Kinnick, himself the grandson of a Governor, spoke before the Young Republicans and introduced 1940 presidential candidate Wendell Willkie at a campaign rally

 

Charles L. McNary - McNary was the Republican vice presidential candidate in 1940, on the ticket with presidential candidate Wendell Willkie

 

Lewis Williams Douglas - Nonetheless, Douglas campaigned for Wendell Willkie in the 1940 presidential election, largely because of Roosevelt's violation of the "two-term" tradition

 

Kansas - The state backed Republicans Wendell Willkie and Thomas E. Dewey in 1940 and 1944, respectively

 

Michigan - The state was one of only a handful to back Wendell Willkie over Franklin Roosevelt in 1940, and supported Thomas E. Dewey in his losing bid against Harry S. Truman in 1948


1941

As Roosevelt's personal representative, he traveled to Britain and the Middle East in late 1941, and to the Soviet Union and China in 1942 add something

 

In 1941, Willkie joined with Eleanor Roosevelt to found Freedom House add something

 

In April 1941, Willkie joined the law firm of Miller, Boston, and Owen in New York City, and shortly thereafter the firm changed its name to Willkie, Owen, Otis, Farr, and Gallagher add something

 

On July 23, 1941, he urged unlimited aid to Britain add something

 

Congress of Industrial Organizations - Lewis finally resigned as President of the CIO in 1941, after endorsing Wendell Willkie for President in 1940, choosing his protégé Murray to succeed him


1942

Martin found the party without adequate finances after Willkie's defeat and unable to raise needed funds for the 1942 congressional elections add something

 

Willkie spoke often of the need to uplift blacks and addressed a convention of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in 1942, one of the most prominent politicians to do so up to that time add something


1943

In 1943, Willkie published "One World", a book for popular audiences in which he recounted his world travels on the Gulliver and urged that America accept some form of "world government" after the war add something

 

When a violent race riot broke out in Detroit on June 20, 1943, Willkie went on national radio to criticize Republicans and Democrats for ignoring "the Negro question add something


1944

His liberalism lost him supporters in the GOP and he dropped out of the 1944 race, several months later died of a heart attack add something

 

In the 1944 presidential election, Willkie again sought the Republican nomination, choosing his wife's hometown, Rushville, Indiana, as his campaign headquarters add something


Wendell Willkie died in 1944 add something

 

However, a January 1944 poll in Wisconsin suddenly showed Dewey, the favorite of party regulars, leading Willkie by a two-to-one margin add something

 

By the time of his sudden death in October 1944, Willkie had not endorsed either Dewey or Roosevelt add something

 

In October 1944, Willkie chose to travel from Indianapolis to New York City by the Pennsylvania Railroad add something

 

Obituary "Variety", October 11, 1944, page 46 add something

 

In her "My Day" column for October 12, 1944, Eleanor Roosevelt eulogized Willkie as a "man of courage add something

 

It was laid down November 8, 1944, just one month after his death, commissioned December 9, and served with the United States Maritime Commission until scrapped in 1970 add something


1945

"State of the Union", a 1945 play by Howard Lindsay and Russel Crouse, about a fictional Republican presidential candidate, was reportedly loosely inspired by Willkie and his alleged mistress Irita Bradford Van Doren add something

 

Liberal Party of New York - At their founding, the Liberal Party had conceived a plan to become a national party, with former Republican presidential candidate Wendell Willkie as its national leader and candidate for Mayor of New York City in 1945


2014

" Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 2014 add something