Bob Marshall (wilderness activist) profile

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Syracuse University
(Sciences)
Lyndon B. Johnson
(Politics)
 

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Bob Marshall (wilderness activist)

Knowledge Identifier: +Bob_Marshall_(wilderness_activist)


Bob Marshall (wilderness activist)

American forester, writer and wilderness activist add

Category: Literature

Born in 1901, deceased in 1939.

Countries: United States (25%), Tennessee (25%), Switzerland (13%)

Main connections: Syracuse University, Lyndon B. Johnson

Linked to: The Wilderness Society, American Forestry Association, American Jewish Committee, Columbia University

 

Timeline


 

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Bob Marshall was born in 1901 add something


1915

In 1915, Marshall climbed his first Adirondack peak, the Ampersand Mountain, alongside his brother George and family friend Herb Clark, a Saranac Lake guide add something


1916

Because their mother had died of cancer in 1916, the four children inherited most of their father's estate, worth several million dollars add something


1918

High Peak that Bob Marshall climbed in 1918

1919

Bob Marshall attended Felix Adler's Ethical Culture School in New York City until 1919 add something


1920

During the early 1920s, Marshall grew interested in promoting Adirondack recreation add something

 

In 1920, he transferred to the New York State College of Forestry at Syracuse University add something


1921

By 1921, they became the first climbers to scale all 42 Adirondack Mountains believed to exceed , some of which had never been climbed add something


1922

In 1922, he became one of the charter members of the Adirondack Mountain Club , an organization devoted to the building and maintenance of trails and the teaching of hiking in the park add something

 

In 1922, he prepared a 38-page guidebook, entitled "The High Peaks of the Adirondacks" add something


1924

In 1924, Marshall graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in forestry, "magna cum laude", finishing fourth in a class of 59 at the College of Forestry add something


1925

By 1925, he earned a Master's degree in forestry from Harvard University add something

 

Instead he was assigned to the Northern Rocky Mountain Experiment Station at Missoula, Montana in 1925 add something


1929

On September 11, 1929, Marshall's father Louis died in Z├╝rich, Switzerland at the age of 73 add something


1930

In the early 1930s, he joined the National Parks Association, eventually becoming a member of its board add something

 

Together with Harvey Broome, a Knoxville, Tennessee lawyer, they discussed Marshall's 1930 proposal for an organization dedicated to wilderness preservation add something

 

In July 1930, Marshall and his brother George climbed nine Adirondack High Peaks in one day, setting a new record add something

 

He spent twelve and a half months from late August 1930 to early September 1931 exploring and collecting data add something


1931

Marshall returned to the East Coast in late September 1931 add something


1932

Marshall had clearly defined himself as a socialist by 1932–1933 add something

 

Marshall moved to Washington, D.C. in September 1932 to take up the position, which entailed writing initiatives for forest recreation, and immediately began compiling a list of the remaining roadless areas in the United States add something


1933

He traveled to the Alaskan wilderness and wrote numerous articles and publications, including the bestselling 1933 book "Arctic Village" add something

 

The book that resulted from these excursions was 1933's best-selling Literary Guild selection "Arctic Village" add something

 

Marshall was even arrested briefly for participating in a March 1933 United Front demonstration add something

 

In August 1933, Marshall was appointed director of the Forestry Division of the Bureau of Indian Affairs , a position he held for four years add something


1934

In 1934, Marshall visited Knoxville, Tennessee and met with Benton MacKaye, a regional planner and originator of the Appalachian Trail add something


1935

In 1935, he became one of the principal founders of The Wilderness Society and personally provided most of the Society's funding in its first years add something

 

On January 21, 1935, the organizing committee published a folder stating that "for the purpose of fighting off invasion of the wilderness and of stimulating add something


1936

Four founders of The Wilderness Society: Bernard Frank, Harvey Broome, Bob Marshall, and Benton MacKaye. Picture taken in the Smokies on January 26, 1936

1937

By May 1937, he had taken charge of the Forest Service's Division of Recreation and Lands add something


Bob Marshall died in 1939 add something

 

While on a midnight train from Washington, D.C. to New York City on November 11, 1939, Marshall died of apparent heart failure at the age of 38 add something


1941

It had previously been set aside in 1941 as the South Fork, Pentagon, and Sun River Primitive Areas add something


1964

In compliance with the 1964 Wilderness Act, there is no motorized or mechanical equipment permitted add something

 

Marshall's dream of permanent wilderness protection became a reality 25 years after his death when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Wilderness Act into law on September 3, 1964 in the Rose Garden of the White House add something

 

President Lyndon Johnson signing the Wilderness Act of 1964

1964

 

The Society's most prestigious honor, the Robert Marshall award, is named in Marshall's honor; its first recipient was Sigurd F. Olson in 1981 add something


2006

His Adirondack writings were published by Lost Pond Press in 2006, as an anthology titled "Bob Marshall in the Adirondacks: Writings of a Pioneering Peak-Bagger, Pond-Hopper and Wilderness Preservationist" add something