This article is about the year 1864.


Rennen in Longchamp
Toter Torero
A Philosopher  Beggar with Oysters
Une discussion littéraire à la deuxième Galerie by Honoré Daumier
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1864 in Literature

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow - To aid him in perfecting the translation and reviewing proofs, he invited friends to weekly meetings every Wednesday starting in 1864

Futabatei Shimei - Futabatei Shimei was born in 1864

James Allen (author) - James Allen was born in 1864

Friedrich Ruckert - At the time of the Danish war in 1864 he wrote "Ein Dutzend Kampflieder für Schleswig-Holstein" , which, although published anonymously, made considerable impression on audiences

Goncalves Dias - After a short stay in France, he decided to return to Brazil in 1864, in the ship "Ville de Boulogne"

William Digby (writer) - He was employed at the "Sussex Advertiser" from 1864 to 1871

Thomas Dixon, Jr. - Thomas Dixon, Jr. was born in 1864

Theodor Storm - During a summer visit to Baden-Baden in 1864, where he had been invited by his friend, the author and painter Ludwig Pietsch, he made the acquaintance of the great Russian writer Ivan Turgenev

Daniel Pratt (eccentric) - In 1864, Pratt went to see President Lincoln at the White House, and left a roll of printed and written paper for the president to peruse

Richard Hovey - Richard Hovey was born in 1864

Emily Dickinson - In 1864, several poems were altered and published in "Drum Beat", to raise funds for medical care for Union soldiers in the war

Herbert Horne - Herbert Horne was born in 1864

Thomas Cockburn-Campbell - Cockburn-Campbell left England for $Queensland, Australia in 1864 where he worked with Augustus Gregory as a chainman and later with other surveyors

George Moore (novelist) - He spent all of 1864 at home, having contracted a lung infection brought about by a breakdown in his health

Lodewijk van Deyssel - Lodewijk van Deyssel was born in 1864

Florence Henrietta Darwin - Florence Henrietta Darwin was born in 1864

Arthur Brisbane - Arthur Brisbane was born in 1864

Adelaide Anne Procter - Adelaide Anne Procter died in 1864

Francis Preston Blair - After Lincoln's re-election in 1864 Blair thought that his former close personal relations with the Confederate leaders might aid in bringing about a cessation of hostilities, and with Lincoln's consent went unofficially to Richmond,_Virginia and induced President Jefferson Davis to appoint commissioners to confer with representatives of the United States

Bjornstjerne Bjornson - Between 1864 and 1874, Bjørnson displayed a slackening of the intellectual forces very remarkable in a man of his energy; he was mainly occupied with politics and with his business as a theatrical manager

Joseph Kirkland - In 1864 he founded the Midwestern literary periodical, "Prairie Chicken"

Simonas Daukantas - Simonas Daukantas died in 1864

J. F. Lehmann - J. F. Lehmann was born in 1864

Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy - In 1864 Tolstoy tried to exert his influence upon Aleksander II to make him alleviate the plight of the imprisoned Chernyshevsky

John Taylor (English publisher) - His 1864 book "The Battle of the Standards" was a campaign against the adoption of the metric system in England, and relied on results from his first book to show a divine origin for the British units of measure

George Sutherland (author) - He was taken to Australia in 1864 and graduated from the University of Melbourne

Kit Coleman - Kit Coleman was born in 1864

Arturo Pellerano Alfau - Arturo Pellerano Alfau was born in 1864

Breaker Morant - Breaker Morant was born in 1864

Christopher Dunkin - In 1864, he introduced a temperance act, known as the Dunkin Act. Dunkin was acclaimed for the Brome seat in the 1st Canadian Parliament in 1867 as a Conservative; he represented the same riding provincially from 1867 to 1871

Ernst Ortlepp - Ernst Ortlepp died in 1864

Carl Snoilsky - During 1864 and 1865 he was in Madrid and Paris on diplomatic missions

Caroline Kirkland - Caroline Kirkland died in 1864

Toktogul Satylganov - Toktogul Satylganov was born in 1864

Bram Stoker - After his recovery, he grew up without further major health issues, even excelling as an athlete at Trinity College, Dublin, which he attended from 1864 to 1870

Castro Alves - He only was able to join the college in 1864, there meeting Tobias Barreto and José Bonifácio the Younger

Berta Zuckerkandl - Berta Zuckerkandl was born in 1864

Nils Collett Vogt - Nils Collett Vogt was born in 1864

Frederick Webb Hodge - Frederick Webb Hodge was born in 1864

Apollon Grigoryev - In 1864 G. "Time" is resurrected in the form of "epoch"

Fyodor Dostoyevsky - "Time" and its 1864 successor "Epokha" expressed the philosophy of the conservative and Slavophile movement "Pochvennichestvo", supported by Dostoyevsky during his term of imprisonment and in his post-prison years

Theodore Schroeder - Theodore Schroeder was born in 1864

John Antoine Nau - Attacked by typhus, he died in 1864, leaving a widow and three children

Moses Nelson Baker - Moses Nelson Baker was born in 1864

Thomas Guthrie Marquis - Thomas Guthrie Marquis was born in 1864

George Manville Fenn - He later became a printer, editor and publisher of short-lived periodicals, before attracting the attention of Charles Dickens and others with a sketch for "All the Year Round" in 1864

Eliza Farnham - Eliza Farnham died in 1864

Gilbert A. Pierce - By 1864, Pierce was a colonel and an inspector general of the War Department

Juhan Liiv - Juhan Liiv was born in 1864

Ehrman Syme Nadal - He graduated from Yale in 1864

John W. Fuller - He again led his brigade during the March to the Sea in late 1864, and in the Carolinas Campaign of 1865

Alexander Druzhinin - Alexander Druzhinin died in 1864

Evgeny Chirikov - Evgeny Chirikov was born in 1864

George Washington Parke Custis - In 1864, Montgomery C. Meigs, Quartermaster General of the US Army, appropriated some parts of Arlington Plantation be used as a military burial ground

Susan McFarland Parkhurst - Civil War - She married E.A. Parkhurst and had a daughter Effie but her husband died in action in 1864 during the Civil War

Susan Louisa Moir Allison - However, in 1864, Susan's stepfather deserted his new family, leaving her to work as a governess

Charles Callahan Perkins - He systematically devoted part of each day to writing "Tuscan Sculptors", published in London in 1864, which brought him a European reputation

Agoston Haraszthy - In 1864, an article in "Harper's Magazine" proclaimed that Buena Vista was the largest establishment of the kind in the world

Jacques Jasmin - He died in 1864; his last poem, an answer to Renan, was placed between his folded hands in his coffin

Matilda Betham-Edwards - Matilda studied French and German abroad and after some school teaching in London , she settled down with her sister in Suffolk to manage the farm which had belonged to her father, who had died in 1864

Charles Sealsfield - Charles Sealsfield died in 1864

Robert Smythe Hichens - Robert Smythe Hichens was born in 1864

Herman Heijermans - Herman Heijermans was born in 1864

Petko Slaveykov - As a teacher in Targovishte he issued the satirical newspaper "Gayda" and after working in Varna for some time left for Istanbul, where he was invited in 1864 to edit a full Bulgarian translation of the Bible by the Bulgarian Bible Society

Arthur Machen - In 1864, when Machen was two, his father John Edward Jones, became vicar of the parish of Llanddewi Fach with Llandegveth, about five miles north of Caerleon, and Machen was brought up at the rectory there

John Wentworth (Illinois) - In 1864 Wentworth ran again for Congress, as a Republican, and was elected for his last term, serving March 4, 1865March 3, 1867

Teodor Narbutt - Teodor Narbutt died in 1864

Joseph Royal - His legal career began in Lower Canada where he was called to that province's bar in 1864

Nathaniel Hawthorne - Nathaniel Hawthorne died in 1864

Mark Twain - Twain moved to San Francisco, California in 1864, still as a journalist.

Oscar Wilde - William Wilde was Ireland's leading oto-ophthalmologic surgeon and was knighted in 1864 for his services as medical adviser and assistant commissioner to the censuses of Ireland

Alexander Braudo - Alexander Braudo was born in 1864

Walt Whitman - The Whitman family had a difficult end to 1864.

Ralph Waldo Emerson - Another friend, Nathaniel Hawthorne, died two years after Thoreau in 1864

Henrik Ibsen - In 1864, he left Christiania and went to Sorrento in Italy in self-imposed exile

Karel Barvitius - Karel Barvitius was born in 1864

Ito Sachio - Ito Sachio was born in 1864

Lucius E. Chittenden - Chittenden was selected recorder of the conference, and published its records in 1864

Theodor Fontane - Austro-Prussian War - He had already written about Prussia's war against Denmark in "Der schleswig-holsteinische Krieg im Jahre 1864" and the Austro-Prussian War in "Der deutsche Krieg von 1866"

Goncalves Dias - Gonçalves Dias died in 1864

Theodor Storm - Storm was married twice, first to "Konstanze Esmarch", who died in 1864, and to "Dorothea Jensen"

Aleksey Pisemsky - Even as late as 1864 Dostoyevsky, in one of his letters, referred to "the colossal name that is Pisemsky"

Daniel Pratt (eccentric) - Toward the close of a September day in the year 1864, a crowd of students was collected on the Bowdoin campus near the Thorndike oak

Alexandre Dumas - Returning to Paris in 1864, he published travel books about Italy

George Meredith - He married Marie Vulliamy in 1864 and settled in Surrey

Mary Louise Booth - The two volumes treating of "The Age of Louis XIV" were issued in 1864, and two others, the last of the seventeen volumes of the original work, in 1866 under the title of "The Decline of the French Monarchy"

Talbot Baines Reed - Talbot began his education at Priory House School, Clapton, and in 1864 became a day pupil at the City of London School, a relatively new foundation that had been established in Milk Street, Cheapside, in 1837

James Planche - In 1864 he published "A Corner of Kent, or some account of the parish of Ash-next-Sandwich", the result of three years' work on what was originally intended as a short guidebook to antiquities within the parish of his son-in-law, the Rev. Henry Mackarness

Edward Payson Dutton - In 1864, Dutton opened a branch office to sell books in New York City and in 1869 moved his company's headquarters there and entered the book publishing business

Richard Harding Davis - Richard Harding Davis was born in 1864

Miguel de Unamuno - Miguel de Unamuno was born in 1864

Herman Gorter - Herman Gorter was born in 1864

Karl May - Karl May wrote musical compositions, especially when he was member of the singing society Lyra about 1864

Mary Everest Boole - She was widowed in 1864, at the age of 32, and returned to England where she was offered a post as a librarian at Queen's College,_London

Alexander St. Clair-Abrams - In 1864, he again soldiered to protect a city under siege, this time Atlanta and fought the Battle of Jonesboro where he was wounded and no longer fit to bear arms

Frank Wedekind - Frank Wedekind was born in 1864

Thomas Colley Grattan - Thomas Colley Grattan died in 1864

Josef Svatopluk Machar - Josef Svatopluk Machar was born in 1864

Novel - Hippolyte Taine eventually offered the first history of English literature at first in French, a year later, in 1864 in an English version that opened with a look back on the 1st century of modern literary history:

Faucher de Saint-Maurice - In 1864 he went to play a part in the conflict in Mexico and became a captain in the 4th Mexican sharpshooters, and afterward was aide-de-camp to General the Viscount Courtois Roussel d'Hurbal

George Henry Boker - His volume "Poems of the War," was issued in 1864

Bronson Howard - As early as 1864 he had written a dramatic piece which was played in Detroit

John Taylor (English publisher) - John Taylor died in 1864

William Ticknor - William Ticknor died in 1864

Georges Darien - His brother, Henri-Gaston Darien, was born two years later, in 1864

Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz - Austro-Prussian War - During 1864 he was on border duty at Thorn , after which he entered the Berlin Military Academy, but was temporarily withdrawn in 1866 to serve in the Austro-Prussian War, in which he was wounded at Trautenau

Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam - Villiers finally broke with Dyonnet in 1864

Arunah Shepherdson Abell - By 1864, Abell was sole proprietor of the "Sun" and had sold his share in the "Public Ledger"

Countess Dash - A collection of her works was published in 1864, in 34 volumes

Charles Baudelaire - In 1864, he left Paris for Belgium, partly in the hope of selling the rights to his works and to give lectures

Noah Brooks - When Brooks was detailed to cover the 1864 Democratic Convention in Chicago , President Lincoln asked Brooks to report back in detail by private letter

Caroline Kirkland - Mrs. Kirkland continued her literary activities until her death in 1864

Francis Edward Smedley - Francis Edward Smedley died in 1864

Apollon Grigoryev - Apollon Grigoryev died in 1864

Smith D. Atkins - He commanded two brigades of cavalry of the Department of the Cumberland and one in the Military Department of the Mississippi in 1864 and into 1865

Fyodor Dostoyevsky - In 1864, after the successive deaths of his wife Maria and his brother, Dostoyevsky became the lone parent of his stepson Pasha and, almost immediately afterwards, of Mikhail's family

Thomas Guthrie Marquis - "'Thomas Guthrie Marquis"' was a Canadian author, born at Chatham, New Brunswick, and educated at Queen's University, Kingston, where he graduated in 1889

John Philoponus - R. Hoche, Part I/II Wesel: A. Bagel, 1864/65, Part III Berlin: Calvary, 1867

Peary Chand Mitra - In 1864, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay published his first novel "Durgeshnandini" to finally lay down the standard for Bengali prose

Augusta Jane Evans - The novel was published in 1864 on both sides of the Mason-Dixon line, becoming a popular work among Southerners and Northerners alike

Jorge Isaacs - This compilation was published under the name "Poesías" in 1864

Frederic Taber Cooper - Frederic Taber Cooper was born in 1864

Jan Theodoor van Rijswijck - In 1864 a statue was erected for him in Antwerp, and a street is named after him, the "Jan van Rijswijck laan"

Mark Boyd (author) - In 1864 Boyd published a pamphlet about Australia, where his brother had settled

Charles Carleton Coffin - He wrote "My Days and Nights on the Battlefield" , "Following the Flag" and "Four Years of Fighting", both published in 1865

Godofredo Rangel - Godofredo Rangel was born in 1864

William John Locke - In 1864 his family moved to Trinidad and Tobago

Antonio Carlo Napoleone Gallenga - He retained his seat until 1864, passing the summer in England and fulfilling his parliamentary duties at Turin in the winter

Abram S. Piatt - In 1864, he and his brother constructed the Piatt Castles, two sprawling chateaux near West Liberty, Ohio, that are still used today for weddings, meetings, retreats, and other social gatherings

Coelho Neto - Coelho Neto was born in 1864

Otto Erich Hartleben - Otto Erich Hartleben was born in 1864

Alexander Druzhinin - He died of tuberculosis in 1864, and was buried in Volkovo Cemetery in Saint Petersburg

Barry Pain - Barry Pain was born in 1864

Vlas Doroshevich - Vlas Doroshevich was born in 1864

Ernest Gambart - He met Gambart in 1864 and Gambart was impressed by the young man's work

Adolf Hedin - In 1864 he moved to Stockholm to work as a publisher for several newspapers

Jacques Jasmin - Jacques Jasmin died in 1864

Carroll Watson Rankin - Carroll Watson Rankin was born in 1864

William George Jordan - William George Jordan was born in 1864

Peter Joseph Arnoudt - The French translation, published at Besanon, passed through eighteen editions between the years 1864 to 1887

Andrew Findlater - In 1864 he was made LL.D. of Aberdeen University. in 1877 he gave up active work for Chambers, but his services were retained as consulting editor

Phoebe Palmer - The Palmers bought a monthly magazine entitled "The Guide to Holiness" in 1864

Johann Georg Ludwig Hesekiel - Franco-Prussian War - Another collection, "Neue Preussenlieder", appeared in 1864 after the Danish War, and a third in 1870, "Gegen die Franzosen, Preussische Kriegs- und Königslieder", during the Franco-Prussian War

Teodor Narbutt - Narbutt himself died in 1864 in Vilna

Stephen Gwynn - Stephen Gwynn was born in 1864

George Essex Evans - Evans's father, John Evans, Q.C., died in 1864 when Evans was only a few months old

Fyodor Dostoevsky - Dostoyevsky was devastated by his wife's death in 1864, which was followed shortly thereafter by his brother's death.

Nathaniel Hawthorne - Ticknor died with Hawthorne at his side in Philadelphia in 1864; Hawthorne was left, according to a friend, "apparently dazed"

Henry George Bohn - It had been one of Bohn's ambitions to found a great publishing house, but, finding that his sons had no taste for the trade, he sold the "Libraries" in 1864 to Messrs

Mark Twain - Despite these views, he raised money to build a Presbyterian Church in Nevada in 1864, although it has been argued that it was only by his association with his Presbyterian brother that he did that.

George Sand - Photo by Nadar, 1864

Ralph Waldo Emerson - He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1864

Kamini Roy - Kamini Roy was born in 1864

Josephine Russell Clay - Josephine Erwin bore her fourth daughter in 1864, but the girl died shortly after her birth

John B. Henderson - Henderson's original proposal, made January 11, 1864, was submitted to the Senate Judiciary Committee and on February 10, 1865, the judiciary committee presented the Senate with a proposal combining the drafts of Congressman James Mitchell Ashley , Congressman James Falconer Wilson, , and Henderson

Adelaide Anne Procter - On 3 February 1864, Procter died of tuberculosis, having been bed-ridden for close to a year

Adam Lindsay Gordon - In March 1864 Gordon bought a cottage, "Dingley Dell", near Port MacDonnell, and, in this same year, inspired by six engravings after Noel Paton illustrating "The Dowie Dens O' Yarrow", Gordon wrote a poem "The Feud", of which 30 copies were printed at Mount Gambier,_South_Australia

Evander M. Law - The command situation in Hood's division, and Longstreet's Corps, deteriorated markedly through March 1864, with Law, Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws, and at least one other brigadier general arrested and court-martialed by Longstreet; Longstreet's charges against his subordinates were not sustained by the Confederate War Department

Charles Anderson Dana - Dana went through the Vicksburg Campaign and was at the Battle of Chickamauga and the Third Battle of Chattanooga, and urged the placing of General Grant in supreme command of all the armies in the field, which happened in March 1864

John W. Fuller - In March 1864 Fuller led his command across the Tennessee River and captured the city of Decatur,_Alabama

Fitz Hugh Ludlow - Ludlow, Fitz Hugh First Impressions of Mormondom "The Golden Era" 20 March 1864

Frank Wilkeson - A year later, 14-year-old Frank ran away from home and on March 26, 1864, joined the Union Army

Fitz Hugh Ludlow - Ludlow, Fitz Hugh First Impressions of Mormondom part II "The Golden Era" 27 March 1864 For instance, Brigham Young is the farthest remove on earth from a hypocrite; he is that grand, yet awful sight in human nature, a man who has brought the loftiest Christian self-devotion to the altar of the Devil

Emily Dickinson - Another appeared in April 1864 in the "Brooklyn Daily Union"

William Ticknor - A physician offered various medicines but Ticknor died on the morning of April 10, 1864

John Esten Cooke - Following Stuart's death at Yellow Tavern in May 1864, Cooke served on other generals' staffs, eventually rising to the rank of major by the end of the war

Dan DeQuille - Twain left Virginia City in May 1864 and after brief stays in San Francisco and Hawaii he toured as a lecturer, which brought him back for visits to Virginia City and DeQuille in 1866 and 1868

Evander M. Law - In the Overland Campaign, on May 6, 1864, at the Wilderness, Law was under arrest in the rear, while his brigade participated in Longstreet's morning counterattack along the Orange Plank Road

John Thomas Scharf - Late on the night of May 12, 1864 the seven boats left the island

Nathaniel Hawthorne - Hawthorne died on May 19, 1864, and was survived by his wife and their three children

Nathaniel Hawthorne - While on a tour of the White Mountains, Hawthorne died in his sleep on May 19, 1864, in Plymouth, New Hampshire

Ernst Ortlepp - Ernst Ortlepp died near Pforta on June 14, 1864

Thomas Colley Grattan - He died at his residence in Jermyn Street, London , 4 July 1864, leaving a daughter and three sons

Frank Wedekind - Wedekind was born on July 24, 1864 and lived most of his adult life in Munich , though he had a brief period working in advertising, for the $Maggi soup firm, in Switzerland in 1886

Elizabeth Gaskell - The serialization of her last novel "Wives and Daughters" began in August 1864 in "The Cornhill"

Breaker Morant - Edwin and Catherine were Master and Matron of the Union Workhouse at Bridgewater and after Edwin died in August 1864, four months before the birth of his son, Catherine continued her employment as Matron until her retirement in 1882

Barzillai Quaife - He tutored his three students until September 1864; in October they were transferred to the then-new &Camden_College_

Helena Nyblom - In September 1864 she married the Swedish academic Carl Rupert Nyblom, Associate Professor of Aesthetics at Uppsala University, and at the end of the month the newly-weds took a steamer to Uppsala

Edward William Thomson (writer) - When Thompson was 14, he was sent to Philadelphia to work in a mercantile office; he enlisted in the Union Army in October 1864 , and saw action during the American Civil Waras a trooper in the 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry

Kamini Roy - Born on 12 October 1864 in the village of Basanda, in Bakergunj district of East Bengal and now in Barisal District of Bangladesh, she joined Bethune School, established by Bethune at Kolkata, and first arts in 1883

Lewis Carroll - Having told the story and been begged by Alice Liddell to write it down, Dodgson eventually presented her with a handwritten, illustrated manuscript entitled "Alice's Adventures Under Ground" in November 1864

Roger Atkinson Pryor - Pryor was captured on November 28, 1864, and confined in Fort Lafayette in New York as a suspected spy

Horatio Alger, Jr. - On December 8, 1864 Alger was installed as pastor with the First Unitarian Church and Society of Brewster, Massachusetts

Pyotr Pavlovich Yershov - The work premiered on December 13, 1864 at the Imperial Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre in St. Petersburg, Russia

1864 in Visual Arts

William Morris - In the autumn of 1864, a severe illness obliged Morris to choose between giving up his home at Red House and giving up his work in London

Charles Paxton Zaner - Charles Paxton Zaner was born in 1864

Ignacio Pinazo Camarlench - After his father's death, he lived with his grandparents, and in 1864 enrolled in the San Carlos Academy of Fine Arts, Valencia, earning his living as a hatter

Otto Wagner - In 1864, he started designing his first buildings in the historicist style

Takeuchi Seiho - Takeuchi Seiho was born in 1864

William Robert Ware - In 1864 Ware partnered with fellow Harvard graduate Henry Van Brunt to form "'Ware & Van Brunt"'

Mark Antokolski - Namely here he created his first significant work, high relief "A Jewish Tailor", during his summer holidays of 1864

Isaiah Rogers - In this role he designed and patented four burglar-proof vaults built in the northwest corner of the U.S. Treasury Building in 1864

Keikhosrow Shahrokh - Keikhosrow Shahrokh was born in 1864

Sergey Ivanov (painter) - Sergey Ivanov was born in 1864

Alexander Helwig Wyant - He exhibited for the first time at the National Academy of Design in 1864 and was elected an associate there in 1868 and an academician in 1869

Nikolai Ge - In 1864 Ge returned to Florence and would paint not only Herzen's portrait but the "Messengers of the Resurrection" and the first version of the "Christ on the Mount of Olives"

Thomas Parke - Thomas Parke died in 1864

Eduard von Grutzner - The administrator of a ducal country house in the neighborhood got him paper, and eventually the pastor gained him entrance to the "Gymnasium" of Neisse, and brought him in 1864 with the help of an architect Hirschberg for art education at the private school of Herman Dyck in Munich

Carlo Pellegrini - Deciding to leave Italy in 1864 after a series of personal crises, including the death of his sister, he travelled to England via Switzerland and France

Seraphine Louis - Séraphine Louis was born in 1864

Vilhelm Hammershoi - Vilhelm Hammershoi was born in 1864

Hanna Hirsch-Pauli - Hanna Hirsch-Pauli was born in 1864

Carl Pfeiffer (architect) - In 1864, he moved to New York City where he became an eminent architect

Chateau de Chenonceau - In 1864 , a rich heiress, acquired the château

Thomas Baker (artist) - Thomas Baker died in 1864

William Wilkinson (architect) - His major works include the Randolph Hotel in Oxford , completed in 1864

Frederick Dielman - He graduated from Calvert College in New Windsor, Maryland, in 1864, and from 1866 to 1872 served as a topographer and draughtsman for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in Fortress Monroe and Baltimore, and in the survey of canal routes over the Alleghanies in Virginia

Christian Gottlob Hammer - Christian Gottlob Hammer died in 1864

Carlo Marochetti - From 1864 he collaborated with Sir Edwin Landseer on the four bronze lions to be placed around the base of Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square, and cast them at his foundry

William Lyman Underwood - "'William Lyman Underwood"' was an American photographer who was involved in the research of time-temperature canning research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology during 1895-96

John Galen Howard - John Galen Howard was born in 1864

Johannes Evert Hendrik Akkeringa - Following the death of his father in 1864 from typhus, Akkeringa moved with his brother and sister to The Hague , where they grew up in the household of his aunt

Georg Ludwig Friedrich Laves - Georg Ludwig Friedrich Laves died in 1864

Gustav Friedrich Hetsch - Gustav Friedrich Hetsch died in 1864

John Gully (artist) - He was encouraged by the geologist Julius von Haast, who commissioned him to complete 12 watercolours of Canterbury mountains and glaciers to illustrate a lecture given by Haast at the Royal Geographical Society in London in 1864

Leo von Klenze - Von Klenze died in 1864 and was buried in the Alter Südfriedhof in Munich

Viktor Hartmann - He made most of his water colors and pencil drawings on journeys abroad in the years 1864 to 1868

Frances Benjamin Johnston - Frances Benjamin Johnston was born in 1864

Robert Lorimer - Robert Lorimer was born in 1864

Henri Riviere (painter) - Henri Rivière was born in 1864

Rasmus Pedersen Thu - Rasmus Pedersen Thu was born in 1864

Charles Henry Miller - Miller was educated at Mount Washington Collegiate Institute, and graduated in medicine at the New York Homeopathic Institute in 1864

Sylvester Phelps Hodgdon - He began as a portrait painter but by 1864 he was painting and exhibiting landscapes at The National Academy of Design

Florence Helena McGillivray - Florence Helena McGillivray was born in 1864

Francisco Iturrino - Francisco Iturrino was born in 1864

Joseph B. Davol - Joseph B. Davol was born in 1864

James Craig Annan - James Craig Annan was born in 1864

Max Laeuger - Max Laeuger was born in 1864

Frants Diderik Boe - He married Hanna Maria Arnesen in 1864 and lived the rest of his life in Bergen

Marie Spartali Stillman - Spartali studied under Ford Madox Brown for several years from 1864, with his children Lucy, Catherine and Oliver

Jacob Ungerer - From 1864 till 1866 he took a study trip to Italy, including a longer stay in Rome

George Paul Chalmers - Copies of Chalmers' correspondence with Simpson from 1864 to 1873 are held in the Royal Scottish Academy's George B. Simpson Collection

Demeter Laccataris - Demeter Laccataris died in 1864

Francis Petre - As the third son of the younger son of a peer, it was always clear that Petre would have to provide his own income, and consequently he was apprenticed from 1864 to 1869 to Joseph Samuda of London , a shipbuilder and engineer

Robert Alexander Hillingford - He returned to London in 1864, and first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1866; it was at this time that he began to work on historical subjects, especially of the Napoleonic Wars

W. H. Weeks - W. H. Weeks was born in 1864

Marko Murat - Marko Murat was born in 1864

Odilon Redon - His failure to pass the entrance exams at Paris École des Beaux-Arts ended any plans for a career as an architect, although he briefly studied painting there under Jean-Leon Gerôme in 1864.

Berthe Morisot - Morisot's first appearance in the Salon de Paris came at the age of twenty-three in 1864, with the acceptance of two landscape paintings.

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec - Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was born in 1864

Maud Earl - Maud Earl was born in 1864

Richard Roach Jewell - This method enabled Jewell to substantially personalise the building to his tastes, with the building being completed in 1864

Felicien Rops - Rops met Charles Baudelaire towards the end of the poet's life in 1864, and Baudelaire left an impression upon him that lasted until the end of his days

Samuel Bourne - The return journey took in the Sind Valley, Baramula, Murree, Delhi and Cawnpore before arriving in Lucknow on Christmas Eve 1864

Paul Cezanne - The Salon rejected Cezanne's submissions every year from 1864 to 1869.

Lawrence Alma-Tadema - During the summer of 1864, Tadema met Ernest Gambart, the most influential print publisher and art dealer of the period.

Edward Burne-Jones - In 1864 Burne-Jones was elected an associate of the Society of Painters in Water-Colours (also known as the Old Water-Colour Society), and exhibited, among other works, The Merciful Knight, the first picture which fully revealed his ripened personality as an artist.

Camille Claudel - Camille Claudel was born in 1864

Leighton House Museum - The first part of the house was designed in 1864 by the architect George Aitchison, although Leighton was not granted a lease on the land until April 1866

Alfred Waud - In 1864 Alfred's brother, William Waud , joined Alfred on the staff of "Harper's" and they worked together during the Petersburg Campaign

George Henry Bogert - George Henry Bogert was born in 1864

Vinnie Ream - In 1864, President Lincoln agreed to model for her in the morning for five months

William Morris - However it contained no wallpaper, printed or woven fabrics, or carpets by the firm, these being manufactured from 1864, 1868 and 1874 respectively

Eugene Delacroix - At the sale of his work in 1864, 9,140 works were attributed to Delacroix, including 853 paintings, 1,525 pastels and water colours, 6,629 drawings, 109 lithographs, and over 60 sketch books

Adolf Seel - He continued to train one year in Paris , spent 1864 and 1865 in Italy, 1870 and 1871 Spain, Portugal and the north coast of Africa as well as 1873 and 1874 the Orient, where he developed his preference for the architecture painting found rich food

Rupert Bunny - Rupert Bunny was born in 1864

Henry Goodridge - Henry Goodridge died in 1864

Basil Champneys - In 1864, he failed to get the 'first class' degree he had hoped for, achieving a second class in the classical tripos, and he took articles to study as an architect with John Prichard, the Surveyor of Llandaff Cathedral

Moses Jacob Ezekiel - He and other cadets from VMI marched 80 miles north from Lexington,_Virginia and fought at the 1864 Battle of New Market, where Ezekiel was wounded in a fight with Union army troops under Franz Sigel

Nicola Perscheid - Nicola Perscheid was born in 1864

Archibald Henning - Archibald Henning died in 1864

Paul Serusier - Paul Serusier was born in 1864

Hippolyte Boulenger - Boulenger went to Tervuren in 1864, and called round him a group of likeminded painters gathered there, the School van Tervuren, a Belgian version of the Barbizon school, of which he became the leading artist

Auguste Rodin - In 1864, Rodin submitted his first sculpture for exhibition, "The Man with the Broken Nose", to the Paris Salon

Gottfried Semper - The project, developed from 1864 to 1866, was never realized, although Wagner 'borrowed' many of its features for his own later theatre at Bayreuth

William Martin (architect) - In 1864 J. H. Chamberlain joined the practice, succeeding Hill

Agnes Goodsir - Agnes Goodsir was born in 1864

John Quinton Pringle - John Quinton Pringle was born in 1864

Louis Roelandt - Louis Roelandt died in 1864

Anna Golubkina - Anna Golubkina was born in 1864

Tilman-Francois Suys - Tilman-François Suys died in 1864

Georgiana McCrae - Her eldest son, George, went to Britain in 1864 after ten years in the Public Service, and his brother Sandy worked in Queensland

Othmar Schimkowitz - Othmar Schimkowitz was born in 1864

Josue Dupon - Josue Dupon was born in 1864

William Lyman Underwood - William Lyman Underwood was born in 1864

Rene Dagron - In 1864 Dagron published the 36 page booklet "Traite de Photographie Microscopique" in which he described in great detail the process he invented in producing microfilm positives from normal size negatives

J. A. Chatwin - From 1864 he became architect to Lloyds Bank for over thirty years

Charles Shepherd (photographer) - The firm moved to Simla in 1864, at which point Samuel Bourne joined the business to work as principal photographer

Leo von Klenze - Leo von Klenze died in 1864

David W. Taylor - David W. Taylor was born in 1864

Solomon Hart - His most influential contribution was as the Academy's librarian, a post he held from 1864 until his death, during which time he added over 2000 books to the collection

John Henry Foley - In 1864 he was chosen to sculpt one of the four large groups, each representing a continent, on the Albert Memorial in Kensington Gardens

Jacob Maris - In the summer of 1864, Jacob again went to Oosterbeek and possibly to Fontainebleau and Barbizon

J. Laurie Wallace - J. Laurie Wallace was born in 1864

Christopher Fratin - Christopher Fratin died in 1864

Charles Henry Miller - He went abroad in 1864 and again in 1867, and was a pupil in the Bavarian Royal Academy at Munich under the instruction of Adolf Lier

Ernest Gimson - Ernest Gimson was born in 1864

Knud Knudsen (photographer) - He returned with an enthusiasm for photography the year after and opened his photography business in Bergen 1864

Carl Harald Brummer - Carl Harald Brummer was born in 1864

Hermann Lungkwitz - The families remained there until 1864, although Petri drowned in the Pedernales River in 1857

John Verge - The house he built for himself at Austral Eden was unfortunately destroyed by flood in 1864, three years after Verge's death, and no known sketches survive

Thomas Battam - Thomas Battam died in 1864

Giacomo Brogi - Giacomo Brogi created his first studio in Corso Tintori, in Florence in 1864

Nathaniel Jocelyn - Jocelyn retired in 1864 and died at New Haven,_Connecticut

Alexandre Calame - Alexandre Calame died in 1864

Julie Wolfthorn - Julie Wolfthorn was born in 1864

Hermann-Paul - Hermann-Paul was born in 1864

Paul Ranson - Paul Ranson was born in 1864

Ronald Munro Ferguson, 1st Viscount Novar - In 1864 his father inherited the estates of Novar in Ross-shire and Muirton, Morayshire, and took the additional surname Munro

Alfred Sisley - His earliest known work, Lane near a Small Town, is believed to have been painted around 1864.



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