William McKinley

Knowledge Identifier: +William_McKinley


William McKinley

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Category: Politics

Born in 1843.

Countries: United States (74%), Ohio (5%), (5%)

Main connections: Ohio, Theodore Roosevelt, President

Linked to: Allegheny College, Fourth Party System, Republican Party, Supreme Court of the United States




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Kinley, Jr., was born in 1843 in Niles, Ohio, the seventh child of William McKinley, Sr., and Nancy McKinley. add something


In 1852, the family moved from Niles, Ohio to Poland so that their children could attend the school there, which they judged better than the schools near Niles, Ohio. add something


Graduating in 1859, he enrolled the following year at Allegheny College in Meadville, Pennsylvania. add something


Kinley and his cousin, William Osbourne, who enlisted as privates in the newly formed Poland Guards in June 1861. add something


Kinley and the 23rd Ohio set out for western Virginia in July 1861 as a part of the Kanawha Division. add something


Eliakim P. Scammon - With the outbreak of the Civil War, Scammon offered his services to William Dennison, the Governor of Ohio in June 1861 and was appointed as Colonel of the 23rd Ohio Infantry, commanding two men who would later become Presidents, Rutherford B. Hayes and William McKinley


They saw little action until July 1863, when the division skirmished with John Hunt Morgan's cavalry at the Battle of Buffington Island. add something


Early in 1864, the Army command structure in West Virginia was reorganized, and the division was assigned to George Crook's Army of West Virginia. add something


McKinley and his regiment moved to the Shenandoah Valley for the Valley Campaigns of 1864. add something


KinleyMcKinley attended Albany Law School in New York and was admitted to the bar in 1867. add something


Kinley met and began courting his future wife, Ida Saxton, who was working as a cashier at the bank of her father, James A. Saxton. add something


The following year he campaigned for Grant in his presidential bid and was himself elected Stark County prosecutor from 1869 to 1871. add something


McKinley was the first President to appear on film extensively. add something


McKinley easily won re-election, giving Republicans the largest electoral margin since 1872. add something


In the spring of 1873, Ida was near the delivery of their second child when her mother died, to which she reacted with severe depression. add something


She became compulsively protective of daughter Katie, who nevertheless died three years later in 1876. add something


His most notable legal case was in June 1876, when 33 striking miners in the employ of the industrialist Mark Hanna were imprisoned for rioting when Hanna brought in strikebreakers to do the work. add something


KinleyWith the help of Rutherford Hayes, McKinley was elected as a Republican to the United States House of Representatives for Ohio, first serving from 1877 to 1882, and again from 1885 to 1891. add something


James Longstreet - In 1880 Hayes appointed Longstreet as his ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, and later he served from 1897 to 1904, under Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt, as U.S. Commissioner of Railroads, succeeding Wade Hampton III


Joseph B. Foraker - Foraker came to Columbus just before the 1883 state convention, and sounded out state Republican leaders such as Sherman and Congressman William McKinley


Peter Jansen - Jansen was elected alternate delegate to the 1884 Republican National Convention and was a delegate-at-large to the 1896 convention that nominated William McKinley


McKinley was again elected to the House and served from March 4, 1885, to March 4, 1891. add something


Kinley tariff, with much the same concern manifested by President Grover Cleveland in 1888 over the surplus. add something


Kinley Tariff, which raised rates to their highest in history. add something


The political backlash devastated the GOP in the off-year Democratic landslide of 1890. add something


Sherman Antitrust Act - Economist Thomas DiLorenzo notes that Senator Sherman sponsored the 1890 William McKinley tariff just three months after the Sherman Act, and agrees with "The New York Times" which wrote on October 1, 1890: "That so-called Anti-Trust law was passed to deceive the people and to clear the way for the enactment of this Pro-Trust law relating to the tariff


Kinley ran for and was elected Governor of Ohio in 1891, defeating Democrat James E. Campbell, with the help of Mark Hanna. add something


At the Republican national convention in 1892, he received a few votes as nominee for president while campaigning for the reelection of President Benjamin Harrison, and established himself as a probable candidate for president in 1896. add something


Miguel Antonio Otero (born 1859) - In 1892 he served as a delegate to the Republican National Convention and met Ohio Senator William McKinley


Kinley came close to declaring bankruptcy due to his liability on loans he had endorsed for Robert L. Walker. add something


Robert M. Nevin - In 1893, he nominated William McKinley for Governor of Ohio at the state convention in Columbus, Ohio


Samuel Breck (general) - In August 1893 he returned to the Adjutant General's Department in Washington as a colonel, and on September 11, 1897, was elevated by President William McKinley and Secretary of War Russell Alger to Adjutant General of the U. S. Army with the rank of brigadier general


After sweeping the 1894 congressional elections, Republican prospects appeared bright at the start of 1896. add something


Kinley in very high demand, and had him traversing sixteen states to make over 350 speeches on behalf of various Republicans. add something


Kinley to report their plight, writing, "Immediate relief needed. add something


William Goebel - Democrats, who controlled the General Assembly, felt that county election commissioners had been unjust in selecting local election officials, and that this injustice had contributed to the election of Republican governor William O. Bradley in 1895 and Republican president William McKinley in 1896


Kinley the award, but when the-President-elect heard about the effort, he declined it. add something


Kinley, Bryan and the Remarkable Election of 1896. add something


The Presidential Election of 1896. add something


Henry White (diplomat) - William McKinley's election to the presidency in 1896 brought White back into a government post


Richard P. Bland - Bland lost the hard-fought 1896 Democratic presidential nomination to the "great orator", William Jennings Bryan, threw his support behind Bryan, who lost the Presidential election to William McKinley


Homer Davenport - He covered the elections of 1896 and 1900, satirizing William McKinley as corrupt and William Jennings Bryan as an anarchist


Ebenezer J. Ormsbee - In 1896, ex-Governor Ormsbee joined a number of Vermont luminaries in a train trip to Canton, Ohio, in support of William McKinley's campaign for the presidency


William Jennings Bryan - In the intensely fought 1896 and 1900 elections, he was defeated by William McKinley but retained control of the Democratic Party


Francis Amasa Walker - The book was published in the midst of the 1896 presidential election pitting populist "silver" candidate William Jennings Bryan against the capitalist "gold" candidate William McKinley and the competing interpretations of the nation's leading economist's stance on the issue became a political football during the campaign


William O'Connell Bradley - The election of Republican president William McKinley in 1896 deepened the Democrats' resolve to oppose the Republican governor and his allies


Charles G. Dawes - They asked Dawes to manage the Illinois portion of William McKinley's bid for the Presidency of the United States in 1896


An extra session of Congress was therefore summoned for March 15, 1897. add something


Kinley publically dedicated Grant's Tomb, unveiled a statute of founding father George Washington, and opened up museums in Philadelphia . add something


Clifton R. Breckinridge - After William McKinley, a former colleague of his from the House Ways and Means Committee, took office as President in 1897, he replaced Breckinridge with Republican Ethan Allen Hitchcock and he returned to Pine Bluff, Arkansas


John Hay - Hay was named U.S. ambassador to the United Kingdom in 1897 when William McKinley became President


John T. Wilder - He moved to Knoxville, Tennessee, in 1897 after receiving an appointment from President William McKinley as a Federal pension agent, was commissioner of the Chickamauga and Chattanooga, Tennessee National Military Park


Thomas Ryan (congressman) - He was appointed Assistant Secretary of the Interior by President William McKinley in 1897, serving until 1907 when he was sent to Muskogee, Oklahoma as the personal resident representative of the Secretary of the Interior which he served as until his death in Muskogee, Oklahoma on April 5, 1914


William Shadrack Shallenberger - He was appointed by President William McKinley as Second Assistant Postmaster General and served from 1897 to 1907


Napoleon J.T. Dana - However, Dana was removed from this office by President William McKinley in 1897


Edward O. Wolcott - In 1897, President McKinley named him chairman of the commission sent to Europe to report on international bimetallism


William B. Allison - In 1897, President William McKinley offered him the position of U.S. Secretary of State


Henry P. Cheatham - In 1897, President William McKinley's administration appointed Cheatham as federal Recorder of Deeds for the District of Columbia, a position he held through 1901


Albion W. Tourgee - In 1897, following Tourgée's involvement in the "Plessy" case, President William McKinley appointed him U.S. consul to France, and he lived and served there in Bordeaux until his death, in early 1905, when he became gravely ill for several months, but appeared to rebound


Cassius McDonald Barnes - When President William McKinley, a Republican, took office in 1897, he appointed Barnes to replace the outgoing Democratic William Cary Renfrow as Governor of Oklahoma Territory


Holmes Conrad - When he left the position of Solicitor General in 1897, Conrad was retained by President William McKinley on behalf of the Federal government in Morris v


Lewis Wolfley - Wolfey made another request to become Governor in 1897, but was not nominated by President William McKinley


Richard R. Kenney - In all, he served from January 19, 1897 until March 4, 1901, during the administration of U.S. President William McKinley


Mark Hanna - Mark Hanna and William McKinley continued their friendship as they assumed their offices in March 1897


Joseph B. Foraker - On March 4, 1897, the same day William McKinley became president, Joseph Foraker was sworn in as senator from Ohio


Russell A. Alger - Alger was appointed Secretary of War in the Cabinet of U.S. President William McKinley on March 5, 1897


Alfred Eliab Buck - He was appointed Minister to Japan by President William McKinley in April 1897 and served until his death in Tokyo, Japan, on December 4, 1902


George de Rue Meiklejohn - Spanish-American War - On April 14, 1897, U.S. President William McKinley appointed him the Assistant Secretary of War and he served through the Spanish-American War until March 1901, when he resigned


Stewart L. Woodford - In June 1897, President William McKinley appointed Woodford to the post of Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Spain


David B. Culberson - He was appointed by President William McKinley on June 21, 1897, as one of the commissioners to codify the laws of the United States and served in this capacity until his death in Jefferson, Texas on May 7, 1900


Albert C. Thompson - Thompson was appointed by President William McKinley as chairman of the commission to revise and codify the criminal and penal laws of the United States June 21, 1897


John Thomas Scharf - Stump served until July 16, 1897, resigning his appointment together with the transition to the Republican presidential administration of William McKinley


David Alexander Nunn - He was appointed by President McKinley as collector of internal revenue at Nashville, Tennessee , Tennessee on July 20, 1897


Edwin H. Conger - He returned to that position in 1897 following the election of the next Republican president, William McKinley, serving from August 9, 1897 to February 6, 1898


Harrington, Fred H. "The Anti-Imperialist Movement in the United States, 1898–1900," Mississippi Valley Historical Review, Vol. 22, No. 2 (Sept. add something


The War with Spain in 1898. add something


Harrison Gray Otis (publisher) - Assistant Secretary of War - When the Spanish-American War broke out in 1898, Otis asked President William McKinley for an appointment as Assistant Secretary of War


Joseph Wheeler - Spanish-American War - In 1898, Wheeler volunteered for the Spanish-American war, receiving an appointment to major general of volunteers by U.S. President William McKinley


Urban A. Woodbury - Spanish-American War - In 1898, he was appointed by President William McKinley to a commission led by General Grenville Dodge, investigating the conduct of the War Department in the Spanish-American War


John R. Lynch - Spanish American War - During the Spanish American War, he was appointed in 1898 as a major and paymaster in the Army by President William McKinley


Lawrence Tyson - Appointed a colonel by President William McKinley, he organized and trained the 6th Regiment U.S. Volunteer Infantry in the Summer of 1898


Mahlon Morris Garland - He was appointed by President William McKinley as the United States Collector of Customs at Pittsburgh in 1898


Richard Theodore Greener - In 1898 Greener accepted a post from President William McKinley in Vladivostok


Thomas Brackett Reed - In 1898 Reed supported McKinley in efforts to head off war with Spain


Henry Lawrence Burnett - In 1898, President William McKinley appointed Burnett federal district attorney for the southern district of New York and upon completion of his four-year term, he was reappointed by McKinley's successor, Theodore Roosevelt


Francis Cabot Lowell (judge) - In 1898, President William McKinley nominated Lowell as a judge of the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts


San Francisco Peaks - In 1898, U.S. President William McKinley established the San Francisco Mountain Forest Reserve, at the request of Gifford Pinchot, the head of the U.S. Division of Forestry


I. L. Patterson - President William McKinley appointed Patterson to the post of Collector of Customs, Portland District in 1898, and was reappointed by Theodore Roosevelt in 1902, serving there until 1906


William C. Oates - President William McKinley commissioned Oates as a brigadier general in 1898 and he served in the Spanish American War


Leonard Wood - Wood was personal physician to Presidents Grover Cleveland and William McKinley through 1898


Alexander Oswald Brodie - On March 3, 1898, with the outbreak of war between Spain and the United States appearing likely, Brodie sent telegraphs to President William McKinley and Governor Myron H. McCord seeking permission to raise a volunteer regiment of cavalry


Annie Oakley - She wrote a letter to President William McKinley on April 5, 1898 "offering the government the services of a company of 50 'lady sharpshooters' who would provide their own arms and ammunition should the U.S. go to war with Spain


J. Warren Keifer - During the Spanish American War, President William McKinley appointed Keifer major general of volunteers on June 9, 1898


Edmund Rice (Medal of Honor) - In July 1898, Colonel Rice was appointed by President William McKinley to be the senior colonel of all U.S. Volunteers in the Philippines


Francis G. Newlands - It was approved on July 4, 1898 and signed by President William McKinley


Against extreme pressure, particularly in the Department of War, the President resisted until May 29, 1899. add something


George Gray (senator) - After failing in his bid for reelection in 1899, President William McKinley made Gray a recess appointment to a new third seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, created by 30 Stat


Manuel de Aspiroz - From 1899 until he died in 1905 he served as Mexican ambassador to the United_States; he was present at the Pan-American Exposition in 1901, when William McKinley was fatally shot


Robert P. Kennedy - He was appointed by President William McKinley in 1899 as a member of the Insular Commission, which was directed to investigate and report upon conditions existing in Cuba and Puerto Rico and served as its president


Joseph W. Fifer - He was appointed to the Interstate Commerce Commission by President William McKinley in 1899


Joseph Hodges Choate - He was appointed, by President McKinley, U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom to succeed John Hay in 1899, and remained in this position until the spring of 1905


Maria Longworth Nichols Storer - In 1899 Bellamy Storer became the foreign minister of Spain, and the two convinced President William McKinley to petition Pope Leo XIII to make Ireland a Cardinal


Charles Franklin Thwing - In 1899, as president of Western Reserve, he signed a petition to President William McKinley to mediate the conflict between Great Britain and the Transvaal and the Orange Free State


William Cather Hook - On January 28, 1899, Hook was nominated by President William McKinley to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Kansas vacated by Cassius G. Foster


Mount Rainier - On March 2, 1899, President William McKinley established Mount Rainier National Park as America's fifth national park


Walter Evans (American politician) - Evans was nominated by President William McKinley on March 3, 1899, to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Kentucky vacated by John W. Barr


Herbert Putnam - President McKinley requested Herbert Putnam to be appointed to the task, and Putnam was officially confirmed to the duties of Librarian of Congress on December 12, 1899


Frear, made commissioners by its authority, drafted a territorial form of government, which became law April 30, 1900. add something


He was re-elected in 1900, this time with economic prosperity in hand and an ebullient national mood after the successful war. add something


Kinley ran on his record of prosperity and victory in 1900, winning easy reelection over Bryan. add something


The end of the deflationary period resulted largely from a gradual adoption of gold, culminating in passage of the Gold Standard Act of 1900, which set the value of the dollar and alleviated monetary concerns that had plagued the United States since the 1870s. add something


L. Heisler Ball - He was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1900. and served with the Republican majority in the 57th Congress from March 4, 1901 until March 3, 1903 during the administrations of U.S. Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt


Curtis Guild, Jr. - In 1900 he worked on Roosevelt's vice presidential campaign, and toured with Roosevelt after President William McKinley's assassination elevated Roosevelt to the presidency


Federal Republican Party of Las Villas - In 1900, Benito Besada had been assigned by the National Assembly to send a message to the U.S. president William McKinley


Ambrose Bierce - One of the most notable of these incidents occurred following the assassination of President William McKinley when Hearst's opponents turned a poem Bierce had written about the assassination of Governor Goebel in 1900 into a "cause célèbre"


George Gray (senator) - President William McKinley appointed him to the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague in 1900, and he was subsequently reappointed in 1906 by President Theodore Roosevelt, in 1912 by President William Taft, and in 1920 by President Woodrow Wilson


Thomas C. Platt - President William McKinley's original vice president had died in office, leaving a place on the ticket to fill before the 1900 election


George Morton Randall - In January 1900, in response to large numbers of immigrants flooding into the Alaskan Territory in search of gold, President William McKinley assigned Randall, now a colonel, to command an army division there


Henry Franklin Severens - On February 6, 1900, Severens was nominated by President William McKinley to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit vacated by William Howard Taft's appointment to a commission to organize a civilian government in the Philippines


Benjamin Franklin Tilley - Less than a month after returning, on February 19, 1900, President William McKinley placed the territory under the control of the United States Navy


Smith McPherson - He was nominated by President William McKinley on April 3, 1900, to a seat vacated by John S. Woolson


Marion De Vries - On June 9, 1900, President McKinley appointed De Vries to the Board of General Appraisers via a recess appointment


Jacob Trieber - On July 26, 1900, Trieber received a recess appointment from President William McKinley to a seat on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas vacated by John A. Williams


Joel Minnick Longenecker - Longenecker officially received President William McKinley and the Governor of Illinois at the parade review stand on Tuesday, August 28, 1900


Marion De Vries - On December 5, 1900, President McKinley nominated De Vries to the same seat, which had been vacated by Joseph Biddle Wilkinson, Jr. He was confirmed by the Senate on December 10, 1900


At 2:15 am on September 14, 1901, eight days after he was shot, he died at age 58 from gangrene surrounding his wounds. add something


He delivered a speech about his positions on tariffs and foreign trade on September 5, 1901. add something


William McKinley died in 1901 add something


McKinley took a trip west to California in May 1901. add something


Traveling mostly by rail, the McKinleys were to travel through the South to the Southwest, and up the Pacific coast and east again, to conclude with a visit on June 13, 1901 to the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York add something


President McKinley was assassinated by an anarchist in September 1901, and was succeeded by Vice President Theodore Roosevelt add something


David Rice Atchison - Theodore Roosevelt, the youngest to serve, was 42 years and 11 months old when he was sworn in following the death of William McKinley in 1901, and John F. Kennedy, the youngest to be elected, was 43 years and 7 months old when he was inaugurated in 1961


William E. Chandler - Chandler was appointed by President William McKinley to the Spanish Treaty Claims Commission in 1901


Warren T. McCray - He traveled to Washington D.C. in 1901 to attend the inauguration of President William McKinley and came back convinced he should pursue politics


Carrie Nation - Suspicious that President William McKinley was a secret drinker, Nation applauded his 1901 assassination because drinkers "got what they deserved


Robert Sanderson McCormick - His diplomatic career took off when President William McKinley appointed him as minister to Austria-Hungary on March 7, 1901


Jesus Castellanos - A cartoon drawn by Jesús Castellanos on April 12, 1901, in the Cuban paper "La Discusión" showed "The Cuban People" represented by a crucified Jesus Christ between two thieves, General Wood and American President William McKinley


Thomas H. Anderson (judge) - Anderson received a recess appointment from William McKinley on April 23, 1901, to a seat vacated by Charles C. Cole. nominated on December 5, 1901; He was confirmed by the United States Senate on February 4, 1902, and received his commission on February 6, 1902


George Bethune Adams - He received a recess appointment to that seat from President William McKinley on August 30, 1901, and, following McKinley's assassination on September 14, was formally nominated to the seat by President Theodore Roosevelt on December 5


Emma Goldman - On September 6, 1901, Leon Czolgosz, an unemployed factory worker and registered Republican with a history of mental illness, shot U.S. President William McKinley twice during a public speaking event in Buffalo, New York


Abraham Isaak - Seven months later, Isaak was propelled into national headlines after Leon Czolgosz, with no reported anarchist connections, shot U.S. President William McKinley in Buffalo, New York, on September 6, 1901


George Lewis Gillespie, Jr. - He had charge of ceremonies at President William McKinley's funeral and at the laying of the cornerstone of the War College Building in 1903


John Hay - Hay continued serving as Secretary of State after Theodore Roosevelt succeeded McKinley, serving until his own death in 1905


Thomas H. Carter - President William McKinley appointed him a member of the board of commissioners of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition and served as its president; again elected as a Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1905, to March 3, 1911


She remained in Canton for the remainder of her life, setting up a shrine in her house, and often visiting the receiving vault, until her death at age 59 on May 26, 1907 add something


She died only months before the completion of the large marble monument to her husband in Canton, which was dedicated by President Roosevelt on September 30, 1907 add something


The voting patterns established displaced the near-deadlock the major parties had seen since the Civil War; the Republican dominance begun would continue until 1932, another realigning election with the ascent of Franklin Roosevelt add something


Beginning in the 1950s, McKinley received more favorable evaluations; nevertheless, in surveys ranking American presidents, he has generally been placed near the middle, often trailing contemporaries such as Hayes and Cleveland add something


However, more recently, as Republican political official Karl Rove exalted McKinley as the agent of sweeping political realignment in the 2000s, some scholars, such as David May hew, questioned whether the 1896 election truly represented a realignment, thereby placing in issue whether McKinley deserves credit for it add something


The new boundaries seemed good, based on past results, for a Democratic majority of 2000 to 3000 add something


Historian Michael J. Korzi argued in 2005 that while it is tempting to see McKinley as the key figure in the transition from congressional domination of government to the modern, powerful president, this change was an incremental process through the late 19th and early 20th centuries add something


John Hay - Diplomazia, dibattito pubblico, emigrazione durante le amministrazioni di William McKinley e Theodore Roosevelt", Napoli, Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, 2013


The mountain's name was changed to Denali on the federal level by the Department of the Interior as a part of a visit to Alaska by President Barack Obama in August 2015; its summit, at , is the highest point in North America add something