United States Army
United States Navy
Soviet Union
World War I
Royal Air Force

See also

World War II

Knowledge Identifier: !World_War_II


World War II

Global war that was underway by 1939 and ended in 1945 add

Category: Military

Activity starting in 1939.

Countries: United States (31%), United Kingdom (15%), Germany (12%)

Main connections: United States Army, United States Navy, Soviet Union

Linked to: League of Nations, Romani people, United States Navy, Allies of World War II




This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about World War II.


Both sides used the conflict to test new weapons and methods of warfare, with the Nationalists winning the war in early 1939 add something


From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or subdued much of continental Europe add something


Battles of Khalkhin Gol - Although the battle was a Soviet victory, the Japanese dismissed it as an inconclusive draw, and on 11 May 1939 decided to move the Japanese-Mongolian border up to the Khalkhin Gol River by force add something


British historian Antony Beevor views the beginning of the Second World War as the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in August 1939 add something


William Lyon Mackenzie King - King realized the likelihood of World War II before Hitler invaded Poland in 1939, and began mobilizing on August 25, 1939, with full mobilization on September 1


Karl Donitz - In September 1939, Germany invaded Poland, Britain and France declared war on Germany, and World War II began


Joseph Stalin - On 1 September 1939, the German invasion of its agreed upon portion of Poland started World War II. On 17 September the Red Army invaded eastern Poland and occupied the Polish territory assigned to it by the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, followed by co-ordination with German forces in Poland.


Edward VIII - On the outbreak of World War II in September 1939, they were brought back to Britain by Lord Mountbatten on board HMS Kelly, and the Duke, although an honorary field marshal, was made a major-general attached to the British Military Mission in France.


Werner Heisenberg - The second Uranverein was formed on 1 September 1939, the day World War II began, and it had its first meeting on 16 September 1939.


Igor Stravinsky - When World War II broke out in September 1939, Stravinsky moved to the United States.


Battle of Britain - The start of the war is generally held to be 1 September 1939, beginning with the German invasion of Poland; Britain and France declared war on Germany two days later add something


Tazio Nuvolari - In the 1939 he won Belgrade Grand Prix which held in September 3, 1939, the last one before outbreak of World War II


In 1940, following the German capture of Paris, the size of the United States Navy was significantly increased and, after the Japanese incursion into Indochina, the United States embargoed iron, steel and mechanical parts against Japan add something


In Asia, despite several offensives by both sides, the war between China and Japan was stalemated by 1940 add something


W. Somerset Maugham - By 1940, when the collapse of France and German occupation in World War II forced Maugham to leave the French Riviera, he was a refugee but one of the most famous and wealthiest writers in the English-speaking world


Erwin Rommel - In World War II, he further distinguished himself as the commander of the 7th Panzer Division during the 1940 invasion of France


Salvador Dali - In 1940, as World War II was in full swing at Europe, Dalí and Gala moved to the United States, where they lived for eight years.


Bela Bartok - In 1940, as the European political situation worsened after the outbreak of World War II, Bartok was increasingly tempted to flee Hungary.


Kit Carson - The Kit Carson Museum in Las Animas, Colorado, is located in an adobe building that was built in 1940 to hold German prisoners of war captured in North Africa during World War II


The Soviet Union and Germany entered a trade pact in February 1940, pursuant to which the Soviets received German military and industrial equipment in exchange for supplying raw materials to Germany to help circumvent the Allied blockade add something


The resulting conflict ended in March 1940 with Finnish concessions add something


In April 1940, Germany invaded Denmark and Norway to secure shipments of iron ore from Sweden, which the Allies were about to disrupt add something


In Western Europe, British troops deployed to the Continent, but in a phase nicknamed the Phoney War by the British and "Sitzkrieg" by the Germans, neither side launched major operations against the other until April 1940 add something


Niels Bohr - In April 1940, early in World War II, Germany invaded and occupied Denmark.


In May 1940 Britain invaded Iceland to preempt a possible German invasion of the island add something


Battle of Belgium - Germany invaded France, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg on 10 May 1940 add something


British discontent over the Norwegian campaign led to the replacement of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain with Winston Churchill on 10 May 1940 add something


Haile Selassie - He continued to plead for League intervention and to voice his certainty that "God's judgment will eventually visit the weak and the mighty alike", though his attempts to gain support for the struggle against Italy were largely unsuccessful until Italy entered World War II on the German side in June 1940.


Vannevar Bush - On August 31, 1940, Bush met with Henry Tizard, and arranged a series of meetings between the NDRC and the Tizard Mission, a British delegation that would draw upon American expertise in science and technology for the war effort during World War II. On September 19, 1940, at a meeting hosted by Loomis at the Wardman Park Hotel in Washington, D.C., the Americans described Loomis and Compton's microwave research from earlier that year


At the end of September 1940, the Tripartite Pact united Japan, Italy and Germany to formalize the Axis Powers add something


Italy began operations in the Mediterranean, initiating a siege of Malta in June, conquering British Somaliland in August, and making an incursion into British-held Egypt in September 1940 add something


Michael of Romania - In September 1940, the pro-German anti-Bolshevik régime of Prime Minister Marshal Ion Antonescu staged a "coup d'état" against Carol II, whom the Marshal claimed to be 'anti-German'


In October 1940, Italy invaded Greece but within days was repulsed and pushed back into Albania, where a stalemate soon occurred add something


The Axis expanded in November 1940 when Hungary, Slovakia and Romania joined the Tripartite Pact add something


By early 1941, with Italian forces having been pushed back into Libya by the Commonwealth, Churchill ordered a dispatch of troops from Africa to bolster the Greeks add something


By this point, the Communist-led Partisans under Marshal Josip Broz Tito, who had led an increasingly successful guerrilla campaign against the occupation since 1941, controlled much of the territory of Yugoslavia and were engaged in delaying efforts against the German forces further south add something


From 1941, Stalin persistently asked Churchill, and Roosevelt, to open a 'second front' in France add something


Others follow British historian A. J. P. Taylor, who held that the Sino-Japanese War and war in Europe and its colonies occurred simultaneously and the two wars merged in 1941 add something


Still, a large majority of the American public continued to oppose any direct military intervention into the conflict well into 1941 add something


Andre Breton - Breton was again in the medical corps of the French Army at the start of World War II. The Vichy government banned his writings as "the very negation of the national revolution" and Breton escaped, with the help of the American Varian Fry and Harry Bingham, to the United States and the Caribbean during 1941.


Kirk Douglas - Douglas enlisted in the United States Navy in 1941, shortly after the United States entered World War II. He was medically discharged for war injuries in 1944.


Hank Greenberg - He missed all but 19 games of the 1941 season, the three full seasons that followed, and most of 1945 to World War II military service and missed most of another season with a broken wrist


Thomas Mann - In the 1941 film "The 49th Parallel", the character Philip Armstrong Scott unknowingly praises Mann's work with an escaped World War II Nazi u-boat commander, who later responds by burning Scott's copy of "The Magic Mountain".


Kenesaw Mountain Landis - With the entry of the United States into World War II in late 1941, Landis wrote to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, inquiring as to the wartime status of baseball


Continued antipathy between Chinese communist and nationalist forces culminated in armed clashes in January 1941, effectively ending their co-operation add something


Perhaps most importantly, during the Battle of Britain the Royal Air Force had successfully resisted the Luftwaffe's assault, and the German bombing campaign largely ended in May 1941 add something


In June 1941, the European Axis launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, giving a start to the largest land theatre of war in history, which tied down the major part of the Axis' military forces for the rest of the war add something


Woody Guthrie - Initially Guthrie helped write and sing what the Almanac Singers termed "peace" songs; while the Nazi-Soviet Pact was in effect, until Hitler invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941, the Communist line was that World War II was a capitalist fraud


On 22 June 1941, Germany, along with other European Axis members and Finland, invaded the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa add something


In July 1941, the United States, United Kingdom and other Western governments reacted to the seizure of Indochina with a freeze on Japanese assets, while the United States responded by placing a complete oil embargo add something


Battle of the Atlantic - As a result, Germany and the United States found themselves engaged in sustained naval warfare in the North and Central Atlantic by October 1941, even though the United States remained officially neutral add something


By November 1941, Commonwealth forces had launched a counter-offensive, Operation Crusader, in North Africa, and reclaimed all the gains the Germans and Italians had made add something


In December 1941, the Empire of Japan, which aimed to dominate East Asia and Indochina, joined the Axis, attacked the United States and European territories in the Pacific Ocean, and quickly conquered much of the West Pacific add something


Lyndon B. Johnson - After America entered World War II in December 1941, Johnson, still in Congress, became a commissioned officer in the Naval Reserve, asked Undersecretary of the Navy James Forrestal for a combat assignment.


Battle of Stalingrad - The Axis advance was stopped in 1942, after Japan lost a series of naval battles and European Axis troops were defeated in North Africa and, decisively, at Stalingrad add something


The first, an offensive into the Arakan region in late 1942, went disastrously, forcing a retreat back to India by May 1943 add something


Though the Allies' economic and population advantages were largely mitigated during the initial rapid blitzkrieg attacks of Germany and Japan, they became the decisive factor by 1942, after the United States and Soviet Union joined the Allies, as the war largely settled into one of attrition add something


Haskell Curry - Mathematics - In 1942 he took a leave of absence to do applied mathematics for the US government during World War II


William S. Burroughs - Burroughs enlisted in the U.S. Army early in 1942, shortly after the bombing of Pearl Harbor brought the U.S. into World War II


Paul Eluard - During World War II, he was involved in the French Resistance, during which time he wrote Liberty, Les sept poèmes d'amour en guerre and En avril 1944: Paris respirait encore/


Thomas Mann - In 1942, the Mann family moved to Pacific Palisades, in west Los Angeles, California, where they lived until after the end of World War II. On 23 June 1944 Thomas Mann was naturalized as a citizen of the United States.


J. D. Salinger - In the spring of 1942, several months after the United States entered World War II, Salinger was drafted into the Army, where he saw combat with the 12th Infantry Regiment, 4th Infantry Division.


The only real Allied success against Japan was a Chinese victory at Changsha in early January 1942 add something


Werner Heisenberg - When it was apparent that the nuclear energy project would not make a decisive contribution to ending the war effort in the near term, control of the KWIP was returned in January 1942 to its umbrella organization, the Kaiser-Wilhelm Gesellschaft, and HWA control of the project was relinquished to the RFR in July 1942.


Battle of Malaya - Meanwhile, by the end of April 1942, Japan and its ally Thailand had almost fully conquered Burma, Malaya, the Dutch East Indies, Singapore, and Rabaul, inflicting severe losses on Allied troops and taking a large number of prisoners add something


In early May 1942, Japan initiated operations to capture Port Moresby by amphibious assault and thus sever communications and supply lines between the United States and Australia add something


In the West, concerns the Japanese might use bases in Vichy-held Madagascar caused the British to invade the island in early May 1942 add something


Second Battle of El Alamein - In August 1942, the Allies succeeded in repelling a second attack against El Alamein and, at a high cost, managed to deliver desperately needed supplies to the besieged Malta add something


Errol Flynn - When Flynn became a naturalised American citizen on 15 August 1942, he became eligible for the military draft, as the United States had entered World War II eight months earlier.


By the start of 1943, the Japanese were defeated on the island and withdrew their troops add something


In the Soviet Union, both the Germans and the Soviets spent the spring and early summer of 1943 making preparations for large offensives in Central Russia add something


Howard Hawks - After making the World War II film Air Force in 1943 starring John Garfield, Hawks made two films with Hollywood and real life lovers Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall.


Niels Bohr - As for Sweden during World War II and especially in the autumn of 1943, it was far from certain that they would accept Danish Jews attempting to escape Hitler's deportation order.


Seymour Cray - Cray graduated from Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin High School in 1943 before being drafted for World War II as a radio operator


Roy Lichtenstein - His studies were interrupted by a three-year stint in the army during and after World War II between 1943 and 1946.


Milton Friedman - In 1943, Friedman joined the Division of War Research at Columbia University , where he spent the rest of World War II working as a mathematical statistician, focusing on problems of weapons design


George S. Patton - In 1943, following the defeat of the U.S. II Corps by the German Afrika Korps, first at the Battle of Sidi Bou Zid and again at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass, General Dwight D. Eisenhower sent Major General Ernest Harmon to assess the II Corps


John Huston - While in uniform, he directed and produced three films that some critics rank as "among the finest made about !World_War_II: Report from the Aleutians, about soldiers preparing for combat; The Battle of San Pietro, the story of a failure by America's intelligence agencies which resulted in many deaths, and Let There Be Light, about psychologically damaged veterans, censored for 35 years, until 1981.


George S. Patton - By mid-March 1943, the counter-offensive of the U.S. II Corps, along with the rest of the British 1st Army, pushed the Germans and Italians eastward


George S. Patton - On March 6, 1943, as a result of Harmon's report, Patton replaced Major General Lloyd Fredendall as commander of the II Corps


By May 1943, as Allied counter-measures became increasingly effective, the resulting sizable German submarine losses forced a temporary halt of the German Atlantic naval campaign add something


The now pincered Axis forces in Africa withdrew into Tunisia, which was conquered by the Allies in May 1943 add something


!Battle_of_Kursk - On 4 July 1943, Germany attacked Soviet forces around the Kursk Bulge add something


On 12 July 1943, the Soviets launched their own counter-offensives, thereby dispelling any hopes of the German Army for victory or even stalemate in the east add something


In early September 1943, the Western Allies invaded the Italian mainland, following an Italian armistice with the Allies add something


Battle of Changde - From November 1943, during the seven-week Battle of Changde, the Chinese forced Japan to fight a costly war of attrition, while awaiting Allied relief add something


Lester Young - In December 1943 Young returned to the Basie fold for a 10-month stint, cut short by his being drafted into the army during !World_War_II.


During 1944 and 1945 the United States defeated the Japanese Navy and captured key West Pacific islands, dropping atomic bombs on the country as the invasion of the Japanese archipelago became imminent add something


In 1944, the Western Allies invaded France, while the Soviet Union regained all of its territorial losses and invaded Germany and its allies add something


The former conference determined the post-war return of Japanese territory, while the latter included agreement that the Western Allies would invade Europe in 1944 and that the Soviet Union would declare war on Japan within three months of Germany's defeat add something


Chuck Jones - Also, during World War II, Jones directed such shorts as "The Weakly Reporter", a 1944 short that related to shortages and rationing on the home front


Andre Breton - In 1944, he and Elisa traveled to the Gaspe Peninsula in Quebec, Canada, where he wrote Arcane 17, a book which expresses his fears of World War II, describes the marvels of the Rocher Perce and the extreme northeastern part of North America, and celebrates his new romance with Elisa.


Laurence Olivier - With Britain engaged in World War II, the Oliviers returned to England, and in 1944 tuberculosis was diagnosed in Leigh's left lung, but after spending several weeks in hospital, she appeared to be cured.


Konrad Zuse - On 30 January 1944 Z1 and its original blueprints were destroyed with his parents's flat and many neighbouring buildings by a British air raid in World War II


Battle of Imphal - In March 1944, the Japanese launched the first of two invasions, an operation against British positions in Assam, India, and soon besieged Commonwealth positions at Imphal and Kohima add something


By the end of March 1944, the Allies had completed both of these objectives, and additionally neutralised the major Japanese base at Truk in the Caroline Islands add something


By late May 1944, the Soviets had liberated Crimea, largely expelled Axis forces from Ukraine, and made incursions into Romania, which were repulsed by the Axis troops add something


In May 1944, British forces mounted a counter-offensive that drove Japanese troops back to Burma, and Chinese forces that had invaded northern Burma in late 1943 besieged Japanese troops in Myitkyina add something


Battle of the Coral Sea - In mid-June 1944 they began their offensive against the Mariana and Palau islands, and decisively defeated Japanese forces in the Battle of the Philippine Sea add something


In September 1944, Soviet Red Army troops advanced into Yugoslavia and forced the rapid withdrawal of the German Army Groups E and F in Greece, Albania and Yugoslavia to rescue them from being cut off add something


On 16 December 1944, Germany attempted its last desperate measure for success on the Western Front by using most of its remaining reserves to launch a massive counter-offensive in the Ardennes to attempt to split the Western Allies, encircle large portions of Western Allied troops and capture their primary supply port at Antwerp in order to prompt a political settlement add something


Korea, formerly under Japanese rule, was divided and occupied by the US in the South and the Soviet Union in the North between 1945 and 1948 add something


Sun Myung Moon - After World War II and the Japanese occupation ended in 1945, Moon began preaching his message


Peter Falk - After graduating from high school in 1945, Falk briefly attended Hamilton College in Clinton, New York, and tried to join the armed services as World War II was drawing to a close


Samuel Beckett - Beckett's career as a writer can be roughly divided into three periods: his early works, up until the end of World War II in 1945; his middle period, stretching from 1945 until the early 1960s, during which period he wrote what are probably his best-known works; and his late period, from the early 1960s until Beckett's death in 1989, during which his works tended to become shorter and his style more minimalist.


Sam Francis - Francis served in the United States Air Force during World War II before being injured during test flight maneuvers


Clark Gable - Gable's first movie after World War II was the 1945 production of Adventure, with his ill-matched co-star Greer Garson.


Sigmar Polke - He fled with his family to Thuringia in 1945, during the expulsion of Germans after World War II. His family escaped from the Communist regime in East Germany in 1953, traveling first to West Berlin and to West Germany Rhineland.


Toshiko Akiyoshi - In 1945, after World War II, Akiyoshi's family lost its home and returned to Japan, settling in Beppu.


W. H. Auden - In the summer of 1945, after the end of World War II in Europe, he was in Germany with the U. S. Strategic Bombing Survey, studying the effects of Allied bombing on German morale, an experience that affected his postwar work as his visit to Spain had affected him earlier


In mid-January 1945, the Soviets attacked in Poland, pushing from the Vistula to the Oder river in Germany, and overran East Prussia add something


They landed on Luzon in January 1945 and captured Manila in March following a battle which reduced the city to ruins add something


A few days later, the Soviets launched a massive assault against German-occupied Hungary that lasted until the fall of Budapest in February 1945 add something


On 30 April 1945, the Reichstag was captured, signalling the military defeat of the Third Reich add something


In May 1945, Australian troops landed in Borneo, overrunning the oilfields there add something


The war in Europe ended with the capture of Berlin by Soviet and Polish troops and the subsequent German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945 add something


Battle of West Hunan - British, American and Chinese forces defeated the Japanese in northern Burma in March, and the British pushed on to reach Rangoon by 3 May. Chinese forces started to counterattack in Battle of West Hunan that occurred between 6 April and 7 June 1945 add something


It has been suggested that the war ended at the armistice of 14 August 1945 , rather than the formal surrender of Japan ; in some European histories, it ended on V-E Day add something


On 15 August 1945 Japan surrendered, with the surrender documents finally signed aboard the deck of the American battleship USS "Missouri" on 2 September 1945, ending the war add something


The Empire of Japan surrendered on 15 August 1945, ending the war in Asia and cementing the total victory of the Allies over the Axis add something


Universal Declaration of Human Rights - In an effort to maintain peace, the Allies formed the United Nations, which officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, and adopted The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, as a common standard for all member nations add something


Ronald Reagan - In the post-war era, after being separated from almost four years of World War II stateside service with the 1st Motion Picture Unit in December 1945, Reagan co-starred in such films as, The Voice of the Turtle, John Loves Mary, The Hasty Heart, Bedtime for Bonzo, Cattle Queen of Montana, Tennessee's Partner, Hellcats of the Navy and The Killers in a 1964 remake.


Ronald Reagan - Following World War II, he resumed service and became 3rd vice-president in 1946.


In China, nationalist and communist forces resumed the civil war in June 1946 add something


Francis Crick - After World War II, in 1947, Crick began studying biology and became part of an important migration of physical scientists into biology research.


Edward O. Wilson - At the age of 18, intent on becoming an entomologist, he began by collecting flies, but the shortage of insect pins caused by World War II caused him to switch to ants, which could be stored in vials.


Tommy Dorsey - Dorsey might have broken up his own band permanently following World War II, as many big bands did due to the shift in music economics following the war, but Tommy Dorsey's album for RCA, "All Time Hits" placed in the top ten records in February, 1947.


Henry Ford - Henry Ford II , in a purge of the old guard, forced out Bennett in 1947


Ernest Hemingway - In 1947 Hemingway was awarded a Bronze Star for his bravery during World War II. He was recognized for his valor in having been "under fire in combat areas in order to obtain an accurate picture of conditions", with the commendation that "through his talent of expression, Mr. Hemingway enabled readers to obtain a vivid picture of the difficulties and triumphs of the front-line soldier and his organization in combat".


Separate republics emerged on both sides of the 38th parallel in 1948, each claiming to be the legitimate government for all of Korea, which led ultimately to the Korean War add something


Alan Ayckbourn - His parents, who separated shortly after World War II, never married, and Ayckbourn's mother divorced her "first" husband to marry again in 1948


Norman Mailer - In 1948, while continuing his studies at the Sorbonne in Paris, Mailer published The Naked and the Dead, based on his military service in World War II. A New York Times best seller for 62 weeks, it was hailed by many as one of the best American wartime novels and named one of the "one hundred best novels in English language" by the Modern Library.


Communist forces were victorious and established the People's Republic of China on the mainland, while nationalist forces retreated to Taiwan in 1949 add something


By the 1950s, every fifth West German was a refugee from the east add something


The US emerged much richer than any other nation; it had a baby boom and by 1950 its gross domestic product per person was much higher than that of any of the other powers and it dominated the world economy add something


J. Robert Oppenheimer - Oppenheimer published only five scientific papers, one of which was in biophysics, after World War II, and none after 1950.


China returned to its pre-war industrial production by 1952 add something


Humphrey Bogart - Bogart never forgot Howard's favor, and in 1952 he named his only daughter "Leslie Howard" after Howard, who had died in World War II under mysterious circumstances


Louis St. Laurent - In 1952, he advised Queen Elizabeth II to appoint Vincent Massey as the first Canadian-born Governor-General


Donna Reed - In 1953, she played the role of Alma "Lorene" Burke, a prostitute, and girlfriend of Montgomery Clift's character in the World War II drama From Here to Eternity.


Pele - He appeared, alongside other footballers of the 1960s and 1970s, with Michael Caine, and Sylvester Stallone, in the 1981 film "Escape to Victory", about an attempted escape from a World War II German POW camp


Jerzy Kosinski - "The Painted Bird", Kosi?ski's controversial 1965 novel, is a fictional account that depicts the personal experiences of a boy of unknown religious and ethnic background who wanders around unidentified areas of Eastern Europe during World War II and takes refuge among a series of people, many of whom are brutally cruel and abusive, either to him or to others


Lee Marvin - In 1968, Marvin appeared in another Boorman film, the critically acclaimed but commercially unsuccessful World War II character study Hell in the Pacific, starring famed Japanese actor Toshiro Mifune.


Hildegard Knef - Her autobiography "Der geschenkte Gaul - Bericht aus einem Leben" from 1970 was a candid recount of her life in Germany during and after World War II


Henry Fonda - Also in 1976, Fonda starred in the World War II blockbuster Midway.


Robert De Niro - In 1976, De Niro appeared, along with Gerard Depardieu and Donald Sutherland, in Bernardo Bertolucci's epic biographical exploration of life in Italy before World War II, Novecento, seen through the eyes of two Italian childhood friends at the opposite sides of society's hierarchy.


Nicolae Ceausescu - In August 1976, Nicolae Ceausescu was the first high-level Romanian visitor to Bessarabia since World War II. In December 1976, at one of his meetings in Bucharest, Ivan Bodiul said that "the good relationship was initiated by Ceausescu's visit to Soviet Moldavia.


Japan experienced incredibly rapid economic growth, becoming one of the most powerful economies in the world by the 1980s add something


Mel Gibson - Gibson joined the cast of the World War II action film Attack Force Z, which was not released until 1982 when Gibson had become a bigger star.


Richard Nixon - Govern, Nixon's onetime opponent, commented in 1983, "President Nixon probably had a more practical approach to the two superpowers, China and the Soviet Union, than any other president since World War II .


Robert Mitchum - Mitchum expanded into the medium of television with the 1983 miniseries The Winds of War. The big-budget Herman Wouk story aired on ABC and starred Mitchum as naval officer "Pug" Henry, and examined the events leading up to America's involvement in World War II. He followed it in 1988 with War and Remembrance, which followed America through the war, and returned to the big screen for a memorable supporting role in Bill Murray's Scrooged.


Kurt Waldheim - While running for President in Austria in 1985, his service as an intelligence officer in the "Wehrmacht" during World War II raised international controversy


Mikhail Gorbachev - By the end of 1989, revolts had spread from one Eastern European capital to another, ousting the regimes built in Eastern Europe after World War II. With the exception of Romania, the popular upheavals against the pro-Soviet Communist regimes were all peaceful ones


Istoriya SSSR., 1990, No.4, add something


George H. W. Bush - In 1993, Bush was awarded an honorary knighthood by Queen Elizabeth II


Kurt Waldheim - In 1994, Pope John Paul II *awarded Waldheim a knighthood in the Order of Pius IX and his wife a papal honor


Soong May-ling - Madame Chiang made a rare public appearance in 1995 when she attended a reception held on Capitol Hill in her honor in connection with celebrations of the 50th anniversary of the end of World War II. Madame Chiang made her last visit to Taiwan in 1995


Ralph Fiennes - In 1996 he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for the World War II epic romance The English Patient in which he starred with Kristin Scott-Thomas.


Woody Guthrie - Guthrie's unrecorded written lyrics housed at the Archives have been the starting point of several albums including the Wilco and Billy Bragg albums "Mermaid Avenue" and "Mermaid Avenue Vol. II", created in 1998 sessions at the invitation of Guthrie's daughter Nora


Neal Stephenson - This was followed by "Cryptonomicon" in 1999, a novel concerned with concepts ranging from computing and Alan Turing's research into codebreaking and cryptography during the Second World War at Bletchley Park, to a modern attempt to set up a data haven


Roman Polanski - In 2001, Polanski filmed The Pianist, an adaptation of the World War II autobiography of the same name by Polish-Jewish musician Wladyslaw Szpilman.


Mikhail Gorbachev - In 2005, he said that Pope John Paul II's "devotion to his followers is a remarkable example to all of us" following the pontiff's death


George Clooney - Clooney next appeared in The Good German, a film noir directed by Soderbergh that is set in post-World War II Germany.


Clint Eastwood - In 2006 Eastwood directed two films about World War II's Battle of Iwo Jima.


George W. Bush - During 2007, the United States entered into the longest post World War II recession and the administration responded by enacting multiple economic programs.


George W. Bush - In December 2007, the United States entered the longest post–World War II recession, which included a housing market correction, a subprime mortgage crisis, soaring oil prices, and a declining dollar value.


Nicole Kidman - In 2008, she reunited with Moulin Rouge/ director Baz Luhrmann in the Australia period film Australia, set in the remote Northern Territory during the Japanese attack on Darwin during World War II. Kidman played opposite Hugh Jackman as an Englishwoman feeling overwhelmed by the continent.


Yoko Ono - Ono returned to Liverpool for the 2008 Liverpool Biennial, where she unveiled "Sky Ladders" in the ruins of Church of St Luke, Liverpool (which was largely destroyed during World War II and now stands roofless as a memorial to those killed in the Liverpool Blitz).


Joe Biden - In May 2008, Biden sharply criticized President George W. Bush for his speech to Israel's Knesset in which he suggested that some Democrats were acting in the same way some Western leaders did when they appeased Hitler in the runup to World War II. Biden stated: "This is bullshit.


Samuel L. Jackson - In 2009, he again worked with Quentin Tarantino when he narrated several scenes in the World War II film, Inglourious Basterds.


Quentin Tarantino - Tarantino's 2009 film Inglourious Basterds is the story of a group of guerrilla U.S. soldiers in Nazi-occupied France during World War II. Filming began in October 2008.


Bob Filner - In February 2009, a bill was filed in the Philippine House of Representatives by Rep. Antonio Diaz seeking to confer honorary Filipino citizenship on Filner, Senators Daniel Inouye, Daniel Akaka and Ted Stevens, for their role in securing the passage of benefits for Filipino World War II veterans.


Silvio Berlusconi - On 3 April 2009, Berlusconi appeared to have annoyed Queen Elizabeth II at a photo session during the G20 summit


Ted Deutch - Deutch was born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, the son of Jean and the late Bernard Deutch, who earned a Purple Heart during World War II. His grandparents were Jewish immigrants from Lithuania and Russia.


Ennio Morricone - In January 2010, tenor Donald Braswell II released his album "We Fall and We Rise Again" on which he presented his tribute to Ennio Morricone with his original composition entitled "Ennio"


Arnold Schwarzenegger - In January 2011, just weeks after leaving office in California, Schwarzenegger announced that he was reading several new scripts for future films, one of them being the World War II action drama With Wings as Eagles, written by Randall Wallace, based on a true story.


Dean Heller - In September 2012, Heller received an endorsement from the Filipino-American Families of America in Politics, a group of Filipino Americans in Las Vegas formed to advocate for families of World War II Filipino Veterans.


An extended version of the series with never before seen footage was subsequently broadcast on H2 and in more than 160 countries on June 22, 2014 add something