William Peters Hepburn

Knowledge Identifier: +William_Peters_Hepburn


William Peters Hepburn

American Civil War officer and an eleven-term Republican congressman from Iowa's now-obsolete 8th congressional district, serving from 1881 to 1887, and from 1893 to 1909 add

Category: Military

Born in 1833.

Countries: United States (55%), Iowa (45%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Iowa, Albert R. Anderson, Abraham Lincoln

Linked to: Republican Party, United States House Committee on Energy and Commerce, Union Army, United States House of Representatives




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William Peters Hepburn was born in 1833 add something


He became prosecuting attorney of Marshall County in 1856 as well as serving as district attorney for the eleventh judicial district from 1856 to 1861 add something


In May 1860, Hepburn was one of two delegates representing counties in the eleventh judicial district at the 1860 Republican National Convention, where Abraham Lincoln was nominated add something


He was promoted from Captain of Company B to Major of the First Battalion on September 13, 1861, to Lieutenant Colonel in 1862 add something


He was mustered out on October 3, 1864, upon the expiration of his term of service add something


He moved his family to Memphis, Tennessee, Tennessee before returning to Iowa in 1867, to a home in Clarinda, Iowa add something


In 1880, Hepburn was elected as a Republican to the United States House of Representatives from Iowa's 8th congressional district, after defeating incumbent William F. Sapp in the district convention on the 346th ballot add something


He was re-elected in 1882 and 1884, but was defeated in the 1886 general election by Independent Republican Albert R. Anderson add something


Albert R. Anderson - In April 1886, Fremont County, where Anderson lived, was added to the Iowa's 8th congressional district, which Republican William Peters Hepburn had represented since 1881


In 1888, two years after his defeat, he was the principal opponent to James F. Wilson for the Republican nomination for U.S. Senate add something


After the election of President Benjamin Harrison returned the White House to Republican hands in 1889, Hepburn served as Solicitor of the Treasury add something


In 1892, after three terms away from Congress, Hepburn ran again for his former seat after Anderson's successor, Republican James Patton Flick, declined to run for a third term add something


March 3, 1893 – March 4, 1909 add something


In 1894, Hepburn finished a distant second in the Republican caucus to nominate a successor to retiring U.S. Senator Wilson add something


In 1902 the Hepburn Pure Food Act passed the House add something


As chair of one of the most powerful committees in Congress, he guided or sponsored many statutes regulating businesses, including most notably the Hepburn Act of 1906 add something


He sponsored the Hepburn Act of 1906, a major priority in the second term of President Theodore Roosevelt add something


When such a bill finally passed both houses as the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 , Hepburn was the bill's floor manager add something


Scholars consider the Hepburn Act the most important piece of legislation regarding railroads in the first half of the 20th century, while economists debate whether it went too far, and if its passage contributed to the Panic of 1907 add something


When running for his twelfth term in 1908, Hepburn was upset in the general election by his Democratic opponent, William D. Jamieson add something

William Peters Hepburn died in 1916 add something