Mark Twain
(Geographical area)
Edwin H. Conger

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William Scott Ament

Knowledge Identifier: +William_Scott_Ament


William Scott Ament

Missionary to China for the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions from 1877, and was known as the [GUI]Father of Christian Endeavor in China add

Category: Exploration

Born in 1851.

Countries: China (60%), Michigan (20%), United States (8%)

Main connections: Mark Twain, Hebei, Edwin H. Conger

Linked to: Peking Missionary Association, Revere High School, Scripps College, Socialist Party of America




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William Scott Ament was born in 1851 add something


At the age of twelve, Will Ament became a member of the Congregational church at Owosso, Michigan, which had been organised on 18 January 1853 add something


Ament attended the Owosso High School, and upon graduation enrolled in the Oberlin, Ohio Academy in Oberlin, Ohio, a preparatory school, in the fall of 1867 add something


They met in the College Chapel until the Second Congregational Church was completed in 1870 add something


In 1876 Ament transferred to Andover Theological Seminary, where he graduated in the early summer of 1877 with a Bachelor of Divinity degree add something


While studying at Andover, Ament formally applied to the ABCFM for appointment to foreign missionary service under their auspices on 4 November 1876 add something


Ament served as a Congregational missionary at the North China Mission in Paotingfu , the capital of Zhili province, China, from 1877 to 1880 add something


In 1877, Ament and his wife, Mary, were appointed as missionaries to China by the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions add something


Ament was ordained as a missionary in the Owosso, Michigan Congregational church on 5 September 1877 under the direction of pastor Rev. Lucius O. Lee, who eventually resigned in 1880 to go to Turkey, and who later became President of the Central Turkey Theological add something


The Aments departed for China from Oakland, California, California on 17 October 1877 on the steamer "China" add something


Due to Mary's continued illness, the Aments transferred to Beijing in 1880, where they served until late 1885 add something


In 1887 the Aments had their fourth child, William Sheffield Ament , their only child to survive childhood add something


In August 1888, Ament and his family returned to Beijing to resume their missionary duties add something


During 1893 Ament became the editor of the "North China News", a Chinese monthly newspaper, with an initial circulation in excess of 550 copies per month add something


At 9,30 am on Monday, 27 February 1893, the Aments' daughter, Emily died in Beijing of diphtheria at the age of eight and a half. after a week's illness add something


From October 1894, Ament became superintendent of the boys' school, as well as the preacher at the Beijing South Chapel add something


In 1896, Ament presented a paper entitled "The Spiritual Needs of Native Christians", in which he decried mere numerical addition of church members, indicating that "The one thing to be arrived at is a spiritual Church in China add something


During summer 1897 he preached daily at the Owosso, Michigan Y.M.C.A. add something


From spring 1897 Ament spent part of the year on furlough in Owosso, Michigan and was active in his home church, the Owosso, Michigan First Congregational Church, and was responsible for re-invigorating the missionary focus of that church add something


On 4 September 1898, Ament left his wife and son, Willie, in Owosso, Michigan to care for his mother, and his deceased sister's daughter add something


Ament returned to Beijing on 8 October 1898, to confront increased anti-foreign opposition as a consequence of the overthrow of the Chinese emperor in a "coup d'etat" add something


In December 1898, Ament was notified that Oberlin College, his "alma mater", had decided to award him an honorary Doctor of Divinity degree add something


By late 1899, the school was re-located to Sixth Street add something


By the end of 1900, Ament had been responsible for planting 17 of the 22 churches associated with the Peking branch of the China ABCFM mission add something


In 1900 Ament was elected President of the North China Christian Endeavor Union add something


During the Boxer Uprising of 1900, on Thursday 7 June 1900, Ament requested a military escort from Edwin H. Conger, the United States Minister to China, to allow the evacuation of the besieged ABCFM missionaries in Tungchow add something


During the subsequent attack on the Methodist missionary compound by the Boxers in Beijing, Ament was reportedly the last missionary to leave the compound on the afternoon of Wednesday, 13 June 1900 add something


In 1901 Ament became embroiled in a controversy regarding his activities subsequent to the Boxer Rebellion add something


At the end of January 1901 fourteen members of the North China Mission of the ABCFM endorsed the actions of Ament and Tewksbury add something


After the publication of "To the Person Sitting in Darkness" in "The North American Review" for February 1901, as the opening article, there was a huge controversy add something


In February 1901 Ament and two British subjects were arrested by German and French troops near Tungchow, and charged with trying to extort money from the Chinese villagers add something


On 17 February 1901, the "New York Times" issued a retraction after receiving a different account of Ament's actions from Dr Judson Smith of the ABCFM, based on Ament's letter of 13 November 1900 to Smith add something


On 15 March 1901, Ament accused German soldiers of plundering the city of Man-Ming, a hundred kilometres from Beijing add something


On 21 March 1901, the Peking Missionary Association demanded Twain retract the statements he made attacking Ament add something


Ament left Beijing on 26 March 1901 to return to the United States to make his case, clear his name and defend the reputation of the other missionaries add something


The essay, originally entitled "The Case of Rev. Dr. Ament, Missionary," was published in the "North American Review" in April 1901 add something


Ament arrived back in the United States on 25 April 1901 add something


By the end of May 1901 ABCFM Board secretary Dr Judson Smith silenced Ament, as he believed further comments were damaging Ament and his colleagues add something


In May 1901 Ament responded to his critics during an extended visit to the United States of America in 1901 add something


Mark Twain - In 1901 Twain criticized the actions of missionary Dr. William Scott Ament (1851–1909) because Ament and other missionaries had collected indemnities from Chinese subjects in the aftermath of the Boxer Uprising of 1900.


By 1902, North China was reported as being pacified add something


In 1902, Ament and his family returned to Beijing, where he resumed his responsibilities as the pastor the South Chapel of the Congregational Church; and as a trustee of the board of the Methodist Episcopal Church's Peking University add something


In 1907 Ament, as Chairman on the Committee on Church Union and Comity, presented a paper to the China Centenary Missionary Conference held at Shanghai add something


After transiting Kobe, Japan, they arrived in San Francisco on Christmas Day in 1908 add something


From late July 1908, Ament underwent a series of four operations in the seaside town of Pei Tai Ho , Hebei to relieve a serious septic medical condition add something


The Aments left Beijing on 24 November 1908, and departed China for the final time from Shanghai on 1 December 1908 on the "Nippon Maru" add something

William Scott Ament died in 1909 add something


Ament died at the Lane Hospital in San Francisco on 6 January 1909, at the age of 57, with both his wife, and son, Will, with him add something


Ament was buried in Owosso, Michigan on Tuesday, 12 January 1909 after a funeral conducted in his home church, the First Congregational Church add something


Memorial services were held for Ament on Sunday, 17 January 1909 at Owosso,_Michigan; Medina,_Ohio; and at the Dwight Place Congregational Church, New Haven, Connecticut add something


A final memorial service was held on Sunday 14 February 1909 at the Teng Shih K'ou Congregational Church in Beijing, with the Chinese language service at 2,00 pm, and the English language service at 4,30 pm add something


Published by Woman's Board of Missions of the Interior of the Congregational Church, 1911; Porter, 90 add something


In 1920, the First and Second Congregational Churches were reunited add something


The steeple was removed in 1929 and the building served as Wright Zoology Laboratory until 1959, when it was razed add something


According to a 2009 book by Larry Thompson, Ament's "resourceful heroism was tarnished by hubris and looting add something