Knowledge Identifier: !World_War_II
Activity starting in 1939.
Countries: United States (31%), United Kingdom (15%), Germany (12%)
Linked to: League of Nations, Romani people, United States Navy, Allies of World War II
Joseph Stalin - On 1 September 1939, the German invasion of its agreed upon portion of Poland started World War II. On 17 September the Red Army invaded eastern Poland and occupied the Polish territory assigned to it by the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, followed by co-ordination with German forces in Poland.
Werner Heisenberg - The second Uranverein was formed on 1 September 1939, the day World War II began, and it had its first meeting on 16 September 1939.
Haile Selassie - He continued to plead for League intervention and to voice his certainty that "God's judgment will eventually visit the weak and the mighty alike", though his attempts to gain support for the struggle against Italy were largely unsuccessful until Italy entered World War II on the German side in June 1940.
Vannevar Bush - On August 31, 1940, Bush met with Henry Tizard, and arranged a series of meetings between the NDRC and the Tizard Mission, a British delegation that would draw upon American expertise in science and technology for the war effort during World War II. On September 19, 1940, at a meeting hosted by Loomis at the Wardman Park Hotel in Washington, D.C., the Americans described Loomis and Compton's microwave research from earlier that year
Andre Breton - Breton was again in the medical corps of the French Army at the start of World War II. The Vichy government banned his writings as "the very negation of the national revolution" and Breton escaped, with the help of the American Varian Fry and Harry Bingham, to the United States and the Caribbean during 1941.
Hank Greenberg - He missed all but 19 games of the 1941 season, the three full seasons that followed, and most of 1945 to World War II military service and missed most of another season with a broken wrist
Lyndon B. Johnson - After America entered World War II in December 1941, Johnson, still in Congress, became a commissioned officer in the Naval Reserve, asked Undersecretary of the Navy James Forrestal for a combat assignment.
William S. Burroughs - Burroughs enlisted in the U.S. Army early in 1942, shortly after the bombing of Pearl Harbor brought the U.S. into World War II
Paul Eluard - During World War II, he was involved in the French Resistance, during which time he wrote Liberty, Les sept poèmes d'amour en guerre and En avril 1944: Paris respirait encore/
Werner Heisenberg - When it was apparent that the nuclear energy project would not make a decisive contribution to ending the war effort in the near term, control of the KWIP was returned in January 1942 to its umbrella organization, the Kaiser-Wilhelm Gesellschaft, and HWA control of the project was relinquished to the RFR in July 1942.
Roy Lichtenstein - His studies were interrupted by a three-year stint in the army during and after World War II between 1943 and 1946.
John Huston - While in uniform, he directed and produced three films that some critics rank as "among the finest made about !World_War_II: Report from the Aleutians, about soldiers preparing for combat; The Battle of San Pietro, the story of a failure by America's intelligence agencies which resulted in many deaths, and Let There Be Light, about psychologically damaged veterans, censored for 35 years, until 1981.
Lester Young - In December 1943 Young returned to the Basie fold for a 10-month stint, cut short by his being drafted into the army during !World_War_II.
During 1944 and 1945 the United States defeated the Japanese Navy and captured key West Pacific islands, dropping atomic bombs on the country as the invasion of the Japanese archipelago became imminent
Chuck Jones - Also, during World War II, Jones directed such shorts as "The Weakly Reporter", a 1944 short that related to shortages and rationing on the home front
Andre Breton - In 1944, he and Elisa traveled to the Gaspe Peninsula in Quebec, Canada, where he wrote Arcane 17, a book which expresses his fears of World War II, describes the marvels of the Rocher Perce and the extreme northeastern part of North America, and celebrates his new romance with Elisa.
Konrad Zuse - On 30 January 1944 Z1 and its original blueprints were destroyed with his parents's flat and many neighbouring buildings by a British air raid in World War II
Korea, formerly under Japanese rule, was divided and occupied by the US in the South and the Soviet Union in the North between 1945 and 1948
Sun Myung Moon - After World War II and the Japanese occupation ended in 1945, Moon began preaching his message
Samuel Beckett - Beckett's career as a writer can be roughly divided into three periods: his early works, up until the end of World War II in 1945; his middle period, stretching from 1945 until the early 1960s, during which period he wrote what are probably his best-known works; and his late period, from the early 1960s until Beckett's death in 1989, during which his works tended to become shorter and his style more minimalist.
Ronald Reagan - In the post-war era, after being separated from almost four years of World War II stateside service with the 1st Motion Picture Unit in December 1945, Reagan co-starred in such films as, The Voice of the Turtle, John Loves Mary, The Hasty Heart, Bedtime for Bonzo, Cattle Queen of Montana, Tennessee's Partner, Hellcats of the Navy and The Killers in a 1964 remake.
Ronald Reagan - Following World War II, he resumed service and became 3rd vice-president in 1946.
Francis Crick - After World War II, in 1947, Crick began studying biology and became part of an important migration of physical scientists into biology research.
Edward O. Wilson - At the age of 18, intent on becoming an entomologist, he began by collecting flies, but the shortage of insect pins caused by World War II caused him to switch to ants, which could be stored in vials.
Tommy Dorsey - Dorsey might have broken up his own band permanently following World War II, as many big bands did due to the shift in music economics following the war, but Tommy Dorsey's album for RCA, "All Time Hits" placed in the top ten records in February, 1947.
Ernest Hemingway - In 1947 Hemingway was awarded a Bronze Star for his bravery during World War II. He was recognized for his valor in having been "under fire in combat areas in order to obtain an accurate picture of conditions", with the commendation that "through his talent of expression, Mr. Hemingway enabled readers to obtain a vivid picture of the difficulties and triumphs of the front-line soldier and his organization in combat".
Separate republics emerged on both sides of the 38th parallel in 1948, each claiming to be the legitimate government for all of Korea, which led ultimately to the Korean War
Alan Ayckbourn - His parents, who separated shortly after World War II, never married, and Ayckbourn's mother divorced her "first" husband to marry again in 1948
Norman Mailer - In 1948, while continuing his studies at the Sorbonne in Paris, Mailer published The Naked and the Dead, based on his military service in World War II. A New York Times best seller for 62 weeks, it was hailed by many as one of the best American wartime novels and named one of the "one hundred best novels in English language" by the Modern Library.
J. Robert Oppenheimer - Oppenheimer published only five scientific papers, one of which was in biophysics, after World War II, and none after 1950.
Humphrey Bogart - Bogart never forgot Howard's favor, and in 1952 he named his only daughter "Leslie Howard" after Howard, who had died in World War II under mysterious circumstances
Jerzy Kosinski - "The Painted Bird", Kosi?ski's controversial 1965 novel, is a fictional account that depicts the personal experiences of a boy of unknown religious and ethnic background who wanders around unidentified areas of Eastern Europe during World War II and takes refuge among a series of people, many of whom are brutally cruel and abusive, either to him or to others
Henry Fonda - Also in 1976, Fonda starred in the World War II blockbuster Midway.
Mel Gibson - Gibson joined the cast of the World War II action film Attack Force Z, which was not released until 1982 when Gibson had become a bigger star.
Robert Mitchum - Mitchum expanded into the medium of television with the 1983 miniseries The Winds of War. The big-budget Herman Wouk story aired on ABC and starred Mitchum as naval officer "Pug" Henry, and examined the events leading up to America's involvement in World War II. He followed it in 1988 with War and Remembrance, which followed America through the war, and returned to the big screen for a memorable supporting role in Bill Murray's Scrooged.
Nicole Kidman - In 2008, she reunited with Moulin Rouge/ director Baz Luhrmann in the Australia period film Australia, set in the remote Northern Territory during the Japanese attack on Darwin during World War II. Kidman played opposite Hugh Jackman as an Englishwoman feeling overwhelmed by the continent.
Bob Filner - In February 2009, a bill was filed in the Philippine House of Representatives by Rep. Antonio Diaz seeking to confer honorary Filipino citizenship on Filner, Senators Daniel Inouye, Daniel Akaka and Ted Stevens, for their role in securing the passage of benefits for Filipino World War II veterans.