Knowledge Identifier: +Peter_Paul_Rubens
Category: Visual Arts
Born in 1577, deceased in 1640.
Countries: Belgium (55%), Italy (14%), United Kingdom (10%)
Linked to: University of Cambridge, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Princeton University Press, Cornell University Press
In 1589, two years after his father's death, Rubens moved with his mother to Antwerp, where he was raised as a Catholic.
In 1600, Rubens travelled to Italy.
His return coincided with a period of renewed prosperity in the city with the signing of Treaty of Antwerp in April 1609, which initiated the Twelve Years' Truce.
It was during this period that Rubens was twice knighted, first by Philip IV of Spain in 1624, and by Charles I of England in 1630.
Between 1627 and 1630, Rubens's diplomatic career was particularly active, and he moved between the courts of Spain and England in an attempt to bring peace between the Spanish Netherlands and the United Provinces.
He oversaw the ephemeral decorations of the Joyous Entry into Antwerp by the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand in 1635.
Château de Steen with Hunter by Peter Paul Rubens
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Mercury and Argus by Peter Paul Rubens