Joseph Haydn
Antonio Salieri
Ludwig van Beethoven
Michael Haydn
Christian Cannabich
Leopold Mozart

See also

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Knowledge Identifier: +Wolfgang_Amadeus_Mozart


Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Austrian prolific and influential composer of the Classical era add

Category: Music (650)

Born in 1756.

Countries: Italy (21%), (21%), Austria (18%)

Main connections: Joseph Haydn, Antonio Salieri, Ludwig van Beethoven

Linked to: Macmillan Publishers, Salzburg University, Dover Publications, Freemasonry




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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in 1756 add something


At the age of five, he was already composing little pieces, which he played to his father who wrote them down. add something


These began with an exhibition, in 1762, at the court of the Prince-elector Maximilian III of Bavaria in Munich, and at the Imperial Court in Vienna and Prague. add something


Hermann Raupach - In 1762 Raupach left St Petersburg for Hamburg and to Paris, where he met Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and improvised with him on harpsichord in 4 hands


Zell im Wiesental - On January 5, 1762, Weber's daughter Constanze Mozart , was born in Zell, who later married Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart


A particularly important influence was Johann Christian Bach, whom Mozart visited in London in 1764 and 1765. add something


Anton Cajetan Adlgasser - After a visit to Italy in 1764-5 he set Metastasio's "La Nitteti" performed in Salzburg , and in 1767 he collaborated with Mozart and Michael Haydn on the oratorio "Die Schuldigkeit des ersten Gebots"


In 1767, during this period, he composed the Latin drama Apollo et Hyacinthus first performed in Salzburg University. add something


The family again went to Vienna in late 1767 and remained there until December 1768. add something


Venanzio Rauzzini - He next sang at the court at Vienna in 1767 where Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart "reacted with delight when he heard Rauzzini singing and offered him the role of "primo uomo" in his "Lucio Silla" , in Milan, before composing the motet "Exsultate Jubilate" especially for him


Quirino Gasparini - He wrote several operas, including a 1767 setting of Vittorio Amadeo Cigna-Santi's libretto "Mitridate", which three years later was set by the 14-year-old Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for the 1770 Milan carnival


Apollo et Hyacinthus - "'Apollo et Hyacinthus"' is an opera, K. 38, written in 1767 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, who was 11 years old at the time


Symphony, K. 45b (Mozart) - The "'Symphony in B-flat major "No. 55"', K. Anh. 214/45b, was probably written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in early 1768 in Salzburg


Symphony No. 10 (Mozart) - The "'Symphony No. 10 in G major"', K. 74, was written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart probably during his first journey to Italy in the spring of 1770


Symphony, K. 81 (Mozart) - The "'Symphony in D major "No. 44"', K. 81/73l, was probably written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1770 in Rome


Symphony, K. 95 (Mozart) - The "'Symphony in D major "No. 45"', K. 95/73n, was probably written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1770 in Rome


Thomas Linley the younger - There he met Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in April 1770, and Charles Burney in September of the same year


Symphony, K. 74g (Mozart) - C 11,03, may have been written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1771 in Salzburg


Symphony, K. 96 (Mozart) - The "'Symphony in C major "No. 46"', K. 96/111b, was probably written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1771 in Milan


Andrea Luchesi - While on tour in Italy in 1771, Leopold and Wolfgang Mozart met Andrea Luchesi and received one of his concertos for cembalo


Symphony, K. 75 (Mozart) - The "'Symphony in F major "No. 42"', K. 75, was probably written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart from March to August 1771 in Salzburg


Symphony, K. 141a (Mozart) - The "'Symphony in D major "No. 50"', K. 141a, was composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1772


After finally returning with his father from Italy on 13 March 1773, Mozart was employed as a court musician by the ruler of Salzburg, Prince-Archbishop Hieronymus Colloredo. add something


Two long expeditions in search of work interrupted this long Salzburg stay: Mozart and his father visited Vienna from 14 July to 26 September 1773, and Munich from 6 December 1774 to March 1775. add something


Thamos, King of Egypt - "'Thamos, King of Egypt"' is a play by Tobias Philipp, baron von Gebler, for which, between 1773 and 1780, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote incidental music, K. 345/336a, of an operatic character


Mozart - Symphony No. 25 in G Minor K183 - Mov. 1/4. Composed in 1773.


Between April and December 1775, Mozart developed an enthusiasm for violin concertos, producing a series of five, which steadily increased in their musical sophistication. add something


In 1776 he turned his efforts to piano concertos, culminating in the E-flat concerto K. 271 of early 1777, considered by critics to be a breakthrough work. add something


Antonio Rosetti - Rosetti is known for writing the Requiem which was played at a memorial for Mozart in December 1791


Piano Concerto No. 6 (Mozart) - The "'Piano Concerto No. 6"' in B-flat major, K. 238, was composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in January 1776


Circa 1777; Portrait of Mozart wearing the Order of the Golden Spur, received in 1770 from Pope Clement XIV in Rome. add something


He had a startling fondness for scatological humor, which is preserved in his surviving letters, notably those written to his cousin Maria Anna Thekla Mozart around 1777–1778, but in his correspondence with his sister and parents. add something


Giusto Fernando Tenducci - He taught singing to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in Paris in 1777-1778


Piano Concerto No. 9 (Mozart) - The "'Piano Concerto No. 9 "Jenamy" "' in E-flat major, K. 271, by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was written in Salzburg in 1777, when Mozart was 21 years old


Christian Cannabich - The second time was in the winter and spring of 1777-78, when Mozart was on his ill-fated journey, first to Mannheim and thence to Paris


Christian Cannabich - From November 1777 until March 1778, their daughter Rose received piano lessons from Mozart, whose piano sonata No. 7 in C Major is dedicated to her


Francesco Ceccarelli - At the premiere on December 21, 1777 of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's "Missa Brevis", K. 272b, Ceccarelli was among the soloists singled out for praise for his performance


The nadir of the visit occurred when Mozart's mother took ill and died on 3 July 1778. add something


After leaving Paris on in September 1778, he tarried in Mannheim and Munich, still hoping to obtain an appointment outside Salzburg. add something


Josef Fiala - That year in Munich , Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was greatly impressed by the wind band trained by Fiala, and helped Fiala secure a position in 1778 after the death of the Elector


Alexandre et Roxane - "'Alexandre et Roxane"' was a two-act French language opera to be written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1778 in Paris


Ignaz Franzl - The Concerto for Violin and Piano, K. 315f, was written for him and Mozart to play, but was never completed due to Mozart's departure from Mannheim in December 1778


Vincenzo dal Prato - From the letters which Mozart wrote to his father up to 1780, it appears that all his dealings with castrati had been difficult


Antonio Salieri - In the 1780s while Mozart lived and worked in Vienna, he and his father Leopold wrote in their letters that several "cabals" of Italians led by Salieri were actively putting obstacles in the way of Mozart's obtaining certain posts or staging his operas


Zaide - "'Zaide"' is an unfinished opera, K. 344, written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1780


In January 1781, Mozart's opera Idomeneo premiered with "considerable success" in Munich. add something


He performed often as a pianist, notably in a competition before the Emperor with Muzio Clementi on 24 December 1781, and he soon "had established himself as the finest keyboard player in Vienna". add something


Leopold Kozeluch - He was offered Wolfgang Mozart's position in Salzburg when Mozart left that office in 1781, but refused


Vincenzo dal Prato - In 1781 he was called upon to perform the role of Idamante in Mozart's "Idomeneo re di Creta" at Munich, although after his first collaboration Mozart was not impressed by dal Prato


Muzio Clementi - It was on one of these occasions in 1781 that he engaged in a piano competition with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart


Antonio Salieri - The biographer Alexander Wheelock Thayer believes that Mozart's rivalry with Salieri could have originated with an incident in 1781 when Mozart applied to be the music teacher of Princess Elisabeth of Württemberg, and Salieri was selected instead because of his reputation as a singing teacher


From 1782 to 1785 Mozart mounted concerts with himself as soloist, presenting three or four new piano concertos in each season. add something


In the course of 1782 and 1783 Mozart became intimately acquainted with the work of Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel as a result of the influence of Gottfried van Swieten, who owned many manuscripts of the Baroque masters. add something


The courtship did not go entirely smoothly; surviving correspondence indicates that Mozart and Constanze briefly separated in April 1782. add something


Antonio Salieri - Salieri's "Chimney Sweep" and Mozart's work for the same company in 1782, "Die Entführung aus dem Serail" would be the only two major successes to emerge from the German singspiel experiment, and only Mozart's opera would survive on the stage beyond the close of the 18th century


In 1783, Mozart and his wife visited his family in Salzburg. add something


Antonio Salieri - In July 1783 Mozart wrote to his father of "a trick of Salieri's", one of several letters in which he accused Salieri of trickery

Major work

1783 - Piano Sonata No. 11: Rondo Alla Turca by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart


Mozart met Joseph Haydn in Vienna around 1784, and the two composers became friends. add something


On 14 December 1784, Mozart became a Freemason, admitted to the lodge Zur Wohltätigkeit ("Beneficence"). add something


Joseph Haydn - Another friend in Vienna was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, whom Haydn had met sometime around 1784.


Feliks Janiewicz - At an early age, he was violinist at the Polish Royal Chapel, after which he travelled to Vienna about 1785 to see and listen to Haydn and Mozart, and spending three years in Italy


Antonio Salieri - However, even with Mozart and Salieri being rivals for certain jobs, there is very little evidence that the relationship between the two composers was at all acrimonious beyond this, especially after 1785 or so when Mozart had become established in Vienna


Nancy Storace - In Vienna, she became friendly with both Mozart and Haydn, but a dramatic decline in her voice in 1785 caused her to withdraw from the stage for five months, and she never fully recovered her former vocal prowess

Major work

1785 - Piano Concerto No. 21 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart


Around 1786 he had ceased to appear frequently in public concerts, and his income shrank. add something


Antonio Salieri - Shortly after this success Joseph II had Mozart and Salieri each contribute a one-act opera and/or singspiel for production at a banquet in 1786


The Marriage of Figaro - """ , K. 492, is an opera buffa in four acts composed in 1786 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with an Italian libretto written by Lorenzo Da Ponte based on a stage comedy by Pierre Beaumarchais, "La folle journée, ou le Mariage de Figaro"

Major work

1786 - Marriage Of Figaro Overture by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart


These developments were not witnessed by Mozart's father, who had died on 28 May 1787. add something


Its reception in Prague later in the year was even warmer, and this led to a second collaboration with Da Ponte: the opera Don Giovanni, which premiered in October 1787 to acclaim in Prague, and met with success in Vienna in 1788. add something


In December 1787, Mozart finally obtained a steady post under aristocratic patronage. add something


Symphony - An outstanding late example of the three-movement Classical symphony is Mozart's "Prague" Symphony, from 1787


Archduke Maximilian Francis of Austria - In 1787, he gave Beethoven leave to visit Vienna to study with Mozart, a visit cut short by the illness and death of Beethoven's mother

Major work

1787 - Eine Kleine Nachtmusik: Allegro by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart


Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Eine kleine nachtmusic, Part 1. Composed in 1787.


By mid-1788, Mozart and his family had moved from central Vienna to the suburb of Alsergrund. add something


Antonio Salieri - For example, when Salieri was appointed Kapellmeister in 1788 he revived "Figaro" instead of bringing out a new opera of his own; and when he went to the coronation festivities for Leopold II in 1790 he had no fewer than three Mozart masses in his luggage


Acis and Galatea (Handel) - Notably in 1788, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart rescored the work for his then-patron Baron Gottfried van Swieten


Acis and Galatea (Handel) - The opera has been adapted numerous times since its premiere, with a notable arrangement being made by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1788

Major work

1788 - Piano Sonata No. 16 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart


Around this time Mozart made long journeys hoping to improve his fortunes: to Leipzig, Dresden, and Berlin in the spring of 1789, and to Frankfurt, Mannheim, and other German cities in 1790. add something


Johann Wilhelm Hassler - On 15 April 1789 he entered an organ competition with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in Dresden during Mozart's Berlin journey


Mozart's financial situation, a source of extreme anxiety in 1790, finally began to improve. add something


In the fourth year of his age his father, for a game as it were, began to teach him a few minuets and pieces at the clavier. add something


Mozart fell ill while in Prague for the premiere on 6 September of his opera La clemenza di Tito, written in 1791 on commission for the Emperor's coronation festivities. add something


Mozart died at 1 am on 5 December 1791 at the age of 35. add something


Sebastian Mayer - Constanze was the widow of Mozart, who had died in 1791


Maximilian Stadler - From 1791 he lived in Linz and from 1796 in Vienna , where he settled the estate of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and was in charge of the Imperial Music Archive


Johann Wilhelm Wilms - He moved to Amsterdam in 1791 where he played flute in two orchestras and was soloist in Mozart and Beethoven piano concertos, giving them their Dutch premieres


Franz Xaver Sussmayr - In 1791 he assisted Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart as a copyist with "La clemenza di Tito" and "Die Zauberflöte" and is presumed to have written the secco recitatives in the first

Major work

1791 - Magic Flute Overture by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart


Antonio Rosetti - He died only half a year after Mozart on June 30, 1792


Sebastian Mayer - On 23 December 1797, he became the second husband of Josepha Hofer, the sister of Constanze Mozart


Johann Andre - After taking over the music publishing business from his father in 1799, Johann Anton André acquired Mozart's musical legacy from Constanze Mozart in Vienna


Johann Anton Andre - In 1799, André purchased a large volume of Mozart's musical papers from the composer's widow Constanze, and brought them to Offenbach


Ludwig van Beethoven - With premieres of his First and Second Symphonies in 1800 and 1803, Beethoven became regarded as one of the most important of a generation of young composers following Haydn and Mozart.


Ludwig van Beethoven - For the premiere of his First Symphony, Beethoven hired the Burgtheater on 2 April 1800, and staged an extensive program of music, including works by Haydn and Mozart, as well as his Septet, the First Symphony, and one of his piano concertos.


Pauline Anna Milder-Hauptmann - Schikaneder had opened the Theater an der Wien in 1801 and Josepha Weber, Mozart's sister-in-law, negotiated on Neukomm's behalf for a position for Anna in that theatre


Elizabeth Billington - Winter wrote his 'Calypso' expressly for her, and in 1806 she distinguished herself by producing, for her benefit, "La Clemenza di Tito," the first opera by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart performed in this country


Jakob Haibel - He became Mozart's posthumous brother-in-law when he married Sophie Weber, Constanze's sister, on 7 January 1807


Gaetano Crivelli - He appeared in the Italian première of Mozart's "La clemenza di Tito" at Naples's Teatro di San Carlo, in 1809


Alessandro Rolla - From 1811 he was director of a Cultural Society where musicians would perform chamber music works by Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven, among others


Giuseppe Fioravanti - Fioravanti's first known stage appearance was in 1817 at the Teatro del Corso in Bologna as Masetto in Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's "Don Giovanni"


Comedie-Italienne - The Théâtre-Italien presented works by Ferdinando Paër, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Domenico Cimarosa, and especially the grand operas by Gioachino Rossini, who had first come to Paris in 1823


Stendhal - His other works include short stories, journalism, travel books (among them Rome , Naples et Florence and Promenades dans Rome ), a famous collection of essays on Italian painting, and biographies of several prominent figures of his time, including Napoleon, Haydn, Mozart, Rossini and Metastasio.


Anna Gottlieb - In 1842 she contacted a newspaper editor, L. V. Frankl, introducing herself as "the first Pamina"; Frankl undertook a fundraising campaign that enabled Gottlieb to visit Salzburg for the unveiling of a monument to Mozart


The first edition of the catalogue was completed in 1862 by Ludwig von Köchel add something


Grosse Fuge - The manuscript's known provenance is that it was listed in an 1890 catalogue and sold at an auction in Berlin to a Cincinnati, Ohio industrialist, whose daughter gave it and other manuscripts including a Mozart "Fantasia" to a church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1952


Michael Haydn - This delightful work, which had been quite widely performed as a Mozart symphony, has unfortunately been performed considerably less often since this discovery in 1907


Chevalier de Saint-George - One of these might have served as inspiration for "Les Caquets" a genre piece for violin accompanied by piano, composed in 1936 by the violinist Henri Casadesus, who forged a good but spurious Handel viola concerto and the attractive but equally spurious 'Adelaide' concerto "by the 10 year old Mozart," which Casadesus himself later admitted having composed


Wenzel Trnka - Trnka emerged into public view in 1988 when it was revealed by Wolfgang Plath that he was the composer of two minor works previously attributed to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart


Classical music - During the 1990s, several research papers and popular books wrote on what came to be called the "Mozart effect": an observed temporary, small elevation of scores on certain tests as a result of listening to Mozart's works


Philips Classics Records - A notable product released under the label is the 180-CD "The Complete Mozart Edition", featuring all works by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart known at the set's publication in 1991 for the bicentenary of the composer's death


Michael Haydn - Later, in 1991, Sherman joined forces with T. Donley Thomas to publish a chronological catalog of Michael's complete works using a single continuous range of numbers after Köchel's pioneering catalog of all of Mozart's works and Otto Erich Deutsch's similar comprehensive compendium for all of Schubert's works


Piano - It was for such instruments that Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart composed his concertos and sonatas, and replicas of them are built in the 2000s for use in authentic-instrument performance of his music


Piano - The pianos of Mozart's day had a softer, more ethereal tone than 2000-era pianos or English pianos, with less sustaining power


Stanley Sadie, Oxford University Press, Inc., New York, 2001 add something


Buxton Festival - In 2006 it presented eight operas ranging from Mozart's early "Apollo and Hyacinth" to Dmitri Shostakovich's "The Nose", but including works by Telemann, Monteverdi, Gluck, Britten and Bizet


Apichatpong Weerasethakul - In 2006, Apichatpong released a feature film, "Syndromes and a Century", that was commissioned by Peter Sellars for the New Crowned Hope Festival in Vienna to celebrate the 250th anniversary of Mozart's birth


Academy of Ancient Music - The next commission in 2006 celebrated the 250th anniversary of Mozart's birth with a work from the Scottish-American composer Thea Musgrave, "Journey into Light", which was written as a companion piece to Mozart's "Exsultate, jubilate"


In 2009, British, Viennese and Dutch researchers performed epidemiological research combined with a study of other deaths in Vienna at the time of Mozart's add something