Yuri Andropov

Knowledge Identifier: +Yuri_Andropov

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Yuri Andropov

Dick Cheney of communism ] from 12 November 1982 until his death fifteen months later add

Category: Politics

Born in 1914.

Countries: Russia (52%), United States (11%), (11%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: KGB, Leonid Brezhnev, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

Linked to: Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Communist Party of the Karelo-Finnish SSR

 

Timeline


 

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Yuri Andropov was born in 1914 add something


1930

Andropov joined the Komsomol in 1930 add something


1939

He became a member of the Communist Party in 1939 and was First Secretary of the Central Committee of Komsomol in the Soviet Karelo-Finnish Republic from 1940 to 1944 add something


1944

From 1944 onwards, he left Komsomol for Communist Party work add something


1947

In 1947, he was elected Second Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Karelo-Finnish SSR add something


1951

Andropov moved to Moscow in 1951 and joined the party secretariat add something


1954

In 1954, was appointed Soviet Ambassador in Hungary and held this position during the 1956 Hungarian Revolution add something


1957

In 1957, Andropov returned to Moscow from Budapest in order to head the Department for Liaison with Communist and Workers' Parties in Socialist Countries, a position he held until 1967 add something


1961

In 1961, he was elected full member of the CPSU Central Committee and was promoted to the Secretariat of the CPSU Central Committee in 1962 add something


1967

In 1967, he was relieved of his work in the Central Committee apparatus and appointed head of the KGB on recommendation of Mikhail Suslov add something

 

KGB - In 1967, the campaign of this suppression increased under new KGB Chairman Yuri Andropov


1968

In 1968, Andropov as the KGB Chairman issued his order On the tasks of State security agencies in combating the ideological sabotage by the adversary, calling for struggle against dissidents and their imperialist masters add something


1969

On 29 April 1969, he submitted to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union an elaborated plan for creating a network of psychiatric hospitals to defend the Soviet Government and socialist order from dissidents add something


1970

She bore him a son who died in mysterious circumstances in the late 1970s add something

 

Joseph Goebbels - In 1970, KGB director Yuri Andropov authorised an operation to destroy the remains

 

Cold War - In the 1970s, the KGB, led by Yuri Andropov, continued to persecute distinguished Soviet personalities such as Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and Andrei Sakharov, who were criticising the Soviet leadership in harsh terms


1973

He gained additional powers in 1973, when he was promoted to full member of the Politburo add something

 

KGB - On February 2, 1973 Politburo, in charge of which was Yuri Andropov at the time, have demanded KGB members to spread influence in a newly formed country called Bangladesh where Mujib Awami was scheduled to win parliamentary elections


1974

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn - On 19 September 1974, Yuri Andropov approved a large-scale operation to discredit Solzhenitsyn and his family and cut his communications with Soviet dissidents


1979

Andropov played the dominant role in the decision to invade Afghanistan in 1979 add something


1980

As KGB head, Andropov was ruthless against dissent, and author David Remnick, who covered the Soviet Union for the "Washington Post" in the 1980s, called Andropov "profoundly corrupt, a beast" add something

 

From 1980 to 1982, whilst still chairman of the KGB Andropov opposed plans to occupy Poland after the emergence of the Solidarity movement and promoted reform minded party cadres including M. Gorbachev add something


1981

Alexander Korzhakov - Following service in Afghanistan in 1981–1982, he was one of president Yuri Andropov's personal bodyguards in 1983–1984


1982

Andropov was the longest-serving KGB chairman and did not resign as head of the KGB until May 1982, when he was again promoted to the Secretariat to succeed the late Mikhail Suslov as secretary responsible for ideological affairs add something

 

Two days after Leonid Brezhnev's death, on 12 November 1982, Andropov was elected General Secretary of the CPSU, the first former head of the KGB to become General Secretary add something

 

Alexei Kosygin - Following Brezhnev's death in 1982, the reform movement was split between Yuri Andropov's path of discipline and control and Gorbachev's liberalisation of all aspects of public life

 

Vladimir Dolgikh - Dolgikh was elected as candidate-member of Politburo in May 1982, at the same plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU that made Yuri Andropov a Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

 

Samantha Smith - When Yuri Andropov succeeded Leonid Brezhnev as leader of the Soviet Union in November 1982, the mainstream Western newspapers and magazines ran numerous front page photographs and articles about him

 

Leonid Brezhnev - Brezhnev died on 10 November 1982 and was quickly succeeded in his post as General Secretary by Yuri Andropov


1983

However, it was Andropov himself who recalled Yakovlev back to high office in Moscow in 1983 after a ten year "de facto" exile as ambassador to Canada after attacking Russian chauvinism add something

 

In 1983 she was diagnosed with cancer and underwent a successful operation add something

 

In February 1983, Andropov suffered total renal failure add something

 

On 8 March 1983, during Andropov's reign as General Secretary, U.S. President Ronald Reagan famously labeled the Soviet Union an "evil empire add something

 

In August 1983 Andropov made a sensational announcement that the country was stopping all work on space-based weapons add something

 

In August 1983, he entered the Central Clinical Hospital in western Moscow on a permanent basis, where he would spend the remainder of his life add something

 

KAL 007 had strayed over the Soviet Union on 1 September 1983 on its way from Anchorage, Alaska, to Seoul, South Korea add something

 

Meanwhile, Soviet-U.S. arms control talks on intermediate-range nuclear weapons in Europe were suspended by the Soviet Union in November 1983 and by the end of 1983, the Soviets had broken off all arms control negotiations add something

 

On 31 December 1983 Andropov celebrated the New Year for the last time add something

 

Ted Kennedy - A 1983 memorandum from KGB Chairman Viktor Chebrikov to General Secretary Yuri Andropov noted this stance and asserted that Kennedy, through former Senator John Tunney's discussions with Soviet contacts, had suggested that U.S.-Soviet relations might be improved if Kennedy and Andropov could meet in person to discuss arms control issues and if top Soviet officials, via Kennedy's help, were able to address the American public through the U.S. news media

 

Bruno Kreisky - In particular, in 1983 he sent a letter to the Soviet premier Yuri Andropov demanding the release of dissident Yuri Orlov, but Andropov left Kreisky's letter unanswered

 

Lubyanka Building - This asymmetric facade survived intact until 1983, when the symmetry was restored at the urging of Communist Party General Secretary and former KGB Director Yuri Andropov in accordance with Shchusev's plans


Yuri Andropov died in 1984 add something

 

In late January 1984 the gradual decline in his health that characterized his tenure suddenly intensified due to growing intoxication in his blood, as a result of which he had periods of failing consciousness add something

 

On 9 February 1984, Andropov's last day, the nurse came to Boris Klukov, one of his many bodyguards, and said that he did not want to eat add something


1985

In 1985, a respectful 75-minute film was broadcast in which Tatyana reads love poems written by her husband add something

 

Mikhail Gorbachev - Within three years of the deaths of Soviet Leaders Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Andropov, and Konstantin Chernenko, Gorbachev was elected General Secretary by the Politburo in 1985


1991

Tatyana became ill and died in November 1991 add something


1992

Andropov agreed to this and the ruse continued until Boris Yeltsin disclosed the secret in 1992 add something


2000

Vasily Lanovoy - In 2000s, Lanovoy has appeared primarily in the roles of Soviet-era party bosses, such as Yuri Andropov in the 2005 TV series "Brezhnev"


2002

The 2002 Tom Clancy novel "Red Rabbit" focuses heavily on Andropov during his tenure of KGB chief, when his health is slightly better add something